Virginia darden essay analysis
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Book Report Alternative: Rewind the virginia Plot! Although summarizing the plot is an important component of a book report, it does not lend itself to student creativity. By mimicking popular websites that relate the plot of movies, television shows, and real life events in reverse, students have the opportunity to review the plot in a more creative and challenging fashion. Using a snowclone (a verbal formula that is question changed for virginia essay, reuse), students complete the phrase “If you read ____ backwards, it's about ____” to essay question comment on the plots of novels. Plot PowerPoint Presentation : This will be used to introduce the students to Freytag’s Pyramid for virginia darden essay, mapping plot development.
Plot Diagram : Students will use this online tool to thesis statement language map the plots of their novels. What Will I Read Next? : Students will use this printout as they listen to each other’s reports to keep track of darden analysis books they wish to remember for reading later. Carol Jago believes that teaching plot structure often gets overlooked because on the surface the literary term plot seems so straightforward and uncomplicated. After all, every story has a beginning, middle, and end. However, Jago encourages educators to devise lessons that “make the language of literature useful” and allows students the opportunity to practice using such vocabulary (51). Even though a traditional book report might provide such opportunity for practice, as Voukon points out, “the tried and true one-size-fits-all conflict-action-climax book report” does not create excitement for questions for joy in the morning, reading; alternative methods that engage today’s students are necessary. Jago, Carol. Virginia Darden. Stop Pretending and Think about Plot. Voices from the Middle 11.4 (May 2004): 50-51.
Voukon, Michael. “Alternative Book Reports.” English Journal 94.4 (March 2005): 117-119. NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Generator. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an virginia essay analysis, understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of human experience. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts.
They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of statement language textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;. Virginia. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities. Students use spoken, written, and speech, visual language to accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and virginia darden, the exchange of information#41;. Classroom with LCD projector and whiteboard/interactive whiteboard Computers with printing and Internet capabilities Novels for the students—either from the school library or the classroom library Poster board and markers if computers will not be available for students to create word processing documents. Grades K 12 | Student Interactive | Writing Publishing Prose. The interactive Printing Press is of the book report designed to assist students in creating newspapers, brochures, and flyers. Grades 1 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. The Plot Diagram is an organizational tool focusing on a pyramid or triangular shape, which is used to virginia analysis map the events in a story. This mapping of plot structure allows readers and writers to visualize the key features of stories.
This website provides the origin of these one-liners that reverse the chronology of movies and television shows. Because not all examples are school appropriate, this website is for the teacher to gain background knowledge. Use the Movie Examples printout to share examples with students. Several popular movies that appeal to teens and preteens have been chronologically reversed at this website. The Movie Examples are taken from this website. Examine the website If You Watch X Backwards, It’s About Y to understand the origin and nature of this type of reverse chronological writing. Generator. Download the essay Plot PowerPoint Presentation, the Movie Examples, and the Example of a Completed Statement to a computer with projection capabilities. Make one copy for each student of the questions for joy morning printouts What Will I Read Next?, Notes on Plot Structure, and Example of virginia essay Rewinding the Plot.
Make one copy for each small group of The Reader’s Guide to Understanding Plot Development that you will use in questions for joy morning, session one. Reserve time in virginia essay analysis, your school’s computer lab or library for speech, Session Two that will occur after students have been given time to read their independent novel choices. Decide which way students will share their completed “If you read ____, it’s about _____” statements. If they will create posters, have markers and posterboard ready. If they will use ReadWriteThink Printing Press, test that it will run on the computers. Technical support is available for the Flash plug-in. If they will use a word processing program, sign up for a wiki Wikispaces where you can create a class page to be able to project their documents. Test that the virginia darden essay Plot Diagram will run on the computers. Phantom Opera Report. Technical support is available for the Flash plug-in. If possible, have the Plot Diagram tool and if using the ReadWriteThink Printing Press bookmarked on the computers.
If that is not feasible, you can sign up for a wiki at Wikispaces where you can create a class page for the links or you can simply tell the students the addresses of the tools. Prior to this lesson, the class should have read together at least one novel, short story, or poem that can be used to trace the plot in Session 1 as an example. Complete the statement to virginia essay the selection(s), “If you read ____ backwards, it’s about questions for joy morning, ____” to serve as an example. review the plot structure literary terms and demonstrate the understanding of these terms by analyzing novels read independently. use a graphic organizer to virginia essay analysis demonstrate their analysis of plot structure. complete the template “If you read this book backwards, it is about . . .” to demonstrate their analysis of the plot in essay on business and ethics, reverse chronological order. Project the Movie Examples for students to view. Ask students who have seen these movies to explain the “If you watch _____, it’s about____” statements. Discuss the darden structure of these statements. Explain that these are examples of a snowclone template used online to reverse the plot of a movie. Explain that a snowclone is a phrase template that is often reused.
By changing a few words in the snowclone, the original meaning is still clear. For example, “brown is the new black” fits the of the opera book report snowclone “X is the new Y.” The “Got Milk?” advertising campaign created the snowclone template “Got X?” For instance libraries used “Got Books?” to prompt their use. Discuss the tone of the quotations as poking fun at the movie. Explain to the students that they are going to create statements about novels following this format using “If you read _____ backwards, it’s about _____.” However, before they can successfully reverse the plot, they need to thoroughly understand the parts of plot structure. Virginia Darden Essay Analysis. Using the Plot PowerPoint Presentation, remind students of essay in the morning these parts of darden plot structure. Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution Project the printout Plot Structure Pyramid Example to cover the thesis statement parts of plot structure mentioned above.
Using a recent reading selection, ask students in small groups to complete the pyramid for that selection. Give each group a copy of The Reader’s Guide to Understanding Plot Development to help them in their identification of the plot structure. After the essay analysis groups have answered these questions, have a class discussion on their responses. Require that students use textual evidence to support their answers, and remind them of the definitions of the part of plot structure when differences of opinions occur. Opera Book Report. As a class, complete the Plot Diagram for virginia darden essay, the example reading selection, applying the literary terms exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Informative Thesis Generator. Ask students to return to their small groups to complete the statement, “If you read ____ backwards, it’s about virginia darden essay analysis, ____.” When all groups have completed this task, ask the essay questions morning groups to share what they have created. Share your statement that you have previously created, too. Virginia Darden Essay Analysis. Hand out the Example of Rewinding the Plot, and explain this is an example of completed notes for and ethics, this lesson. Project the second page of the printout Example of Rewinding the Plot and model for virginia darden analysis, students how they will share their project with the class. Informative Thesis Generator. Begin by reading the statement under the book cover first.
Work through the plot in reverse order using the notes. Be sure to use the virginia darden essay analysis terminology for essay on business and ethics, the parts of essay analysis plot structure. Hand out Notes on Plot Structure. Using the classroom library or the school library, allow time for students choose their novels. And Ethics. Assign students to read their novels and to work on Notes on virginia darden essay Plot Structure as they read. Tell them when they will be going to the lab or library to work on the Plot Diagram and assign the students to complete their novels by that date. To allow students time to read their novels, a break between this session and the next will be necessary. Questions For Joy. Check that all students have completed the virginia essay analysis Notes on Plot Structure. Help those students who had difficulty identifying parts of the plot in their novels before going to the computer lab or library. If projection is essay not available in the lab or library, model in the classroom how to complete the Plot Diagram. Explain the purpose of the slider underneath the virginia pyramid is to more precisely show where the climax appears because not all novels will have the climax precisely in the middle.
In the computer lab or library, have the for joy in the morning students transfer their Notes on Plot Structure to the Plot Diagram and print the results. Virginia Essay Analysis. If computers are not available for this step, have the students draw their own pyramids on paper and essay question to discuss, transfer the information. Revisit the Movie Examples. Instruct the students to complete their “If you read _________ backwards, it’s a story about _______” statements for their novel choices. Tell them to virginia analysis start with what happened last in question, the book (the resolution) and rewind the plot. Remind them to consult their printed Plot Diagram. Also, note with the students that the examples are concisely worded. Challenge them to write no more than three sentences to essay rewind the plot. Once students have completed their statements, have them create small posters for their novels that include their statements using the method decided in the preparation steps.
If using a word processing program, model for students how to find images of essay questions for joy in the morning their book covers and use in their documents. Virginia Darden Essay. Also, model how to cite the source of the image (see the citation on the Example of questions in the Completed Statement.) Remind students to virginia essay analysis be ready to share their completed projects in the next session. Give the students each a copy of the printout What Will I Read Next? Explain that as they listen to others' presentations, students will complete this form so that they will have suggestions of essay busy what novels they might enjoy reading. Essay. Have each student share his/her poster or word processing document by reading his/her statement and informative generator, then presenting the plot in reverse order.
Allow time for virginia analysis, students to ask questions. After all have presented, use some of the reflective questions in the assessment sections to get student feedback. Allow students time to use the classroom library or school library to check out their next book(s) from their What Will I Read Next? Partner up students and to discuss, ask them to compare and contrast the plot of their novel choices. Have them use their printed material from the Plot Diagram.
Have students report on other literary elements by using other alternative book reports, such as Book Report Alternative: Glog That Book! Have students use the Plot Diagram to plan their own creative writing works. After writing, have students create “If you read my story backwards, it’s about ____” statements and explain the plot backwards. Evaluate each student’s printed Plot Diagram. Check that students have correctly identified the parts of the plot.
Examine each student’s Notes on virginia analysis Plot Structure for detailed answers that fully describe each part of the plot. Look at each student’s printout of What Will I Read Next? Have the students keep these for for sign, reference throughout the year. Review each student’s word processing document or poster. In particular, check that the “If you read _____, it’s about _____” statement is concisely written as well as grammatically and mechanically correct.
If a word processing program has been used, check that the image has been correctly cited. After all posters have been presented, ask students to reflect on the learning experience by virginia darden, having them complete one or more of the following prompts. Because of this project, I learned ____________ . What I found difficult about this project was _____________________. What I enjoyed about this project was __________________. To improve this project, I would _____________________. Students use an online graphic organizer to analyze the essay questions in the plot structure of Jack and the Beanstalk and darden analysis, three short stories. Students identify the elements of fiction in a book they have read and share summaries of them by writing and illustrating their own mini-book.
In this alternative to the traditional book report, students report on their novel choices using Facebook-like pages. In this alternative book report, students identify the elements of fiction in books they have read by creating glogs, interactive multimedia posters, and busy street, then share their glogs. Students learn that the plot structure described by Freytag#039;s Pyramid is actually quite familiar as they diagram the plots of a familiar story, a television show, and a narrative poem. Grades K 12 | Student Interactive | Writing Publishing Prose. The interactive Printing Press is virginia essay analysis designed to assist students in creating newspapers, brochures, and thesis statement for sign language, flyers.
Students work in small groups or as a class to map the virginia essay analysis plot of a selected Cynthia Rylant story and essay on business, create original literary works using the plot diagrams. Analysis. After students read a short story or chapter of a novel, they can use the Narrative Pyramid to essay of a busy street reflect on key ideas and details. Jago offers a review of Freytag#039;s Pyramid and an example of how work with the concept of plot structure positively affected student understanding and writing. This article describes different ways that students can report on books they have read other than the traditional book report. © 2017 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved.
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How to Write a Cover Letter for Internships. Written by Laura Riley. Updated April 10, 2017. Laura Riley is a writer who specializes in career advice and virginia darden essay professional development. She has a Master’s degree in Student Affairs and Higher Education from informative speech thesis, Miami University. You’ve heard it before: “No one actually reads a cover letter.” “Cover letters are pointless.” There’s actually proof that writing an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. If you’re thinking, “Hmm I’m really not sold on this whole perfect cover letter thing.” Or maybe you’ve heard that college students don’t really need them.
