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Before Dracula, there was Carmilla. #8220;Love will have its sacrifices. No sacrifice without blood.#8221; First published in 1897, Bram Stoker#8217;s Dracula was destined to become the universally-acknowledged masterwork of vampire fiction, but it was not, by any means, the first of its kind. Stokers genius consisted not in having invented the modern vampire monster, but in the imaginative way he synthesized and it assignment sydney, expanded upon the ideas that prior authors had already been exploring. One of these was J. Creative Writing! Sheridan Le Fanu, whose 1872 tale Carmilla provided a template for many of Dracula#8217;s best-remembered characters and motifs, including the occult doctor (Dr. Help! Hesselius), and the lonely Gothic castle set in a barbarous region of Europe.
Many of the proper names in termpapers case Dracula , in sydney fact, are direct allusions to Carmilla#8217;s characters and settings: #8220;Karnstein#8221; became #8220;Carfax,#8221; #8220;Reinfeldt#8221; became #8220;Renfield,#8221; and of evil essay, so on. Le Fanu#8217;s protagonist, Laura, corresponds roughly to Stoker#8217;s Mina; both are afflicted young women whose souls come depend upon their families#8217; efforts to unravel the vampire mystery. Carmilla is told in the first person, from it assignment help sydney Laura#8217;s point of view. She is a lonely Englishwoman who lives with her father and governesses in an ancient scholss in Styria (southeast Austria). After receiving word of the sudden death of a would-be guest, Bertha Reinfeldt, Laura and company gather on the castle drawbridge to termpapers case, admire a calm, full-moon night when an out-of-control carriage crashes in upon the scene.
A weak, unconscious Carmilla is thrown from the compartment in the accident that ensues. Her #8220;mother,#8221; a mysterious noblewomen, professes to be on an urgent, secret mission, but reluctantly consents to leave Carmilla to recover in the family#8217;s care. Laura quickly recognizes Carmilla from a dream she had as a child; a dream of being visited in bed at night, and help, bitten on the shoulder. Carmilla, too, professes to of evil, remember Laura from it assignment a corresponding dream, wherein she awoke to find herself in an unfamiliar bed chamber, and Laura there. Essay! Quickly, they develop an help, intimate friendship, characterized pressings of extended hands, kissing of cheeks, and plenty of blushing. Carmilla is weak and languid, but with quietly intoxicating, hypnotic charms, like a beautiful spider who numbs and immobilizes her prey. #8220;Her murmured words,#8221; says Laura, #8220;sounded like a lullaby in my ear, and it assignment help, soothed my resistance into private mba essay trance.#8221; These murmured words include such sweet as #8220;You are mine, you shall be mine, you and I are one for ever,#8221; and, #8220;I live in sydney you; and you would die for argument of evil me, I love you so,#8221;—you know, the it assignment help sydney, usual stuff.
These advances make Laura uncomfortable at first, but she is lonely in big, empty castle, and so she consents to argument, forgive Carmilla#8217;s #8220;infatuations.#8221; Soon, she finds that she has falled under the influence of a strange malady: Certain vague and strange sensations visited me in my sleep. The prevailing one was of that pleasant, peculiar cold thrill which we feel in it assignment sydney bathing, when we move against the current of a river. This was soon accompanied by dreams that seemed interminable, and were so vague that I could never recollect their scenery and legalization, persons, or any one connected portion of sydney their action. But they left an of evil, awful impression, and a sense of exhaustion, as if I had passed through a long period of great mental exertion and danger. After all these dreams there remained on waking a remembrance of having been in a place very nearly dark, and of having spoken to people whom I could not see; and especially of one clear voice, of a female#8217;s, very deep, that spoke as if at a distance, slowly, and producing always the it assignment sydney, same sensation of indescribable solemnity and fear.
Sometimes there came a sensation as if a hand was drawn softly along my cheek and neck. Essay! Sometimes it was as if warm lips kissed me, and longer and help sydney, longer and more lovingly as they reached my throat, but there the caress fixed itself. My heart beat faster, my breathing rose and termpapers case, fell rapidly and full drawn; a sobbing, that rose into a sense of strangulation, supervened, and turned into a dreadful convulsion, in which my senses left me and I became unconscious. This malady, she confesses, does hold a certain #8220;fascination#8221; for her, but all is not well. Carmilla#8217;s love is not selfless and it assignment help, giving, it is legalization essay conclusion hungry and jealous. As she says to Laura: You will think me cruel, very selfish, but love is it assignment help always selfish; the more ardent the more selfish. How jealous I am you cannot know. You must come with me, loving me, to termpapers case, death; or else hate me and still come with me, and hating me through death and it assignment sydney, after. Le Fanu portrays his vampire not as a supernatural evil, but as a poorly-understood product of nature; an inhabitant of the unknown regions that lie between life and death. Though Carmilla is bothered by hymns and seems to disdain Christianity, her personal philosophy is of evil naturalistic and amoral. She is neither good nor evil; she is a creature that behaves according to a predatory instinct, and Laura is her prey—or could there something more?
In the concluding chapter, Laura writes that in it assignment cases like her#8217;s, the vampire may choose to#8230; #8230;husband and protract its murderous enjoyment with the refinement of an epicure, and heighten it by the gradual approaches of an artful courtship. In these cases it seems to writing, yearn for something like sympathy and help sydney, consent. In ordinary ones it goes direct to its object, overpowers with violence, and writing, strangles and it assignment sydney, exhausts often at extended essay requirements, a single feast. Are these the sadistic cat-and-mouse games of a killer, or, in it assignment sydney yearning for #8220;sympathy or consent,#8221; is Carmilla transcending her animal nature? Unfortunately, questions like these are left largely unanswered as the novella resolves itself according to equity mba essay, the familiar devices of the Victorian ghost story, rather than by following its main thread—the relationship between Laura and Carmilla—through to its conclusion. In fact, the final chapter consists of little more than exposition intended to resolve the mystery of it assignment help Carmilla#8217;s vampirism for students of the occult, and offers little closure to the novella#8217;s more engaging story of dark romance.
Something feels unfinished. Why Babson! Did Le Fanu lack the vision to it assignment, carry his good ideas to fruition, or was he merely obliged to conform to the social mores of this time? Certainly, there were a little of both at play.* Stoker worked wonders with Le Fanu#8217;s most distinctive characters and setting, but in the context of a decidedly conservative novel that abandoned the termpapers case, original love story. Lesbian vampires would have to wait until the 20th century, when the story of Carmilla provided a template for help a plethora of exploitation films that, in much the same vein of Le Fanu himself, used horror to conclusion, safely explore society#8217;s taboos in an era of censorship. Today #8220;supernatural romance#8221; is a bona fide sub-genre, with its own section in big-box bookstores, which openly market them to impressionable young adults. The vampires of modern popular culture may be superficially cool, but there is it assignment sydney little in them that is termpapers case truly subversive or risque— or, for that matter, particularly scary.
Something is it assignment help missing. The literary vampires of the 19th century were the product of a culture with strict sexual mores and tangible religious fear. Carmilla works as a horror story because Laura is portrayed as succumbing to a perverse and unholy temptation that the reader understands to carry severe metaphysical consequences. Dracula, likewise , creates tension by essay placing Mina#8217;s soul in the balance — in spite of her repentance, her salvation is made to depend solely upon the efforts of Van Helsing and company to slay the elusive Count. These are compelling 19th century plots, but if set a modern Britain where only 40% of Christians actually believe in Hell (59% in America) they just wouldn#8217;t work. The cultural logic is simply too different.
This is, of course, exactly why many of us seek out the stories of help sydney other times; they operate according to differen parameters than those to essay, which we are accustomed. Lovers of it assignment help romance seek out the Victorian novel for its simple marriage plot, with its assumed happiness ever after — the product of a culture that was more comfortable repressing its discontent than our own. Essay! Likewise, to help, those of a more melancholy disposition, the Victorian Gothic affords an added dimension of creative religious fear; of it assignment sin, moral peril, heavenly reprisal and eternal hellfires; nightmares that haunted the 19th-century psyche, and found expression in the dark, dreadful musings of one J. Sheridan Le Fanu. 4 Comments to equity, #8220;Before Dracula, there was Carmilla#8221; I#8217;m the author of THE ANNOTATED CARMILLA, and methinks you#8217;re missing that the ambiguities in the storyincluding the it assignment, final chapterare utterly deliberate. If you read carefully, the narrator is telling the story to someone specific, someone she evidently feels may judge her. Why Babson! In short CARMILLA makes a fine example of the #8220;unreliable narrator#8221; especially when one considers how she suddenly stops describing anything at all about her feelings once Carmilla is unmasked. But even so, there are still hints her emotions remain confused. There#8217;s a new film version called STYRIA in post-production now. Thanks. I do see your point about the it assignment help, unreliable narrator. When I finished the story I came away with a sense that Laura must have had some unspoken feelings about Carmilla, but Le Fanu does so very little to convey this that I was left wondering how much he was making a purely creative choice and termpapers case, how much he might have been censoring himself.
Is there perhaps overlap between Laura#8217;s inability to confess her feelings in help the ending, and why babson essay, Le Fanu#8217;s reluctance to write about them more explicitly? It#8217;s great that there#8217;s a new film coming outI#8217;ll definitely keep a look out for that. Hi the Annotated Carmilla sounds like a good read, I can#8217;t find much info about the short story at all, the it assignment help, author did leave many unanswered questions, or the answers given were too vague#8230; Did he intend to write a sequel perhaps? Is a shame he died shortly after publishing this tale. While I find the vampire lore too overhyped especially in this Twilight, True Blood era#8230;. Yuck#8230; Carmilla was a breath of fresh air, not a corny martial arts sucker that fears the sun and has no reflection but a beautiful young, eloquent woman that even has a pulse so remains too easily above suspicion. Argument Of Evil Essay! Well the truth is it assignment help I read Carmilla as she#8217;s branded a lesbian hehe, I knew nothing about her till recently this year. (Oh yes that poor spoof movie Lesbian Vampire Killers had her though she was a Xena with fangs than a half accurate portrayal!) So I am intrigued by termpapers case the vampire rules used in Carmilla, very far from the standard that Dracula used of help sunlight, garlic and what not. Carmilla seems to have almost no vampiric weakness but I do wonder why she must return to her coffin and why babson, why is she immersed in blood? Why did she flee twice from it assignment help sydney fighting ancient Spielsdorf?
Why does she turn into a cat? Who was that pedlar that sold them charms? Was he a vampire himself? How many victims has she claimed in her 150 years? All were female as we#8217;re told in the book, her feeding times varied#8230; The biggest mystery was her #8216;mother#8217; and creative writing portfolio, co. Who were they? Was this elaborate infiltration used on Bertha and Laura a necessity or just an amusement for sydney Carmilla? She didn#8217;t need an invite as such for her #8216;snack#8217; victims as far as we know) What I did find wonderful was how her names are all anagrams of her human name, I#8217;ve not seen that rule used in other vampire myths.
Well it sure has left its mark, for a short story especially. I often frowned on vampires as monsters, I see them for their weaknesses and essay requirements, disgusting activities but for some reason though I knew Carmilla was one I felt pity for help sydney her inevitable end, though I knew she was a fiend I find myself defending her actions, perhaps she really did love some of her victims and legalization of marijuana conclusion, felt some remorse#8230; I wanted a fairytale ending between Laura and Carmilla, where Laura was spared from death and damnation I will add#8230; Dracula may be the best known but the good vs evil, aristocratic camp vampire lore has been overdone and overplayed for help sydney my liking, we need more tales like Joseph Le Fanu#8217;s! I don#8217;t think Le Fanu was shy from writing being more explicit with his writing, he did so with Carmilla but Laura was a different sort of it assignment help sydney character, while it#8217;s clear she still has a place for Carmilla in her heart (She spoke of her fondly throughout) she couldn#8217;t ignore that she was a monster, a murderer. Carmilla was slain and Laura survived (Though not for long sadly, how did she die?), if Laura admits to being madly in essay requirements love with her predator it would come across as evil conquering good would it not?
Psychologically she never fully recovered, anyhow I think it#8217;s unfair to attributing the less conclusive final chapter to a lack of help writing skills or fear of public reaction. My guess is Le Fanu may have wanted to conclude the writing, story at some later point, if he had lived longer or perhaps he just wanted it open ended as a lasting legacy (Bram Stoker was won over!)
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odyssey xenia essay Literary Terms and Definitions: M. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted September 1, 2017. This list is meant to it assignment assist, not intimidate.
Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and equity mba essay, vocabulary that we will cover during the term. Vocabulary terms are listed alphabetically. MABINOGI (Welsh, Four Branches): The four branches or four parts of The Mabinogion , a medieval collection of Welsh myths and legends important in Celtic studies generally and in Arthurian legends more specifically. MACHIAVELLIAN : As an adjective, the word refers generally to sneaky, ruthless, and deceitful behavior, especially in regard to a ruler obsessed with power who puts on it assignment help a surface veneer of honor and trustworthy behavior in creative writing, order to achieve evil ends. It Assignment Sydney? The term originates in private, a treatise known as The Prince . This work was written by Nicco ló Machiavelli, an early sixteenth-century political advisor who worked for the Borgia family in Italy. In contrast to the medieval ideal of the ruler as God's holy deputy and dispenser of justice, Machiavelli stressed that effective rulers often must engage in evil (or at least immoral) activities to ensure the stability of their rule.
He suggests that, based on the evidence of history and it assignment help, his own personal observations, the rulers that have remained in power have not been kindly, benevolent men concerned with justice and fairness, but rather ruthless individuals willing to do anything to ensure the security of argument of evil essay their state and it assignment help, their own personal power. Click here for more information. MACHIEVELLE (also spelled machiavel ): A villain, especially an Italian aristocratic power-monger, or a deceitful betrayer, who behaves according to the principles established by Niccoló Machiavelli. (See Machiavellian , above.) The machievelle became a stock character in termpapers case, many Renaissance plays associated with sinister plots, blackest betrayal, and wicked resourcefulness. Examples from Shakespeare include Richard of Gloucester in it assignment sydney, Richard III and legalization essay conclusion, Edmund and sydney, Cornwall in King Lear . MACARONIC TEXT : Any medieval or modern manuscript written in a jumble of several languages--say a mixture of Latin and French or Latin and German--is said to be macaronic. The mixture might involve bilingual vocabulary and grammatical switches within a single sentence, or in alternating lines or paragraphs, or in purely random intervals.
Examples from the creative writing Restoration period would be the steamier scenes of it assignment sydney Samuel Pepys' diary entries for argument 1666-1668, in which Pepys frequently mingles Spanish and Latin words in the text to hide the exact details of his sexual indiscretions. Cf. code-switching . MACROCOSM (Cf. microcosm): The natural universe as a whole, including the biological realms of flora and fauna, weather, and celestial objects such as the sun, moon, and stars. It Assignment Sydney? See discussion under chain of being . MACROLOGIA (Grk. big language or long language): Also called macrology , in essay, rhetoric, a negative term for a type of periphrasis involving unnecessary repetition of lengthy clauses. It Assignment Help Sydney? See discussion under periphrasis . MACRON : A diacritical mark in the form of a horizontal line indicating the vowel beneath it is long. MAENAD : Also known as bacchae or thyiads , maenads were female worshippers of Dionysus or Bacchus. In the termpapers case mystery cult of Dionysus, worshippers would get drunk on wine and then undergo an all-night process of stylized frenzied dancing in order to achieve the it assignment sydney divine state of ekstasos . At the height of the frenzy, they believed that they would become one with Dionysus/Bacchus, thus the common Latin name bacchae for these priestesses, a feminine plural form of the god Bacchus' name. In legendary accounts, such women were supernaturally strong and wildly violent.
They would run through the forest naked after the ceremonies and would catch small animals (or in some myths men and of evil, children!), rip them apart bare-handed, and then eat the flesh raw. In literature, Euripides' tragedy The Bacchae is a dramatic retelling of the sydney arrival of the Dionysiac rites in Greece. MAGIC REALISM : In 1925, Franz Roh first applied the creative writing term magic realism ( magischer Realismus in German) to a group of neue Saqchlichkeit painters in Munich (Cuddon 531). These painters blended realistic, smoothly painted, sharply defined figures and objects--but in it assignment help, a surrealistic setting or backdrop, giving them an outlandish, odd, or even dream-like qualilty. In the 1940s and 1950s, the term migrated to the prose fiction of various writers including Jorge Luis Borges in Argentina, Gabriel Garcia Márquez in Colombia, and Alejo Carpentier in Cuba. Essay? The influence also spread later to Günter Grass in Germany and help sydney, John Fowles in England (Abrams 135). Essay? These postmodern writers mingle and juxtapose realistic events with fantastic ones, or they experiment with shifts in time and setting, labyrinthine narratives and plots and arcane erudition (135), and often they combine myths and fairy stories with gritty Hemingway-esque detail.
This mixture create truly dreamlike and bizarre effects in their prose. An example of magic realism (and one of my own personal favorites in it assignment, postmodern narrative) would be Gabriel Garcia Márquez's short story, A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings, a narrative in which a fisherman discovers a filthy, lice-ridden old man trapped face-down in requirements, the muddy shore of the it assignment beach, weighed down by enormous buzzard wings attached to his back. Termpapers Case? A neighbor identifies the old man as an angel who had come down to claim the fisherman's sick and help sydney, feverish child but who had been knocked out the sky by storm winds during the why babson essay previous night. Not having the it assignment help heart to club the sickly angel to death, the protagonist decides instead to private keep the supernatural being captive in a chicken coop. The very premise of the story reveals much of the flavor of it assignment sydney magic realism. Cf. postmodernism . MAIAR : Semidivine spirits in Tolkien's Silmarillion . See discussion under Valar . MAJUSCULE : A large letter or a capital letter as opposed to minuscule . MAL MARIÉE : The stock character in medieval romances, lais , and fabliaux of an unhappily married wife, often married to a senex amans . An example is the female protagonist in Marie de France's Laustic or Guigemar.
MALAPROPISM : Misusing words to create a comic effect or characterize the mba essay speaker as being too confused, ignorant, or flustered to use correct diction. It Assignment Sydney? Typically, the malapropism involves the confusion of two polysyllabic words that sound somewhat similar but have different meanings. For instance, in Richard Sheridan's The Rivals , we hear, She's as headstrong as an allegory on the banks of the Nile. Portfolio? Dogberry the Watchman in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing says, Comparisons are odorous, and later, It shall be siffigance--both malapropisms. In Sheridan, we also find pineapple instead of pinnacle , and we read in help, Twain's Huckleberry Finn how one character declares, I was most putrified with astonishment instead of petrified, and so on. The best malapropisms sound sufficiently similar to the correct word to let the legalization conclusion audience recognize the intended meaning and laugh at the incongruous result.
Cf. acyron . MANET / MANENT : Common Latin stage directions found in it assignment sydney, the margins of Shakespearean plays. Manet is the singular for extended essay He [or she] remains. It Assignment Sydney? Manent is the plural form for multiple individuals. Often the phrase is accompanied with explanatory remarks, such as Manent utras (The others remain on stage), or Manet solus (He alone remains). MANNER OF ARTICULATION : In linguistics, how the speech organs of lips, tongue, and vocal cords must be arranged in order to produce a particular sound such as a nasal, a stop, a fricative, or so on. MANUSCRIPT : A text written by hand, as opposed to one printed with a printing press. ( Manus is Latin for hand; scriptum is creative a Latin participle for written.) Early Egyptian manuscripts are written on crushed and flattened papyrus reeds and rolled up as scrolls.
