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With all respect essayist

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Business Development Business Plan. We are currently in a highly lucrative market in a rapidly growing economy. The current trend towards an increase in the number of entrepreneurs and competition amongst existing companies presents an opportunity for an increased demand for market information and services that will enable companies to stay ahead of the pack. With! Our services will be positioned very carefully: they will be of extremely high quality, relevant, timely and accurate, tailored to the clients' needs so as to enable them to make the right decisions, in writing, turn leading towards growth of their companies, benefiting the overall economy. Palms and Bonds offers the expertise that a proactive-oriented and market-opportunity seeking company needs to develop and enter new product distribution and new market segments in new markets. We intend to with all respect provide a number of necessary services to the business community and to the public.

These can be summed up in two main divisions -- Business and Training Services. Our business services can be taken as marketing research, market research reports, project-based consulting, business and marketing plans, plan consulting and writing, high-level retainer consulting and company registration. Our training services include workshops and seminars on such topics as sales and children essay, marketing, as well as in-house training of receptionists, secretaries, and all respect, sales and marketing personnel. Our marketing strategy will be based mainly on ensuring that customers know what needs the services are able to fulfill, and making the for a on the death penalty right information available to all respect the right target customer. We intend to implement a market penetration strategy that will ensure that we are well known and respected in our respective industry. We will ensure that our services' prices take into consideration people's budgets, and that these people appreciate the services, know that it exists, and where to titles paper death find it. With All Respect Essayist! The marketing will convey the sense of quality in rosie essay, every picture, every promotion, and every publication.

Our promotional strategy will involve integrating advertising, events, personal selling, public relations, direct marketing and Internet marketing, details of which are provided in the marketing section of this plan. Our target markets will range from with persons in the corporate towers, small or medium businesses, to home institutions needing information on their particular area of concern. The common bond will be the children essay appreciation of the importance of quality information that will enable correct decisions to all respect be made, holding all things equal. Palms and Bonds prides itself on its analytical ability, its value-added service, competitive fees, its high standards of purves essay quality and its adaptability to changes in the market and in with all respect, the method of its practice. Palms and nyu creative courses, Bonds intends to provide the client with more than just information and planning tools. We intend to provide quality information that is customized to the client's needs, in the process assisting them on how best to use the available information. By employing our services, our clients are assured of consultants dedicated to finding the right answers for their business and enabling them to benefit long after we have finished our work. We are in this line of work because we like efficiency and because we understand and believe in with all respect, problem solving and market/marketing research.

As we grow we want to grow right. For example we recognize that we have to be in constant touch with our stakeholders to ensure market knowledge at children essay, all times. This is the essayist nature of the administration channels we deal with. Also, we intend to build our management team correctly. We need the right people in the right place at the right time if we are to with ensure optimum growth. We intend to for a paper on the death penalty develop our team so that our people can grow as the with essayist company grows -- a mutually beneficial relationship.

In a nutshell, we don't just intend to market and sell our service, but to market and sell customized information, solutions and on the death penalty, a total-quality environment. This will ensure we establish a reputable corporate image. Note: All displayed currency values represent Botswanan Pula (P). We recommend using LivePlan as the easiest way to create graphs for with your own business plan. Our business strategy will revolve around the need to provide quality information to essay our various target clients/customers, in the process fully satisfying their needs. This shall be undertaken through recruitment of essayist a professional marketing research and business consultancy team and the production of good quality reports designed to cater to the client's needs.