Hang tight. I’m going to explain exactly what a professional cover letter is, why you need one, and most importantly, I’ll outline a step-by-step process to help you write an outstanding cover letter. And the best part? This article includes multiple, full-length cover letter samples. These samples will help you write a solid cover letter from beginning to end. One that’s good enough to secure your dream internship. Before we jump in, let’s take a look at exactly what’s included in this article : I’m sure this comes as no surprise:
As a college student, you will likely apply for internships (if you haven’t already!) As you may know, students who have internship experience increase their chance of securing a full-time job offer upon graduation. Many interns actually accept offers before they even graduate. According to a study conducted by Vault, 73% of student interns said they received or expected to virginia darden essay analysis, receive a full-time offer from on scene of a street, their internship employer . Internships and cooperative education programs (co-ops) give you an opportunity to gain experience in virginia analysis, your desired career field prior to graduation. By gaining hands-on, specialized experience, you become more competitive in the job market. Internship experience is important. To secure an internship, you need to submit a quality resumé, cover letter, and at essay questions, times, additional application requirements. If you submit an outstanding application, you’ll receive an invitation to interview.
And if you hit your interview out of the virginia analysis park, you’ll receive an internship or job offer. This means that believing the myth that cover letters are irrelevant can be detrimental to your professional success. Your resumé and cover letter are the on scene street foundation of your success as a job applicant. Your cover letter basically exists to tell a company, “Hey, I really, really, really want this internship.” In a more professional way, of course. A professional cover letter is an darden analysis, important document to send in essay question to discuss, with your résumé when applying to a job. It provides additional information about why you are the best candidate for the job.
After the employer reads your cover letter, you want them to read your resumé, check out virginia analysis your LinkedIn profile, visit your online portfolio, or better yet, do all three. On nearly every social media site, the first thing you do is create a profile, or at minimum, a username. Let’s take Instagram for example. When you land on an Instagram profile for the very first time, you quickly scan the user’s bio and statement for sign the photos at the top of their feed. If you aren’t immediately engaged by what you see, you probably won’t come back. Follow for a follow? No thanks. The same thing happens in the job search.
Your cover letter acts as your Instagram bio. Your cover letter offers a first impression of who you are as a professional and what you’re all about. It’s your chance to grab a recruiter’s attention. This means your cover letter has to be good! While you unfortunately can’t use emojis to amplify your cover letter, you can still make your cover letter interesting to read. It’s your job to engage the hiring manager, recruiter, or search committee. In a sense, you want them to follow you. You want them to double-tap your activity and virginia analysis leave comments like, “We would love to essay and ethics, hire you!” If you’re thinking, “ But that’s not always the virginia case. People don’t always read cover letters .” You’re right.
There are definitely recruiters who don’t read cover letters. But for every recruiter who doesn’t read your cover letter, there’s a recruiter who bases their entire hiring decision on how good your cover letter is. I recently talked to essay, a hiring manager who was shocked at the number of applicants who didn’t submit a cover letter along with their resumé. She said, “I will NEVER hire an applicant who doesn’t submit a cover letter. It’s not that they’re unqualified, but I can’t put the experience on their resumé into essay analysis context.” Don’t make that mistake. Particularly if your previous work experience doesn’t say a lot about how you’ll be a great fit for the company that you’re applying to. If you truly want an internship, you need a cover letter.
Not spending time on your cover letterbecause you assume it’s not going to be readcan be incredibly costly. And not hearing back from a company after you submit your application gets old really quickly. So, what’s the purpose of a cover letter anyway? The purpose of a cover letter is phantom opera book 3-fold: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in a specific position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the internship position.
If done right, your cover letter will serve an analysis, actual purpose (beyond checking off an informative thesis, application requirement or turning in a class assignment). Your cover letter can get you an interview. If you’re familiar with how to virginia essay, write a resumé, you know the for sign purpose of a resumé is to communicate your achievements to a potential employer. Virginia. Unlike a cover letter, a resumé never uses personal pronouns like “I” or “Me”. Of A. Instead of darden analysis saying, “I created a social media campaign,” a resumé states, “Created social media campaign”. Because of informative this traditional formatting, it can be difficult for internship applicants to express their personality. “I feel like my resumé makes me sound super boring.”
Guess who’s here to save the day? The misunderstood cover letter. For some reason, cover letters don’t get the love they deserve. But cover letters are actually pretty cool. They can help you tell your professional story. Let’s look at an example. Say your resumé includes the virginia darden analysis following entry: Volunteer, Community Food Pantry.
Inspect and sort 100 pounds of food donations per week to ensure they meet quality and safety standards. While that’s a solid resumé bullet point, it doesn’t tell the entire story of on business why you chose to volunteer and what your experience with the food pantry taught you. The bullet point doesn’t discuss how volunteering changed you as a person, or influenced your professional goals, and most importantly, it doesn’t discuss how volunteering will help you excel at your internship position. If we assume this volunteer experience is relevant to the internship you’re applying for, your cover letter provides a great opportunity to tell this story in virginia essay, more detail. Here’s a good example of what you could write in your cover letter: “Through my volunteer work with the Community Food Pantry, I discovered my passion for question, nonprofit business. Each week, I collaborate with ten other volunteers to sort food donations. I am dedicated to ending poverty and virginia darden hunger and would be thrilled to intern with the Hunger Relief Organization.” Being able to tell your story is what makes a cover letter incredibly valuable. This can set you apart as an applicant and most importantly, help you secure your dream internship or job! Before I explain how to format your cover letter , let’s review the statement three primary goals : Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in essay analysis, a position and company.
Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the position. Let’s look at essay of a busy street, each goal in more detail. Goal 1: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. The first goal is pretty straightforward. In your cover letter, you need to formally introduce yourself to the hiring team. You can accomplish this in virginia darden essay analysis, a single, well-crafted sentence. Below are two good examples: Example 1: “As a sophomore majoring in social work at University of Southern California, I am passionate about supporting vulnerable individuals and groups.” At a minimum, you should include your year in school (or when you plan to graduate), along with your degree, major, minor, or area of study. Goal 2: Communicate your interest in a position and company.
A second requirement is to in the, communicate your interest in the position and company. Always tailor your cover letter with the exact position title and virginia darden the name of the company you’re applying to. Essay Busy Street. Here are two great examples: Example 1: “When I discovered the psychology internship with the Counseling Center on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to gain exposure to the field of psychology alongside experienced psychologists and counselors.” After you introduce yourself and essay analysis communicate your interest in the position and company, there is phantom of the opera book report one additional piece of information you must include.
Don’t miss this step: Goal 3: Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate. This is the most common mistake students make. You need to virginia essay analysis, connect the dots for an employer of thesis how your journey and experiences make you the best candidate for the position. Don’t just say, “I’m the best candidate”. Darden Essay Analysis. Prove it. Explain what makes you well-qualified. Share the experiences and courses that have prepared you to be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Let’s look at an example. Say a company is seeking a graphic design intern.
In the job description, the company outlines their minimum requirements: an intern who understands how to of the book, use Adobe Creative Suite, can effectively collaborate with a dynamic team, and understands basic design and marketing principles. Here’s one way to demonstrate how you’re the analysis right pick for the job: My coursework, campus involvement, and professional experience make me a well-qualified applicant for this position. Coursework . I have completed courses in Graphic Design and of the report Photoimaging. As a result, I am proficient in Adobe Creative Suite. Campus involvement. Darden. For the on scene busy past two years, I have been a member of the Graphic Design Club. We collaborate to create websites and marketing materials for nonprofit organizations. Professional experience. As an employee with the Office of Fraternity and Sorority Affairs, I design marketing materials for on-campus events including Greek Week, along with various philanthropic events. There you have it!
Introduce yourself to a prospective employer, communicate your interest in a position and company, and most importantly, explain why you’re a well-qualified applicant. Now that you understand the core components to any cover letter, let’s explore what makes each type of cover letter unique. What types of cover letters are there? As a college student, you should know about three different types of virginia darden essay analysis cover letters: Internship Cover Letters Entry-Level Cover Letters Cover Letters for jobs where you do not have any relevant experience. I’ll outline what makes each of these cover letters unique and explain exactly how to essay questions morning, write a cover letter tailored to an internship and an entry-level position. I’ll also show you how to solve the problem of not having “relevant” experience.
What makes an internship cover letter unique? By definition, an internship is a position in an organization where a student or trainee can gain work experience. While the organization does not expect you to come in virginia darden analysis, with years of experience, they expect you to come ready to learn. Though you’re undoubtedly contributing to the organization as an intern, internships provide an opportunity for you to learn while gaining hands-on experience in your desired field. So what’s the bottom line? An internship cover letter must explain what you want to learn and why you want to report, learn it. Tell the organization how their specific internship complements your academics. Outline why you’re interested in joining the organization. Explain how the virginia essay internship will help you develop as a professional and set you up for success upon graduation. But don’t forget, you also need to communicate mutual benefit. While you want to grow as a professional, you need to add value to their team too.
So it’s important that you tell the company exactly what you can bring to their organization (in addition to questions in the, what you want to learn). Let’s look at virginia essay, a couple of examples: Example 1: “I am excited by essay for joy, the chance to contribute to ABC Company and virginia darden am prepared to engage in questions morning, continuous learning. Virginia Essay. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by the internship description.” Example 2: “Shadowing case managers and attending mental health meetings seems like an incredibly beneficial experience. Essay. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning.” Both examples not only explain what the applicant is virginia darden essay analysis excited to learn, but also each applicant mentions how they’re excited to contribute to the organization. Explaining what you want to learn is an for joy morning, essential component to writing a cover letter for an internship or co-op experience. What makes an entry-level cover letter unique?
If you’re in your last year of college, then this section is for you. You’re preparing to start a full-time job upon graduation. Virginia Analysis. Congrats! An entry-level cover letter differs slightly from an internship cover letter. While it’s still important to communicate how the position aligns with your professional goals, you need to essay question, emphasize why you’re well-qualified for the position. At the beginning of virginia essay analysis this article, I outlined how to speech, demonstrate your qualifications.
You need to explain what experiences and courses have prepared you to be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Your cover letter should answer the following questions: Why are you well-prepared for the position? What specific experiences prepared you for the position? How has your academic coursework provided the analysis knowledge to excel in this entry level role? Entry-level positions are undoubtedly competitive.
You need to informative speech thesis, market yourself effectively and communicate your value to an employer. Convince them to virginia essay, hire you! How do I write a cover letter if I don’t have relevant experience? If you don’t have “relevant” experience, come on down off that ledge. I’ve heard it before: “I can’t get a job without experience, but I can’t get experience without a job.”
Yes, you can. Here’s how: Let’s say you want to apply for a marketing internship. Below are the requirements of the internship as outlined by the job description: Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in question, business, communications, advertising, or related field Strong teamwork, communication, and critical thinking skills. Familiarity with Adobe Creative Suite Experience with SPSS.
Pretend you’re currently a sophomore at a large, public university. Because classes fill up quickly, you haven’t taken any major-specific courses. This year you completed Business 101 and Management 105, but you have zero marketing experience. Beyond classes, you’re an active member of an on-campus organization called Women in Business, but in terms of darden work experience, you only on business have a part-time waitressing job on the weekends. You’re still qualified. This is virginia darden where transferrable skills come in. A transferable skill is thesis statement a skill that is relevant regardless of the position you are applying for. You take these skills from job to job. Common examples of transferable skills include teamwork, organization, communication, time management, and leadership. Think back to the example above. As a waitress, you collaborate with wait staff, provide customer service to restaurant patrons, and communicate effectively to ensure orders are submitted correctly.
Are you thinking: “Okay, but how is that relevant to marketing?” The internship outlined above requires strong teamwork skills. You have those. Darden. It’s your job to demonstrate your ability to work in a team. Here’s an informative speech thesis, example of what you could write in virginia essay, your cover letter: “As a member of Women in for sign, Business, a 60-person student-run organization, I collaborate with my peers to analysis, plan leadership events and bring speakers to campus. In addition, as a waitress at Good Food Restaurant, I work with a 6-person team to essay on business and ethics, ensure high-quality service and satisfied guests. Virginia Darden. I enjoy collaborating with colleagues and would appreciate the questions for joy in the morning opportunity to learn alongside your team of experienced marketing professionals.” You have the darden analysis skills. You just have to prove it. Even if you don’t have hours of specialized work experience in essay question, your field of study, you have more transferable skills than you realize.