Later, parchment and vellum (animal skins) became the primary means of transmitting texts. In the late Roman and early Patristic period, individual pages were bound between covers as a codex or a book, a practice that continues today. It Assignment? Paper as we know it became common in essay, the Middle East in the twelfth century, but it took another three hundred years for the art of paper-making to spread through Europe. By Shakespeare's day, printed paper had largely replaced manuscripts written on help sydney vellum, but the mechanics of printing often tried to termpapers case imitate the familiar features of manuscripts. In medieval scholarship, the abbreviation MS stands for manuscript, and British scholars often use the plural form MSS for it assignment sydney manuscripts. TS and TSSare the equivalent terms for typeset documents. Some important medieval literary manuscripts include the Ellesmere , the Hengwyrt , and legalization of marijuana conclusion, the Nowell Codex . You can click here to see the first page of help Beowulf from the Nowell Codex. See also parchment , vellum , quire , hair side , and flesh side . MAQAMA : Picaresque Arabic stories in argument of evil, rhymed prose. The two most famous writers in this genre include Abu al-Fadl Ahmed ibn al-Husian al Hamadhani and it assignment help, Abu Mohammed al Qasim al-Hariri.
MÄRCHEN : A technical German word used in folklore scholarship to refer to creative portfolio fairy tales. See discussion under fairy tale . MARCHING SONG : A song with strong metrical beat designed to help soldiers keep time so they can march in step, usually performed by a military band. Examples include the death march in Wagner's Götterdamerung or Beethoven's Eroica . Tolkien has the Ents in it assignment, The Lord of the Rings sing a tune matching the rhythmical constraints of a marching song as they head into war with Isengard in The Lord of the requirements Rings (484-85). Contrast with walking song . MARGINALIA : Drawings, notation, illumination, and it assignment sydney, doodles appearing in the margins of a medieval text, rather than the central text itself. MARKED WORD : A word that has some limitation or boundary in its meaning when contrasted with an unmarked word without such a limitation or boundary. Algeo points to the example of stallion (marked for why babson essay male gender) and mare (marked for female gender) in contrast with the word horse , which is unmarked for gender (323).
MARRIAGE GROUP : A term coined by George L. Kittredge in it assignment, 1912 to describe a specific set of stories in writing portfolio, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. The marriage group includes The Wife of Bath's Tale, The Clerk's Tale, The Merchant's Tale, and The Franklin's Tale. It Assignment Sydney? All four narratives deal with the question of the requirements proper relationship between men and it assignment help sydney, women in marriage. The intervening tales of the Friar, Summoner, and Squire serve as interruptions of this longer-running thematic concern about gender. Some critics, especially those who accept the Bradshaw Shift , argue that the marriage group also includes Melibee, The Man of Law's Tale, and The Nun's Priest's Tale. MARY SUE : A character beloved by the author but often despised by readers and editors--an unrealistic character with overly idealized behavior who lacks any perceivable flaws--especially one serving as a wish-fulfillment fantasy for the author. This term is an eponym from a character in Paula Smith's 1973 parody, A Trekkie's Tale, and in subsequent decades became popular among editors in science-fiction publishing houses to refer to poorly written, annoying, and private equity, unlikely characters written by it assignment help, amateur authors.
MASCULINE ENDING / MASCULINE RHYME : Rhymes that end with a heavy stress on private mba essay the last syllable in each rhyming word. See under discussion of it assignment meter . MASHAL (plural meshalim ): In the Hebrew tradition, a mashal is a broad, general term including almost any type of portfolio figurative language from short riddles to long, extended allegories. It denotes mysterious speech. Some of the Psalms, for instance, are designated as meshalim . It Assignment Help? The New Testament Greek often translates the of evil essay term as parabole or parable . This translation, however, causes some problem. In Greek, parabole are always allegorical and open to point-by-point interpretation. Parabole were often used as a simple method of teaching by example or analogy. It Assignment Help Sydney? The meshalim in Hebrew, however, was often intentionally confusing or deliberately obfuscating in nature--much more like the why babson essay Greek enigma (riddle). We can see this confusion in the New Testament, where Mark interprets the purpose of the parables as Hebrew meshalim . Help? In Mark, Jesus tells his disciples: The secret of the kingdom of termpapers case God has been given to you. It Assignment Sydney? But to those on the outside everything is said in parables so that, 'they may be ever seeing but never perceiving, and ever hearing but never understanding; otherwise, they might turn and be forgiven' (Mark 4:11-12). The common, modern idea that Christ uses parables for simple pedagogic purposes (i.e., so that even a child could understand the secrets of heaven) is a creation of the medieval period, much later. MASORETIC (from Hebrew Masorah , handed over): The Masoretic texts are partly Hebrew and partly Aramaic versions of the Hebrew Bible (i.e., what Christians call the Old Testament) with accompanying explanatory notes or marginalia.
A group of Jewish scholars known as the Masoretes approved them for why babson general use in Judaic biblical scholarship and reading between the first and ninth centuries CE with a few late additions in the tenth century. These manuscripts contain numerous differences when compared to the Greek Septuagint . To list one minor but illustrative example, Septuagint texts give the dimensions for the porch of Solomon's temple as twenty cubits, but most Masoretic texts give the dimensions of the same architectural feature as one-hundred twenty cubits. Other differences range from the trivial to the striking. For linguists and sydney, biblical scholars, Masoretic texts are especially important because the why babson Masoretes who wrote them introduced the Hebrew convention of help sydney using dots and symbols under, above, and termpapers case, inside consonant letters to it assignment help represent vowel sounds. Of Marijuana Essay? Previous Hebrew texts only marked consonant sounds, which left the meaning of it assignment help many words ambiguous and creative writing portfolio, rendered it difficult to verify comparative studies showing how similar or different Hebrew was from it assignment help, closely related languages such as Akkhadian, Amorite, Arabic, Ugaritic, Proto-Canaanite (which developed into both Phoenician and Classical Hebrew), Eblaite and Elamite. MASQUE : Not to be confused with a masquerade, a masque is a type of elaborate court entertainment popular in the times of Queen Elizabeth I, King James I, and Charles I--i.e., the early 17th Century after Queen Elizabeth's death. The masque as a performance grew out of medieval plays, but it was more spectacle than drama proper. The content was suitable for amateur actors rather than professional performers. The masques tended to use long speeches and little action.
They combined poetic drama, singing, dancing, music, and splendid costumes and settings. The imagery was influential on later poets and poems, such as Andrew Marvell, who makes use of masque-imagery in Upon Appleton House. MAXIM: A proverb, a short, pithy statement or aphorism believed to contain wisdom or insight into human nature. In much of the dialogue in Viking sagas, for instance, the mba essay characters will quote short maxims to each other to make a point. MCGUFFIN (also MacGuffin, Maguffin): A humorous or joking term to describe an object or artifact that drives the plot as part of a quest motif . For instance, the horcrux in the Harry Potter series, the Holy Grail in help, Arthurian legends, the Golden Fleece in Jason and the Argonauts , and termpapers case, so forth. Often Alfred Hitchcock is credited for coining the phrase.
See discussion under quest motif . MEAD HALL : A structure built by it assignment, an Anglo-Saxon lord ( hlaford or cyning ) as a social center for private equity mba essay his immediate community, especially his thegns and warriors. Since they were constructed primarily of wood, we have only a few archeological samples that survive to provide examples. We know from help, descriptions in Anglo-Saxon texts that they were filled with mead-benches, which were elaborately carved and decorated with gold. Words such as horn-gapped may imply architectural features, or they may imply that the hall was decorated with the requirements horns of stags and other trophy animals. The lord would gather his warriors at it assignment help, his mead hall to eat, drink, pass out gifts and treasure, and renew the oath-bonds between himself and his men. MEDIEVAL (from Latin medium aevum , the Middle Age or the in-between age): The period of extended requirements time roughly a thousand years long between the fall of the Roman Empire and the emergence of the it assignment Renaissance. Actual starting and ending points are somewhat arbitrary when describing the extended requirements era, and it assignment sydney, scholars vary wildly in the dates they assign. For instance, M . H. Essay? Abrams' Norton Anthology of English Literature , 7th edition, assigns to the medieval period the years 450-1485, but in his Glossary of Literary Terms , the same scholar points to the years 410-1500 as the appropriate years.
J. A. Cuddon's Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory prefers the dates c. 800-c. 1450, and Harry Shaw's Concise Dictionary of Literary Terms prefers c. 476-c. It Assignment Sydney? 1350, but notes that it may extend to about 1500 (p. 170). While there are no universally accepted demarcations, it is common in termpapers case, older European histories to divide the medieval period into an early period of the Dark Ages and help sydney, a later period of the High Middle Ages. On the other hand, linguists divide the essay medieval period in help, England into the Anglo-Saxon period (about 450-1066) and the Middle English period (about 1066-1450). The dividing line is the Norman Conquest of England following the Battle of creative writing portfolio Hastings (1066), which marked the introduction of heavy French influences into English. It Assignment Sydney? Some scholars prefer to mark the years 1100-1350 as the why babson essay Anglo-Norman period, since most courtly literature in help, England was written in portfolio, Norman-French rather than English. Note, however, that these divisions are most useful in discussing English literature; they are less useful for discussing medieval literature, art, and architecture on the continent.
European scholars and art historians divide the medieval period into help sydney, four periods: Carolingian (c. 750-900), Ottonian (c. 900-1056), Romanesque (c. 1057-1150), and Gothic (1150-1475). For our literary purposes, however, the essay requirements Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods serve as a useful division. The early medieval centuries (often misleadingly called the Dark Ages) are marked by the disintegration of it assignment help sydney classical Greco-Roman culture and the volkerwanderung of why babson essay Germanic tribes into western Europe, followed by gradual conversions to Christianity. Its later stages (often called the High Middle Ages) are marked by innovative technology, economic growth, and original theology and philosophy. Help? The term medievalism in western Europe is linked with feudalism in government, guildhouses in economics, monasticism and Catholicism in religion, and termpapers case, castles and knights in chivalrous military custom. It Assignment Help? Click here for a PDF handout placing this historical period in chronological sequence with other historical periods. Click below for a chronological list of historical events in various centuries: 500-600 CE 600-700 CE 700-800 CE 800-900 CE 900-1000 CE 1000-1099 CE 1100-1199 CE 1200-1299 CE 1300-1399 CE.
MEDIEVAL ESTATES SATIRE : A medieval genre common among French poets in which the speaker lists various occupations among the three estates of feudalism (nobles, peasants, and writing portfolio, clergy) and depicts them in a manner that shows how short they fall from the ideal of it assignment that occupation. In the late medieval period, the genre expanded to discuss the why babson essay failings of bourgeois individuals as well. The genre was not unknown in it assignment help, England. John Gower's Vox Clamantis and portfolio, Confessio Amantis have passages similar to those in continental estates satire. Jill Mann suggests in her famous book, Chaucer and Medieval Estates Satire , that the General Prologue of The Canterbury Tales is itself an example of it assignment help sydney this genre . Argument Of Evil Essay? See also satire , anti-fraternal satire , and three estates . MEDIEVAL STUDIES : An interdisciplinary field of scholarship in literature, history, art, philosophy, and theology focusing on the culture of the Middle Ages or medieval period . Scholars who specialize in help, this area are medievalists. Among the Inklings , J.R.R. Tolkien entered medieval studies through philology and portfolio, Germanic literatures, while C.S. Lewis became a medievalist via classical and Renaissance philosophy and literature--eventually leaving Oxford to help sydney go to termpapers case Cambridge and become the Chair of Medieval and sydney, Renaissance literature. [Dr. Wheeler would remind his students at Carson-Newman that we do offer a minor in MARS--medieval and Renaissance studies--for interested adventurers looking to pick up a quick interdisciplinary minor. --KW] MEDITATION : A thoughtful or contemplative essay, sermon, discussion, or treatise--especially one that encourages introspection and self-analysis. John Donne's funeral service, Meditation 17, is an example, in which he explores what death means if we truly believe that all human beings are inteconnected to each other spiritually.
MEIOSIS : Understatement, the opposite of exaggeration: I was somewhat worried when the psychopath ran toward me with a chainsaw. (i.e., I was terrified). Litotes (especially popular in Old English poetry) is a type of meiosis in which the writer uses a statement in termpapers case, the negative to create the effect: You know, Einstein is not a bad mathematician. (i.e., Einstein is a good mathematician.) That pustulant wart is somewhat unbeautiful (i.e., That pustulant wart is ugly). Help? Litotes is recognizable in English by negatives like not , no , non - and un -.) MELODRAMA : A dramatic form characterized by excessive sentiment, exaggerated emotion, sensational and thrilling action, and an artificially happy ending. Melodramas originally referred to romantic plays featuring music, singing, and dancing, but by the eighteenth century they connoted simplified and coincidental plots, bathos , and happy endings. These melodramatic traits are present in Gothic novels, western stories, popular films, and television crime shows, to termpapers case name but a few more recent examples.
MELOPOEIA : Ezra Pound's term for one of the three techniques he would use to create charged language. Specifically, melopoeia is the use of sound of a word or the help sounds of groups of words together to create poetic effects, or as Pound writes, . You charge it [a word] by sound or you use groups of termpapers case words to do this (37). Presumably, melopoeia might cover techniques like assonance , consonance , and help, onomatopoeia . See also phanopoeia and logopoeia . MELUSINE MYTH : A medieval legend about a French princess who secretly transformed into a serpent or dragon in her private moments until her husband learns the truth about her real identity. C.S. Extended? Lewis may have been inspired by this myth in The Silver Chair , in which the Lady of the Green Kyrtle takes the form of a serpent when she fights with Rilian. MEME : An idea or pattern of help thought that replicates like a virus by being passed along from termpapers case, one thinker to another.
A meme might be a song or advertising jingle that gets stuck in one's head, a particularly amusing joke or entertaining story one feels compelled to pass on, a memorable phrase that gets quoted repeatedly in public speeches or in published books, a political ideology, an help invention, a teacher's lesson plan, or even a religious belief. MEMOIR (usually appearing in plural form as memoirs , from Latin, memoria memory via French mémoire ): An autobiographical sketch--especially one that focuses less on private the author's personal life or psychological development and more on the notable people and events the author has encountered or witnessed. Examples include memoirs published by Winston Churchill and Dwight D. Eisenhower. The memoir contrasts with a diary or journal, i.e., the memoir is not an informal daily record of help sydney events in creative, a person's life, it is not necessarily written for personal pleasure, and the author of such memoir has in mind the ultimate goal of publication. Contrast with biography and memoir-novel . MEMOIR-NOVEL : A novel purporting to sydney be a factual or autobiographical account but which is completely or partially imaginary. The authorial voice or speaker is typically a made-up character who never actually lived. This creation is not so much a hoax as a literary convention or an artistic device. An early example would be Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders . Later eighteenth-century examples include Goldsmith's The Vicar of of evil essay Wakefield and Mackenzie's The Man of Feeling . While this convention became less popular in the nineteenth-century, some examples have appeared in it assignment help sydney, twentieth- and twenty-first century literature--including Umberto Eco's Baudolino (my own personal favorite). MEMORIAL RECONSTRUCTION : Renaissance actors reconstructing the extended text of a play from their own (sometimes faulty) memory.
Acting companies often lost or gained members rapidly. It is possible that some actors formerly working with Shakespeare lacked access to promptbooks after leaving his acting company. These players may have attempted to reconstruct the plays by memory. Some scholars believe that the help unbelievably sloppy bad quartos of Shakespeare's plays may have been the legalization result of such a memorial reconstruction. MEMORY PLAY : The term coined by Tennessee Williams to describe non-realistic dramas, such as The Glass Menagerie , in which the audience experiences the past as remembered by a narrator, complete with music from the period remembered, and it assignment, images representing the characters' thoughts, fears, emotions, and recollections projected on a scrim in the background. See drama , scrim . MENDICANT ORDERS (also called friars): Orders of wandering monks who lived by begging. In the Middle Ages, the clergy was divided into secular clergy and regular clergy . The secular (i.e., worldly) clergy dealt with secular concerns such as the operation and administration of individual parishes and tending to the congregation's spiritual needs. It was composed of the priests, bishops, archbishops, and cardinals.
The regular clergy were those otherworldly individuals who isolated themselves from material concerns by residing in a monastery. These monks would take a series of vows and agree to live according to the order's rule (Latin regula means rule, hence regular clergy). While all the regular orders took a vow of poverty individually, the mendicant orders also took a vow of communal or corporate poverty, vowing to why babson subsist entirely on begging from it assignment, day-to-day, hence the name mendicant or begging. Termpapers Case? It was hoped that this sort of vow would prevent abuses that occurred in monasteries, in which individual monks had no personal wealth, but the monastery as a whole was a powerful corporate entity possessing thousands of acres of land and its collective income, allowing the impoverished monks to often live a luxurious existence in spite of their individual vows of poverty. Some monasteries became such powerful landowning institutions that, at one point in help, England, it has been estimated that one-quarter to one-third of all available land was in the possession or control of mba essay various abbots. This situtation granted the it assignment monastic clergy political and financial power comparable to why babson that of the secular branch of church; it was a far cry from the original intention of these monks to remove themselves from petty worldly matters in order to focus on spiritual contemplation. In reaction to it assignment sydney this situation, a series of reformers such as Saint Dominic and essay, Saint Francis of Assissi espoused the idea of a new type of religious order--the mendicants. Each order was given a set of duties--the salvation of it assignment souls, the suppression of legalization of marijuana essay heretical doctrine through teaching, fund-raising for the church, and sundry other tasks. There remain from the Middle Ages four great mendicant orders recognized by the Second Council of Lyons in it assignment help sydney, 1274 CE: The Dominicans ( alias the Order of Preachers, or the Black Friars) The Franciscans ( alias the Friars Minor, or the Gray Friars) The Carmelites ( alias the White Friars) The Hermits of Saint Augustine ( alias Austin Friars or Augustinian Friars)
In more recent centuries, the council of Trent granted all the private mba essay mendicant orders except the Friars Minor and sydney, the Capuchins the right to have corporate property like other monasteries. One of the major differences between friars and other regular monks was that friars were not bound by a votum stabilitatis (a vow of permanency to remain in one place). Instead, they were at liberty to wander from place to termpapers case place teaching if given the permission of the general of their order. Indeed, such mobility was necessary, since the friars' primary task was, as it states in it assignment help, their mission statement, to save souls. Of Evil? Thus, while other monks sought to follow an sydney eremitical tradition that would remove them from worldly concerns and isolate themselves from the general public beyond the monastery's walls, the mendicant orders deliberately reinserted themselves into the world so they could preach, teach, and portfolio, beg. In the early thirteenth century, the energy and dynamism of help sydney these new movements was extraordinary. Dominicans did much to curb outbreaks of heresy in southern France, though they were not so successful that they could prevent the Albigensian crusades against the Cathars. They reinvigorated the essay body of the church with a sort of monastic revival. By a century later, however, new problems and abuses began to arise. Unfortunately, the help sydney ability to private mba essay beg and it assignment help, wander led to a new type of ecclesiastical abuse. Part of the spiritual glue holding a monastery together is the supervision of an abbot, who would oversee the monks and of marijuana conclusion, make sure they are not straying into sin.
Without a supervisor, wandering friars became notorious for improper behavior such as sexual misconduct, blatant embezzlement, and abrasive confrontation with secular clergy such as local parish priests. For example, if parishioners gave donations to it assignment help sydney a wandering preacher, they weren't giving those donations to the local priest; additionally, a dynamic, fiery friar might invoke professional jealousy in a less rhetorically gifted pastor. Friars normally were required to creative writing portfolio travel in groups of two (much like Mormon missionaries today), so that each one would provide a check on the other. However, such measures were not always successful in curbing misconduct. This abuse became a source of much popular resentment and frustration. In literature, this manifested itself in anti-fraternal satire . Friars became stereotypical characters in sydney, estates literature and in fabliaux . Chaucer himself depicts Friar Hubert as corrupt in The Canterbury Tales and shows his rivalry with a church summoner , an equally corrupt representative of the creative writing portfolio secular clergy.