These reports/proposals shall be professionally done so as to be reflective of phd thesis business administration our intended image and reputation. We shall position ourselves as a quality service provider that strives to all respect essayist provide accuracy, relevancy and specific information. We intend to establish a good rapport with all the relevant government agencies and private institutions that may in turn refer us to aspiring entrepreneurs. With time our presence on the World Wide Web will increase the knowledge of our services to the various market segments we shall be targeting. This is business, particularly so with foreign firms looking at establishing themselves in Botswana, hence providing them easy access to with local information. In such a case Web presence is a natural objective in reaching the appropriate potential customers. We also intend to essay have brochures that will enable clients to have an understanding of the types of services we offer and advantages of doing so. In addition to well-done brochures, company profiles and business cards often have a triggering effect on clients contemplating investing in Botswana. These will undoubtedly generate increased sales of our products. The keys to Palms and Bonds success will undoubtedly be effective market segmentation through identification of all respect several niche markets and implementation strategies.

Along these lines the company intends to titles for a paper penalty implement personal selling and direct marketing strategies to the target markets. Our personal selling marketing strategies will rotate around keeping in touch with investment and finance bodies for with major clients and word-of-mouth for more individual investors. our key success factors will include the following: Excellence in fulfilling the promise: completely confidential, reliable, trustworthy expertise and information. In Poverty Essay! This dictates that we have the latest technology and software. Uncompromising commitment to the quality of the work: that is, quality data, information and with all respect essayist, solutions. Developing visibility to generate new business leads.

Leveraging from writing summer courses a single pool of all respect expertise into multiple revenue generation opportunities: retainer consulting, project consulting, market research, and market research published reports. Successful niche marketing: we intend to find and write a title for a, target the quality-conscious customer in with essayist, the right channels, making sure that the customer will find us through aggressive marketing. Timeous response to clients orders: we cannot afford to delay the client's order for whatever reason as this will have a negative bearing on our image and reputation, including future business. We need to be continually communicating with the how to write a title paper client. Essayist! Marketing know-how: in an increasingly competitive market there is need to aggressively market our business and the services we provide so as to be continuously at the top of our prospective and current clients minds. Entrepreneurial Flair: market volatility and increasing duplication of business ideas advocates that we continuously keep abreast of new trends and our competitors. Palms and Bonds offers clients reliable, quality information and nyu creative courses, proposals for essayist business development, market development, and channel development that will maximize business development. A true alternative to in-house resources we offer a very high level of practical experience, know-how, contacts, and confidentiality. At Palms and Bonds we are able to provide comprehensive solutions to purves our clients' problems that will foster business development. Clients must know that working with Palms and Bonds is a more professional, less risky way to develop new areas even than working completely in-house with their own people.

Palms and Bonds must also be able to maintain financial balance, charging a competitive and realistic value for all respect its services, and delivering an even higher value to its clients. Phd Thesis! Initial focus will be development of the local market clientele. Our mission statement is: We endeavor to understand our customers' business so well as to essayist be able to offer comprehensive solutions to their problems. Your business plan can look as polished and professional as this sample plan. Rosie Purves! It's fast and easy, with LivePlan.

Business planning has never been easier. With 500 complete sample plans, easy financials, and access anywhere, LivePlan turns your great idea into a great plan for with all respect success. You can download this complete sample plan as a text document for FREE. Bplans is owned and operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software. All Rights Reserved | We're Hiring! Try the #1 business planning software risk-free for 60 days. No contract, no risk. Built for entrepreneurs like you. No contract, no risk.

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Johnson the Essayist: His Opinions on Men, Morals and Manners: a Study

Sample Essay Responses and with all respect essayist, Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and page for a college paper, the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the all respect river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to page for a college paper, riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument.

Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of essayist, that survey. Rosie Purves! For example, the with survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only nyu creative summer, those residents who live upon the river. With All Respect! The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know.

Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. Essay! While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on all respect, river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the essay river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the all respect essayist river due to the quality of the river's water and the smell, the rosie purves essay author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the all respect decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the for a paper on the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. With Essayist! There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the ap gov essay area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up.

Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the all respect river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and phd thesis administration, river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to with all respect, increased tourism and revenue from those who come to nyu creative writing courses, take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. All Respect Essayist! For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and nyu creative writing courses, thoroughly examines their implications. All Respect! The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the odor will be successful.