Give yourself some credit. At this point, we’ve already covered quite a bit. You understand what a cover letter is, what purpose it serves, and why you need one as a college student. Darden Analysis. You know three types of opera cover letters and what makes each type unique. You also understand how to leverage transferable skills when you don’t have “relevant” experience. Let’s get to the actual writing. How should you format your cover letter? Whichever type of cover letter is virginia essay most appropriate for youinternship, entry level, or no relevant experiencethe fundamentals remain the same. While you want to stand out and be creative, there are a few specifications you need to abide by. Essay. In this section I’ll discuss the following: length, margins, font size, font style, color, quantity of paragraphs, and virginia analysis bullet point usage. (We've gone into even more detail about the different cover letter formats in our Cover Letter Format Guide for Internships article)
Length: As I’ve mentioned, a cover letter gives you a chance to of the opera book report, tell your story. But slow down. You aren’t writing a novel. A cover letter should never be longer than one, single-spaced page. Darden Essay Analysis. In terms of essay street word count, your letter will typically be only 200-400 words. Margins : It’s best to use standard 1-inch margins, but you may use margins as small as .5 inches. Whatever you choose, be sure the margin size is consistent on all sides. Font : When choosing a font, make sure it’s easy to read.
Some appropriate fonts include Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Tahoma, or Times New Roman. Stay away from fancy curls and fonts that only belong on horror movie posters. Darden. As a way to language, brand yourself, you may choose a different font for your name in the header of your cover letter. Other than this exception, be sure to use the same font throughout for virginia darden essay analysis, consistency’s sake. Font Size: Use size 10- to 12-point font. This will ensure the font is large enough to read, but small enough to create a professional and polished look. Color : Unless you’re a graphic design major or a creative professional, you’ll typically use black font. If you’re applying to a creative industry, a tasteful splash of essay of a busy street color may be appropriate (recommendations are covered at the end of this article in more detail). If you’re printing your cover letter to mail or use at a career fair, use black ink on white, cream, or ivory paper.
Left align each paragraph. There is no need to indent the first sentence of each paragraph. Instead “Return/Enter” between each paragraph. This will create a balance of essay analysis text and whitespace, making your cover letter easier to read. Bullet Points: Some resumés use a lot of bullet points to phantom report, outline someone’s accomplishments, but can bullet points be used on a cover letter? Sparingly. Use bullet points to darden analysis, briefly summarize information where appropriate. For example, you may write something like this: My academic background, communication skills, and essay leadership experience have prepared me well for virginia darden, this computer science internship. Academic background. I have completed courses in computer science, statistics, and systems programming resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA.
Communication skills. Phantom Of The Opera Book. As the essay analysis professional development chair of University of Southern California’s Computer Science student organization, I develop and facilitate computer science presentations. Leadership experience. This year, my classmates elected me as the sophomore representative for the college student government assembly. Bullet points can be an effective way to communicate multiple qualifications, while abiding by for joy morning, the one-page length requirement. Those are the basic style guidelines when it comes to creating a cover letter. Now let’s check out the darden essay analysis key sections of a letter. What are the key sections of your cover letter? The following are essential cover letter sections: header, date, greeting, company address, and salutation.
I’ll define each section and discuss exactly what to include. Of A Busy Street. I’ll also share detailed examples of darden essay analysis what to write. Header : A cover letter header is the essay information at the top of your cover letter. Essay. It includes your name and contact information, the date you’re applying, and the company’s mailing address. In the header, it’s important to include your full name. If you’re in the process of changing your name, plan to change your name during the phantom of the report recruitment process, or recently changed your name, it may be appropriate to include your new name with your former name in virginia analysis, parentheses. Questions For Joy In The Morning. If your name is “Elizabeth” and you go by virginia darden, “Beth,” then it’s entirely acceptable to use Beth on opera report your documents. Darden Essay Analysis. If your legal name is “Wayne” and essay for joy morning you prefer to go by “Thomas,” then you may write it as “Thomas (Wayne) Johnson” to avoid any confusion. When it comes to contact information, you should include your email address and a phone number where the company can reach you with follow-up questions, or to schedule an interview.
You may also choose to include a URL link to your LinkedIn profile or an online portfolio showcasing your work. Here’s the most important part: You must use a professional email address. Your school email address is a good option. If you prefer to use a personal email, make sure it’s professional. While you want to stand out, a creative email address like alliecat@ or iwantajob@ isn’t the way to do it. Create a generic johnsmith1@ account, or use the .edu email address provided by virginia essay, your university.
Unprofessional email addresses get resumés rejected more than 75% of the book report time. Date : After you include your name and contact information, you need to include the date you’re applying for the position. Right-align the date in the space below below your name and contact information. Company Address: While you probably won’t snail mail your cover letter, as a professional document, tradition tells us to include the company mailing address. Although you’re not typically submitting a hard copy of your resumé, after sending off your application, it’s in the possession of human resources. You don’t know if it will be printed, mailed, sent to virginia essay analysis, another department for review, or any combination of for joy in the these scenarios. Determine the company name, mailing address, and virginia essay department (if applicable).
Left-align this information after the date. Greeting : The most appropriate option for essay question, a greeting is ‘Dear’. It’s also advantageous to refer to the hiring manager by their name in your salutation. For example, “Dear Ms. Mary Johnson,”.
When writing the salutation, ensure the name and virginia analysis title are correct. For example, a person with the name ‘Taylor’, may prefer the essay of a busy street title Mr., Ms., Mrs., or none of the above. Make sure you use the darden essay correct title before their surname. If you don’t know what to use, opt for their first and last name only. Salutation: Don’t use “To Whom It May Concern”, or “Dear Sir/Madam”. Do your homework and to discuss figure out the “Whom” actually entails. If you’re lucky, a company will list a contact person near the virginia bottom of the job description. Speech Generator. Use this contact name in your cover letter. If the company does not specify who the hiring manager or recruiter is, still do not resort to, “To Whom It May Concern”.
In this case, here’s what you should do: After thoroughly reviewing the job description, work up the courage to darden essay, call human resources. HR is your friend, so there’s no need to thesis generator, be anxious. Here’s what you could say: “Hi, I’m preparing an essay, application for your open internship position #12345. I’m wondering who the hiring manager is for this position.” Oftentimes, human resources will provide you with the information. Other times, they may say, “Just address it to HR.” In this case, I recommend using “Dear Hiring Manager and Search Committee” as your salutation. Now that we’ve covered the language basic formatting rules and the core sections of essay a cover letter, let’s talk about an incredibly important rule for every cover letter you write.
Don’t forget this: You must tailor your cover letter to every single position and unique company you apply to. What does it mean to tailor a cover letter? Tailoring a cover letter is questions exactly what it sounds like. A tailor, or a person who alters clothing, adjusts clothing to fit unique, individual people. A shirt tailored for Person A will not fit Person B as well as it fits Person A. You should take the same approach when writing a cover letter. It’s kind of virginia darden analysis like giving a birthday gift. While you could safely give any person a gift of cash, it can come off as impersonal (like you forgot it was even their birthday). Why? Because it’s a generic gift. Just as you would avoid giving a generic gift to your best friend.
You should avoid giving a generic cover letter to your dream employer. In short, you should never submit the exact same cover letter to book, more than one position or company. Tailoring a cover letter requires additional effort on your behalf. You need to conduct company research and understand the darden analysis position inside and questions out. You’ll use this information to virginia darden essay analysis, create a unique cover letter that is appropriate for a specific job and a unique company. If you’re thinking, “How would one company know if I send them the phantom of the opera report same exact cover letter I sent another company?” Truth be told, they probably won’t find out.
But that’s not the point. If your cover letter is so generic that you can submit it to multiple positions at different companies, it’s not unique enough. The recruiter will immediately recognize your cover letter as a generic template, and it will end up in the trash can. Let’s go back to analysis, the birthday gift analogy. When you purchase a birthday gift for your best friend, you most likely base your decision on a few things: What are they interested in? What do they enjoy? What do they need? What do they want?
You then use what you know about your friend to to discuss, inform your decision of what to buy. It’s the same when it comes to writing a cover letter. You must conduct company research to darden, answer similar questions: What type of candidate is the company interested in? What does the company value and enjoy? What needs and pain points does the company need to essay and ethics, solve?
What does the company want from you as an applicant? To be successful, you must integrate the answers to these questions into virginia your cover letter. While some of the content in each letter will undoubtedly overlap, do your best to create unique content for each position. While the term ‘research’ can be intimidating, I have good news: You don’t have to be a scientist to do good research.
To conduct company research, there are a few key resources: Explore the company website. Language. Google the company to discover current events. Visit websites such as Glassdoor.com, where candidates, current employees, and virginia darden essay analysis former employees rate companies. Some examples of essay what you may research are the virginia darden analysis company mission, vision, or recent news. You’re looking for thesis, information that is darden essay analysis relevant to the position and details that make you excited about the company.
At this point, you understand what a cover letter is and what it means to essay of a street, tailor your cover letter. This cover letter template is not tailored to any specific company or position. This is virginia essay a bad, scratch that, TERRIBLE cover letter: To Whom It May Concern, I am writing to apply for phantom opera book, an internship I recently found on your website. I believe I am the virginia darden analysis best candidate for this position based on my academic coursework and my relevant experience.
I match exactly what you are looking for in a candidate. As a college student, I understand how to on scene of a busy street, use Microsoft Word and Excel. I am passionate, detail oriented, and hard-working. I am really excited about the opportunity to join your company. Attached you will find my resumé which explains my experience in further detail.
Thank you for your time. I look forward to the possibility of interviewing. It may be more appropriate to virginia darden analysis, end that letter with, “I am sincerely boring,” but you get the point. In brief, this is what is wrong with the above example: X No header (i.e. applicant name, contact information, date, company address) X Generic and outdated salutation (i.e. “To Whom It May Concern”)
X Cliché and boring introduction. X No mention of the internship title. X No mention of the company name. X No proof as to speech thesis generator, why the applicant is the “best candidate” X Applicant includes generic skills (i.e. Microsoft Office and Excel) Don’t write a cover letter like this. You will put the virginia darden analysis recruiter to sleep. Minneapolis, MN 12345.
Fashion and Design. New York City, NY 56789. Dear Ms. Debra Glod, When I discovered the fashion internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to complement my coursework with experience in a fast-paced environment.
As a junior majoring in Fashion Merchandising at University of Southern California, I am passionate about creating original concepts and executing designs. My leadership experience, design coursework, and creative portfolio make me a well-qualified applicant for this position. Leadership experience. As the language President of the on-campus student organization, Fashion and Business, I produce an annual fashion show with over 30 models and 250 attendees. Essay. Design coursework. I have a 3.9 Major GPA after taking introduction to textiles, fashion sketching, computer-aided fashion design, and advanced apparel development. Creative portfolio.
My portfolio includes original sketches and drawings created in Adobe Illustrator. It can be viewed by visiting email@example.com. As described by the internship description, I am eager to phantom of the opera book, grow into a bold and interactive designer. I believe your organization provides a rewarding opportunity to essay, engage in speech thesis, continuous learning. My enclosed resumé expands on my leadership experience and virginia darden essay academic coursework. As I prepare for a career in fashion, I am dedicated to understanding the field by collaborating with an experienced design and production team.
Thank you for essay on scene of a street, your time and consideration. I look forward to essay, hearing from you soon. In brief, this is a great example because it includes the following: ? Name, contact information, date, and company address. ? Tailored salutation including the hiring manager’s first and last name. ? Unique introduction that communicates the applicant’s interest and passion in the position, company, and for joy in the morning industry. ? Specific internship title “Fashion Internship” ? Company name, “XYZ Company” ? Use of the term “well-qualified applicant” vs. “best candidate” ? Unique skills that are relevant to the position (i.e. leadership, design, and creative work) ? Description of the applicant’s desire to grow as a professional. Use this as a model when crafting your letter. What to darden essay, include in question, your actual cover letter? Now I’m going to walk you through a 4-step process for writing a cover letter. Virginia Darden Essay Analysis. This process helps you narrow down your experience and on business determine what is most relevant to the position and company.
You only have one page to communicate how you match exactly what the employer is virginia darden essay looking for in a candidate. Let’s use a 4-step process to for joy in the, accomplish this task. Step 1: Highlight the job description. Step 2: Select three job responsibilities you want to focus on virginia essay in your cover letter. Step 3: Identify three of your accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to essay on scene of a busy street, the qualifications the employer seeks. I’ll take you through each step and describe exactly what to do. This is an effective way to write a cover letter.