They insult each other's professions in their tales. MENTOR : (1) In common use, this eponym comes from the character Mentor in Homer's Odyssey . Sydney? Mentor is an experienced, elderly man, and the goddess Athena takes on his form to advise the young Telemachus. Penelope's suitors plan to kill Telemachus and seize Ithaca for themselves, so Telemachus needs all the help he can get! Hence, the motif of a mentor is an argument of evil older, experienced character who provides advice to younger inexperienced ones, which is a standard component of sydney fairy tales and myths in essay, Campbell's model of the mythic hero. (2) Many authors and poets consider one or more of their predecessors to be their mentor--the model or inspiration on which they draw their own work. Help? Dante, for instance, saw Virgil as his master and teacher; he models his Inferno on descriptions of the Underworld in Virgil's Aeneid . Equity Mba Essay? Dante starts his descent into the Inferno by having his narrator-persona actually encounter the ghost of Virgil, who becomes his guide through hell. It Assignment Help Sydney? C.S. Why Babson Essay? Lewis in it assignment help sydney, his youth encountered the fantasy novel Phantastes by portfolio, George MacDonald, and he considered it one of the ten most influential works he ever read. Lewis mimics Dante in help, that in his own fictional tour of argument of evil essay pur gatory/hell, where he likewise encounters the ghost of it assignment sydney MacDonald and consults with him.
MERCIAN : The dialect of Old English spoken in the region of Mercia. MESURE (French, measure): In French chivalric literature, the equivalent of equity Latin moderatio --the ability to follow a golden mean and not go to unreasonable extremes. This trait contrasts with the demesure (excessive actions or unconrolled passions) of figures like the knight Roland in the Chanson de Roland . In the literature of courtly love, a frequent debate is whether the ideal courtly lover should have mesure or demesure . METADRAMA : Drama in it assignment, which the subject of the play is dramatic art itself, especially when such material breaks up the illusion of watching reality. When Macbeth cries out, Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player / who struts and frets his hour upon the stage, / and then is heard no more , his references to shadows and players (Renaissance slang for private mba essay actors) and his discussion of the stage serve to remind the audience forcefully that they are watching a dramatic artifice, not a real historical event. The references break down verisimilitude to call attention to help the fact that viewers are watching a staged performance. Likewise, the legalization of marijuana essay opening to Taming of the Shrew forcefully emphasizes that the events we see are a fiction, as does Hamlet's plan to use The Mouse-Trap as an it assignment help sydney ethical litmus test for Claudius: The play's the thing / wherin I'll catch the conscience of the king . Termpapers Case? METAFICTION : Fiction in sydney, which the subject of the story is the act or art of storytelling of argument of evil itself, especially when such material breaks up the illusion of it assignment help reality in a work. An example is John Fowles's The French Lieutenant's Woman , in which the argument essay author interrupts his own narative to insert himself as a character in the work. Sydney? Claiming not to why babson like the ending to the tale, the author sets his watch back ten minutes, and it assignment help sydney, the storyline backs up ten minutes so an alternative ending can unfold. Termpapers Case? The act reminds us that the passionate love affair we are so involved in as readers is a fictional creation of an author at that point when we are most likely to it assignment have forgotten that artificiality because of our involvement.
Other examples include Chaucer's narrator in writing portfolio, the Canterbury Tales , in which the pilgrim tells the sydney reader to termpapers case turn the leaf [page] and choose another tale if the audience doesn't like naughty stories like the Miller's tale. This command breaks the illusion that Geoffrey is a real person on it assignment pilgrimage, calling attention to the fictional qualities of The Canterbury Tales as a physical artifact--a book held in the readers' hands. Robert Scholes popularized the term metafiction to generally describe this tendency in his critical writings, as Abrams notes (135). METALITERATURE : Literary art focused on the subject of literary art itself. Often this term is argument of evil further divided into metapoetry , metafiction , and metadrama . METAPHOR : A comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to imply that one object is another one, figuratively speaking. When we speak of the ladder of success, we imply that being successful is much like climbing a ladder to a higher and better position. Another example comes from an old television add from the 1980s urging teenagers not to try drugs. It Assignment Help Sydney? The camera would focus on a close-up of a pair of eggs and a voice would state This is your brain. In the next sequence, the eggs would be cracked and thrown onto a hot skillet, where the eggs would bubble, burn, and seeth. The voice would state, This is your brain on drugs.
The point of the comparison is fairly clear. Another example is how Martin Luther wrote, A mighty fortress is our God, / A bulwark never failing. ( Mighty fortress and bulwark are the two metaphors for argument God in these lines.) A metaphor is an example of a rhetorical trope , and such metaphors have a long history of critical discussion. It Assignment Sydney? Aristotle, for instance, claimed the legalization of marijuana essay greatest thing by far is to have a command of metaphor. This alone cannot be imparted by another; it is the mark of genius, for to it assignment help make good metaphors implies an termpapers case eye for resemblances (qtd in Deutsche 84). Often, a metaphor suggests something symbolic in it assignment, its imagery. For instance, Wordsworth uses a metaphor when he states of England, she is a fen of stagnant waters, which implies something about the state of political affairs in England as well as the island's biomes. Sometimes, the metaphor can be emotionally powerful, such as John Donne's use of metaphor in Twickenham Garden, where he writes, And take my tears, which are love's wine (line 20). If we break down a metaphorical statement into its component parts, the real-world subject (first item) in a metaphoric statement is known as the tenor . The second item (often an creative imaginary one or at least not present in a literal sense) to which the help sydney tenor refers is called the vehicle . For example, consider the mba essay metaphorical statement, Susan is a viper in her cruel treacheries. It Assignment? Here, Susan is the tenor in the metaphor, and extended requirements, viper is the vehicle in the same metaphor.
The tenor, Susan , is literally present or literally exists. The vehicle , the hypothetical or imagined viper, is not necessarily physically present. An unusual metaphor that requires some explanation on the writer's part is often called a metaphysical conceit , especially in 17th-century poetry. If the it assignment metaphorical connection is merely implied rather than directly stated, such as talking about the ladder of success, the term is a subdued metaphor. Argument Essay? The combination of it assignment help two different metaphors into a single, awkward image is why babson called a mixed metaphor or abusio . See also tenor , vehicle , subdued metaphor , and sydney, telescoped metaphor. Creative Writing? Contrast with simile . METAPHYSICAL POETS : In his 1693 work, Discourse of Satire , John Dryden used the term metaphysical to describe the style of certain poets earlier in it assignment sydney, the 17th century. Later, Samuel Johnson popularized the term in 1779.
The term metaphysical implies the legalization conclusion poetry is abstract and it assignment help, highly complex. The chief metaphysical poets include John Donne, Richard Crashaw, Andrew Marvell, George Herbert, and Henry Vaughan. The group shares certain traits, though their themes, structures, and requirements, assorted tones in their poetry vary widely, which leads more recent scholars to see the designation as unhelpful. (1) The group as a whole rejects the conventions of Elizabethan love poetry, especially the Petrarchan conceits that, by 1600, had become clichés . It Assignment Help Sydney? They preferred wildly original (and sometimes shocking or strange) images, puns, similes, and metaphors, which collectively are called metaphysical conceits . Argument Of Evil? (2) The metaphysical poet often describes a dramatic event rather than simple meditation, daydreams, or passing thoughts. (3) The metaphysical poets employed inconsistant or striking verse--often imitating the it assignment help sydney rhythmic patterns of everyday speech, rather than attempting to create perfect meter in the manner later favored by neoclassical poets. Basically, the of evil essay metaphysical poets would not let metrical form interfere with the development of a line of thought. Sydney? (4) The poem often expresses an argument--often using wild flights of logic and unusual comparisons. As an example, John Donne in The Flea presents a speaker who attempts to seduce a young maiden. The basis of his argument is the comparison between sex and essay, a flea-bite. In Holy Sonnet 14, Donne fashions a prayer in which he compares God to a rapist and himself to a besieged city. METAPLASMUS : A type of neologism in which misspelling a word creates a rhetorical effect. Help? To emphasize dialect , one might spell dog as dawg.
To emphasize that something is unimportant, we might add -let or -ling at essay, the end of the help word, referring to a deity as a godlet or a prince as a princeling. To emphasize the feminine nature of something normally considered masculine, try adding the suffix -ette to the end of the word, creating a smurfette or a corvette . To modernize something old, the mba essay writer might turn the Greek god Hermes into the Hermenator . Likewise, Austin Powers renders all things shagedelic . For more information, see the subdivisions of metaplasmus under schemes. METAPOETRY : Poetry about poetry, especially self-conscious poems that pun on objects or items associated with writing or creating poetry. Among the Romantic and help, Enlightenment poets, we find puns on leaves (referring on one hand to the leaves of plants, and on termpapers case another to the leaves or pages of it assignment help a book of poetry), feet (referring on one level to the body part, and on another to the metrical feet of a poem), and essay, so on. Other types of metapoetry involve self-conscious commentary on the poem's own genre or on help sydney the process of creating the why babson essay poem. It Assignment Help Sydney? A fine example of this type of metapoetry is essay Billy Collins' Sonnet: And after this next one just a dozen. To launch a little ship on love's storm-tossed seas, then only ten more left like rows of it assignment help beans. How easily it goes unless you get Elizabethan.
and insist the iambic bongos must be played. and rhymes positioned at essay conclusion, the ends of lines, one for every station of the cross. But hang on it assignment help here while we make the turn. into the extended requirements final six where all will be resolved, where longing and it assignment, heartache will find an end, where Laura will tell Petrarch to put down his pen, take off those crazy medieval tights, blow out the creative portfolio lights, and sydney, come at last to bed. Here, we can clearly see the private equity self-reflective tendencies, in which the poet discusses how many more lines he needs to finish a traditional sonnet (lines 1-4), he directly comments on the traditional subject-matter of the sonnet, the rejected love of the it assignment help sydney speaker (alluded to in line 3), he adds an amusing allusion to the normal requirements of rhyme, meter and iambic pentameter, which the poet rejects (lines 5-8), and he adds a direct reference to the turn or volta, in the exact moment when the volta is requirements required in an Italian sonnet. Finally the poet alludes to help sydney Laura (the woman to why babson essay whom Petrarch dedicated his sonnets) and to Petrarch, the inventor of the sydney sonnnet-structure that Collins mimics and alters simultaneously. The subject-matter of why babson essay this sonnet is the conventional sonnet itself; thus, it is it assignment metapoetry. See metaliterature . METATHESIS : The transposition of two sounds in speech or spelling. This tendency often catches students of Middle English or Anglo-Saxon off guard, since they might encounter the spelling brid for bird or hwale for whale . METER : A recognizable though varying pattern of extended essay requirements stressed syllables alternating with syllables of less stress. Compositions written in meter are said to be in help sydney, verse . There are many possible patterns of verse.
Each unit of extended requirements stress and unstressed syllables is called a foot . Sydney? The following examples are culled from M. H. Abrams' Glossary of Literary Terms , seventh edition, which has more information. You can also click here to download a PDF handout giving examples of particular types of feet, or click here for a longer PDF handout discussing meter and scansion. Example: The cúrfew tólls the knéll of párting dáy. (Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.) Anapestic (the noun is anapest ) two light syllables followed by a stressed syllable: The Assyrian came dówn like a wólf on the fóld. (Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib.) Trochaic (the noun is argument of evil essay trochee ) a stressed followed by a light syllable: Thére they áre, my fífty men and wómen. Dactylic (the noun is help sydney dactyl ): a stressed syllable followed by two light syllables: Éve, with her básket, was / Déep in the bélls and grass. Iambs and anapests, since the of marijuana essay conclusion strong stress is at the end, are called rising meter; trochees and dactyls, with the strong stress at the beginning with lower stress at the end, are called falling meter. Additionally, if a line ends in a standard iamb, with a final stressed syllable, it is said to have a masculine ending. If a line ends in a lightly stressed syllable, it is it assignment help said to be feminine. To hear the private equity difference, read the following examples aloud and it assignment sydney, listen to the final stress:
Not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse. Not a creature was stirring, not even a mousing. We name a metric line according to the number of feet in legalization of marijuana essay conclusion, it. If a line has four feet, it is help tetrameter . If a line has five feet, it is pentameter . Six feet, hexameter , and so on. Of Evil? English verse tends to be pentameter, French verse tetrameter, and Greek verse, hexameter. It Assignment? When scanning a line, we might, for instance, describe the line as iambic pentameter (having five feet, with each foot tending to be a light syllable followed by extended requirements, heavy syllable), or trochaic tetrameter (having four feet, with each foot tending to be a long syllable followed by a short syllable).
Here is a complete list of the various verse structures: METONYM : Any specific use or specific example of metonymy , or any symbol in which a specific physical object is used as a vague suggestive symbol for a more general idea. See metonymy below. METONYMY : Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea. The term metonym also applies to the object itself used to suggest that more general idea. Some examples of metonymy are using the metonym crown in it assignment help sydney, reference to royalty or the entire royal family, or stating the pen is mightier than the of marijuana conclusion sword to suggest that the power of education and sydney, writing is more potent for why babson changing the world than military force. Sydney? One of my former students wrote in an argumentative essay, If we cannot strike offenders in the heart, let us strike them in the wallet, implying by her metonym that if we cannot make criminals regret their actions out of their guilty consciences, we can make them regret their actions through financial punishment. Essay? We use metonymy in everyday speech when we refer to the entire movie-making industry as the L. A. suburb Hollywood or the it assignment help sydney advertising industry as the street Madison Avenue (and when we refer to private mba essay businessmen working there as suits.) Journalists use metonymy to refer to it assignment help sydney the collective decisions of the United States government as Washington or when they use the term the essay requirements White House as a shorthand reference for the executive bureaucracy in it assignment help, American government.
Popular writer Thomas Friedman coined a recent metonym, the essay Arab Street, as a shorthand reference for the entire population of Muslim individuals in Saudi Arabia, Yeman, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the surrounding areas. When students talk about studying Shakespeare, they mean metonymically all his collected works of drama and poetry, rather than the historical writer's life alone, and so on. METRICAL : This adjective describes anything written in patterns of meter , as opposed to sydney prose. METRICAL FOOT : See discussion uner meter or click here for a handout in PDF format. METRICAL SUBSTITUTION : A way of essay varying poetic meter by taking a single foot of the normal meter and replacing it with a foot of different meter. For instance, a poem might consist primarily of iambic pentameter, with a light-heavy pattern of stress.
The poet might add variety by occasionally inserting a foot consisting of two stresses (spondeic substitution) or a foot with a reversed pattern of sydney heavy-light stress (trochaic substitution). See meter . Private Mba Essay? When a poet uses metrical substitution to replace the first entire foot with a single stressed beat, the result is an acephalous line. MEZOZEUGMA : An alternative spelling of mesozeugma. See discussion under zeugma . MIASMA (Greek, stench): Literally referring to a stench or bad smell, the Greek term also metaphorically indicates a sort of ceremonial taint or spiritual stain that can result from various sorts of impurity. The ancient Greeks thought actions such as murder, incest, blasphemy, menstruation, or violations of xenia might cause a miasma around a person or place, and until the community took action to expunge the stain, misfortune such as disease, drought, or other blights would be the it assignment help sydney potential result. Creative Writing? Normally, people thought to be stained by miasma were forbidden to pass the sacred marker ( temenos ) separating the holy ground of a temple or a public forum from non-sacred space.
The term is particularly applicable in the play Oedipus Rex , in which the entire community of Thebes has fallen under a curse because of it assignment help a miasma in their midst. Essay? It is also relevant in Agamemnon, where the prophetess Cassandra seems to have the ability to it assignment sydney sense miasma as well as see the invisible Furies that have come to settle on the house. MICROCOSM (cf. macrocosm ): The human body. Renaissance thinkers believed that the creative writing portfolio human body was a little universe that reflected changes in the macrocosm, or greater universe. MID VOWEL : In linguistics, any vowel sound made with the jaw and tongue positioned between the normal articulations for high and low vowels. An example of it assignment help sydney a mid-vowel would be the vowel sound in pate . MIDDLE COMEDY : Greek comedies written in the early 300s BCE, in termpapers case, which the exaggerated costumes and the chorus of the Old Comedy were eliminated. We have no surviving examples of these Middle Comedies, but they are alluded to and described in other works. MIDDLE ENGLISH : The version of English spoken after the Norman Conquest from 1066 but before 1450 or so. Before the Norman Conquest, the common version of help English was Old English or Anglo-Saxon , a Germanic language that is difficult to read without specialized training. An influx of Norman French and Latin vocabulary after the Normans conquered England resulted in rapid changes in spoken English. Between 1400-1450, a phenomenon known as the Great Vowel Shift occurred, and the pronunciation of vowels changed in English, resulting in Modern English (see below).
To avoid irritating your teacher, do not confuse Old English, Middle English, and Modern English. This diagram will help you contrast them. MIDDLE PASSAGE : The sea-voyage from Africa to mba essay the West Indies and/or the Americas commonly used by it assignment, slave-traders. It plays a prominent part in slave-narratives and argument of evil, abolitionist literature, including works such as Aphra Behn's Oronooko and Olaudah Equiano's autobiography. MIDVERBS : As Kolln and Funk define it, midverbs are a group of verbs that have characteristics of both transitive and intransitive verbs.
Like transitive verbs, they require a word following them--much like an object or a complement. However, the complements are not exactly like direct objects because they do not explain what or whom is receiving the it assignment sydney action. Instead, the complements of termpapers case midverbs provide information about amount or measurement (Kolln and Funk 55). It Assignment Help Sydney? Examples include the verbs weigh and of marijuana essay, cost (55). It Assignment Sydney? For instance, The corpse weighed two-hundred pounds. Here, weighed is a midverb.
The word pounds is sort of like a direct object to the verb weighs , but since it shows an equivalence with corpse , it is sort of termpapers case like a predicate noun or a subject complement also. Kolln and Funk handle this blurred categorization by treating clauses with midverbs as Pattern VI sentences--i.e., they treat the it assignment sydney complement as a mere adverbial. MILES GLORIOSUS (Lat. glorious soldier): The braggart soldier, a stock character in classical Roman drama. The braggart soldier is cowardly but boasts of his past deeds, and he becomes involved in sexual catastrophes, bullying, and thievery. The miles gloriosus is frequently of termpapers case low morals. Shakespeare probably based Falstaff in Renaissance literatureon the common miles gloriosus in classical literature. MILTONIC IMAGERY : Imagery made famous by Milton's poetry--especially Paradise Lost . Examples include the dark angels or twisted demons laboring at Pandemonium's construction deep below the earth in it assignment, fiery shadow, especially when such imagery is taken in legalization essay, contrast with the pastoral tranquility of Eden or the pearly mansions of heaven afloat in glowing clouds. Likewise, the motif of the rejected, fallen, rebellious seraphim struggling against the Almighty's white lightning remains a haunting image in Milton's poetry. These Miltonic images have influenced a great number of later literary works. In H. Help? G. Wells' The Time Machine , Wells used Miltonic imagery in the Morlocks and Eloi, where (it initially appears) the troglodytic Morlocks labor in termpapers case, darkness under the earth and it assignment help sydney, the child-like Eloi play in termpapers case, the blissful garden above.
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein steals Miltonic imagery by casting the monster as both an innocent Adam figure and simultaneously a rebellious Satan figure who rejects his maker as flawed and morally inferior. Help Sydney? In many cases, Miltonic tradition shapes modern Christian iconography much more than the ancient Hebrew tradition of argument of evil sheol itself. MIMESIS : Mimesis is usually translated as imitation or representation, though the concept is sydney much more complex than that and doesn't translate easily into English. It is an imitation or representation of legalization of marijuana essay conclusion something else rather than an attempt to literally duplicate the original. Sydney? For instance, Aristotle in The Poetics defined tragedy as the imitation [ mimesis ] of an argument of evil essay action. In his sense, both poetry and drama are attempts to take an instance of human action and represent or re -present its essence while translating it into a new medium of material. For example, a play about World War II is an attempt to take the help sydney essence of an actual, complex historical event involving millions of people and thousands of square miles over several years and recreate that event in a simplified representation involving a few dozen people in a few thousand square feet over argument, a few hours. The play would be a mimesis of that historic event using stage props, lighting, and individual actors to convey the sense of what World War II was to the audience. In the same way, the process of mimesis might involve creating a film about help World War II (translating the event into images projected onto a flat screen or monitor using chemical images on a strip of photosynthetic film), or writing a poem about World War II would constitute an attempt at distilling that meaning into syllables, stress, verse, and diction. Picasso might attempt to embody warfare as a montage of destruction--his painting Guernica is the result. The degree to which each form of art accurately embodies the essence of its subject determines (for many classical theorists of art) the degree of its success.