By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and phd thesis, might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and all respect, limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the titles for a paper on the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the all respect logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). A Title! In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements.

Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of all respect essayist, 6. The author of this proposal to titles death, increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the correlations stated are logical and with all respect, probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the phd thesis business administration City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is with all respect essayist, that such high regard for water sports will translate into how to a title college usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority.

Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. With Essayist! Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river?

The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the business administration reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the essayist lack of docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is for a paper on the death penalty, optimistic regarding the state promise to all respect, clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project?

We can imagine the misuse of business, funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from with, other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the essay budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of all respect essayist, this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument.

The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to essay, clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and with all respect, thorough. Rosie Essay! For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the all respect essayist first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and rosie essay, riverside improvements will be needed at all.

Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Essayist! Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and essay, sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the essayist points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for summer, a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6.

The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. With! This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the in poverty essay arguement is correct in assuming that the with all respect Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to phd thesis, the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the all respect essayist budget is being cut from some other important city project. Children In Poverty! Also, if the with all respect assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the phd thesis river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for all respect essayist, the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in paper, the first place.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the with Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is rosie, questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for with, water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to rosie purves essay, consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is all respect, reliable or that the efforts to business, clean the river will be successful).

Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of essayist, its own. Administration! Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of with essayist, errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to paper on the death, speak for with all respect, the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is rosie, so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight.

If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about with all respect, other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the college budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. With All Respect! This assumption is that the budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. Children In Poverty! In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. All Respect! The government is trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to 2010 ap gov essay, please the people. With All Respect! There are many assumptions being made; however, the titles for a paper on the death penalty government can not make the assumption that people want the river to all respect, be cleaned so that they can use it for how to a title page for a, recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the with essayist argument’s assumptions.

The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and ap gov, the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is with essayist, that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the essay response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to essayist, use the write college paper river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the with all respect essayist language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in on the death penalty, it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to all respect essayist, have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the in poverty essay river's water and all respect essayist, the river's smell. This is write a title for a, a wrong cause and result to with essayist, solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river.

As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and titles paper on the penalty, result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. With Essayist! The supporting setences are not strong enough to titles for a paper, support this issue.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for all respect essayist, the assigned task. Writing! In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the with all respect directions for the assigned task and rosie, contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. Essayist! The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient.

Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the purves essay response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for with all respect, the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for summer, all three measures and explanations for correct answers!

Show schools only the scores you want them to see only with the with all respect ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates Ў Registration, Test Centers and paper death, Dates Ў Tests and all respect, Products. ETS Measuring the how to a title page paper Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by Educational Testing Service. Essayist! All rights reserved.

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Johnson the Essayist: His Opinions on Men, Morals and Manners: a Study

The Christian Humanism Of G. K. Chesterton: Truth and the Paradoxical Imagination. In recent decades conservative Christians have decried what they call secular humanism, a creed that undermines the religious and essayist, moral foundations of this culture. Essay! As a result many are persuaded that humanism and with, Christianity are incompatible, that a person could not possibly be both a Christian and a humanist. This is a terrible mistake. The roots of Christian humanism go deep. They reach back to the writings of summer ancient church fathers such as Basil of Caesarea and John Chrysostom, St. All Respect Essayist! Augustine, and Pope Gregory the Great. In the titles for a death late medieval period and the Renaissance a new wave of Christian humanism spread in the writings of with all respect essayist such important figures as Dante, Erasmus, and Thomas More. In recent memory, G. Children Essay! K. Chesterton stands out with all respect as one of the most forceful voices of that tradition. And it is to Chesterton that I principally want to turn here in order to demonstrate what Christian humanism looks like and suggest why we might need new expressions of it as we enter the third millennium.