Let’s jump in! Step 1: Highlight the job description. You may be asking, “What’s the point of this?”. As you already know, the purpose of virginia a cover letter is to get a potential employer to read your resumé. You do this by essay of a street, demonstrating how you match exactly what they’re looking for. Well, what are they looking for?
The answer to this question is in the job description. The purpose of this step is to determine the most important requirements. To highlight the job description, either print a hard copy and virginia darden essay grab an actual highlighter, or copy and of the book report paste the contents of the job description into your favorite word processing program. You should make note of the following: Core responsibilities Required qualifications Preferred qualifications Keywords Patterns and themes. A job description will typically label the darden analysis core responsibilities, required qualifications, and preferred qualifications. Essay Of A Busy. Those should be easy to determine.
That being said, there won’t be a section labeled “Keywords” or “Themes.” This is virginia darden analysis where you have to of the opera report, do a little work. It’s your job to read through the job description and determine what is virginia darden most important to the employer. Thesis. Ask yourself the essay analysis following questions: What words are repeated throughout the essay question to discuss job description? What responsibilities are emphasized in the job description? Let’s look at the following example of a job description for a marketing internship. Virginia Essay Analysis. The example outlines responsibilities, minimum qualifications, and preferred characteristics. Carefully read through each section. Marketing Internship Job Description.
Conduct social media marketing campaigns Collect quantitative and qualitative data Perform market analysis and on business research on virginia essay analysis competitors Collaborate with co-interns and essay busy street marketing team to analyze data Support marketing team in daily administrative tasks Present findings to marketing team. Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a bachelor’s degree Interested in marketing and/or business-related career Effective writing and verbal communication skills. Pursuing a degree in marketing, business, graphic design, communications, or a related area of study. When you review this job description, a few things should be obvious. You know the employer is looking for an intern who is interested in social media marketing and data analysis. Essay Analysis. After further review, you can also make an additional conclusion:
Conclusion : The company seeks an intern who is an effective communicator. Clues : The job description not only requires someone with “effective writing and essay for joy morning verbal communication skills”, but the virginia essay analysis intern must also be able to collaborate with colleagues and essay on scene of a street present findings to the marketing team. Both of these responsibilities require a heightened level of communication. That’s a pattern or theme. After reviewing the job description in detail, you observe a common thread, pattern, or theme regarding one skill across multiple bullet points. Use this knowledge to your advantage. Dedicate several sentences in your cover letter to virginia darden, proving how you’re an effective communicator. For example, you may write: “After reviewing the job description, it is clear that XYZ Company values effective communication. Of A. If hired as the Marketing Intern, I would leverage my experience in darden analysis, Toastmasters International, a non-profit organization dedicated to phantom of the book, helping members develop public speaking and leadership skills.
I have a proven ability to communicate messages effectively and would apply this ability as a Marketing Intern.” Let’s say you highlight the job description and determine there are ten core responsibilities and qualifications the employer wants. Do you write about all ten? Probably not. If you remember correctly, a cover letter can only be one page long. You cannot adequately cover ten different requirements in a single page. So how do you determine which skills to focus on? This is darden where step two comes in. Step 2: Select which job responsibilities you want to focus on. After you review the job description in detail and essay on business highlight the most important parts, you need to choose which of the many responsibilities you want to virginia essay, focus on in your cover letter.
Unless the job description is very shortand the company only highlights three requirementsit’s unlikely you will be able to discuss every single requirement in thesis language, your cover letter. Here’s what you do: Determine what the company values the most . What does the company emphasize in darden essay analysis, the job description? Take into consideration your own experience and qualifications. If the job requires communication, teamwork, accounting, and informative speech customer service, and you’re not confident in darden, your accounting skills, then you don’t need to of the opera book, focus on that requirement in your cover letter. At the same time, if accounting skills are listed as a minimum required qualification, then you’re not qualified for the internship. Take time to narrow down not only what is most important from the company’s perspective, but also what you are most qualified for.
To simplify the writing process, I recommend choosing three job responsibilities to focus on. Once you do this, you’re ready for darden essay, step three. Step 3: Identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. After you’ve identified three job responsibilitiesas outlined in the job descriptionyou now need to identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. You should only highlight the most relevant accomplishments. Not necessarily the most exciting achievement, but instead, the accomplishments and activities that are closely related to what you would actually be doing with the company. After choosing three requirements and three accomplishments, you’re ready for step four. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to the qualifications they seek. In a sense, you need to put together the pieces of the essay to discuss puzzle. You need to demonstrate how your skills and accomplishments match what the company is looking for. You have three responsibilities and three accomplishments.
Connect the dots. We’ll look at additional examples of how to do this in analysis, the next section. How do I write the introduction, body, and closing? As with any good story, the cover letter has a beginning, middle, and for sign language end. Analysis. I will refer to these as the introduction, body, and closing. Let’s look at and ethics, each section in further detail.
I’ll describe how to write each section and show you real samples of what you could write. Th intrduction two a covr leter is crushal. If you want your cover letter to end up in the trash in essay analysis, record-breaking time, make an ugly spelling error in your first sentence. Thesis Statement Language. Hiring managers quickly disqualify candidates from consideration because of spelling errors. The core components of virginia darden analysis your introduction include the essay to discuss following: 1) Briefly introduce why you’re writing. 2) Give a short overview of who you are. 3) Tailor the analysis introduction to the company and on business and ethics position. If you want to virginia analysis, immediately bore a recruiter, open your letter with, “I am writing to questions for joy in the morning, apply for”.
As one of the most common introductions, that’s not an effective way to stand out from the virginia darden analysis other applicants. Even if you spend significant time tailoring the rest of your cover letter, a recruiter may assume you submitted a template because the phrase is so overused. It’s cookie cutter and unfortunately, we’re not making cookies. Avoid this phrase and opera book replace it with something more creative. Begin your cover letter with a sentence that communicates your personality, while still remaining professional.
You can accomplish this by starting with a personal anecdote. For example, you could write: “When I was a teaching assistant at virginia essay, my local middle school, I discovered my passion for working with kids. Phantom Of The Opera Report. I am committed to” Don’t feel confined by what is considered standard or traditional. As long as your content is professional, you can be a little creative. This is your opportunity to infuse your personality.
Think of it this way: If you were reading a cover letter, what would engage you? As you explore samples, make note of the darden essay cover letters that seem boring and those that inspire you to keep reading. After you engage the reader, it is important to demonstrate two things: You did your research. Questions. You tailored the letter to the specific company and position. Here are a few great examples: “When I discovered the environmental science internship on Internships.com, I was immediately excited by virginia darden analysis, the opportunity to join a sustainable organization like XYZ Company.” This opening sentence indicates your interest, why you’re writing, and demonstrates that you researched the company. By including the single word “sustainable,” the company will know that you did your research, provided they’re truly a sustainable company.
It may be tempting to say, “I believe I am the essay questions for joy best candidate for the position.” This is an empty claim. Virginia Darden Essay. Instead, use the remainder of the letter to prove that you are well-qualified for the position. Those are the building blocks of a quality introduction. One succinct, yet engaging paragraph where you do the following: State why you are writing.
Provide a brief overview of who you are. Tailor to company and position. Thesis Statement For Sign Language. Give a brief overview of what you’re about to discuss in the body. If done well, the introduction will invite the recruiter to continue reading. Let’s talk about what you include in the body. How do I write the body of a cover letter? After you grab the darden recruiter’s attention with an on business and ethics, engaging introduction, it’s time to craft a compelling body. The purpose of the virginia darden essay body is to essay for joy morning, prove your qualifications to virginia darden essay, the reader. It’s important to statement, be specific about your qualifications and clearly describe how they relate to the position.
This is where you need to match the requirements outlined in the job description with your most relevant skills and qualifications. Let’s look at two different examples. Here’s an example using bullet points: My academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for essay analysis, this position. Academic coursework. I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 GPA.
Communication skills. As the professional development chair of University of thesis for sign Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and facilitate presentations on behalf of the darden essay organization. Essay Morning. Leadership experience. This year, my classmates elected me as the junior representative for the college student government assembly. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning.
I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by virginia darden analysis, the internship description. Here’s a traditional example (without bullet points): As outlined in report, the job description, it is clear you seek an intern who is familiar with human resources. Over the past two years, I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 Major GPA. I would leverage this understanding to advance the Human Resources division with your company. Additionally, as the professional development chair of University of Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and essay analysis facilitate presentations on essay question to discuss behalf of the organization. I have a proven ability to communicate effectively in writing and in person. Virginia Darden Essay. I am well prepared to present information on behalf of human resources and would enjoy learning alongside your skilled team of representatives. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in essay question, continuous learning. The most important part of the body is demonstrating how you match the virginia darden essay requirements outlined in the job description . If you can do that, you will set yourself up for success.
How do I write the on scene conclusion of a cover letter? Finally, like any good letter or story, you need a well-crafted conclusion. In the darden essay closing section, you should do a few things: Summarize why you are qualified for the position. Express your appreciation for their time and consideration. Here’s a solid example of how to wrap up a cover letter: My enclosed resumé expands on my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience. As I prepare for a career in human resources, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Thank you for essay questions in the, your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
That’s it. An introduction, body, and conclusion tailored to the company and position. Essay Analysis. Prove that you can do the to discuss job and you’re incredibly excited by the opportunity. We’ve covered a lot so far. By this point, you understand what a cover letter is, the purpose, why you need one, and a step-by-step process for writing an analysis, outstanding letter tailored to a unique position and company. Now let’s check out the top 10 tips for crafting your cover letter. Top 10 cover letter tips and hacks. Be a person. If you think back to on business, earlier in this article, you’ll remember a common resumé concern is: “I feel like my resumé makes me super boring.” The same can happen with your cover letter.
I highly recommend infusing your personality. In addition to virginia darden essay, highlighting your skills and campus involvement, your cover letter should express your individual personality. You’re a human after all. For Sign Language. Make sure your cover letter expresses who you are. Address the right person. I shared tips for finding the correct person to address your cover letter to. Make sure you not only find the correct person, but adjust the darden essay salutation for each letter you write. On Business And Ethics. It can be an awful mistake to tailor your entire cover letter and analysis forget to essay and ethics, look up the correct contact person. Worse yet, you leave the contact person from the last company you applied to on your letter to a new company. Make sure you address the correct person and essay analysis spell their name correctly.
Engage the reader at question, the beginning. Darden. Just like a good book, the first sentence of your cover letter needs to draw the reader in. Avoid cliché phrases like, “I am writing to apply for your internship.” Or, “I’m writing in response to your recently advertised position.” Instead, write something unique, yet professional. Share your passion. If you have a connection with the company, don’t be afraid to statement for sign language, name drop. Name dropping is when you include the name of a friend, family member, or acquaintance who is connected to the company. If done correctly, this may improve your credibility and essay your chances of securing the internship or full-time position. Question. For example, you may write: “After speaking with the current principal, Kathy Johnson, at your meet-and-greet event, I am incredibly excited to apply for the summer school teaching position with Unicorn Unified School District.” Name dropping can showcase your professional network, while signifying an extra level of effort. Focus on the most relevant examples. Essay. Do not include a comprehensive list of your college involvement. Thesis Statement Language. Your cover letter should not look like you turned the contents of your resumé into complete sentences and paragraphs.
Instead, choose a few relevant examples and tell a story. Be specific. Virginia. Don’t write, “I conducted in-depth marketing research”. Instead write, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Using generic claims and buzzwords does not add value to your cover letter. Tell the essay morning hiring manager exactly what you did and why it matters to their company. Showcase the results of your work. Let’s extend the virginia analysis previous example, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Why did you do that?
What was the result of your work? And most importantly, why does it matter to the employer? To strengthen that sentence, you could write, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data and essay on scene of a better understand the target audience. This experience will be incredibly beneficial as a Marketing Intern with ABC Company. Include key ideas as outlined in the job description. Earlier in the article, I told you how to virginia darden essay, determine keywords and patterns by reviewing the job description. Here’s a trick for finding keywords. Use the ‘Find’ function. Informative Speech Thesis Generator. The ‘Findrsquo function is a keyboard function where you press and hold Control+F (Windows), or Command+F (Mac).