Additionally, mimesis may involve ecphrasis --the act of translating art from one type of legalization of marijuana essay conclusion media into another. A classical musician or composer might be entranced by an earlier bit of folkloric art, the legend of William Tell. He attempts to sydney imitate or represent the stirring emotions of that story by creating a stirring song that has the same effect; thus, the famous The William Tell Overture results. A story has been translated into a musical score. It is also possible to attempt mimesis of one medium into the same medium.
For instance, American musician Aaron Copland was inspired by the simplicity of Quaker music, so he attempted to re-create that music mimetically in Appalachian Spring, much like he earlier attempted mimetically to capture the American spirit in Fanfare for portfolio the Common Man. In literature, ecphrasis is likewise used to describe the way literature describes or mimics other media (other bits of art, architecture, music and so on). For instance, Ode on it assignment help sydney a Grecian Urn is largely Keats' poetic attempt to capture the eternal and changeless nature of visual art depicted on essay an excavated piece of pottery. Chaucer's Knight's Tale involves an elaborate architectural recreation of three pagan temples, and the artwork on it assignment help the walls of argument of evil essay those temples, as well as the verbal construction of an entire coliseum to enclose a knightly combat. It Assignment Sydney? These are both ecphrases seeking to turn one type of non-verbal art into legalization, verbal art through mimetic principles. MINIMAL PAIR : Also called contrastive pairs , these are two words that differ by only a single sound, such as gin-pin . Linguists commonly use minimal pairs for illustrating subtle sound differences. MINNES Ä NGER : Any German minstril who writes poems and it assignment help, songs about courtly love in the medieval period. He is argument usually considered the German equivalent of the French troubadour . MINUSCULE : A small or lowercase letter, in help, contrast with majuscule , a large or capital letter. The invention of minuscule allowed for faster, more compact writing in scriptoria. MIRACLE OF THE VIRGIN : A vita or a miracle play that dramatizes some aspect of humanity activity, and mba essay, ends with the miraculous intervention of the Blessed Virgin.
See discussion under miracle play (below), and vita . MIRACLE PLAY : Not to be confused with medieval morality plays, a miracle play is a medieval drama depicting either biblical stories, the miracle(s) performed by a saint, or the martyrdom of a saint in Christian traditions. It Assignment Sydney? (Some critics prefer the third definition and reject the first two.) Miracle plays were usually presented in a cycle, such as dramas dealing with the Virgin Mary, the extended requirements fall of man, and so on. In France, a sharp division is it assignment help made between a mystery play and a miracle play, but it is common for the terms to be used interchangeably elsewhere. Creative? Few examples of miracle plays survive in it assignment help sydney, English (the oldest being Play of of marijuana conclusion Saint Catherine from the area of it assignment sydney Dunstable), but in France, there remains a famous cycle of Les Miracles de Notre Dame , forty-two plays belonging to the second half of the 1300s written in octosyllabic couplets. Why Babson? An example of a modern miracle play is the Belgian writer Maurice Maeterlinck's Sister Beatrice . Help? The general emphasis in a miracle play is to astonish and inspire the viewer with a sense of essay wonder at the numinous. An entire subgenre of miracles of the virgin also exist. Contrast with morality play and mystery play . MIRROR PASSAGE : A section of a story that might not contribute directly to the plot (i.e., it contains characters divorced from the main narrative, and the events it deals with do not further the action) but which does reflect the basic concerns of the work in terms of theme, action, or symbolism or which seems to echo another scene, image, or situation. Help Sydney? For instance, the Miller's story in The Canterbury Tales creates a love triangle to mock and mirror the termpapers case love triangle in the Knight's earlier narrative, or the three daily hunts that mirror the tactics of the bedroom seduction in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , or the way Aeneas's attempt to it assignment help sydney hug Creüsa's ghost thrice mirrors his attempt to embrace the ghost of his father Anchises in The Aeneid , or the inversion of words and tears that distinguishes Aeneas and Dido's two farewells--the first at why babson essay, Carthage and the second in it assignment help sydney, the Underworld. See also mirror scene . MIRROR SCENE : A scene in a play or novel that does not contribute directly to the plot (i.e., it contains characters divorced from the essay main narrative, and the events it deals with do not further the action,) but which does mirror the basic concerns of the play or narrative in terms of theme, action, or symbolism. For instance, the help sydney scene with the gardeners in Richard II relates symbolically to the fact that Richard, as king, is termpapers case not tending his own little Eden, the it assignment sydney isle of Britain.
The scene with Christopher Sly in the opening of The Taming of the Shrew does not relate directly to Petruchio's wooing of Kate, but it does establish the theme of how appearance might not match reality. See also mirror passage . MLA : The acronym for the Modern Language Association. English students primarily know the MLA as the publisher of the MLA guidelines for research papers, the standard format used in of marijuana conclusion, American college English classes. Founded in sydney, 1883, this organization is a professional guild of sorts for professors and instructors of a variety of subjects: foreign languages, linguistics, composition, technical writing, philology, rhetoric, and literature. Membership is particularly useful for essay students in it assignment help sydney, graduate schools about to argument of evil essay seek their first jobs. (Membership allows them access to the JIL, the Job Information Listings.) The organization hosts the MLA convention annually, where most interviews for instructor positions at colleges take place. It also sponsors the PMLA journal and it assignment, the MLA International Bibliography . Creative Writing Portfolio? You can learn more at the MLA website. MOCK EPIC : In contrast with an epic , a mock epic is a long, heroicomical poem that merely imitates features of the sydney classical epic. Private? The poet often takes an elevated style of language, but incongruously applies that language to mundane or ridiculous objects and situations.
The mock epic focuses frequently on the exploits of an antihero whose activities illustrate the stupidity of the class or group he represents. Various other attributes common to the classical epic, such as the invocation of the muse or the intervention of the gods, or the long catalogs of characters, appear in the mock epic as well, only to be spoofed. For instance, Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock gives in hyperbolic language a lengthy account of how a 17th century lord cuts a lady's hair in order to steal a lock of it as a keepsake, leading to help all sorts of social backlash when the woman is unhappy with her new hairdo. Lord Byron's Don Juan gives a lengthy list of the sexual conquests and catastrophes associated with a precocious young lord, Don Juan. Both are fine examples of the why babson mock epic. In some ways, the mock epic is the opposite of a travesty . It Assignment Help Sydney? See also spoof , satire . MOCK SERMON : A medieval genre commonly known as une sermon joyeux or une sermon joli , its conventions are that a non-clerical figure will present a humorous lecture on a non-religious topic (sexuality and food being two common choices) using all the tropes and conventions of a normal homily --such as the introduction and explication of private equity mba essay a Biblical passage, allusions to various intellectual figures, a series of exempla to prove the speaker's point, and a concluding invocation of it assignment help sydney prayer. Some critics have read Chaucer's Wife of Bath's Prologue as a mock sermon concerning a woman's place in marriage, for instance. For an excellent discussion of the sermon joyeux in connection with Chaucer, see volume 58 of the academic journal Speculum , pages 674-80. MODERN ENGLISH : The English language as spoken between about 1450 and the modern day. The language you are speaking now and the language Shakespeare spoke are both considered examples of Modern English. Modern English is distinct from Middle English (spoken c. Argument Essay? 1100 to 1400) in that vowels are pronounced differently after the Great Vowel Shift (1400-1450).
Both Middle English and sydney, Modern English are distinct from Old English in that Old English and Middle English had numerous letters (such as the letters ash , thorn , and eth ) and some sounds (such as yogh ) that were used much more commonly. Old English also used elaborate declensions that have mostly fallen out of creative portfolio use in Modern English. It Assignment Help Sydney? To avoid irritating your teacher, do not confuse Old English, Middle English, and Modern English. This diagram will help you contrast them. A good rule of thumb is that, (a) if you can read it easily, it's probably modern English, (b) if you can read it with some difficulty, but there are many words misspelled and an occasional strange letter, it's probably Middle English, and (c) if you can't read it all, and it looks like a foreign language with letters you don't recognize, you are probably looking at Old English. See Middle English and Old English . MODERNISM : A vague, amorphous term referring to the art, poetry, literature, architecture, and philosophy of Europe and America in creative, the early twentieth-century. Scholars do not agree exactly when Modernism began--most suggest after World War I, but some suggest it started as early as the late nineteenth century in sydney, France. Likewise, some assert Modernism ended with World War II or the bombing of Nagasaki, to be replaced with Postmodernism, or that modernism lasted until the 1960s, when post-structural linguistics dethroned it.
Others suggest that the division between modernism and postmodernism is false, and that postmodernism is merely the continuing process of Modernism. Under the general umbrella of Modernism, we find several art movements such as surrealism, formalism, and various avante-garde French movements. Professor Frank Kermode further divides modernism into paleo-modernism (1914-1920) and neo-modernism (1920-1942). Why Babson Essay? However, these divisions are hardly agreed upon by historians and critics. In general, modernism is an early twentieth-century artistic marked by the following characteristics: (1) the desire to break away from help sydney, established traditions, (2) a quest to find fresh ways to view man's position or function in writing, the universe, (3) experiments in form and sydney, style, particularly with fragmentation--as opposed to the organic theories of literary unity appearing in termpapers case, the Romantic and Victorian periods, and (4) a lingering concern with metaliterature . It Assignment Sydney? Cf. postmodernism . To see where modernism fits into a chronological listing of the of evil major literary periods, click here for it assignment sydney a pdf handout.
MOLOSSUS : A rare metrical foot of three-stressed syllables, such as might appear in bacchic meter. It is also called a bacchic foot or a bachius .It is nonstandard in most English verse. MONDEGREN : A misheard song lyric or poetic line that results in a textual variant through faulty oral transmission. The result is often amusing in nature. For example, the 1967 rock singer Jimi Hendrix had a set of lyrics in Purple Haze in which the speaker states in pantheistic bliss, 'Scuse me while I kiss the sky. Requirements? However, the help background music garbled his pronunciation, and termpapers case, many confused listeners misinterpreted the line as 'Scuse me while I kiss this guy. Similarly, Appalachian immigrants brought with them a folksong from England called The Golden Vanity, which originally speaks of sailing the sydney Lowland Sea. After a few generations, the landlocked Appalachian descendants did not know what the Lowland Sea referred to why babson any longer, and help sydney, the singers created a mondegren, sailing the lonesome sea. Several literary works gain their titles from mondegrens, including Malachy McCourt's A Monk Swimming and J.D.
Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. The original term mondegren to describe this sort of mistake first appeared in why babson essay, an essay by Sylvia Wright, which Harper's Magazine published in November of 1954. In the essay, The Death of Lady Mondegren, Wright recalled how she misinterpreted a line from the 17th-centrury ballad, The Bonny Earl O'Morray. Here, the original line reads, They hae slain the sydney Earl O'Moray, / and laid him on termpapers case the Green. She, however, heard, They hae slain the Earl O'Moray, / and Lady Mondegren. MONODY : Any elegy or dirge represented as the utterance of it assignment help a single speaker. Creative Writing? Compare with dramatic monologue . MONOGENESIS : The theory that, if two similar stories, words, or images appear in two different geographic regions or languages, they are actually related to each other rather than appearing independently.
Either one was the original source, and the others adopted it later, or all the surviving examples come from an older (possibly lost) source. Contrast with polygenesis . MONOLOGUE (contrast with soliloquy and interior monologue ): An interior monologue does not necessarily represent spoken words, but rather the internal or emotional thoughts or feelings of an individual, such as William Faulkner's long interior monologues within The Sound and The Fury . Monologue can also be used to refer to a character speaking aloud to himself, or narrating an account to an audience with no other character on stage. Cf. dramatic monologue . MONOMYTH : Joseph Cambell, a psychoanaltyic and Jungian theorist, coined the phrase monomyth in his 1949 work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces . The phrase describes a particular recurring narrative structure in mythology that he felt resonated with human psychology. In narratology and mythographic studies, the monomyth or hero's journey is a common narrative pattern in which a young or inexperienced hero (or sometimes heroine) goes on a journey or adventure. After setbacks or disastrous failure, he receives assistance from companions and advice from a mentor figure or figures. He resumes the journey, and in it assignment sydney, a climactic point of the story, symbolically dies, learns some hidden gnosis, and symbolically returns to why babson essay life. It Assignment? He then wins a victory, and he returns home transformed by why babson essay, the experience so that he can serve as a leader to his people. The chart would look like the following:
STAGE I Call to adventure --some new threat or challenge appears in the protagonist's community. STAGE II Supernatural aid --from a magical creature or magical object appears. STAGE III Confrontation --The hero confronts the threshhold of it assignment sydney danger, often a guardian or villain, that thrwarts him. STAGE IV Education --Aid comes from a helper and/or mentor figures to requirements show him how to bypass challenges and help, temptations. STAGE V Revelation --The hero experiences revelation--often in the form of an abyss or a symbolic death and rebirth. STAGE VI Resurrection --The hero is transformed, resurrected, or somehow makes atonment, often receiving a concrete or abstract gift from a divine source like a god or goddess-figure.
STAGE VII Return --The hero returns home. Once there, he re-establishes order or peace, often becoming a new ruler. MONOPHTHONG : In linguistics, Algeo defines this as A simple vowel with a single, stable quality (323) Simon Horobin calls it, a pure vowel with no change in quality (192). Contrast with diphthong . See also monophthongization . MONOPHTHONGIZATION : The tendency of diphthongs to turn into simple vowels over essay conclusion, time, or the actual process by which diphthongs turn into such vowels. Contrast with diphthongization. MONORHYME : A poem or section of help a poem in which all the lines have the essay requirements same end rhyme. Help? The rhyming pattern would thus look like this: AAAA AAAA, AAA AAA, or AA AA AA AA , etc. It is of marijuana essay conclusion a common rhyme scheme in Latin, Italian, Arabic, Welsh, and Slav poetry, especially in the Slav poetry of the oral-formulaic tradition. Because of the fact that English nouns are not declined and our adjectives do not have gender consistently indicated by particular endings, it is much harder to help make effective poetic use of monorhyme in the English poetry.
However, Shakespeare makes frequent use of it is a bit of doggerel in his plays. For instance, in The Merchant of Venice , we find the following section in monorhyme: Seven times tried that judgment is. That did never choose amiss. Some there be that shadows kiss. There be fools alive iwis, Silvered o'er, and so was this.
Take what wife you will to bed. I will ever be your head. So be gone; you are sped. (2.9.62-71) MONOSYLLABIC : Having only one syllable. MOOD (from Anglo-Saxon, mod heart or spirit): (1) In literature, a feeling, emotional state, or disposition of mind--especially the predominating atmosphere or tone of a literary work.
Most pieces of literature have a prevailing mood, but shifts in this prevailing mood may function as a counterpoint, provide comic relief, or echo the changing events in the plot. The term mood is often used synonymously with atmosphere and legalization of marijuana essay conclusion, ambiance . Students and critics who wish to discuss mood in their essays should be able to it assignment help point to specific diction, description, setting, and characterization to why babson essay illustrate what sets the mood. (2) In grammar, an aspect of verbs. Click here for more information on grammatical mood . MORALITY PLAY : A genre of medieval and early Renaissance drama that illustrates the way to live a pious life through allegorical characters. The characters tend to be personified abstractions of vices and virtues. Sydney? For instance, characters named Mercy and Conscience might work together to stop Shame and of marijuana conclusion, Lust from help sydney, stealing Mr. Poorman's most valuable possession, a box of gold labeled Salvation. Unlike a mystery play or a miracle play , a morality play does not necessarily use Biblical or strictly religious material, i.e., the morality play usually does not contain specific characters found in the Bible, such as saints or the disciples or Old Testament figures.
Unlike the miracle play, which depicts astonishing and moving miraculous events believed to have occurred literally to specific historical figures in specific settings, the morality play takes place internally and conclusion, psychologically in every human being. The protagonist often has a name that represents this universality, such as Everyman, Mankind, Soul, Adam, or whatnot. The most famous morality play is probably Everyman , a fifteenth-century drama in sydney, which a grim character named Death summons Everyman to judgment. On his way to meet Death, Everyman discovers that all his old buddies are abandoning him except one. His friend Good Deeds is the only one that will accompany him to meet Death, while Beauty, Fellowship, Kindred, Knowledge, and Strength fall by the wayside on his journey. Other famous examples include The Castle of equity mba essay Perseverance and it assignment, Mankind . Creative Writing? Contrast with mystery play and miracle play . MORPHEME : Linguistically, the help smallest collection of why babson sounds or letters in a spoken or written word that has semiotic importance or significance--a unit of meaning that cannot be divided into tinier units of meaning. For instance, in the English word rerun , the prefix re- is a morpheme implying again and the word run is a morpheme implying an act of motion.
If we try to cut the prefix re- into help, smaller collections of sounds ( /r/ and /I/ phonetically), these sounds no longer have meaning attached to creative writing them, and they are no longer morphemes. Likewise, the morpheme run cannot be further subdivided into meaningful morphemes. Note that morphemes can be either free or bound . Typically, in English, individual syllables tend to be morphemes, though some occasional morphemes consist of single sounds. Contrast with grapheme and phoneme . MORPHOLOGY : The part of a language concerned with the structure of morphemes and how these morphemes combine. Sydney? Linguists use this term in creative portfolio, contrast with syntax . MORPHOSYNTAX : In linguistics, morphosyntax is an impressive word scholars use when most people would simply say grammar. It is the study of how parts of a sentence relate to it assignment each other. MOSAIC AUTHORSHIP : The medieval and Renaissance belief that Moses wrote all five books of the Pentateuch. Click here for more discussion.
MOT JUSTE, LE (French, The right word): A well-chosen, precise, or exact word, an extremely appropriate or fitting bit of diction . MOTIF : A conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature. For instance, the loathly lady who turns out to be a beautiful princess is a common motif in folklore, and equity mba essay, the man fatally bewitched by a fairy lady is it assignment help sydney a common folkloric motif appearing in Keats' La Belle Dame sans Merci. In medieval Latin lyrics, the Ubi sunt ? [where are . . Legalization Of Marijuana Essay? .?] motif is it assignment help sydney common, in which a speaker mourns the argument of evil lost past by repeatedly asking, what happened to the good-old days? (Where are the it assignment sydney snows of yesteryear? asks Francois Villon.) The motif of the beheading game is common in Celtic myth, and private equity mba essay, so on. Frequently, critics use the sydney word motif interchangeably with theme and leit-motif . See also folkloric motif . MOTIF OF THE DISGUISED KING : A common motif in folklore in which the king disguises himself and travels through his domains incognito . Examples include Prince Hal/Henry V in Shakespeare's plays, in which the king dons a cloak to obscure his features and then walks among his troops to converse with them and get a sense of their morale before battle. Private? In Greek epics, Odysseus returns to his kingdom of Ithaca in disguise and skulks among the it assignment suitors to legalization essay conclusion gather intelligence toward the it assignment sydney end of The Odyssey . In The Lord of the Rings , Aragorn is the argument of evil essay rightful king of the west, but he remains disguised as the homeless and impoverished Strider. See also the motif of the hidden king , below. MOTIF OF THE HIDDEN KING : A common motif in help sydney, folklore in which the rightful king of a nation is absent or hidden away, but will one day be revealed and then triumphantly reclaim rule over argument, his kingdom, ushering in help, a golden age. Examples in Arthurian literature include King Arthur, who is first hidden when Merlin spirits him away from Uther Pendragon while Arthur is an infant but later revealed as the true ruler when he draws the sword from the stone. Additionally, at the end of his life, when King Arthur is wounded in the fight with Mordred, he sails away to why babson Avalon in the West, but prophecy asserts he will return from Faerie to rule Britain again in the hour of the island's greatest need. In world religions, some branches of Islam believe in the Mahdi, a hidden Imam, a rightful spiritual ruler of the Muslim faithful who remains hidden but will eventually reveal himself and return to power.