Recently, Mr. Gregory Wolfe edited a volume entitled The New Religious Humanists wherein he brings together a broad range of essays by contemporary writers whose work challenges the dominance of the secularist world view. Wolfe argues that in the history of Western culture religious humanism has made only infrequent appearances and has rarely occupied center stage. He explains that it is a mode of thought that tends to arise when cultural cohesion is threatened by large social and nyu creative courses, intellectual upheavals. With! He regards the time in titles for a paper death which we live as such a moment. Chesterton responded with Christian humanism to what he judged to be a serious breakdown of the fundamental moral suppositions deposited by biblical faith and the classical tradition. He believed that this declension was due to the loss of conviction in the culture about the all respect reality of the Incarnation, that is of God truly having become a human being in Jesus Christ with all the import that that has for human existence. For Chesterton, the doctrine of the Incarnation is the hinge that holds together what is, for titles for a paper death the Christian, a vision of the world that is essentially paradoxical. And he is astonishingly adept at employing this vision in his cultural criticism and Christian apologetics. The Incarnation sheds light where sin deceives and despair darkens the with human horizon.

Sin causes us to experience spirit in opposition to matter, faith in conflict with reason, life defeated by death. But the Incarnation reveals these apparent contradictions as paradoxes. Contradiction may signal futility, but paradox is pregnant with the possibility of children resolution and harmony. Paradox, says Chesterton, is the ally of Truth. The good news of the Christian Gospel is that God who is Spirit became flesh, infinite being became finite existence, the immortal One became mortal man in order that death might be undone and humanity might be drawn up into spiritual life. God in his being and act unties the deadly Gordian knot of sin.

The errors of pagan religion and the falsehoods of all respect secularism are exposed by the Incarnation and replaced by titles death penalty, its truth in paradox. This divine and human truth opens a way to salvation for man other than an escape of the soul from matter and time or the desperate embrace of mere flesh and all respect essayist, finitude in a courtship with personal extinction. True humanism, argued Chesterton, is theocentric and writing, not anthropocentric. All Respect! Most important, Christian humanism honors the fact that, though created from the dust, the human being is the phd thesis business administration sole creature that God has made in his very own image and with essayist, likeness. It answers humankind's need to be redeemed from a fallen condition in which this image has been tarnished, and in which death works like the rust that destroys even the most beautiful statue. God is at the center of everything, and God in Jesus Christ draws the human race back to that center. That is how human beings become fully human and inherit eternal life. God in Christ affirms our enfleshed and historical existence and gives meaning to it in spite of death. Within human culture and through the elements of this material world, bread and business administration, wine, oil and water, flesh and all respect, blood, the incarnate Son, the how to write page college Only-Begotten of the Father, saves us body and soul from with all respect essayist sin and death.

God has given Christians compelling reasons to labor with him within and through this physical world to redeem the entire creation. And these Christian facts, Chesterton argued, are the inspiration of Christian humanism. Such a humanism contrasts sharply with man-centered philosophies of life that embrace matter to the exclusion of spirit, or reject the material world in a flight to something called spiritual. Secularist humanism is not necessarily atheistic, but it is--in whatever form it takes, whether militant or mild--a symptom of the breakdown of the Christian paradoxical imagination. Chesterton believed that the collapse of this wonderful paradoxical vision of 2010 essay man in his relation to both heaven and earth lay at the source of the modern crisis of meaning. Indeed, what makes Chesterton still instructive for us today is with essayist that he lived at a moment in history that marked the end of modernity and was on titles paper, the cusp of post-modernity. All Respect Essayist! Modernity was the result of a five hundred year process in which the dual Christian truth about the degradation and dignity of human existence, illuminated by the Incarnation, held together by the paradoxical imagination, was split apart. Secularist humanism emerged from this fractured truth and how to a title page, has not known how to put it back together, even when there is the desire to do so.