After you release the buttons, a search box will appear on your screen. Virginia. Type in likely keywords such as “communication” or ldquo;communicate”. Your computer will highlight every appearance of this word. Determining where the word is used will help you tailor your cover letter. Keep it brief. No cover letter should be longer than one page. Essay On Scene Of A Street. By focusing on the most relevant skills and not reiterating your entire resumé, you’ll be well on your way to darden, writing a succinct cover letter. Thesis. At the same time, you need to find a happy medium. Essay. Your letter should not be several sentences.
Create 3-5 well-written, concise, yet detailed paragraphs. Follow the employer’s instructions. The employer’s instructions outweigh any recommendation you find online (or in this article). If the essay on scene employer asks you to answer a specific question, or share your availability in the cover letter, follow their instructions. There are a few exceptions to virginia darden essay analysis, this rule. It is against essay question to discuss the law for an employer to ask you for the following information: What country are you from? Is English your first language?
Do you drink socially? Are you married? Have you ever been arrested? What religious holidays do you observe? Do you have children? If an employer requests this information (or any other information you feel uncomfortable sharing), you do not need to include that information in your application. It may be a red flag and you probably do not want to work for virginia essay analysis, that company. Those are the top 10 cover letter tips and tricks! Be sure to informative thesis generator, check out our seperate article regarding cover letter tips and virginia darden essay tricks. Next let’s check out some common cover letter pitfalls and how to statement for sign language, avoid them.
Top 10 cover letter mistakes to avoid. Typos. I can’t say this too many times. Ensure that your cover letter is free of typos. Review the darden analysis letter yourself, read the letter out loud, and have a friend check it over. You will kill your chances of being interviewed if you make one too many mistakes.
Focusing too much on yourself. A cover letter is essay your chance to explain why you’re qualified and passionate about the virginia darden essay job opportunity, but it is not ALL about question to discuss, you. The key to a great cover letter is explaining how you can solve a problem for the employer. You need to explain why you’re interested in the company. Be careful not to focus on yourself too much. Not tailoring your letter to virginia darden essay analysis, the company or position. Generic phrases such as “Dear employer” or “I would love to work for your company” can create an altogether weak cover letter. Take my advice and tailor your cover letter to the specific position and company. Dissect the job description and conduct company research. You will quickly stand out as a quality applicant if you can prove your interest in the position and organization.
Including taboo topics. Sometimes it can be difficult to essay, know what’s allowable and what is taboo. While you want to add personality to your cover letter, you must avoid writing about things that are uncomfortable or irrelevant to the position. Do not include information that is considered protected class such as your religion or race. Unless these are integral to the positionfor example, you’re applying to be a choir director at a churchthese are unnecessary additions. Being cliché. Virginia. I get it. It can be tempting to Google, “cover letter sample” and use a ready-made template found on for joy in the the internet. While this may seem like the virginia darden easy option, it will hurt your chances of securing an essay, internship or full-time job.
Recruiters review resumés every day. They can immediately spot a template cover letter. If you found the cover letter example online, so can they. Take time to write a unique cover letter that expresses your personality and communicates your qualifications. Rewriting your resumé.
A cover letter is not a resumé. Virginia Essay. It serves an essay, entirely different purpose. Don’t waste cover letter space by simply reiterating what is on your resumé. Virginia. Include a story, integrate your personality, talk about the company, and discuss your passion. Over-explaining. Don’t be a rambler. Take time to cut out unnecessary words and speech thesis generator phrases. Refrain from repeating the same skill multiple times with different examples. Virginia Essay. If you want to discuss how you’re an excellent public speaker, share one example.
Remember, you submit a cover letter and resumé in hopes of in the morning securing an interview. If you receive an invitation to interview, you’ll have the opportunity to describe your experiences in further detail. Being too pushy. If you search the web for cover letter samples, you’ll inevitably come across samples that say something like, I will call your office in a week to virginia darden, schedule an interview. While you want to present yourself as an essay question, assertive and virginia darden essay confident professional, that approach is typically too pushy and phantom of the opera book report can hurt your chances of getting an interview. An alternative is to say, I welcome the virginia darden analysis opportunity to speak with you about how I can contribute. Or “I look forward to hearing from essay questions for joy, you soon.” You can communicate your sincere interest without being pushy. Starting with your name. While your name is an darden essay, important piece of essay on business and ethics information to analysis, include on your cover letter, opening a letter with “My name is Casey Smith” takes away prime real estate. On Scene Of A Street. Instead, start with a relevant skill or qualification to grab their attention. Unless you’re a celebrity and everybody knows your name, it’s not the best option.
Sharing irrelevant information. I get it! You care about ALL the experiences you have gained. This attachment can make it incredibly difficult to let things go. Virginia Analysis. But letting go of informative speech thesis irrelevant information is key to writing an outstanding cover letter. Yes, it’s awesome that you volunteer with ten different organizations, but not all ten volunteer experiences are relevant to essay analysis, every internship or job you apply for. On Business And Ethics. You need to narrow down your accomplishments and delete what is virginia darden essay irrelevant. This will not only cut down on the fluff, it will highlight what’s truly important. There you have it. Essay Questions Morning. Essential tips and mistakes to avoid.
Before we wrap up, I want to discuss two nontraditional cover letters and share a helpful sample. What do nontraditional cover letters look like? By now, you understand how to make your cover letter unique and virginia essay analysis why it’s important to infuse your personality. There are a few industries and positions that call for an extra level of creativity and design. If you’re pursuing a creative degree, this is for you. Graphic Design Cover Letter . If you’re a graphic design major, or another creative type, it’s advantageous to phantom of the opera book, reflect this in your cover letter. But don’t forget the basics. Before you attack the virginia design, ensure the spelling, grammar, and informative speech generator sentence structure is solid.
Then, take a few liberties with your design. Darden Essay Analysis. Adjust the layout, choose the perfect typography, and add a splash of color. While you don’t want to go overboard, you should use your letter as an opportunity to speech thesis generator, demonstrate your skills. As a creative major, you should also include a link to your online portfolio. Virginia Darden Essay Analysis. The hiring team will review your portfolio for design basicsfrom color choice to typography, white space usage to contrast. While this is an awesome opportunity to showcase your work, it requires a heightened attention to detail. Thesis. Check for spelling and darden essay grammar throughout. Video Cover Letter. A video cover letter can be a unique way to showcase your skills. Statement For Sign. Some IT companies and tech-based startups are opting for video cover letters in virginia darden essay analysis, place of traditional letters. Just like a traditional letter, you want the content to engage the viewer and encourage them to check out your resumé and essay to discuss portfolio.
You’re essentially creating a movie trailer. Where a traditional cover letter is virginia bound to one page, a video cover letter rarely exceeds 60 seconds in length. Brevity is still important. Keep in mind the purpose of a cover letter and craft your content around these three primary goals: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in a position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the position.
What’s key here is that your personality and energy come through. Unless you’re camera-shy, there’s no need to on business, write an darden analysis, entire script. Choose a few bullet points to focus on and discuss your qualifications. You want to come across as genuine as you can, without trying too hard! 456 Business Road.
Phoenix, AZ 85001. Ms. Morning. Nichole Favret. 123 Business Street. Phoenix, AZ 85001. Dear Ms. Nichole Favret,
When I discovered the accounting internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to virginia, complement my coursework with practical experience. Essay On Scene Of A Busy. As a junior majoring in virginia essay analysis, Accounting at University of on business Southern California, I am enjoy compiling reports and completing audits. My academic background, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for this position. Academic coursework . I have completed courses in intermediate accounting, cost accounting, business law, and individual income tax, resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA. Darden Analysis. Communication skills . As the for sign language professional development chair of darden essay University of Southern California’s Accounting Club, I develop and facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization. Book Report. Leadership experience . Virginia Darden Essay Analysis. As a chapter leader of Delta Sigma Pi, a business fraternity on campus, I recruit new members and discuss the value of the of a organization.
I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to darden analysis, engage in continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by the internship description. My enclosed resumé expands on my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience. As I prepare for an accounting career, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Thank you for opera report, your time and consideration. I look forward to virginia darden analysis, hearing from you soon. That’s what a solid cover letter looks like from beginning to end.
Check out question to discuss more professional cover letter examples here. People read cover letters. As you now know, an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. You have every tool, example, and piece of darden analysis advice necessary to on business and ethics, write a superior cover letter. You understand exactly what a cover letter is, why you need one, and most importantly, you have a step-by-step process to help you write an outstanding cover letter. Whether you’re applying for a summer internship, or submitting your first application to virginia darden, a full-time position, you’re well prepared. Congratulations on essay to discuss getting this far.
Set aside time to write an outstanding letter. It will be easier than you think and more rewarding than you imagine.
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othello love essay From Hamlet, an ideal prince, and other essays in Shakesperean interpretation: Hamlet; Merchant of Venice; Othello; King Lear by Alexander W. Crawford. Boston R.G. Badger, 1916. It is at this point that the second of the great problems of the virginia darden essay play emerges. The proper understanding of the relations of Othello and Desdemona is equally important with the question of the relations of lago and Othello.
The exposition of these two elements of the play is set forth by the dramatist with his usual clearness, and at considerable length, but has nevertheless escaped the essay on business and ethics notice of the critics, or has been discounted as a factor in the interpretation. Virginia Darden Essay! But it is phantom, high time to darden learn that whatever Shakespeare put deliberately into his dramas is to be considered in the interpretation. The meeting of the two search parties, each seeking Othello for a different reason, brings the relations of Othello and Desdemona into prominence. The party of Cassio, with the Senate's hasty summons to Othello, serves to give dramatic importance to Othello's great ability as a commander, and to emphasize his military value to Venice. Brabantio and his troop serve to bring out the private side of Othello's character, hither-to unsuspected. When the two parties meet, Brabantio is in a very quarrelsome mood.
The cool words of Othello prevent a clash between the two: Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them. (I. ii. 75-6.) The sudden danger from the Turks at Cyprus has made great dispatch necessary, and the Duke has ordered Othello before him even on the instant. Brabantio's appeal to the Senate occurring at the same time, Othello appears before the magnificoes in the double capacity of the essay on scene General of the state entrusted with a great military exploit, and as an eloper with Brabantio's daughter. The Moor now finds that his old friend, the Signior Brabantio, formerly his admirer, has unexpectedly become his accuser before the Senate. Formerly honored as a friend and darden, as a great soldier, and gladly admitted to Brabantio's house, Othello discovers that he is now considered an enemy, and statement for sign, execrated as the husband of virginia analysis, Brabantio's daughter. For the first time, possibly, Othello becomes aware of the fact that he is not accepted on terms of full and exact equality in all particulars with the Venetians. It is likely, however, that Othello had feared this, and so took Desdemona in marriage without asking her father, evidently satisfied that as a black man he could not obtain Brabantio's consent.
When the matter is of the opera, brought before the Senate, Brabantio's objections to Othello all have to darden analysis do with his difference of race and phantom book report, color. He thinks it utterly unnatural for Desdemona to accept him willingly and knowingly. He cannot conceive how his daughter, a fair maid of Venice, could consent to marry a man of Othello's color and nationality, unless in some way out of her senses. So preposterous does it appear to virginia analysis him that he must suppose Othello has charmed her with drugs and magic. He cries out in his desperation: She is abus'd, stolen from me, and corrupted. By spells, and medicines, bought of mountebanks; For nature, so preposterously to err, (Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense) Sans witch-craft could not. (I. iii. 75-9.) He reiterates his belief that it is against all rules of nature, and speaks of Othello's supposed magic as practices of cunning hell.
Brabantio, at least, thinks the marriage of thesis statement for sign language, Moor and Venetian, of black and white, to be utterly preposterous and unnatural, and doubtless the other Senators shared this conviction. It seems likely that this was also the opinion of the dramatist, for there is abundant evidence that it was always so regarded on the Elizabethan stage. Only the development of the drama will show how far Shakespeare sympathizes with this opinion. Two deeds upon the part of Othello have now brought him into active collision with other persons, and the two are related to each other. Because of his obligations to Cassio in the matter of his love-making with Desdemona he has appointed him to an important position over virginia darden essay lago, thus making an enemy of essay, his faithful officer.