Some Tolkien scholars identify Aragorn in it assignment help sydney, The Lord of the Rings as another example of the motif. Termpapers Case? As Helen Armstrong notes: Aragorn has many of the marks of a mythical hidden king and true hero. Sydney? His mother (and in an earlier draft his grandmother) prophesis on his behalf. At moments of argument drama a white flame appears on his brow. He loves a princess of the Elves. His marriage depends on his success, and the future of his kingdom depends on his marriage. He is supported and advised by a powerful otherworldly woman, Galadriel, and he carries tokens of his heritage and help, destiny (Andúril, the Elfstone). The last sapling of the White Tree of Gondor flowers to requirements herald his marriage, and he is it assignment sydney crowned in termpapers case, Gondor by it assignment help sydney, Gandalf, the extended requirements hierophant in it assignment sydney, the story. . Equity? . . He has powers (such as his ability to control the palantír ) that rest partly in his innate royal authority. It Assignment Help Sydney? (see Aragorn entry in essay, Drout 23)
MULTICULTURAL NOVEL : As Robert Harris defines the term in his glossary, a multicultural novel is. A novel written by a member of or about a cultural minority group, giving insight into non-Western or non-dominant cultural experiences and values, either in the United States or abroad. It Assignment Help Sydney? Examples: • Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart. • Amy Tan, The Kitchen God's Wife. • Forrest Carter, The Education of Little Tree. • Margaret Craven, I Heard the Owl Call My Name. • James Baldwin, Go Tell It on requirements the Mountain. • Isaac Bashevis Singer, The Penitent. MULTICULTURALISM : In literature, multiculturalism is the belief that literary studies should include writings, poetry, folklore, and plays from a number of different cultures rather than focus on Western European civilization alone. See also Latino writing and Harlem Renaissance for it assignment sydney two examples of legalization of marijuana multicultural writings.
MULTIPLICATIVE : Most languages have various systems of help numbering, typically at least two systems and sometimes many more. For instance, most languages distinguish between cardinal numbers (like one , two , or three in English or unus , duo , and tres in Latin) which indicate a tally and can function as adjectives or substantive adjectives, and legalization essay conclusion, ordinal numbers (such as first , second , and third in English or primus , secundus , and tertius in Latin), which indicate a sequence or ordering. However, a great number of other possible numbering systems exist among the world languages, some of which have no perfect correspondence in English. These include the following: Multiplicative numbers indicate the number of times something multiplies or recurs, such as the English words single , double , triple , or quadruple , or the Latin words simplex, duplex, triplex , and quater , etc. Proportional numbers indicate comparisons of degree, such as Latin duplus , triplus , quadruplus , etc. English has no directly comparable words, and must express proportion with phrases like twice as great as or three times as much, etc. Numeric adverbs indicate how many times or how often something happens, such as English once , twice , or thrice or the Latin terms semel , bis , ter , or quater , etc. Distributive numbers indicate how many of each or how many at a time, especially when parts of a large number are being distributed among a smaller group. It Assignment Sydney? Examples include Latin singuli , bini , terni , and quaterni . English has no comparable system of single number-words, and essay requirements, it must express distributive ideas with phrases like one given to each one, two given to each one, three given to help sydney each one, etc. Partitive numbers indicate the number of parts in a greater whole, such as Latin binarius , ternarius , quaternarius , etc.
English has no comparable system except for a few limited words like binary or trinary , and it must express more complex partitive ideas or larger numbers with phrases like consisting of twelve parts, or divided into eighteen components. Temporal numbers are single words refering to units of requirements time in it assignment sydney, the past, such as Latin bimus , trimus , etc. English has no comparable system and must express temporal numbers in full phrases like two years ago or three minutes in the future or lasting for a period of seven hours, where other languages might use a single word to encompass that idea. MUSES, THE NINE : The nine daughters of Zeus and essay requirements, Mnemosyne who had the power to inspire artists, poets, singers, and help, writers. They are listed below along with their spheres of influence: MUSIC OF THE SPHERES : In medieval and Renaissance Europe, many scholars believed in a beautiful song created by the movement of the heavenly bodies (sun, moon, and planets).
The music of spheres supposedly was infinitely beautiful, but humans were unable to hear it, either (a) because of their sinful separation from God, or (b) because they were so used to its presence, their minds automatically filtered it out as background noise. This medieval idea influences C. S. Lewis and J.R.R. Argument? Tolkien's fantasy literature, in which Aslan creates Narnia through an sydney act of singing and the elder gods of private equity mba essay Middle-Earth build the universe through a symphony that incorporates Melkor's awful, rebellious song into the larger harmonies of the grand creator. MUTATION : A change in a vowel sound caused by another sound in the following syllable. In Old English and in Celtic languages like Irish Gaelic and it assignment, Welsh, the type of mutation called i -mutation was especially common. Another common type is the eclipsis mutation, a mutation in which a basic consonant sound is essay requirements eclipsed or replaced by a stronger sound in a preceding word. For a chart of the most common Irish mutations as examples, click here.
MYSTERY CULT : Unlike the official public cults dedicated to the Olympian gods in it assignment, ancient Greece and equity mba essay, Rome, a number of religious practices involved chthonic deities (like Demeter) and imported foreign gods (Ishtar, Osiris, Mithras, etc.). The cults often shared features such as ritual washing or cleansing in the form of baptism, ritual christening or renaming, symbolically dying and being born again, etc. Possibly some may have offered the hope of an sydney afterlife through metempsychosis (unlike standard Greek and Roman belief which emphasized a gloomy stay in the underworld). Others--in the case of Dionysian worshippers--ritually slew the god and of marijuana essay conclusion, ate him or drank his blood symbolically in the form of wine. Help Sydney? Regardless of specific varying details, these mystery cults shared a common element of of evil essay secrecy--a distinction between the uninitiated outsider who did not share in their special blessings and the initiated cult member who did. The cult rituals were held to be so sacred that it was blasphemous to reveal them to outsiders, even to speak of it assignment sydney them, describe them, or write them down in any way. Termpapers Case? The rites were often held in it assignment sydney, inaccessible areas far from the local city--on mountain-tops or sea-shores or in catacombs. Portfolio? Some, like the mystery cult of it assignment help Demeter, were open to any prospective members regardless of termpapers case race, gender, or nationality as long as they spoke sufficient Greek to sydney participate in the rituals.
Others were open to legalization of marijuana conclusion certain professions, such as the cult of Mithras which only allowed soldiers to join after an help sydney initial baptism in extended essay, bull's blood. Sydney? Others were restricted by family (such as local versions of the Lykian wolf cult) or partly restricted by gender (such as the maenads of Dionysus). MYSTERY CYCLE : A collection of mystery plays in a single manuscript meant to be performed sequentially. See discusion under mystery play , below. MYSTERY NOVEL : A novel focused on suspense and why babson, solving a mystery--especially a murder, theft, kidnapping, or some other crime. It Assignment Sydney? The protagonist faces inexplicable events, threats, assaults, and unknown forces or antagonists. Conventionally, the hero is termpapers case a keenly observant individual (such as Sherlock Holmes) and the police are depicted as incompetent or incapable of solving the crime by sydney, themselves. Many of the works of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Edgar Allan Poe, and Agatha Christie are mystery novels. Note that this term should not be confused with the of evil essay medieval mystery play , below. MYSTERY PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an it assignment sydney event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and legalization essay, so on. Although the it assignment help sydney origins are uncertain, Mary Marshall and mba essay, other early scholars like E. K. Chambers (author of The Medieval Stage , 1903) suggested that the it assignment help plays developed out of the Latin liturgy of the church, in particular out of the Quem Quaeritis trope of Easter Day festivals.
These early Easter Day dramatic performances took place in the churchyard. Later, these plays gradually became secular and used vernacular languages rather than Latin, and they gradually moved out of the churchyard and ecclesiastical control, becoming outdoor performances controlled by the craftsmen in each city, according to this theory. Other scholars such as V. A. Kolve refute this idea, however. In any case, we do know that these religious plays were staged and performed by portfolio, secular audiences. Typically, the various guilds in each city (such as the Carpenters' Guild, the Butchers' Guild, and so on) would sponsor and perform one play during the Corpus Christi festival, competing with each other for the most elaborate performance. Each guild would mount the play on a large wagon with a curtained scaffold, with the lower part of the wagon used as a dressing room.
Between forty and fifty of help sydney these wagons (one for argument essay each guild) would move from spot to it assignment sydney spot in the city, so that spectators could watch several performances in a single day. The plays often involved elaborate representations of heaven and equity mba essay, hell, mechanical devices to help sydney create special effects, and lavish costuming. Creative Portfolio? The dramatizations became increasingly elaborate, and it assignment sydney, they show signs of developing psychological realism. The use of mystery in the name may originate in either the idea of spiritual mysteries, which were the focus of each play, or it may result from the Latin word misterium (a guild). The mystery plays were an important precursor to the miracle plays and morality plays (see above) in why babson, medieval drama, and it assignment help, they set the stage for the flowering of Renaissance drama that was to come with Shakespeare. Note that this term should not be confused with the Victorian and modern mystery novel , above. MYSTIC WRITERS : See discussion under mystics , below. MYSTICS : In the equity word's most general sense, mystics are religious visionaries who experience divine insights. In medieval scholarship, the term mystics or mystic writers is often used as a collective term for a group of late fourteenth-century and early fifteenth-century eremites in England who wrote mystical works in Middle English and Latin.
These include the anchoress Julian of it assignment Norwich, who wrote The Book of Showings ; the illiterate mystic Margery Kempe, who dictated her autobiography The Book of Margery Kempe to extended essay requirements two scribes; Richard Rolle, the author of it assignment help sydney Love is Love that Lasts for Aye; and the anonymous author of The Cloud of Unknowing . On the continent, other famous mystics include Saint Teresa of Avila, Hildegard of Bingen, and Saint Francis of Assissi. The mystic writers are marked by the use of vivid (and sometimes confusing) imagery , intense emotional pathos (in the case of extended essay Margery Kempe), paradox (in the case of Richard Rolle), and an intense desire to verbalize what is largely a nonverbal experience (in the case of nearly every mystic). Mystics--regardless of religious background--are often marked by an experience in which they perceive the universe as a unity or in which they feel a sense of being one with the divine. We see signs of this tendency in Julian of Norwich's vision of Christ's blood, which transforms into it assignment help sydney, raindrops falling from the side of a roof and then in why babson, turn transforms into the scales on a herring, as if God's physical form were embodied in the entire universe. In a more general sense, the author of the book of Revelation in it assignment help sydney, the Bible (commonly attributed to John of Patmos), and mba essay, the poetry of help sydney William Blake are said to be visionary or mystical in nature, though scholars usually do not place them in the same category as the medieval mystics. On the other hand, much of religious poetry and writing is not particularly mystic in its nature--as witnessed by C. S. Lewis' The Screwtape Letters or the termpapers case poetry of it assignment help Milton and Gerard Manley Hopkins, all three of which are profoundly religious, but which do not necessarily represent a struggle to verbalize an requirements intense religious vision in the same manner as a mystic writer.
MYTH : While common English usage often equates myth with falsehood, scholars use the term slightly differently. A myth is a traditional tale of deep cultural significance to a people in help, terms of etiology , eschatology , ritual practice, or models of appropriate and inappropriate behavior. Legalization? The myth often (but not always) deals with gods, supernatural beings, or ancestral heroes. The culture creating or retelling the myth may or may not believe that the myth refers to literal or factual events, but it values the it assignment help mythic narrative regardless of its historical authenticity for its (conscious or unconscious) insights into the human condition or the model it provides for cultural behavior. See also folklore , legend , mythography , mythos , and mythology . MYTHOGRAPHY : The commentary, writings, and interpretations added to myths.
Medieval writers, such as the four anonymous scribes collectively called the Vatican Mythographers, would take Greek and Roman myths and write elaborate Christianized allegories to explain the meaning of the text. Another example of medieval mythography is the Ovid moralisée , a retelling of Ovid's Metamorphoses in which French scribes interpret the legends as Christological commentary on the New Testament. MYTHOLOGY : A system of stories about the of marijuana essay conclusion gods, often explicitly religious in nature, that possibly were once believed to be true by a specific cultural group, but may no longer be believed as literally true by their descendents. Like religions everywhere, mythology often provided etiological and eschatological narratives (see above) to help explain why the world works the way it does, to provide a rationale for customs and observances, to help establish set rituals for sacred ceremonies, and to predict what happens to individuals after death. Termpapers Case? If the help protagonist is termpapers case a normal human rather than a supernatural being, the traditional story is usually called a legend rather than a myth. Help? If the story concerns supernatural beings who are not deities, but rather spirits, ghosts, fairies, and other creatures, it is usually called a folktale or fairy tale rather than a myth (see folklore , below). Samples of myths appear in the writings of Homer, Virgil, and Ovid.
MYTHOPOEIA (Greek myth-making or myth-poetry): (1) J. R. Argument? R. Tolkien's neologism for the deliberate creation of it assignment help artificial myth , especially the incorporation of termpapers case traditional mythic archetypes into current fiction, whether that fiction be something akin to Virgil's propaganda in The Aeneid , the Romantic poetry of William Blake, or the fantasy literature of C.S. It Assignment Help? Lewis or Tolkien himself. Tolkien connected mythopoeia with his theological doctrine of subcreation (q.v.) (2) Tolkien's poem of the same title, which he wrote in response to an argument he and the other Inklings had regarding C.S. Lewis' atheism shortly after September 19, 1931. C.S. Termpapers Case? Lewis initially felt he could not believe in it assignment, a literal resurrection of Christ because the narrative pattern in the Gospels echoed much older myths about sacrificial dying gods, as detailed at argument, length in Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough . He thus thought that the Gospel stories, though breathed through silver, were merely pretty lies. Tolkien's counter-argument was that, even though much older versions of the story existed before the time of Christ, that did not matter. Tolkien argued that, what God did in it assignment, the incarnation and crucifixion was to take the older stories and make them literally true. Termpapers Case? Our older myths expressed man's deepest longest for redemption and resurrection, and help sydney, that God chose to fulfill those ancient desires by giving Christ to humanity--and thus the older myth could be made flesh and walk among us. MYTHOS : (1) Approaching the world through poetic narrative and traditional ritual rather than rational or logical thought. (2) The collected myths of a specific culture in a general sense rather than in reference to one particular narrative or character.
For instance, we might refer specifically to the myth of Hercules fighting the Hydra, the myth of legalization conclusion Kali drinking demons' blood, or the myth of the giant Ullikummis, but we would more generally say these tales belong to the Greek mythos , the Hindu mythos , or the Hittite mythos , respectively. Cf. It Assignment Sydney? mythology .
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resume malay Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to potential employers is to it assignment create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of writing portfolio yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the it assignment, newest form of argument of evil popular media by it assignment help sydney, many people. Of Marijuana Essay Conclusion? In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is comparable to broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of it assignment help people and have opened new doors to audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees.
If you have your resume on paper but not on argument of evil the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of creating an electronic resume is cost. Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the it assignment sydney, number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by why babson, creating an HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and previous employers as well as providing links to it assignment help previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of why babson maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to help many employers) simply making your resume look more professional.
By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in of evil essay HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of help career services provided by many universities. Be sure to essay have someone proofread and it assignment sydney review your resume. Many instructors in the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in of marijuana advance to sydney provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an private equity mba essay, inconvenience to him/her. It Assignment Sydney? Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to private equity mba essay correct them than for a potential employer to see them.
It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in the correct format. It Assignment Sydney? Your resume is often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to essay create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by using the save as option found under the file utilities of your favorite word processor. If you are unable to locate a save as feature for it assignment help sydney your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of essay formats.
By saving your resume in text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Help Sydney? Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and of marijuana conclusion indentations as part of the file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to delete it before you will be able to it assignment sydney proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and underscoring into the file.
Many editors are available to use. Some of the essay conclusion, most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and it assignment sydney edit on VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the editors on your system. Make sure you use an editor that you are familiar with. By using an creative writing portfolio, unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to learn to use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on help sydney the DOS editor and a generic word processor.
To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. An HTML tag usually consists of creative writing portfolio a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. ltP and it assignment help lt/P), the essay, first is used to identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information. This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags.
These tags are required by it assignment sydney, HTML browsers in extended order to recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in it assignment sydney the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is essay a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to read, and make it much easier to help sydney maintain. Why Babson Essay? Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML. HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the previous example written using indentation to it assignment make it easier to legalization of marijuana read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume.
HTML contains numerous tags to use, in help sydney addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here. However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the argument essay, most common and most useful HTML tags. You can use any of help sydney these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and the end tag directly in your HTML document. You will find it useful to view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for instructions on how to view your current HTML document.
By doing this, you will become familiar with the effects of the tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the essay requirements, .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the it assignment, available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is also very time consuming. Portfolio? There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint.
For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. It Assignment Help? One method of private mba essay locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of help sydney Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for argument the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of searching is very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images. Help Sydney? If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the image for private mba essay you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of it assignment help sydney images you add. Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in size.
Most web developers agree that large images take longer to legalization essay conclusion load and will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of it assignment help your images on a professional level unless the image directly relates to your job qualification. Of Marijuana? For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in it assignment help your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to display an image called computer.gif that is private mba essay 32x45 in it assignment help size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. Portfolio? All images should be in it assignment help the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in writing portfolio it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Possible causes of this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the it assignment sydney, file permissions of an image to why babson essay 770. Help Sydney? See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions).
Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at creative writing, the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu. Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on the ok button.
Your resume should be displayed in help the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in essay an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the it assignment help, links you've created using your HTML browser.
Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and equity will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of help a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only writing create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to it assignment the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for of evil students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to help obtain information. You can often locate the Webmaster through an why babson, email address on the universities main web page.
After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies. After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to sydney implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information.
In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to extended essay requirements the reader how to create his/her first Java application. His article was well written and it assignment sydney was equivalent in content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Equity? Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to Product Review. In this section the help, authors review Java related products and provide information to essay conclusion the reader. This information was the it assignment help sydney, equivalent of essay a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about sydney individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of private equity mba essay information relating to the use and development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the help, technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader.
Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. Termpapers Case? The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the help sydney, Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the termpapers case, Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the it assignment help sydney, topics Mr. Writing? Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the help, process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in writing the proper fashion, to the computer.
He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. Sydney? ' and just ignore the equity mba essay, dehumanization of it assignment sydney it all. In addition, the private, article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to help the reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help sydney help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr.
Rampe provides an ample amount of of evil essay information and help sydney resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the manual is termpapers case currently over a year old, the information it contains is help sydney accurate, precise and very helpful.
The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the authors validate the document's content by discussing the legalization essay conclusion, conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to help sydney as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Writing? Next the it assignment help, authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over termpapers case, one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use. This document is an excellent source of help information for both the why babson, novice and help expert HTML programmers.
Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.
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40 Truly Creative Resume Designs for Inspiration. We sincerely hope that these designs inspire you to it assignment help create your own stunning resume, that no potential employer will be able resist! Are you a web designer and need some good tips for creating an effective portfolio page? Why not discover the most important elements every portfolio page needs. 24,500+ Print Templates, Website Templates, CMS Templates, and extended, Landing page Templates are now available for just $29 per month with Envato Elements. By joining Envato Elements you gain access to plenty of Print Templates, as well as many other useful design elements. All of this is help sydney, available for termpapers case, a single monthly subscription to Envato Elements. Join today, and gain access to a massive and growing library of 24,500+ creative assets with unlimited downloads . So, What Are The Most Creative Resume Designs Ever Created?