He has also stolen away Desdemona from her father, and secretly married her, making an enemy of Brabantio, who had been one of his greatest admirers among the darden analysis Senate. In both cases there is evidence of his callousness and dullness of mind. Up to this point Othello had been able to carry successfully his exalted responsibility in his adopted state, but in these matters he makes a complete break-down. Not even his superior military training could save him. He could perform well the statement for sign duties of military life, but now it begins to analysis be evident that he is not fitted for the higher and more exacting arts of peace, and especially of love, in a civilized state. Informative Generator! When Othello leaves the tented fields for the streets and virginia darden essay analysis, homes of a refined city he utterly goes to generator pieces, and whatever sense of honor he may have had speedily gives place to virginia darden a dangerous caprice. An unsuspected weakness, or deficiency, in his character is thus laid bare, upon which the whole tragedy will later be seen to turn. This deficiency, it is essay on business and ethics, now important to notice, the virginia darden essay analysis play implies is due to his racial character, and comes from the fact that he is language, a Moor. The half- civilized Othello is virginia essay analysis, but ill adapted for life in civilized and cultured Venice.
Some critics endeavor to make out that nothing whatever of the happenings of the play are in phantom opera book any way connected with the fact that Othello is virginia darden essay, a Moor. They allege he is nothing but a man, though he happens to be a black man. His color, they say, is an entirely indifferent matter in the play, and can be all but ignored in essay on scene busy the interpretation. On this assumption, however, the virginia darden essay many references to his color and race throughout the play cannot well be explained. This view takes for granted that the dramatist heaps up idle words having no significance, and refuses to believe that there was a meaning in all he wrote.
It is not necessary to hold, as Professor Bradley would have us believe, that the essay question to discuss dramatist must be credited with clear doctrines of Kulturgeschichte if we are to maintain that he made the problem of Othello at least in part a problem of race. Feelings of racial differences did not have to wait for the Germans of later times to write histories of culture. In Shakespeare's day the discovery of new lands and new peoples must have impressed all thoughtful Europeans with the conception of their own superiority in all the arts and darden analysis, character of civilized life. Generator! And the play makes Othello quite as conscious as any one else of his diversity of race, though it is to other causes that he assigns his want of grace and virginia essay, culture. When charged before the Senate with the abduction of Desdemona, Othello's defence consists of a frank and free admission that he had taken Brabantio's daughter, and an apologetic account of his whole course of love.
He pleads that he is little blest with the soft phrase of peace, for he has spent all his life in feats of broils, and battle. (I. iii. 104 ff.) In the course of his apology, his round unvarnished tale becomes eloquent with a barbaric sincerity and splendor that almost enlists the sympathy of the Senate. The story of the battle, sieges, fortune he had passed is almost as potent with the senators as it had been with Desdemona, who, he says, lov'd me for the dangers I had passed, And I lov'd her, that she did pity them. (I. iii. Statement! 190-1.) He further says he is ready to darden abide by the decision of Desdemona, and advises the senate to call her to speak for for sign herself. Analysis! He considers the marriage to on business and ethics be a matter for themselves alone, and implies that the lady has a right to choose her husband without her father's consent. There are numerous Shakespearean plays which seem to bear out the idea that the dramatist thought it to darden essay be the on business woman's right to choose her own husband, without meeting her father's wishes in the matter. But there are many differences, and these must be given consideration.
Shakespeare undoubtedly approves such choice when it means a larger and fuller life. Juliet disobeyed a tyrannical and hateful father to darden analysis find a larger life and a true spiritual union with Romeo. In the essay question to discuss same spirit Imogen refused the coarse and villainous Cloten, to virginia essay analysis join hands and hearts with the virtuous Posthumus. The lovely Jewess, Jessica, ran away from the miserly Shylock to marry the Christian, Lorenzo, and at the same time accepted the religion of her husband. In all these cases the statement for sign language maidens found their true life with the men of essay analysis, their own choice, and the dramatist gives his verdict in making their love happy and successful, and in bringing out of phantom, their marriage a larger good to all. There are in these and other instances, however, many differences from the case of Othello and Desdemona. It is not so much the wilful disrespect to her father that is the fault of Desdemona, though some critics make a great deal of this, but the fact that in marrying Othello she showed a wilful disregard of her own highest interests. Virginia Analysis! It can scarcely be maintained that the marriage of Othello and informative, Desdemona was a complete spiritual union, for there were too many diverse elements that at the time seemed incompatible and in the end proved entirely irreconcilable.
It is true, of course, that as in the case of Juliet the passion of love transformed Desdemona from a meek and darden analysis, blushing maiden into essay question to discuss, a strong and self-reliant woman. There need be no attempt to deny the reality of the love of these two, and its effect upon virginia darden essay analysis their development, but it was not strong enough or natural enough to overcome all its enemies, as a true and natural love like that of Romeo and Juliet can do. Under some conditions it is possible that their love might have outlived their lives and questions for joy morning, overcome its handicaps, yet it is to miss the art of this drama not to see that the dramatist is here showing its unnaturalness by darden essay, placing it in the conditions that test it to the uttermost and that reveal its weakness and bring it to phantom of the opera defeat. When Desdemona is brought into virginia analysis, court to speak for herself in the matter of the marriage, she declares that she freely and lovingly takes Othello for essay on business her husband, and intimates that she is willing to take all the consequences of that act. She affirms her love for the Moor, and her desire to virginia darden live with him, and requests to be permitted to accompany him to Cyprus. She says she understands fully what she is doing, recognizes Othello as a Moor, but that she accepts him as he is, or, as her words imply, she finds compensation for his color in the quality of his mind, in his honors, and in his courage: My heart's subdu'd. Even to essay morning the very quality of my lord;
I saw Othello's visage in his mind, And to his honors and his valiant parts. Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate. Seeing her determination and her willingness to abide by her decision, her father accepts what seems inevitable, but leaves them with the needless and cruel mark: Look to her (Moor) if thou hast eyes to see: She has deceiv'd her father, and may thee. (I. iii. 323-4.) These words let us see where Desdemona got her wilfulness, and relieve us of the necessity of virginia essay analysis, grieving much over the sorrows of her father in this most unfortunate marriage.
In some recent criticism there has been an on scene of a busy, attempt to glorify the purity and beauty of the love of Othello and Desdemona, and to place it among the most spiritual of the virginia analysis loves of Shakespeare. Professor Bradley speaks of Desdemona's choice of Othello as rising too far above our common level, and adds: There is perhaps a certain excuse for our failure to rise to on business Shakespeare's meaning, and to realize how extraordinary and splendid a thing it was in a gentle Venetian girl to love Othello, and to assail fortune with such a downright violence and storm as is expected only in a hero. But this is only another instance of that fanciful criticism that makes a new Shakespeare, and yet thinks it is darden essay, interpreting the old. If Goethe's suggestions for of the book the re-casting of Hamlet in order to express better the meaning have not helped but hindered the essay analysis understanding of Shakespeare's drama, we should learn the lesson of essay to discuss, letting the dramatist have his way. Some of the critics before Professor Bradley have more truly seen the character of the love of Othello and Desdemona. Professor Dowden has observed that In the virginia darden love of each there was a romantic element; and romance is not the highest form of the statement for sign language service which imagination renders to love. For romance disguises certain facts, or sees them, as it were, through a luminous mist. 1. Snider has noticed that the qualities in Othello that attract Desdemona are his bravery against external danger, that is, physical rather than mental or moral qualities, and that no feats of mind, or skill, or cunning are recorded.
2 Her love, indeed, seems to be a kind of romantic fascination, a love of the sensuous imagination, what Professor Herford properly calls a perilous ecstasy of the idealizing brain without secure root in the heart. Essay Analysis! 3 The last mentioned writer shows clear insight when he contrasts the love of Othello and Desdemona with that of Romeo and Juliet, which so completely possesses and essay for joy, occupies their simple souls, that they present no point of vantage for distintegrating forces. 4 Apparently it needs to be said over analysis again that no conflict arose between Romeo and Juliet, but that all their trouble was with a world arrayed against them. But, between Othello and Desdemona, on the other hand, a most distressing conflict arose that almost completely overshadowed the original conflict and ended only in the greatest catastrophe of the drama. Instead of opera, bearing a comparison, the loves of the two plays are in almost every way a contrast.
The marriage of Othello and Desdemona was a union of different races and colors that the sense of the world has never approved. The marriage of virginia analysis, black and white seems always to have been repulsive to an Elizabethan, and dramatists before Shakespeare had always presumed that to be the essay of a street case. Essay Analysis! Shakespeare no doubt shared this feeling, for informative generator in the two plays where no doubts on the matter are possible he follows the virginia darden essay analysis usual tradition. Assuming he had a part in writing the play, he has made Aaron, the Moor of Titus Andronicus , not only repulsive but a veritable brute and as cruel as Marlowe's Barabas. And in The Merchant of informative speech generator, Venice , about virginia darden essay analysis, whose authorship there can be no doubt, and which is earlier than Othello , he had previously portrayed a Moor as a suitor for essay the hand of darden, Portia, and presented him as unsuccessful. When the Prince of Morocco chooses the golden casket, only to find a carrion death awaiting him, Portia remarks: A gentle riddance: draw the curtains, go. Let all of his complexion choose me so. (II. vii. 80-1.) His color is recognized as a natural barrier that makes him a very unwelcome suitor. Even his royalty is phantom report, not to Portia a sufficient compensation.
Othello, too, feeling that some compensation must be offered, pleads before the senate his royal lineage, apparently wishing them to infer that with this outer advantage he becomes the equal of his wife. Desdemona likewise offers her plea and virginia essay, says she has found the necessary compensation in statement his mind and in his valiant parts. Darden Essay Analysis! But this does not appear to phantom book report any of the other persons of the analysis drama or to the dramatist as sufficient. Marriage makes a demand for absolute equality between the parties, and is likely to prove fatal in those cases where apologies and essay, excuses are necessary. It has not generally been observed that Shakespeare makes more of this racial difference than did Cinthio, the Italian original. To Cinthio it is almost entirely a matter of a difference of color, which in itself is external though not unimportant. But to Shakespeare, who always reads deeper than others, it is on the surface a matter of color, but at bottom a matter of virginia darden analysis, racial divergence that amounts to informative generator an incompatibility of character. FOOTNOTE 1 : Shakspere His Mind and Art , p. 232, 13th edition, 1906. FOOTNOTE 2 : Shakespeare Commentaries: Tragedies , p. 95, St. Virginia Essay Analysis! Louis, U. S. In The Morning! A., 1807.
FOOTNOTE 3 : Eversley Shakespeare , Vol. VIII., p. 290. Crawford, Alexander W. Hamlet, an ideal prince, and other essays in Shakesperean interpretation: Hamlet; Merchant of Venice; Othello; King Lear . Boston R.G. Badger, 1916. Shakespeare Online . 20 Aug.
2009. (date when you accessed the information) . _________. 1999-2010 Amanda Mabillard. Essay Analysis! All Rights Reserved.
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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on virginia darden the interviewer. Questions For Joy Morning. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized.
How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is virginia, for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from questions morning this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is darden, probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and phantom why it appears on our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to look like hundreds of darden essay, others, you’ll want to choose something else. And Garamond is and ethics, a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for virginia, around 500 years. Thesis For Sign. The modern version has the virginia benefit of essay, giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the virginia darden analysis font size or crowding your design by phantom of the report, tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and modern.
It’s used widely in virginia the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to on scene the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and virginia analysis Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of essay on scene of a busy, a suite of typefaces called the virginia analysis ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to question perform well on computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to virginia essay analysis its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at essay street, small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for darden essay, both online and phantom printed resumes.
Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our “Worst” list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. Virginia Darden. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the ideal length of essay on business and ethics, a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for virginia darden essay analysis, when you need to distribute your resume in speech both digital and hard copy form.
Originally designed for darden essay analysis, corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to informative speech generator look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and darden essay styles, though the “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to see at small sizes. It’s available for informative thesis, download (free for virginia darden analysis, both personal and thesis language commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is essay analysis, a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots).
This classy typeface can lend some style to on scene street your resume and seems to be particularly popular for darden essay analysis, industries like fashion and essay question photography. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for analysis, headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by of a, many designers and virginia essay analysis typographers to of the opera be the king of fonts. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from virginia darden essay major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs.
To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to thesis statement for sign purchase it. Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on virginia analysis any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to differentiate the various sections and essay on business and ethics features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and darden essay analysis “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read.
Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on the list? There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and speech thesis generator doesn’t display particularly well on virginia essay analysis screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in thesis statement language the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form.
Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is somewhat stylized and virginia darden essay atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the overused category, Arial is essay, Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to replicate the virginia darden essay look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years.
Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). Essay To Discuss. While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the appearance of your resume, when in essay doubt, it’s always a safe bet to thesis for sign stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of analysis, font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the statement for sign language look of comic book speech bubbles, and that’s about all it’s appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context.
And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on virginia darden a resume, according to essay this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Essay Analysis. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to use this on essay questions in the morning a resume, but people seem to darden essay analysis like it.
So if you’re tempted to give your resume an on business and ethics adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is most likely intended for use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where it’s almost impossible to read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into virginia analysis stone than typed on your resume. To Discuss. That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name.
The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out virginia darden essay, readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to essay on business 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and formatting. That’s why it’s a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in the comments below. Essay. Bring great design to your entire workplace. Essay. Janie is virginia, a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in essay art to explore design. and loved it.
Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of virginia darden essay analysis, graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . Essay Of A Street. 60 Free Serif Fonts to virginia Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. And Ethics. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for virginia, Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. On Scene Of A Street. 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015.
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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system. Implementation-Procedures, Issues, Challenges Failures. An Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is an integrated computer-based application used to manage internal and virginia darden analysis, external resources, including tangible assets, financial resources, materials, and statement for sign, human resources. Its purpose is to facilitate the flow of information between all business functions inside the boundaries of the organization and manage the connections to outside stakeholders. Built on virginia darden analysis, a centralized database and normally utilizing a common computing platform, ERP systems consolidate all business operations into a uniform and enterprise-wide system environment. An ERP system can either reside on a centralized server or be distributed across modular hardware and software units that provide services and essay questions, communicate on a local area network. Virginia Essay! The distributed design allows a business to assemble modules from different vendors without the need for the placement of multiple copies of complex and expensive computer systems in areas which will not use their full capacity. - Should be integrated and operate in real time with no periodic batch updates. - All applications should access one database to prevent redundant data and thesis statement language, multiple data definitions. - All modules should have the same look and virginia darden analysis, feel. - Users should be able to access any information in essay questions for joy the system without needing integration work on essay, the part of the IS department.
• Human Resources. • Product lifecycle management. • Customer Relationship Management (CRM) • Supply chain management software. • Warehouse Management System. • Decision Support System. Prior research has shown that conflict with consultants is in the, one of the analysis main managerial problems during the implementation period of informative speech thesis generator ERP system (Themistocleous et al., 2001).
Consultants can bring to the organisation specialised skills, experience, and know-how that the virginia darden essay organisation needs when it is both time-consuming and expensive for it to build internally (Gable, 2003). They can also offer a firm-wide view, encourage unity between members, and they are usually neutral (Davenport, 1998). ERP implementation is by no means a purely technical system implementation, and will include Business Process Reengineering (BPR). Consultants can perform the role of change facilitator and are involved in very important knowledge transfer. Of The Book Report! Consulting firms use techniques such as guided learning, formal training and knowledge creation activities to direct clients to the necessary knowledge required for a successful implementation. This guidance saves the virginia essay client considerable time and effort in knowledge search costs (Gable, 2003). Without a plan organization would be: - Vulnerable to phantom opera report unfolding events. - Buffeted by unforeseen factors. ERP is initially synonymous with budgeting. Essay! It implies cross functional planning, breaking through the silos that impede collaboration.
The objective of essay questions ERP is to bring the darden analysis information on one holistic view under a common platform. A present day ERP system takes care of the thesis for sign language following functional modules. - Modular design comprising many distinct business modules such as financial, manufacturing, accounting, distribution, etc. - Use centralized common database management system (DBMS) - The modules are integrated and darden essay analysis, provide seamless data flow among the modules, increasing operational transparency through standard interfaces. - Flexible and offer best business practices. - Require time-consuming tailoring and configuration setups for integrating with the company’s business functions. - Modules work in real tim e with online and batch processing capabilities. - Financial and business information is often generated automatically by ERP systems based on data previously entered, without further human instructions.
- ERP provides business intelligence tools like Decision Support Systems, Executive Information System, Reporting, Data Mining and Easy Warning Systems for questions for joy, enabling people to darden essay analysis make better decision and thus improve their business processes. Architecture of essay question to discuss ERP System. Businesses have a wide scope of applications and processes throughout their functional units, producing ERP software systems that are typically complex and usually impose significant changes on virginia darden essay analysis, staff work practices. Implementing ERP software is typically too complex for in-house developers, lacking the required skills, so it is informative speech, desirable and advisable to hire outside consultants who are professionally trained to implement these systems. This is essay, typically the most cost-effective way. There are three types of services that may be employed - Consulting, Customization, and Support. The length of time to implement an ERP system depends on the size of the business, the for joy morning number of modules, the extent of customization, the essay analysis scope of the change, and the willingness of the customer to take ownership for the project. Thesis Generator! ERP systems are modular, so they don't all need be implemented at once.
Implementation can be divided into various stages, or phase-ins. The typical project is about 14 months and requires around 150 consultants. A small project (e.g. a company of darden analysis less than 100 staff) can be planned and delivered within 3–9 months; however, a large, multi-site or multi-country implementation can take years. The length of the on scene of a busy street implementations is closely tied to the amount of customization desired. To implement ERP systems, companies often seek the help of an analysis ERP vendor or a third-party consulting company. Consulting firms typically provide three areas of essay questions for joy morning professional services: consulting, customization, and support. The client organization can also employ independent program management, business analysis, change management, and UAT specialists to ensure their business requirements remain a priority during implementation. Reasons for implementation of ERP. - To support business goals. • Integrated, on-line, secure, self-service processes for virginia analysis, business.
• Eliminate costly mainframe/fragmented technologies. - Improved Integration of essay on scene of a busy street Systems and Processes. - Enable Partners, Customers and Suppliers. Critical Success Factors for ERP Implementation. 1. Top Management Commitment : Management must be a part of ERP implementation and it has been clearly demonstrated that for IT projects to succeed top management support is virginia essay analysis, critical. However top management in any organization still views the installation of an ERP system as primarily a technological challenge and assigns its responsibility to the IT departments. This is seen as a dangerous act due to ERP’s profound business implications. “Only top management is equipped to phantom act as the virginia analysis mediator between the question to discuss imperatives of the technology and the imperatives of the business”. During ERP planning phase, companies also face a question as to virginia whether to essay of a street implement the ERP software “as is” and adopt the ERP systems built in procedure or customize the virginia essay analysis product to essay questions in the morning the specific needs of the virginia darden essay analysis company.
Research shows that even the phantom best application package can only darden essay meet 70% of the organizational needs and thesis statement for sign, thus organizations need to change their processes to darden essay confirm to the ERP package, customize the essay on business software to suit their needs not be concerned about meeting the balance 30%.Infact this need to reengineer the virginia darden essay organization’s business process has been cited as one of ERP’s major benefits. The following survey reinforces the research findings. 3. IT Infrastructure : Adequate hardware and networking infrastructure are required for ERP application. An ERP system relies in its operation on sophisticated information technology infrastructure. In addition to this infrastructure the on business and ethics software configuration has critical influence on the implementation process and outcomes. Five Levers of Change to be addressed. Various Stages, Inquiries and best practices of an ERP implementation cycle are explained below: Stage 1: Solution Inquiry.
Key questions that a business should ask are: - Are we ready for darden essay, ERP? - How will an of the opera ERP help our business? - Have we considered other solution areas beyond ERP? - Who will lead our implementation effort? - Identify what benefits the organization needs to get out of an ERP, and focus on these benefits throughout the implementation. - Executive management should endorse the ERP project.
- Develop a Mission Statement or Project Charter. - Establish metrics to measure how well the objectives of the ERP effort are being met. - Designate a Project Champion. - Implementation responsibilities to be shared between the IT department and functional areas. - Build a framework for virginia essay analysis, participation from question all quarters. Key questions that a business should ask are: - Do we have the in house resources, skills and experience to implement ERP? - Should we build effective strategic partnerships? - Have we considered how the implementation will differentiate our business? - Have we developed a business case for the ERP implementation project? - Determine the number of partners, the scope of the partnerships etc. - Set up the virginia darden essay analysis internal project team.
• Steering Committee (Executive level) • Advisory Committee (One level lower,-Key Directors major stakeholders) • Cross Functional Project Team. - Create the business case, justification ROI scenarios to on scene of a busy determine the most feasible. - Ensure that all gaps between plans performance are closed out. Key questions that a business should ask are: - Do the features and functions meet our needs? - Is the ERP package compatible with our business?
- Should we buy an integrated package from virginia analysis a single vendor or best-of-breed solutions from several vendors? - Develop and document a project scope statement. - Conduct a business process review identify signature business processes. - Document “as is” flows of current information. - Identify functional gaps. - Document sign off “to-be” flows of current information. - Customize the RFP to include features that meet your “to-be”flows. - Key factors should be kept in mind while selecting the software.
• Functional Capabilities. • Technical Attributes. • Partnership’s Capabilities. Stage 4: Implementation Plan. Key questions that a business should ask are: - How do we get started with the implementation. - Process Oriented Implementation. - Procure and install required hardware and package software. - Roll out essay with preliminary implementation plan that covers.
• A Phased Approach. • Segregation of virginia darden essay Duties Plan. • Quality Plan. • Security Plan. - Package training for implementation team.
- Project team members’ normal job responsibilities should be reassigned to other employees/outside consultants for the project duration. Stage 5: Sandbox. Key questions that a business should ask are: - What steps do we take to ensure that the implementation is on question to discuss, track? - Create a separate dedicated work environment specifically for the project team. - Build user acceptance test scripts. - Identify required custom reports.
- Implement a system of sign off’s hand off’s for deliverables and virginia darden essay, work products. - Ensure complete data migration from the old software system to the new begins early in the implementation process. - Constantly evaluate risks, constraints assumptions. - Develop training plan for all users. - Develop rollout plan. Stage 6: Design Deployment. Key questions that a business should ask are: - How do we ensure that the project team and the end users are in sync? - How do we ensure that our people are accepting change?
- Roll out on scene of a busy street training plan for all users in a phased manner. - Conduct user group conferences prototype sessions to demonstrate the system’s capabilities. - Solicit feedback from end users and ensure that all concerns questions are addressed. - Encourage end users to network with peers at other institutions undergoing similar implementation initiatives. - Ensure that implementation information is continuously communicated to the user community. - Pilot rollout / evaluation. - Complete live rollout - rollout support. Stage 7: ERP Integration. Key questions that a business should ask are: - How do we integrate the ERP with our other legacy systems? - Design interfaces (if required) to integrate existing applications (e.g.
CRM, HR) directly with the ERP system. - Ensure adequate documentation exists to support the integration between interfaces. Stage 8: IT Infrastructure. Key questions that a business should ask are: - Is our IT infrastructure ready for ERP? - Set up server infrastructure to build training, development and production instances that run concurrently. - Ensure that the infrastructure can handle the darden essay load of concurrent transactions from phantom book report all instances. - Ensure system security policy is in force. Stage 9: Operations. Key questions that a business should ask are: - How will we recover from a major outage? - Execute a onsite maintenance SLA with partners.
- Implement a Disaster Recovery Plan. - Review Business Impact Associated Risk. - Off-site backups providing disaster recovery training to virginia darden essay key Personnel. Stage 10: Extending the Enterprise. Consider expanding ERP to other solution areas like. - Supply Chain Management. - Customer Relationship Management. ERP Implementation performance falling short of expectations. A survey is carried among IT executive managers for their opinions about what causes projects to succeed, what causes projects to be challenged, and what causes impaired projects.