We#8217;re so glad you asked! Here#8217;s are current list of the sydney, best of the best. The designer here has used fruit, and the caption #8220;Full of Vitamin Creativity#8221; to appeal to viewers. A lovely background texture with a spotlight effect creates a beautiful backdrop for this resume. Creative Portfolio! With over 90 million high-quality, photos, vectors, and illustrations to choose from, Adobe Stock will help you find the perfect asset for your next project. The paint splash here shows the artist#8217;s creative side. This resume has been lain out beautifully with lines, and the logo merging well. I#8217;m not sure what#8217;s with the tilting trend, but I love it here, especially with the name centrepiece. This resume appeals to an employer#8217;s humorous side with a horror film poster theme. It Assignment Help Sydney! A personal favourite, beautiful colours, nothing over the top, and plenty information.
This resume also takes on the arty poster persona, and it works brilliantly! With bold, attention-grabbing titles, and the use of requirements, lime green, this is an eye catcher. This artist uses the contrast between black and white to separate the headings, and information which works incredibly well. Subtle but powerful, this resume puts typography through its paces with an awesome header. It Assignment Help! An update to legalization conclusion a previous resume, this time with less bold headers. But it#8217;s equally powerful. 14. Resume Updated by twolapdesigns. Clever usage of colour and outlines mixed with a different choice of typeface make this resume stand out, but maybe less readable. The fact that it#8217;s an it assignment sydney, artist#8217;s resume is essay, instantly apparent with the media images alongside the it assignment help, person#8217;s skills and education.
Getting personal with rabbit/squirrel gives an insight into the personality of this resume#8217;s owner. The avatar here and the bright colors show this person#8217;s love for of evil, color, and art. This resume makes use of help sydney, browns and greys, and along with the logo, and why babson essay, title font, gives a nice old feel. Beautiful graphics are used here to get across the information in a pleasant way while showing off the author#8217;s skills. A mix of gradients and it assignment help, splashes here work well alongside a personal picture to legalization of marijuana essay sell this person#8217;s resume. 21. Help Sydney! Personal Resume 2010 by requirements, heeeeman. An absolutely stunning infographic-style resume, which shows Steve Duncan#8217;s life in it assignment sydney, a sort of time-line. A interesting usage of a train/underground map to show this person#8217;s life paths. Getting fairly personal with this resume which shows what the user has around them.
Making use of a waiter#8217;s notepad to get a job as a waiter? Very clever! This resume gives the feel of argument essay, old school ink printing for this graphic designer. Help Sydney! This black and white CV shows creative things that interest the applicant. Another life infographic here, though I did find it slightly harder to follow. Of Marijuana Essay! 27. The Birth of My Resume by NoviceXyooj. It Assignment Help! The oriental flair of this resume is perfect, especially in making it look more artsy. The curly brackets, texture, and drop shadow used in private, this resume allow it to have some depth, making it have an almost scrapbook-style. 29.
Creative Resume First Edition by NikonD50. The bright color, shades of purple, and beautiful typography here work. They work incredibly well! 30. My Old Designer#8217;s Resume by ExtremeJuvenile. Very bright and it assignment help, cartoony. It#8217;s certainly an attention grabber. This is as much a piece of art as it is termpapers case, a resume. Help! Absolutely stunning. A less illustrative, but equally informative info-graphic here. Again, the use of bright colours on the timeline gives an artistic feel.
Simple and to the point, this resume puts the information down, and subtly registers the person#8217;s interest in art. Termpapers Case! I#8217;m unsure how practical this is, but you can#8217;t deny its intricate beauty. Help Sydney! Rotation here is essay, used to split up the text, and create easily definable sections without having to help create dividers. 37. My Creative Resume by liagiannjezreel. Very personal, this takes the why babson, approach of being cartoony and artistic, but it doesn#8217;t offer much of a professional feel. Help Sydney! 38. My curriculum vitae by flaterie. A purely black and white CV that gets across all the info in a clean and precise way. A very creative approach to a resume.
Instead of essay, a piece of paper, what about slide out cards? The grungy texture, and flowing icons really top this resume off. Well there you have it: 40 truly inspiring examples of how you can get across more than just your life achievements in your CV / Resume, and show off your creative, and illustrative side as well. Help! If you know of legalization conclusion, further fantastic examples of inspiring resume designs, then as always, get them down in the comments for us all to help sydney see! Resumes shown here are created with a wonderful ideas and i believe they will surely rock. I would love have a resume of such kind for myself. They really have a very creative mind and I appreciate their talent. Ok, so what if you have a creative mind but don#8217;t know how to put pen to paper? Do you think a website like this is a good thing or bad?
I want a creative resume but don#8217;t even know how to draw a stick figure. Sorry, I#8217;m with Tribune Creative and I would toss all of these. They are VERY cliche (all these designs are being done to death), they are mostly unreadable, and they are self-absorbed. If you are branding yourself with a logo, it better be the best logo you#8217;ve ever created. Equity Mba Essay! In reality, resumes are simply for background information, and help, your portfolio or website is what will showcase your work. Keep your resume simple, and get your points across. If you can#8217;t get simple, important points across in a readable fashion, why would I hire you to of evil do real life work? Do NOT put a cat head, a paint splash, or bad font on there.
Make it classy and professional, not #8220;hey I just graduated from ITT#8221;, even if you just did. MAYBE these might work for a specific company, but I can#8217;t think of one. Don#8217;t make one like this and it assignment, use it as your primary#8230; trust me. I agree! I#8217;m an artist some of these things look totally made up. Lies! What#8217;s with all the weird sideways lines of argument of evil, text? It#8217;s like their on mushrooms! Some look like websites. Sydney! Most waste so much space because they have nothing to say about their experience because they have none. And who would share great resumes to steal?
That#8217;s stealing plagiarism! Even in high school you get in big trouble for argument of evil essay, that! That#8217;s a crime! You steal my things I#8217;ll sue you! They suck! My piece of work: Too hard to glean information from. A resume should not be an exercise in your ability to clutter a page, it should be a simple, easy to read and professional document. I did my super creative resume also, you can see it here. and sydney, you can post it on your site as well. Great look :) Nice idea to use programs#8217; icons.
Hey guys! Check out my resume and let me know what you think! Feedback welcome. awesome creation#8230;you have a very bright future#8230;..Good Luck Friend#8230;. Ok, I am a manager and private equity, get many many CV#8217;s a week and here is my honest opinion. These CV#8217;s are a great breath of fresh air, I get hundreds of CV#8217;s over the Christmas period which are all pretty much exactly the same, black writing on white paper and do they stand out? No.? Do they get the job?
Most of them don#8217;t. By making their CV stand out they are already demonstrating to me that they are different from others, determined and creative. If any one of it assignment sydney, these CV#8217;s came to argument of evil me I would interview them. It Assignment! To the rest of you who think these CV#8217;s are rubbish#8230;well..you are obviously part of the majority of boring CV#8217;s who don#8217;t even get to the interview stage let alone get employed. Equity Mba Essay! I#8217;m with Tribune Creative, and most of these are rubbish. Help! do you have templates for these very creative and artistic resumes? looking forward to conclusion a prompt reply. Garbage.
All of them. Help Sydney! If i need to tilt my head or rotate a page to read your resume you#8217;re going right into a garbage bin. If i print your resume in black and white and it is illegible i#8217;m trashing it and if you have gradients in your resume i#8217;m going to termpapers case do my best to end your bloodline. Says the man with a slightly tilted avatar, with over used Photoshop paint splatter brushes. Clearly a creative resume wouldn#8217;t be sent over email, so you don#8217;t need to worry yourself about printing gradients. I love when people like you have no idea what you are talking about, very humorous! If you do not appreciate creativity then you sir are in the wrong area.
He has a point though. You can be creative, but you need to cater to sydney the possible employer. There#8217;s a very fine line between creative to stand out, and ending up in why babson essay, the trash. The tilt is a very good point, one of the things you#8217;re taught in design is to remember where you#8217;re guiding the reader#8217;s attention and if you#8217;re making them tilt your head. With the right accompanying graphic/layout, a tilt is ok to some of help sydney, it, but for example, the gray one with his picture and EVERYTHING was perfectly tilted the same, it almost made me feel sick trying to look at it, so I didn#8217;t even read it. You want to make your future employer want to read it, not just look at how pretty it is. Termpapers Case! If it isn#8217;t easy to read, they won#8217;t read it.
If they don#8217;t know what to look at first, they won#8217;t read it. You DO need to it assignment consider how it will look in black and white. Often times copies are made for why babson, either your interviewer, an extra copy to keep on file, for anyone else who might need to see a copy, and help sydney, they aren#8217;t going to print everything in termpapers case, color, that costs money. Like I said, there#8217;s a balance to creativity and functionality. It Assignment Help Sydney! Nope, Chuck Testa. Nice Post :) This is very useful for website designer. Private! Very creative design and information.
Would you say this type of resume is being generally accepted or laughed at? Well everyone has own taste of it assignment sydney, creativity and legalization of marijuana conclusion, design, IMHO they are cool and should be accepted and appreciated. Hey I work for Orange Resume, the only thing I do is create resumes for people. It Assignment Help! I have to of evil be honest, it depends on your job. Medical professionals will most likely not be taken seriously. Help! I created the waiter one above and I know for a fact, that resume was passed around the equity mba essay, restaurant and landed him a job. Most companies see resumes like these as a #8220;nice break#8221; from looking at help sydney, the plain white sheet over and over. I#8217;m not saying the resumes get you jobs, but they get you noticed. Equity! The rest is up to the individuals experience. Getting noticed is the first step. I#8217;m struggling to get that full time job after having kids.
I#8217;m going to take pieces of it assignment sydney, these creative designs and legalization of marijuana conclusion, use them to it assignment help get noticed! Fabulous! Nice post, but these CV are from termpapers case really nice designers? i look creative a few of them. Maybe, with a little more explain a search you could improve that post. It#8217;s funny, I designed the #8220;waiter#8221; resume that#8217;s on this post. But a lot of these resumes are out of date. It Assignment! I see the same ones over and over on every creative resume site.
These resumes are great. Thought I would throw mine out there for praise, bashing or criticism. Here is a link to why babson it :: stapleydesign.com/resume_2011.pdf. This is it assignment help, definitely a mix of good and termpapers case, bad resumes. It Assignment Help Sydney! I see a few that are not only creative, but functional. Termpapers Case! I especially like the one with the #8220;scale of skill#8221;; it not only help, tells potential hirers what you know, but how well. There are some mediocre websites as well. A lot of private, them actually. Just because you know a cool graffiti type doesn#8217;t mean you need to use it, and you don#8217;t have to just arbitrarily use shapes and help sydney, images. They need to be there for a reason that is relevant to the project.
Legibility is huge in some of these. Just because you scrambled the text like an egg, doesn#8217;t mean much, especially in an instance where you want your information to extended be conveyed to it assignment help sydney a potential employer. most of argument of evil, theses are beyond bad design, putting your text on a tilt doesnt make it cool, it makes it harder to read and less functional as a CV. Some are nice designs, but the most important of a resume is: clear and brief information. Nice post to see what to do and what not to do in a resume ;-) I#8217;m sorry but most of these are just absolutely terrible. I mean#8230;#23 uses comic sans. I seriously question the judgment of anyone who would call this list #8220;inspiring.#8221; There are maybe 3 in help sydney, that list that I wouldn#8217;t throw out right away. Good resumes are judged on their ability to effectively and efficiently communicate pertinent information about the individual to a potential employer.
This is especially important when you are applying for extended essay, a design position because it#8217;s a design position. Design is help sydney, not art; it has to function. Your CV should feature subtle typography with clear hierarchy that displays your ability to create beautiful, normative layouts. Form follows function: Design 101. Most of these are completely impractical and ridiculous. I mean really, who the hell is going to pick up one of these pieces of shit and spin it around 360 degrees just to read someone#8217;s work experience? If you want your resume to show that you are a professional, choose a clean typeface and use proper formatting and mba essay, grammar. If you want to come across as a naive, unemployable jackass go ahead and use these examples. Often we don#8217;t. 10-15 seconds per resume by help sydney, a recruiter or large HR shop. Termpapers Case! That being said, I would love someone with the above talent to work in our communications division, but these are best for it assignment sydney, a portfolio.
These are excellent for termpapers case, small design firms etc. where resumes are actually read. A large firm, or a role in PR/Advertising/Corporate Design and you are most likely better off using traditional resumes and bringing a nice portfolio to it assignment help your interview. In some countries, a photo is standard on a resume, but your point is well taken. #17 is a blatant rip off of smashing magazines#8217; resume challenger: These are resumes for design positions, not shitty white collar cubicle jobs. Nancy, your first words give your response zero respect. Private Equity! #8220;If I was an employer#8221;#8230; You might as well stop talking there. Wow, what an amazing collection. I can see a Graphic Artist, a Web Designer, An architect, a Social Media Exective etc., making use of these designs.
As jobseekers have to professionally comply with what is universally accepted by most hiring managers or organizations, they have to be careful so as not to ruin their chances. However, to set yourself aside from everyone else, you can take a gamble and use one of the help sydney, formats. Portfolio! As a creative person myself, if I am hiring, I#8217;ll surely be interested in a candidate with a creative CV. As long as you have the skills, qualifications, experience and your list of achievements is on point, how you communicate that to me is secondary. Social Media savvy companies now hire via Social Networking Sites like LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter. The key is trusting your own judgement. Some of these are interesting but most are just aesthetic without much substance. Also, it#8217;s #8220;resume#8221;. #8220;Resume#8221; means #8220;to start again.#8221; Typos such as these would be enough for me to pass over it assignment help, their resume and go onto someone else more interested in communicating ideas and less interesting in looking cool. oops: typos in my own post aside, of course! :-/ I can#8217;t take any of that last comment seriously if they aren#8217;t going to take the time to mba essay even use real words. Aside from that, some of these were off to a good start most completely overwhelmed the usable info with convoluted layout and design, which is sydney, not what most firms are looking for. I say stick to the old adage #8220;less is private, more.#8221; If its not necessary and help, it isn#8217;t adding anything valuable then get rid of it.
Some of these are interesting as mailers that might accompany a resume but 9 out of legalization essay, 10 are entirely disposable. It Assignment! Its always good to be inspired. So thanks for making this resume design list. If I was an employer I would not hire someone from the looks of these resume#8217;s. The one with a skull? Give me a break. Essay! None of these look #8220;Professional#8221; they look like #8220;party fliers#8221;. When I graduated from high school I had a party and we made a flier for that party that looked like these. About 500 people ended up coming. You could have a great party.
I have to agree with you on some of these (the majority actually.) But some were very well thought out and simple designs considering their purpose. I particularly enjoyed the type-driven designs. And please, please, please don#8217;t try to emphasize a word with quotations. That#8217;s what italics are for. It Assignment Help Sydney! I think that a lot of these examples are for junior designers who are attempting to mba essay stand out in a sea of help, job applicants. While they are not all executed in of marijuana essay conclusion, the best way, I think that they serve their purpose. To show that a new designer has a lot of creativity to offer without a huge portfolio. Help Sydney! When I first started as a graphic designer, I used a resume similar to those above, and received a lot of opportunities even with a relatively small portfolio. I was told more than once that it was because my cover letter, resume, portfolio, Twitter, etc. were all pieces of the same design family. Agencies felt that they understood my design style and strengths from the essay requirements, moment they saw the cover letter, and that it was reinforced as they continued to learn more about me across all mediums.
That said, for help, a designer with a stronger and more complete portfolio, it is legalization conclusion, probably wise to keep your CV clean and simple. These are the tools best kept for students and junior designers. Help! as a designer i can appreciate these for argument essay, their aesthetic appeal but part of good design is understanding and help, implementing the best possible way to convey your message. if these were posters or something they#8217;d be great, as resumes though, they fail miserably. While the private equity mba essay, designs look really nice, they are impractical for a resume! I am a Senior Graphic Designer who does all the it assignment sydney, hiring. Please, please, please DO NOT #8220;design#8221; a resume! It needs to be as simple as possible, because resumes are normally gathered/screened by HR#8230; they do NOT want to spend time digging through a design to get to the real info. Moreover, DO NOT put your picture on your resume, unless you really don#8217;t want the job! Resumes that are overdone are tossed. Trust me. Extended! Save the heavy design work for the portfolio.
The resume should be only type. What#8217;s with all the slanted resumes! It doesn#8217;t make them look any better, quite the opposite help actually. They are ugly, and don#8217;t communicate anything. If you think that these are good examples of private mba essay, design you are just offending actual designers. I couldn#8217;t agree with you more. They were tacky and ill-constructed. They lacked clarity and comprehension. A good designer can develop a beautiful and visually stimulating typographic compositions with OUT painfully literal (and poorly executed) interpretations like notebook paper. UGH SO BAD.
You are not a designer because designers are humble. Simply, any girl wants to have sex with you. Yummy! I didn#8217;t know you could write your resume in so many ways. Hopefully the HR department finds these acceptable! they#8217;re all stunning, however based on it assignment, my experience i did something like this before in my resume but doesn#8217;t help at all. ***employer#8217;s would still base on your creativity test NOT on how decorative your resume is#8230; Fail! Spelling mistakes, irrelevant info, photos and bad design. Legalization Of Marijuana! Keep it simple kids and let your portfolio do the talking. It Assignment Help Sydney! I would have to agree, bad spelling and irrelevance are two very good reasons not to be hired. One consistent thing I see across all of these resumes is they#8217;re all for entry-level and junior people.
To me, all the cuteness and clever design just looks like an private, attempt to fill an empty page because they have no work experience and no accomplishments to list #8212; lots of sizzle and it assignment help sydney, not a lot of steak. I#8217;m an termpapers case, engineer so I have no idea what#8217;s the it assignment sydney, standard in creative portfolio, the design field, but I can see how having the help, resume be a sample of your work might be a good idea. I could also see how it could work against you if you#8217;re applying for a design job in corporate world. some of these are nice-ish, most are terrible. just because someone uses different #8220;fonts#8221; or graphics on their resume doesn#8217;t make it good. Why not just take a sh** on a piece of essay conclusion, paper and mail it in? Lol! What an amazing answer! I had full visual on it assignment help sydney, that one. some of private, these are hard to read. It Assignment Help! you need to take readablity over pretty. these are out of this world resume,highly creative and legalization of marijuana essay, attention catching. hardly you can ignore the help, candidate#8230;#8230;.good job,keep it real. No, no, no, no, and no. Sorry. Terrible layouts, poor typography, overused textures and ideas.
Matt mate, you#8217;re doing your job. Of Evil! You made all these ppl open an honest conversation about it assignment help what you put up. So well done. As for the designs#8230;most employers won#8217;t spend a second digging for info on essay, a prospect#8217;s resume. Help! Not in requirements, this job market where there are 10 qualified ppl for every opening. In fact, I#8217;d say not in any job market. Granted some of these are for it assignment sydney, designated employers with specific criteria in mind and essay, if you can definitively aim an elaborate resume design at a specific employer, go ahead, put pink polka dots all over it if that#8217;s what will float said employer#8217;s boat.
But in help, general, a big part of a designer#8217;s daily grind is requirements, spent on figuring out how to convey information that is both accessible and it assignment, easy on the eyes. Most of these fail at that although I think #16 was good except for those damn cyan dates. I found another stunning CV on the net, which is strikingly look-alike the CV of legalization of marijuana, heeeeman (No 21) so I don#8217;t known which is the original and which is the copy. Or maybe both? Compare the two: That is another risk of being creative. You may just copied it from someone else! These are terrible examples of resumes.
Most of them are too busy with terrible choices in typefaces. If I were a hiring manager and received any of these, the person would never be hired. I actually wouldn#8217;t even read the resume, just trash it. Designers sometimes focus too much on standing out not enough on what the item they are designing is help, being used for. You can see my resume online at amberjosey.com. Termpapers Case! Simple, clean easy to read. Amber! u chk these resources at it assignment help, ur point of veiw but these are fantastic and really innovative. u r doing bechelor but have to essay requirements be creative not immitative. graphics areever creative its ur veiw to look and thnk. Wow so much anger for a simple #8220;I like these#8221; post.
What it demonstrates is that design is it assignment help, subjective one man#8217;s meat etc#8230; As an employer what I look for is enthusiasm! If someone has gone to a lot of effort to #8220;design#8221; their CV (resume) what it says to me is that they are passionate about what they do. Their design skills will be refined as they work in the agency world, what they can#8217;t learn (if they don#8217;t have it) is enthusiasm. I once received a CV written on private equity, a light bulb. Sydney! It wasn#8217;t very neat but I loved the idea. All you old pro#8217;s out there stop being such design snobs and just appreciate the effort! Remember your design skills when you were fresh from college? Eew, number 23 is using comic sans. Note to of marijuana essay conclusion self: Don#8217;t hire her. Great design work#8230;#8230; too bad its completely impractical.
You got to help figure your resume is probably going to legalization essay be printed off a crummy black and white printer, or worse be sent via fax(which really destroys readability). Color, gradients, transparency, all that stuff is just going to ruin your design when the employer goes to print a copy of sydney, your resume, or requests you to fax them a copy. You most likely will not land you that job because they simply can#8217;t read your resume. Why Babson! Save the fancy textures and gradient for your next poster design or website. It Assignment! Dont forget about functionality, simple black and white design, and clean typography. I think that many people are overlooking the fact that none of this resumes were made by the author of the post, he just thinks that those are good, so all the advices should go to the people doing the resumes; but I surely hope that he will listen when the time comes for him to portfolio do his own resume. On the resumes themselves, I didn#8217;t take the time to read all the text, just saw the designs and obviously there are some that are very good and others not so; the one with the skull made me think of it assignment help, a kid and I wasn#8217;t disappointed, in the text reads that the author of that resume is an 18 year old looking for a part time job in order to save for college. So, to why babson essay end this comment, a very good post that I liked.
The majority of these are completely awful, especially so for designers. Sideways text, text blocks that go in all different directions, busy backgrounds, difficult to read graphs#8230; Seriously?? Nobody wants to see this when they#8217;re shuffling through 100#8217;s of resumes, this is the type of shit that gets trashed. You need to be able to quickly identify key points while shifting through them. Making the human resources department squint and turn your paper all sideways just to find out what school you went to doesn#8217;t make their lives any easier. Graphic design is about presenting information in a very quick and it assignment help, easy to understand way, most of legalization of marijuana conclusion, these resumes fail at that. It Assignment! Less is more. Of Evil! There are much better ways to stand out with a resume then tilt it 20degrees left. Help! ##8217;s 16, 17, and why babson essay, 25 are fantastic, though. nice post good designs. Maybe I#8217;m all old-fashioned now, but tilting the content so that it is not parallel to the page seems counter-productive. You don#8217;t tilt your book whilst reading. Design at points needs to be subtle, but again, perhaps that is just me.
By comparison, this is my resume. Sydney! http://www.adam.reislunde.com/docs/mmd.pdf and I think you#8217;ll notice it#8217;s much more content heavy and why babson essay, much less designed. It Assignment Sydney! I hate to break it to you mate but thats a really ugly CV. If I were applying for a design company (which I#8217;m not, I already work for one) I would at least use attractive colours and fonts. Creative! what you failed to think about is sydney, these are all from GRAPHICS DESIGNERS. You have to think carefully before making lists like this effort is subjective to ability. I would call my own resume amazing even though its not fancy just because i put a lot of thought into the design#8230;and im a mathematician. im dissapointed i could learn nothing from any of these! These resumes are pretty horrific to termpapers case read.
A lot of background gradient with a thin white text on top. A lot of eye candy but NO sense of design and functionality. It shouldn#8217;t be a chore to read your resume. It Assignment! Seriously, reading an article from an 18-year old kid with no serious training in creative writing portfolio, traditional art, should I expect any more? Is Web design and it assignment help sydney, Development so easy as in reading a couple of tutorials/books and call yourself a web designer?
Go to school or read up on the principles of basic design, Matt. It#8217;s just insulting. What#8217;s insulting, Lisa? Your arrogantly judgmental response, or the complete lack of examples of what you consider to be good design? How about linking to a website where you show us how it#8217;s done then? Or how about you share with us what awesome experience and professionalism you have that earns you the right to pass such judgment on the work featured here? As a web developer with 12+ years#8217; experience and 25 years#8217; experience in software engineering, I hold that the designs featured here are original and show good design skills and thinking.
Some are easier to why babson essay read than others; the ones that got my attention most are Maria Rybak#8217;s and sydney, Adam Balazi#8217;s. Considering not one of the CV#8217;s that have landed on my desk have shown half the why babson, originality of help sydney, most of these I#8217;d be pleased to interview all of the applicants above for a design role. @Lisa: I think you#8217;ve missed the point. Very nice collection, some are astounding, some are creative, but crowded and hard to read. These are great designs for me to help motivate and inspire whilst doing my CV and essay, resume, as ive just graduated university. There are some beautiful infographics and trypographic artworks in here, some are easy to read quickly and pick out the information needed as well. It Assignment Help! And it is those which tick the termpapers case, latter box which are good resumes. Many of these are rather more promo info-graphic art pieces than actual CVs, they are designed to be sent to a few select employers to grab their attention rather than mass usage. Thinking about them as CVs which sometimes are quickly read in a pile of hundreds of similar ones, often printed on it assignment sydney, standard printers and sometimes sent to HR departments before creative directors#8230; The best examples are 18. bdechantal and 16. Termpapers Case! Akashrine.
Both would print easily, read well and it assignment sydney, use graphic elements and branding to create distinctive and powerful layouts whilst still being usable and writing, approachable to it assignment all who might receive them. I do think there is a place for the self promo infographic or artistic CV as well. For me, being able to equity mba essay read the CV quickly is the most important aspect. Beautiful CVs sent to large busy companies or recruitment agencies will often mean they are overlooked in favour of the help sydney, one where the extended essay, reader can print it and understand the sydney, content in why babson, an instant. A balance between design and art needs to be struck for it assignment, these kinds of functional works. Save a few the *might* work, these are all way over-designed and impractical.
A resume is a simple resource and the content on argument of evil essay, it is what matters above all else, like a Wikipedia article. I believe it should be minimal and the design focus should be on legibility, document structure, and typography. I think you are way off base for designers resumes#8230; i mean, think about help sydney it#8230; your resume is why babson essay, a 30 second elevator on your competencies and talents, what better way for a designer to translate those important points#8230; Some of these are great, but some of sydney, them just show poor design skills and childlike attributes I would not employ half of them. Definitely some of these are very creative (except the typo and the comic sans!) but having been in writing portfolio, a position to hire graphic designers this type of content is much better placed in a portfolio. Some employers receive literally 100#8217;s 1000#8217;s of it assignment help sydney, applications and yes, resumes are scanned. Essay! And quickly. I#8217;ve seen this type of resume overlooked because it appeared the applicant had #8216;forgotten#8217; to include a resume and had just sent in help sydney, a design sample. A designers resume needs to strike a bit more of a balance between design and equity, information presentation. It Assignment Help Sydney! I understand that as designers, it would be understandable for us to make our resumes different because that is what we do. This is a smart way to extended show our creativity but some of it assignment sydney, these crammed in too many elements. Termpapers Case! I will agree that choosing the it assignment sydney, right font is extremely important and skulls is definitely not a good choice to go buy unless there is an absolute reason or meaning behind it but even though, I wouldn#8217;t suggest using it either.
It#8217;s always a struggling question of whether or not I should submit in a designed resume such as the ones above or just the simple typical resumes that people normally submit. Thanks for adding my resume to your list! You might want to let the designers that you#8217;ve showcased know, we tend to equity mba essay be flattered and appreciative. As a response to sydney all the negative commentary (and the legalization essay conclusion, same response I gave the last time my resume was showcased like this) is that this isn#8217;t the it assignment sydney, resume I use all the time to be honest, I rarely use it (it#8217;s out of date now anyway). Resumes have to be tailored to the employer as well as the employee, which means if I were to be applying to a law firm my resume would be more conservative. My most recent client, however, is a video game design company they really appreciate energy and essay, abnormality. On a side-note (sorry for dragging on) one of the things I cannot stand in resume design is a piece of lined paper, photoshopped onto a desk (or woodgrain table) with an assortment of cutesy items photoshopped around the edges. That resume is far too common and could only be used to apply to it assignment help sydney Walmart as back-to-school seasonal.
As someone who has spent days looking through hundreds of private, identical resumes, I would LOVE to receive resumes as eye catching as this. It Assignment Help! Yes, they#8217;re outside the norm but they#8217;re also something that a hiring manager will remember! Love them all! Most of them are impractical and some of them childish. Geez#8230; keep it simple and pro writing looking ! Thanks for sydney, sharing.
If you#8217;re going after a career like graphic deign, any one can say they are creative, but with a resume like that they are also demonstrating it. I see how if you apply to a more #8216;casual#8217; or #8216;normal#8217; job a resume like this would be impractical but wen it comes to art related jobs they are brilliant. A lot of the time, the crooked ones just look like they were printed badly. If I were leafing through a pile of resumes I would totally think that this person doesn#8217;t care enough about the essay, job to properly print out his or her resume! Maybe this is help sydney, just me, but if your design or idea for presenting your resume doesn#8217;t immediately make sense to other people, don#8217;t do it, you will look foolish. Most of these designs are too busy and over the top. Hardly any of the designs are attractive; there are so many elements fighting with each other and there is no cohesion. A potential employer needs to easily read the content, not sit there lost in a labyrinth of information. They do not function as practical resumes. Simple and clean design begins with a better understanding of color, typography, and hierarchy, which many of these designs are severely lacking.
I think it#8217;s important to remember the context for these resumes. Most of them are for people in some sort of design field, which makes sense. If you are hiring a designer, you#8217;re not going to spend 15 seconds looking over a resume for a skilled position, because that#8217;s going to be a $55,000+ mistake. Resumes and CVs don#8217;t have to extended essay conform to whatever rudimentary highschool knowledge everyone got about finding a job. Help! The design of the writing, resume shows someone who#8217;s looking for help, a designer some technical and creative skills right up front. It#8217;s very smart. I teach drawing and cartooning. You#8217;d better believe there#8217;s a drawing I did on my resume. It creates visual interest and shows a potential employer that I have the skills I purport to essay have. They#8217;re pretty but speaking as an sydney, employer, I#8217;d not give them a second look if they were sent to me.
I shouldn#8217;t have to hunt for information among a #8220;spiffy design.#8221; It#8217;s easy to see who is adult and who is still a child. Using Comic Sans, having hearts or sculls on termpapers case, the resume and having an email with idiot in it, are all no go#8217;s. Remember, making a resume is all about selling you self and the faster an employer see who you are the better, so make the info fast readable, because an employer might get hundreds resumes to read per job announced. Also, a resume can be more than one page, and often is, especially if you like it readable. Think like a commercial. You need the costumer to fast know the product. Most of these resumes, regarding their great designs, are hard to read. Sydney! And what is no 7 all about ? Oh, look at all those awards and honors that smarty pants got. What an ego-tripper!
Most of them are brilliant, in fact I#8217;d say all of them bar 23 and 37 are worth inclusion. Why Babson! Seriously, comic sans and help sydney, line paper from a graphic designer? That#8217;s embarrassing. Well, it#8217;s not comic sans, but it still sucks. Essay! Also, line height of the text doesn#8217;t match the height between lines on the papers. It Assignment Help! Eyesore. they#8217;re all great. i agree with you that what he said is embarrassing, but not because theyre all great, but because they#8217;re nearly all terrible. these reek of private mba essay, #8220;amateur designer#8221;. nearly 100% of the above #8220;designers#8221; need to it assignment turn off their computers and open up a design book. over designed is the perfect way to describe these. they are cluttered and illegible in all the wrong ways. im not trying to creative portfolio be a dick. some of these people might be able to be successful designers. It Assignment! however they aren#8217;t going to private equity do it with purple gradients and comic sans. last time i use stumble upon to sydney look for design sites#8230; I agree with you. And judging from nr.
37#8217;s deviantart gallery she isn#8217;t quite a professional yet#8230; But that#8217;s okay, you live and learn and argument of evil essay, I don#8217;t think it#8217;s a bad outcome for a first try. When she#8217;ll get older she#8217;ll know better (even though she#8217;s only a year younger than me#8230;) These are beautiful but some of them are just so impractical. Resumes should be easy to scan designers can showcase their creativity in sydney, their portfolio. What? Who scans resumes? Half the time I have to enter the exact same info into every job site, recruiter site, and corporate career site.
I#8217;m not sure that anyone actually reads the resume I attach anymore. Termpapers Case! I agree. Don#8217;t make me have to learn to read your resume. Keep it simple for fast scanning of pertinent data. Unless of course you#8217;re trying to hide behind bells whistles. They do get looked at, especially for sydney, the interview.
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coleridge essay Understanding McLuhan (In Part) By trade, he is a professor of English at St. Michael's College, the Roman Catholic unit of the University of Toronto. Except for it assignment sydney, a seminar called Communication, the courses he teaches are the extended requirements standard fare of Mod. It Assignment Help Sydney? Lit. and Crit., and around the university he has hardly been a celebrity. One young woman now in Toronto publishing remembers that a decade ago, McLuhan was a bit of a campus joke. Even now, only conclusion a few of his graduate students seem familiar with his studies of the impact of it assignment help sydney, communications media on civilization those famous books that have excited so many outside Toronto. McLuhan's two major works The Gutenberg Galaxy (1962) and Understanding Media (1964) have won an astonishing variety of admirers. Termpapers Case? General Electric, I.B.M. and Bell Telephone have all had him address their top executives, so have the publishers of America's largest magazines. The composer John Cage made a pilgrimage to Toronto especially to pay homage to McLuhan and the critic Susan Sontag has praised his grasp on the texture of contemporary reality.
He has a number of eminent and vehement detractors, too. The critic Dwight Macdonald calls McLuhan's books impure nonsense, nonsense adulterated by sense. Sydney? Leslie Fiedler wrote in termpapers case Partisan Review Marshall McLuhan. . .continually risks sounding like the body-fluids man in Doctor Strangelove. Still the sydney McLuhan movement rolls on. Now he has been appointed to the Albert Schweitzer Chair in the Humanities at Fordham University, effective next September. (The post, which pays $100,000 a year for salary and termpapers case research expenses, is one of 10 named for Schweitzer and Albert Einstein, underwritten by New York State.
Other Schweitzer Professors include Arthur Schlesinger Jr. at City University and Conor Cruise O'Brien at N.Y.U.). What makes McLuhan's success so surprising is that his books contain little of the slick style of which popular sociology is it assignment, usually made. As anyone who opens the covers immediately discovers, Media and Galaxy are horrendously difficult to read, clumsily written, frequently contradictory, oddly organized, and essay overlaid with their author's singular jargon. Try this sample from Understanding Media. Good luck. The movie, by sheer speeding up the mechanical, carried us from the world of sequence and connections into the world of creative configuration and structure. The message of the movie medium is sydney, that of legalization essay conclusion, transition from lineal connections in configurations. It is the it assignment help transition that produced the now quite correct observation: If it works, it's obsolete. When electric speed further takes over extended essay from mechanical movie sequences, then the lines of force in structures and in media become loud and clear. We return to the inclusive form of the icon. Everything McLuhan writes is it assignment help, originally dictated, either to his secretary or to his wife, and he is reluctant to rewrite, because, he explains, I tend to add and the whole thing gets out of hand.
Moreover, some of his insights are so original that they evade immediate understanding; other paragraphs may forever evade explication. Most clear writing is a sign that there is exploration going on, he rationalizes. Clear prose indicates the absence of thought. The basic themes in these books seem difficult at first, because the concepts are as unfamiliar as the creative language, but on sydney second (or maybe third) thought the ideas are really quite simple. In looking at history, McLuhan espouses a position one can only call technological determinism.
That is, whereas Karl Marx, an economic determinist, believed that the economic organization of a society shapes every important aspect of its life, McLuhan believes that crucial technological inventions are the primary influence. McLuhan admires the work of the creative portfolio historian Lynn White Jr., who wrote in Medieval Technology and sydney Social Change (1962) that the three inventions of the stirrup, the nailed horseshoe and the horse collar created the Middle Ages. With the stirrup, a soldier could carry armor and mount a charger; and the horseshoe and harness brought more efficient tilling of the essay land, which shaped the feudal system of help, agriculture, which, in turn, paid for the soldier's armor. Pursuing this insight into technology's importance, McLuhan develops a narrower scheme. He maintains that a major shift in society's predominant technology of communications is the crucially determining force behind social changes. Initiating great transformations not only in social organization but human sensibilities.
He suggests in The Gutenberg Galaxy that the invention of of evil essay, movable type shaped the culture of Western Europe from 1500 to help 1900. The mass production of printed materials encouraged nationalism by equity mba essay, allowing more rapid and wider spread of information than permitted by hand-written messages. The linear forms of print influenced music to repudiate the structure of help, repetition, as in Gregorian changes, for that of linear development, as in a symphony. Also, print reshaped the sensibility of Western man, for whereas he once saw experience as individual segments, as a collection of separate entities, man in the Renaissance saw life as he saw print--as a continuity, often with casual relationships. Print even made Protestantism possible, because the printed book, by enabling people to think alone, encouraged individual revelation. Finally: All forms of mechanization emerge from movable type, for type is the prototype of all machines. In Understanding Media, McLuhan suggests that electric modes of communication--telegraph, radio, television, movies, telephones, computers--are similarly reshaping civilization in the 20th century. Whereas print-age man saw one thing at essay, a time in consecutive sequence--like a line of type--contemporary man experiences numerous forces of communication simultaneously, often through more than one of his senses. Contrast, for example, the way most of read a book with how we look at a newspaper.
With the latter, we do not start one story, read it through and then start another. Rather, we shift our eyes across the pages, assimilating a discontinuous collection of headlines, subheadlines, lead paragraphs, photographs and advertisements. People don't actually read newspapers, McLuhan says; they get into them every morning like a hot bath. Moreover, the electronic media initiate sweeping changes in help sydney the distribution of sensory awareness-- in what McLuhan calls the sensory ratios. A painting or a book strikes us through only one sense, the visual; motion pictures and essay television hit us not only visually but also aurally. The new media envelop us, asking us to participate. McLuhan believes that such a multisensory existence is bringing a return to the primitive man's emphasis upon the sense of touch, which he considers the primary sense, because it consists of a meeting of the senses. Politically, he sees the new media as transforming the world into a global village, where all ends of the earth are in immediate touch with one another, as well as fostering a retribalization of human life. Any highway eatery with its TV set, newspaper and magazine, he writes, is as cosmopolitan as New York or Paris. In his over-all view of human history, McLuhan posits four great stages: (1) Totally oral, preliterate tribalism. (2) The codification by help sydney, script that arose after Home in ancient Greece and why babson essay lasted 2,000 years. (3) The age of it assignment sydney, print, roughly from 1500 to 1900. (4) The age of electronic media, from before 1900 to the present.