Below are the results of this survey (Standish Group,1995). 1. Informative Thesis! User Involvement 15.90% 2. Executive Management Support 13.90% 3. Clear Statement of Requirements 13.00% 4. Proper Planning 9.60%
5. Realistic Expectations 8.20% 6. Smaller Project Milestones 7.70% 7. Competent Staff 7.20% 8. Ownership 5.30% 9. Clear Vision Objectives 2.90% 10. Virginia! Hard-Working, Focused Staff 2.40% Human resources were not the essay of a street top factors that determined the project success.
Competent staffs ranked number seven and hard-working, focused staff ranked 10. Success is classified as the project is essay, completed on time and budget, with all the features and functions as initially specified. 1. Lack of essay User Input 12.80% 2. Virginia Darden Analysis! Incomplete Requirements Specifications 12.30% 3. Changing Requirements Specifications 11.80% 4. Lack of essay busy street Executive Support 7.50% 5. Technology Incompetence 7.00%
6. Virginia Darden Analysis! Lack of report Resources 6.40% 7. Unrealistic Expectations 5.90% 8. Unclear Objectives 5.30% 9. Unrealistic Time Frames 4.30% 10. New Technology 3.70% 1. Incomplete Requirements 13.10% 2. Lack of User Involvement 12.40%
3. Lack of essay analysis Resources 10.60% 4. On Scene Busy! Unrealistic Expectations 9.90% 5. Lack of virginia essay Executive Support 9.30% 6. Changing Requirements Specifications 8.70% 7. Lack of of the Planning 8.10% 8. Didn't Need It Any Longer 7.50% 9. Lack of IT Management 6.20% 10. Technology Illiteracy 4.30%
There seemed to be a direct relationship between project failure and darden essay analysis, the human factor contributions. The larger the failure, the more the human factor contributed to that failure. Morning! This is more evidence that most software development projects fail because of failures within the team running them. This study concluded that the success rate was only 16%, challenged projects accounted for 53%, and impaired for 31%. (Standish, 1998). Lack of resources seems to be a major contributor in why teams fail. Without the necessary staff, it is very difficult to analysis manage the project team effectively. With a large percentage of the projects being challenged or impaired (84%), the human factor should not and cannot be ignored by the IT industry as a problem that needs to be addressed. Essay On Scene Busy Street! Otherwise, the darden analysis current problems will continue to repeat themselves in this fast-growing industry. Projects in general fail for various reasons.
Several factors contribute to thesis language failed IT software development projects include: - lack of senior management commitment. - lack of user involvement. - lack of user requirements specifications. - poor project planning. - project team problems. - improper use of application development tools. - inappropriate allocation of team members. - lack of appropriate application development tools. - lack of or insufficient communication between team members.
- lack of or insufficient communication with users. - lack of use of structured method (i.e. Virginia Analysis! System Development Life Cycle method) - shortage of team members. - uncommitted team members. - unskilled team members. Critical Failure Factors for ERP Implementation. 1. ERP system misfit. 2. High turnover rate of project team members. 3. Over-reliance on heavy customization.
4. Phantom Of The Opera Book Report! Poor consultant effectiveness. 5. Poor IT infrastructure. 6. Virginia! Poor knowledge transfer. 7. Poor project management effectiveness. 8. Thesis For Sign! Poor quality of essay Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) 9. Poor quality of testing.
10. Informative Thesis! Poor top management support. 11. Essay! Too tight project schedule. 12. Unclear concept of the nature and use of of a busy street ERP system from the darden users’ perspective. 13. Questions! Unrealistic expectations from virginia top management concerning the ERP System. 14. Users’ resistance to change.
Relationships between most important software failures. ERP Implementation at Hewlett Packard – Challenges and essay on scene busy street, Failures. HP is virginia essay, started in 1938 by 2 Stanford Engineers BILL HEWLETT and DAVID PACKARD as an electronic instrument company. Its first product is the resistance-capacity audio oscillator which gained heavy acceptance by the engineers and scientists. HP’s growth was aided by heavy purchases by the US government during the WWII. 1950- HP developed strong technological capabilities in the electronic business. 1951- HP invented the high speed frequency counter. 1957- HP came out statement with the virginia essay analysis 1st public issue. 1961- HP ventured into the medical equipment industry by phantom of the book acquiring Sanborn Company.
1966- Established HP Laboratories and also designed its first computer. 1974- Launched 1stminicomputer on 4K DRAM. 1977- John Young was named President, a turn from the founder to virginia essay analysis a new generation of professional managers. 1980- HP offered full range of for joy computers from Desktop to powerful minicomputers. 1980- Developed Inkjet Laser printers. 1981- Introduced the 1st Personal Computer. 1982- Introduced Electronic Mail System. 1982- Introduced HP9000 with a 32-bit super chip. 1989- Purchased Apollo Computers and became the leader in Workstations. 1997- Acquired Electronic Transaction Co.
VERIFONE for virginia darden analysis, $1.2bn. 1997- Growth fell to essay of a busy street below 20% HP responded by virginia reorganizing its printer other operations. 1999- Spun off its test--measurement division into on scene of a busy an $8bn separate business. 2001- Second largest computer manufacturer. HP's operations are organized into seven business segments: - Enterprise Storage and Servers (ESS), - HP Enterprise Services (HPES), - HP Software Solutions, - Personal Systems Group (PSG), - Imaging and Printing Group (IPG), - HP Financial Services (HPFS), and. The three business segments ESS, HPS and HP Software Solutions are structured beneath the broader Enterprise Business (EB) Group in order to capitalize on up-selling and cross-selling opportunities, and give a solution sale approach across the HP enterprise offerings. HP was ranked 11th as per virginia darden the Fortune 500 ranking in 2004. HP had close partnership with SAP since 1989 when SAP began developing SAP R/3 product.
Offering consulting services for implementation of SAP’s “supply chain” ERP software. First SAP R/3 was deployed on an HP 9000 Enterprise server in busy street 1992 at Wuerth .More than 50% of SAP’s customers used HP’s infrastructure to run ERP software taking consultancy from HP for faster and accurate implementation. HP announced that its revenues have gone down by 5% to $3.4bn for the 3rd quarter ended July 2004. The reason proposed was due to virginia darden the problem faced during the migration to the centralized ERP system. The total financial impact due to the failure was $160mn. Questions were raised on failure of HP implementing ERP, as it was a consultant for SAP ERP implementation. HP’s responsibility as a consultant was to prevent the execution problems faced by the implementing Co. on which it itself failed. While conducting an internal serve, HP revealed that there has been execution problem and not the fault of SAP. Technical glitches were small but contingencies planning weren’t addressed appropriately. HP had a highly decentralized org. structure every business operated independently.
HP redesigned its business strategy to venture into high volume low priced electronic market. Therefore HP planned to phase out its numerous legacy systems and replace it with SAP R/3. Objectives of implementing SAP R/3 are: 1) Shorter lead delivery time. 3) Global Distribution System. Implementation of MySAP. By 2000, HP was keen in making the web-based activities simpler to capture the direct to customer market and had over 20 SAP R/3 implementations representing FI, PP, MM, SD, CO, BW, WM APO.
HP used different version of SAP had multiple SAP GUIs with around 10,000 users. Statement For Sign Language! As HP was using SAP R/3, it considered using My SAP for its Internet Enabled Technology Businesses to be a better fit. Benefits of My SAP: - Reduce huge cost incurred on IT support. - All programs will run on single browser. - Eliminate need to create custom SAP interface. - Greater speed in implementation. - It had the darden essay option of query which would make it easier to use. SAP’s APO SCM software were first implemented in Europe imaging printing division. It helped to forecast enabled integration of on business data in a single system. It was introduced in virginia essay just 5 months’ time.
After its merger with Compaq in May 2002, it started repairing the SC of all businesses to create 5 standard SC supported by essay for joy morning standard technology platform. It introduced the “ADAPTIVE SUPPLY CHAIN”. It also implemented PLM (Product Life cycle Management) module to essay analysis integrate the product lines of the 2 merged Companies. ERP Migration Failure. In Dec 2003 Gilles Bouchard, the CIO EVP created a model to merge the essay on scene of a street Business and IT group at regional country level. This operation along with the ISS was completed by on May 2004 that led to increased interdependencies between groups in the company. This was 35th Migration and virginia darden essay, was a part of the Business Process Architecture. HP wanted to speech generator reduce the 35 ERP systems implemented worldwide to virginia darden analysis four along with reduction in application from 3500 to 1500. HP wanted to implement a single Order Management System successfully reduced the no. to 7 but still wanted further efficiency flexibility with the implementation of statement for sign language SAP FOM platform. With the FOM, HP wanted to unite the SAP of Compaq with itself. Virginia Essay Analysis! It involved migration from separate HP Compaq legacy SAP R/3 to a new Broad-Based SAP ERP system this involved more than 70 supply chain up gradation to SAP R/3 Version-4.6C.
HP took over an empty factory at Omaha to frame the contingency plan to include both the technical and business aspects so as to provide buffer stock for customized order. But as soon as the project went live in June 204, Migration problems began surfacing. About 20% of the orders failed to move from the legacy system to the new one due to programming errors. HP was able to fix this within a month but orders began to backlog. Causes Identified for Failure. The following are the causes of the migration failure: 1. Project Team Constitution. 2. Data Integration Problem.
3. Demand Forecasting Problems. 4. Poor Planning Improper Testing. 5. Inadequate Implementation Support/Training. HP had traditionally been a very systematic, risk averse slow as compared to Compaq’s culture of essay street being very aggressive risk loving. Virginia Darden! HP once again failed in on scene busy 2005 while implementing “GENESIS” while competing “DELL”. Essay! There was an expert group who had the essay in the entire know-how to implement ERP but it was dominated by the IT management. Learning from ERP Implementation Failure at HP. - Implementation failure can impact overall business performance. - There is no standard approach to implement ERP, many times it involves a business change in virginia many departments. Therefore a detailed mapping is informative speech thesis, essential otherwise it might miss out the objectives.
- The success of implementation depends upon darden essay the planning, which considers the business process along with the technical aspects. - To implement ERP, the business processes must be improved corrected but HP failed in this. - “The potential benefits to the supply chain are much bigger than the IT costs but the potential risk to the supply chain is essay question to discuss, also much bigger”. - The success of ERP implementation depends upon darden essay the ability to align IT along with the business management objectives, Program Management Skills and a well defined process. - Impossible for HP to envision the entire configuration for Customized orders. - There should be a manual back-up as a contingency plan. - There should be no cross-functional barriers and thesis generator, should create effective processes and virginia darden, teams to integrate the entire business at all levels. 1. Gable, g. “Large Package Software: A Neglected Technology?”, Journal of Global Information Management, Vol 6,No.3,Summer 1998. 2. Barnes, M. “Customization of ERP Apps Requires Development Skills”, Information Weel, February, 1999. 3. Oliver, D. and Romm, C.” enterprise Resource planning systems: An outline Model of essay for joy morning Adoption”; I proceeding of GITM World Conference, Memphis, TN USA, 11-13 June 2000.
4. Bingi, P.; Sharma, M.K; and Godla, J.K” Critical issues affecting an ERP Implementation”, Information systems Management, summer 1999. 5. Davenport, T. “Putting the enterprise into the enterprise system”, Harvard Business review, Vol.76, no.4, July-August 1998. 6. Gupta, A.” Enterprise resource planning: The emerging organizational value systems”, Industrial management data systems, vol.100,Issue.3, 2000. 7. . A Guide to virginia essay analysis the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Upper Darby: Project Management Institute. 8. Essay! McConnell, Steve (1998). Software Project Survival Guide. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Press.
9. McConnell, Steve (September 1996). Virginia Darden Essay Analysis! Classic Mistakes. Essay And Ethics! [On-Line]. Available: http://www.construx.com/stevemcc. 10. The Standish Group. (1998). Darden! Chaos. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.standishgroup.com/chaos.html. 11.
Yourdon, Ed and Becker, Paul (April 1997). Report! Death March: The Complete Software Developer’s Guide to Surviving ‘Mission Impossible’ Projects. Prentice Hall Computer Books.