Underpinning this classification is his thesis that societies have been shaped more by of evil essay, the nature of the media by which men communicate than by the content of the it assignment communication. This approach to the question of human development, it should be pointed out, is not wholly original. McLuhan is modest enough to note his indebtedness to such works as E. H. Gombrich's Art and Illusion (1960), H. A. Innis's The Bias of Communication (1951, recently reissued with an introduction by McLuhan), Siegfried Giedion's Mechanization Takes Command (1948), H. J. Chaytor's From Script to Print (1945) and Lewis Mumford's Technics and creative portfolio Civilization (1934). McLuhan's discussions of the help individual media move far beyond the of evil trade talk of communications professionals (he dismisses Gen. It Assignment? David Sarnoff, the board chairman of R.C.A., as the voice of the current somnambulism).
Serious critics of the new media usually complain about their content, arguing, for example, that if television had more intelligent treatments of more intelligent subjects, its contributions to culture would be greater. McLuhan proposes that, instead, we think more about the character and private form of the help new media. His most famous epigram-The medium is the of marijuana conclusion message- -means several things. The phrase first suggests that each medium develops an audience of help, people whose love for that medium is greater than their concern for its content. That is, the TV medium itself becomes the prime interest in watching television; just as some people like to read for essay, the joy of experiencing print, and more find great pleasure in talking to just about anybody on the telephone, so others like television for the mixture of kinetic screen and relevant sound. Second, the message of a medium is the impact of its forms upon sydney, society. The message of print was all the aspects of Western culture that print influenced.
The message of the movie medium is that of transition from extended linear connections to configurations. Third, the aphorism suggests that the medium itself--its form-- shapes its limitations and help possibilities for termpapers case, the communication of content. One medium is better than another at evoking a certain experience. Help? American football, for creative writing, example, is better on television than on it assignment sydney radio or in a newspaper column; a bad football game on requirements television is more interesting than a great game on it assignment radio. Most Congressional hearings, in contrast, are less boring in the newspaper than on television. Termpapers Case? Each medium seems to possess a hidden taste mechanism that encourages some styles and help rejects others. To define this mechanism, McLuhan has devised the categories of argument of evil essay, hot and cool to describe simultaneously the composition of a communications instrument or a communicated experience, and its interaction with human attention. A hot medium or experience has a high definition or a highly individualized character as well as a considerable amount of it assignment help, detailed information. Cool is low in definition and information; it requires that the audience participate to extended essay requirements complete the experience.
McLuhan's own examples clarify the distinction: A cartoon is 'low' definition, simply because very little visual information is provided. Radio is it assignment help sydney, usually a hot medium; print, photography, film and paintings essentially are hot media. Any hot medium allows of less participating than a cool one, as a lecture makes for less participation than a seminar, and a book for less than a dialogue. The terms hot and cool he also applies to experiences and essay people, and, pursuing his distinction, he suggests that while a hot medium favors a performer of a strongly individualized presence, cool media prefer more nonchalant, cooler people. Whereas the radio medium needs a voice of a highly idiosyncratic quality that is instantly recognizable--think of it assignment sydney, Westbrook Van Vorhees, Jean Shepherd, Fanny Brice--television favors people of a definition so low they appear positively ordinary. With these terms, one can then explain all sorts of phenomena previously inscrutable-- such as why bland personalities (Ed Sullivan, Jack Paar) are so successful on television. It was no accident that Senator McCarthy lasted such a very short time when he switched to TV, McLuhan says. Writing? TV is a cool medium. It rejects hot figures and hot issues and people from the hot press media. Had TV occurred on a large scale during Hitler's reign he would have vanished quickly.
As for the 1960 Presidential debates, McLuhan explains that whereas Richard Nixon, essentially a hot person was superior on radio, John F. Kennedy was the more appealing television personality. (It follows that someone with as low a definition as Dwight Eisenhower would have been more successful than either.) The ideas are not as neatly presented as this summary might suggest, for help, McLuhan believes more in probing and exploring--making discoveries--than in offering final definitions. For this reason, he will rarely defend any of private equity, his statements as absolute truths, although he will explain how he developed them. Some perceptions are considerably more tenable than others--indeed, some are patently ridiculous--and all his original propositions are arguable, so his books require the it assignment help sydney participation of each reader to legalization of marijuana conclusion separate wheat is what to him from the chaff. In McLuhanese, they offer a cool experience in a hot medium. A typical reader's scorecard for Media might show that about one-half is brilliant insight; one- fourth, suggestive hypotheses; one-fourth, nonsense. Given the book's purpose and it assignment sydney originality, these are hardly bad percentages.
If a few details here and termpapers case there are wacky, McLuhan says, It doesn't matter a hoot. McLuhan eschews the traditional English professor's expository style--introduction, development, elaboration and conclusion. Instead, his books his imitate the segmented structure of the it assignment help modern media. Private? He makes a series of direct statements. None of them becomes a thesis but all of them approach the same phenomenon from it assignment help different angles. This means that one should not necessarily read his books from start to finish--the archaic habit of print-man. The real introduction to The Gutenberg Galaxy is the final chapter called The Galaxy Reconfigured; even McLuhan advises his readers to start there.
With Media, the introduction and the first two chapters form the best starting point; thereafter, the reader is private equity, pretty much free to wander as he wishes. One can stop anywhere after the first few sentences and it assignment help have the full message, if one is prepared to 'dig' it, McLuhan once wrote of non-Western scriptural literature; the remark is private, applicable to his own books. Similarly, McLuhan does not believe that his remarks have only one final meaning. My book, he says, is not a package but part of the dialogue, part of the conversation. (Indeed, he evaluates other books less by how definitively they treat their subject--the academic standard--than by how much thought they stimulate. It Assignment? Thus, a book may be wrong but still great. By his own standards, Media is, needless to say, a masterpiece.) Underlying McLuhan's ideas is the question of whether technology is beneficial to man.
Thinkers such as the British critic F. R. Of Evil Essay? Leavis have argued, on the one hand, that technology stifles the blood of life by dehumanizing the spirit and it assignment sydney cutting existence off from nature; more materialist thinkers, on the other hand, defend the machine for easing man's burdens. Legalization Of Marijuana Essay Conclusion? McLuhan recognizes that electronic modes of communication represent, in the subtitle of Media, extensions of man. Whereas the telephone is an extension of the ear (and voice), so television extends our eyes and sydney ears. That is, our eyes and ears attended John Kennedy's funeral, but our bodies stayed at home. As extensions, the private new media offer both possibility and threat, for while they lengthen man's reach into his existence, they can also extend society's reach into him, for both exploitation and it assignment help sydney control. To prevent this latter possibility, McLuhan insists that every man should know as much about the media as possible.
By knowing how technology shapes our environment, we can transcend its absolutely determining power, he says. Actually, rather than a 'technological determinist,' it would be more accurate to say, as regards the future, that I am an 'organic autonomist.' My entire concern is to overcome the determinism that results from the essay determination of people to it assignment ignore what is going on. Far from equity mba essay regarding technological change as inevitable, I insist that if we understand its components we can turn it off any time we choose. Short of turning it off, there are lots of it assignment help, moderate controls conceivable. In brief, in stressing the importance of knowledge, McLuhan is essay conclusion, a humanist. McLuhan advocates radical changes in education, because he believes that a contemporary man is not fully literate if reading is his sole pleasure: You must be literate in umpteen media to be really 'literate' nowadays. Education, he suggests, should abandon its commitment to print-- merely by focusing of the visual sense--to cultivate the total sensorium of man--to teach us how to use all five cylinders, rather than only one. Postliterate does not mean illiterate, writes the Rev. John Culkin, S. J., director of the Communications Center at Fordham and it assignment a veteran propagator of McLuhan's ideas about essay multimedia education. It rather describes the new social environment within which print will interact with a great variety of communications media.
Herbert (a name he seldom uses) Marshall McLuhan has a background as unexceptional as his appearance. Help Sydney? He was born in Western Canada--Edmonton, Alberta--July 21, 1911, the son of argument essay, mixed Protestant (Baptist and Methodist) parents. Help Sydney? Both agreed to go to all the available churches and services, and of marijuana conclusion they spent much of their time in the Christian Science area, he recalls. It Assignment Sydney? His father was a real-estate and equity mba essay insurance salesman who, McLuhan remembers, enjoyed talking with people more than pursuing his business. Help? He describes his mother, a monologist and actress as the Ruth Draper of Canada, but better. His brother is now an of marijuana essay conclusion, Episcopal minister in it assignment help California. After taking his B.A. and M.A. at extended essay, the University of help, Manitoba, McLuhan followed the route of many academically ambitious young Canadians to England, where he attended Cambridge for two years. There, he remembers, the lectures of I. A. Richards and F. Essay? R. Leavis stimulated his initial interest in it assignment sydney studying popular culture.
Returning home in 1936, he took a job at the University of Wisconsin. The following year he entered the Catholic Church, and ever since, he has taught only at Catholic institutions--at St. Louis from 1937 to 1944, at Assumption in Canada form 1944 to 1946 and at St. Michael's College, a Basilian (C.S.B.) establishment, since 1946. His field was originally medieval and argument of evil essay Renaissance literature, and in 1942 he completed his Cambridge Ph.D. thesis on the rhetoric of Thomas Nashe, the Elizabethan writer. It Assignment Sydney? As a young scholar, he began his writing career, as every professor should, by contributing articles to extended essay requirements the professional journals, and to this day, academic circles know him as the editor of help, a popular paperback textbook of Tennyson's poems.
Moreover, his critical essays on writers as various as Gerard Manley Hopkins, John Dos Passos and Samuel Taylor Coleridge are frequently anthologized. By the middle forties, he was contributing more personal and essay eccentric articles on more general subjects to several little magazines; before long, his pieces had such outrageous titles as The Psychopathology of it assignment, Time and termpapers case Life. By the time his first book, The Mechanical Bride, appeared in 1951, McLuhan had developed his characteristic intellectual style--the capacity to offer an endless stream of radical and it assignment challenging ideas. Although sparsely reviewed and quickly remaindered, that book has come to seem, in retrospect, the first serious attempt to inspect precisely what effects mass culture had upon people and to essay discover what similarities existed between mass culture and it assignment help lite art. Copies are so scarce that they now often bring as much as $40 secondhand. Why Babson Essay? McLuhan had the it assignment sydney foresight and self-confidence to essay purchase a thousand copies at remainder prices; he still gives them to it assignment help sydney friends, as well as selling them to legalization essay strangers (at far below the going price). The bottom will soon drop out of the Mechanical Bride market, however, for Beacon Press plans to help reissue it in paperback and Vanguard, its original publisher, in hardcover. In 1953, the year after he became a full professor at St.
Michael's, McLuhan founded a little magazine called Explorations, which survived several years. Along with a coeditor, the argument anthropologist Edmund S. It Assignment Sydney? Carpenter, McLuhan, collected some of the best material in a paperback called Explorations in Communication (1960), which is perhaps the ideal introduction to his special concerns and ideas. Though McLuhan remains a Canadian citizen, he became, in 1959, director of the Media Project of the National Association of why babson, Educational Broadcasters and the United States Office of Education. Out of that experience came a report which, in it assignment effect, was the first draft of Understanding Media. Then, in 1963, the extended University of Toronto appointed McLuhan to head a newly formed Center for Culture and Technology to study the psychic and social consequences of technology and the media. A visitor expects the Center, so boldly announced on its letterhead, to be a sleek building with a corps of secretaries between the corridor and the thinkers. In fact, the Center is more a committee than an institution. It exists, for the present, only in McLuhan's cluttered office. Bookcases cover the sydney walls, with battered old editions of the creative writing portfolio English classics on help the top shelves and a varied assortment of newer books on Western civilization on the more accessible shelves--6,000 to 7,000 volumes in all. Extended? More books and papers cover several large tables.
Buried in a corner is a ratty metal-frame chaise lounge, more suited to a porch than an office, with a thin, lumpy green mattress haphazardly draped across it. In temperament, the Center's head is more passive than active. He often loses things and forgets deadlines. The one singular feature of his indefinite face is it assignment help sydney, his mouth. Termpapers Case? Only a sliver of his lips is visible from the front, but from the side his lips appear so thick that his slightly open mouth resembles that of a flounder. His only visible nervous habits are tendencies to pucker his mouth and push his chin down toward his neck before he speaks, to twirl his glasses around his fingers when he lectures and to it assignment help rub his fingers down the palms of his hands whenever he says tactility. The professor is a conscientious family man. He met his wife, Corrine, a tall and elegant Texan, in Los Angeles, where he was doing research at the Huntington Library and she was studying at the Pasadena Playhouse. Of Marijuana Conclusion? Married in 1939, they have six children: Eric, 25; Mary and Theresa; 21- year-old twins, Stephanie, 19; Elizabeth, 16, and Michael 14, and the girls confirm their father's boast: All my daughters are beautiful. Every Sunday he leads his brood to mass. They live in help sydney a three-story house with a narrow front and a small lawn punctuated by a skinny driveway leading to a garage in the back.
The interior is modest, except for an excessive number of conclusion, books, both shelved and sprawled. McLuhan likes to read in a reclining position, so across the it assignment help top of the living-room couch, propped against the wall, are 20 or so fat scholarly works; interspersed among them are a few mysteries--his favorite light reading. He rarely goes to the movies or watches television; most of his own cultural intake comes via print and conversation. Talking seems his favorite recreation. McLuhan seems pretty much like any other small-city professor until he begins to speak. His lectures and private equity mba essay conversation are a singular mixture of original assertions, imaginative comparisons, heady abstractions and fantastically comprehensive generalizations, and help sydney no sooner has he stunned his listeners with one extraordinary thought than he hits them with another. His phrases are more oracular than his manner; he makes the most extraordinary statements in the driest terms. In his graduate seminar, he asks: What is the future of old age?
The students look bewildered. Why he replies to his own question, exploration and discovery. Nearly everything he says sounds important. Legalization Essay? Before long, he has characterized the Batman TV show as simply an exploitation of nostalgia which I predicted years ago. The 25 or so students still look befuddled and dazed, hardly anyone talks but McLuhan. It Assignment Help Sydney? 'The criminal, like the artist, is a social explorer, he goes on. Private Mba Essay? Bad news reveals the it assignment help character of legalization of marijuana essay conclusion, change; good news does not.
No one asks him to be more definite, because his talk intimidates his listeners. He seems enormously opinionated; in fact, he conjures insights. His method demands a memory as prodigious as his curiosity. It Assignment Help? He often elevates an analogy into a grandiose generalization, and he likes to make his points with puns: When a thing is current, it creates currency. His critics ridicule him as a communications expert who cannot successfully communicate; but too many of his listeners, say his admirers, suffer from closed minds. The major incongruity is that a man so intellectually adventurous should lead such a conservative life: the egocentric and passionately prophetic qualities of his books contrast with the termpapers case personal modesty and pervasive confidence of a secure Catholic. What explains the paradox is it assignment help, that Marshall McLuhan, the thinker, is different from H. M. McLuhan, the man. Essay Requirements? The one writes books and delivers lectures; the other teaches school, heads a family and sydney lists himself in the phone book.
It was probably H. M. who made that often quoted remark about essay Marshall's theories: I don't pretend to understand them. After all, my stuff is very difficult. And the help private H. Creative? M. will say this about the sydney technologies his public self has so brilliantly explored: I wish none of these had ever happened. They impress me as nothing but a disaster. They are for dissatisfied people. Why is man so unhappy he wants to change his world? I would never attempt to private equity mba essay improve an environment--my personal preference, I suppose, would be a preliterate milieu, but I want to study change to gain power over it. His books, he adds, are just probes--that is, he does not believe in his work as he believes in Catholicism. The latter is faith; the books are just thoughts. You know the sydney faith differently from the way you 'understand' my books. When asked why he creates books rather than films, a medium that might be appropriate to his ideas, McLuhan replies: Print is the medium I trained myself to handle.
So, all the recent acclaim has transformed McLuhan into termpapers case, a bookmaking machine. Late this year, we shall have Culture Is Our Business, which he describes as a sequel to The Mechanical Bride. Perhaps reflecting his own idea that future art will be, like medieval art, corporate in authorship, McLuhan is producing several more books in help sydney dialogue with others. Legalization Of Marijuana? With Wilfred Watson, a former student who is now an English professor at the University of Alberta, he is completing a history of stylistic change, From Clich to Archetype. With Harley W. Parker, head of design at the Royal Ontario Museum, he has just finished Space in Poetry and Painting, a critical and comparative survey of 35 pairs of poems and pictures from it assignment help sydney primitive times to requirements the present. In tandem with William Jovanovich, the president of Harcourt, Brace and World, McLuhan is writing The Future of the Book, a study of the impact of xerography, and along with the management consultant Ralph Baldwin he is investigating the future of business in Report to Management. Help Sydney? As if that were not enough, he joined with the writing book designer Quentin Fiore to compile The Medium Is the Massage, an illustrated introduction to it assignment sydney McLuhanism that will be out this spring; the two are doing another book on the effect of automation.
Finally, McLuhan has contributed an appendix to McLuhan Hot and Cool, a collection of critical essays about him that will be out this summer. On another front, McLuhan and Prof. Richard. J. Schoeck, head of the English Department at St. Michael's, have recently produced two imaginative textbooks, The Voices of Literature, for termpapers case, use in Canadian high schools. And with Professor Schoeck and Ernest J. Help? Sirluck, dean of the of evil graduate school at the University of help sydney, Toronto, McLuhan oversees a series of anthologies of essay, criticism being published jointly by the Toronto and Chicago University Presses. Help Sydney? Obviously, despite the bait from the worlds of media and advertising, McLuhan is keeping at least one foot planted in academia.
Only this past December, he addressed the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association on the confrontation of differing sensory modes in 19th-century poetry. When Media appeared, several reviewers noted that McLuhan must have a book on James Joyce in him. That task he passed on to his son Eric, who is writing a prodigious critical study of essay requirements, Finnegans Wake. Among McLuhan's greatest desires is establishing the Center for it assignment help sydney, Culture and Technology in of marijuana its own building, with sufficient funds to support a reference library of the sensory experience of man. That is, he envisions methods of it assignment help sydney, measuring all the sensory modalities (systems of private equity, sensory organization) in all cultures, and of recording this knowledge on coded tapes in the Center. Assistant Professor of Design Allen Bernholtz, one of McLuhan's colleagues, foresees a machine that will, following taped instructions, artificially create a sensory environment exactly similar to that of any other culture; once the subject stepped into its capsule, the machine could be programed to simulate what and how, say, a Tahitian hears, feels, sees, smells and tastes. It will literally put you in the other guy's shoes, Bernholtz concludes.
So far, the projected Center has not received anywhere near the it assignment help sydney $5-million backing it needs to begin. Like all Schweitzer Professors, McLuhan may pick his associates and assistants. Legalization? His entourage will include Professor Carpenter, with whom he coedited Explorations; Harley Parker and it assignment Father Culkin. In addition to teaching one course and directing a research project, McLuhan and extended essay requirements his associates plan to conduct numerous dialogues and to publish a son of help, Explorations. Portfolio? Once you get a lot of talk going, he said recently, you have to start a magazine. Because he believes that I can better observe America from it assignment help up here, he had rejected previous lucrative offers that involved forsaking Toronto, and as Schweitzer professorships are formally extended for why babson, only one year (although they are renewable), McLuhan will officially take only a sabbatical leave from St. Michael's. McLuhan has always been essentially a professor living in an academic community, a father in close touch with his large family and a teacher who also writes and lectures.
When some V.I.P.'s invited him to New York a year ago, he kept them waiting while he graded papers. Sydney? Although he does not run away from termpapers case all the reporters and visitors, he does little to attract publicity. His passion is the dialogue; if the visitor can participate in the conversation, he may be lucky enough, as this writer was, to help McLuhan write (that is, dictate) a chapter of a book. Most people, McLuhan once remarked, are alive in an earlier time, but you must be alive in our own time. The artist, he added, is the man in any field, scientific or humanistic, who grasps the implications of his actions and of new knowledge in his own time.
He is the man of integral awareness. Although his intention was otherwise, McLuhan was describing himself--the specialist in general knowledge. Who would dare surmise what thoughts, what perceptions, what grand schemes he will offer next?