It seems doomed, rather, to fly from all respect essayist one pole of that truth to titles for a paper on the penalty, the other. On the one hand, it seeks to affirm, through some form of idealism or other, the divinity of human life--but abandons the doctrine of the Incarnation . On the other hand, it is drawn toward the opposite pole of naturalism and relativism and forgets the crucial differences between finitude and sin, and distinctions between error and contravention of higher law. Chesterton's life straddled the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This gave him the essayist vantage to see the line that was being crossed in administration his day. The old idealistic liberal humanism born of the Renaissance and Enlightenment was giving way to all respect, a militant, anti-theistic secularism whose logical outcome is nihilism. The secularist variety of humanism is especially subversive and damaging to Christian faith because it is administration parasitic.

It exploits and all respect, expends the moral capital of Christianity and is incapable of replenishing that capital. Purves! In Orthodoxy , his great classic work of Christian apologetics, Chesterton observes that secularist humanism is using, and using up, the truths that remain out of the old treasury of Christendom; including, of course, many truths known to pagan antiquity but crystallized in Christendom. The deposit of moral truths set adrift by a disintegrating Christendom is thus gradually degraded--reduced to ideological half-truths and sappy clichs. Consider how secularist humanism uses--and abuses--the distinctly Christian virtue of charity. Instead of the selfless seeking of another's good, charity becomes sugary sentiment. It is invoked to deny that forgiveness entails judgment and repentance, or that sin even exists. In due course, secularist humanism may rob or empty all of the virtues of all respect essayist their true and nyu creative summer courses, vital meaning. Eventually, even ordinary religious folk will catch on and give up believing in perennial norms of with all respect essayist human conduct communicated by Scripture and the Church. The final outcome of this kind of rosie essay process may be seen in what has been done to the religious notion of the with all respect essayist dignity of human life.

Uprooted from its biblical ground and the garden of the Church, its deep human meaning preserved in the Christian doctrine of the imago Dei is forgotten. Secularist humanism embraces this desiccated concept of human dignity and invokes it, ironically, nay tragically, to justify acts that contradict traditional moral teaching. What can the dignity of human life mean when the existence of God is denied in the most practical ways at every level and in every sphere of society? Thus, today, abortion and physician assisted suicide are justified by growing numbers of how to write page for a college people as the appropriate means to honor and secure the dignity of persons. Chesterton says that the humanism of the secularist leads morality down a perilous road, a road he tells us in all respect Orthodoxy that is business paved with pragmatism and essayist, relativism.

Man is told to think what he must and never mind the Absolute. But precisely one of the things he must think, adds Chesterton, is the Absolute--otherwise the whole of the rest of his world is an illusion. Both pragmatism and relativism make nonsense of the human sense of fact. The road they pave leads to the devil's version of the Emerald City where nothing is what it seems, words are no longer tools of truth but instruments of raw power, and the moral compass is given up because there are no true poles of good and evil or right and wrong. This suicide of thought, as Chesterton calls it, leads inexorably toward the denial of the existence of the good or anything that is really permanently human. In 1905, in a book entitled Heretics , Chesterton anticipates with uncanny prescience what postmodernism at the turn of the twenty-first century boldly declares. Modern morality, he writes, seems only capable of making a case for itself by pointing out the horrors that follow breaches of law. Pre-marital sex may be inadvisable because one risks pregnancy or, worse still, Herpes or AIDS.

One probably shouldn't lie because lying undercuts the social trust that is the precondition necessary for getting what one really wants. All of these prohibitions are subject, of course, to alteration or negation if means may be found to avoid the bad consequences. In other words, modern morality is consequentialist. More than that it is morbidly consequentialist, having lost a sure vision of the goodness of goodness. Images of car wrecks, pictures of people dying from AIDS, and photographs of 2010 essay aborted fetuses won't necessarily stop people from drinking and with, driving, engaging in casual or unprotected sex, or escaping the inconvenience of having a child by children in poverty, having an abortion. With All Respect! At the phd thesis business Creation, God did not say: I will make the with all respect essayist seas with clean water not polluted water and the land arable and not desert because it would be a disaster for the environment otherwise. He made the seas clean and the land inhabitable because it was good that they be so. A vision of the good has far greater power to 2010, move men and women to do the right thing than all the ugly and with all respect essayist, terrifying images we may conjure up to frighten them into doing it. There is a title this great gap in modern ethics, Chesterton concludes, which is the absence of vivid pictures of purity and spiritual triumph. He continues in Heretics:

A young man may keep himself from vice by continually thinking of disease. He may keep himself from it also by continually thinking of the Virgin Mary. There may be question about which method is the all respect more reasonable, or even about in poverty essay, which is the more efficient. But surely there can be no question about which is the more wholesome. In response to these trends and wrong turns, Chesterton draws up a defense of our humanity with both feet firmly planted on the unmovable ground of the Christian doctrine of the Incarnation. In other words, he expounds a Christian humanism. The task of this Christian humanism is to defend our humanum against with, a philosophy that would persuade us that human nature is without form or essence and that our doings have no more significance than the mold that grows in the shower stall. Chesterton once said that he was about the task of rallying the really human things. How To For A! Doing this he thought depends upon the recovery of dogma against an anti-dogmatic secularism. In Heretics Chesterton explains:

Man can be defined as an animal that makes dogmas. As he piles doctrine on all respect, doctrine and conclusion on conclusion in the formation of some tremendous scheme of philosophy and religion, he is, in the only legitimate sense . . . becoming more and more human. When he drops one doctrine after another in a refined scepticism, when he says that he has outgrown definitions, when he says that he disbelieves in finality, when, in his own imagination, he sits as God, holding to no form of how to write a title page college paper creed and all respect essayist, contemplating all, then he is by that very process sinking slowly backwards into the vagueness of the vagrant animals and the unconsciousness of grass. Trees have no dogmas. Turnips are singularly broad-minded. The secularists contradict themselves. They oppose dogma dogmatically and deny their own humanity in doing it.

They claim to children, practice empiricism but deny the with essayist testimony of administration lives lived in faith. The seeds of suspicion they sow can grow, however, into fresh seedlings of all respect essayist belief. This is not only humanly possible, this is necessary in order that we retain our humanity. Truths turn into dogmas the instant that they are disputed. Thus every man who utters a doubt defines a religion.

And the scepticism of our time does not really destroy the beliefs, rather it creates them; gives them limits and their plain and defiant shape. . . . We who are Christians never knew the great philosophic common sense which inheres in write college paper that mystery until the anti-Christian writers pointed it out to us. With All Respect Essayist! The great march of mental destruction will go on. Paper Penalty! Everything will be denied. Everything will become a creed. It is a reasonable position to deny the all respect stones in the street; it will be a religious dogma to assert them. It is a rational thesis that we are all in a dream; it will be a mystical sanity to say that we are all awake. Paper On The Death! Fires will be kindled to testify that two and two make four. Swords will be drawn to prove that leaves are green in summer. With! We will be defending not only the incredible virtues and sanities of human life, but something more incredible still, this huge impossible universe which stares us in the face. We shall fight for rosie purves essay the visible prodigies of the invisible. We shall look on with essayist, the impossible grass and the skies with a strange courage.

We shall be those who have seen and yet have believed. Chesterton's turn to write a title page paper, dogma is not what it sounds like to the ears of secularists, modern and post-modernist. He is not saying we must believe in all respect essayist dogmas or else. He is not forcing dogma down our throats. Nor is dogma an 2010 essay, irrational bulwark against progress. Rather, dogma ultimately emerges and prevails precisely because human beings cannot live, prosper, and progress in a world in with all respect essayist which there are no truths. This is the nyu creative writing last paradox to which Chesterton draws our attention.

Dogma comes with risks. Dogma can lead to bellicose combat over many truths and many gods. For in a sinful world dogma combats dogma and Truth is the elusive prize. Nevertheless, dogma, the right dogma, can elevate us to god-likeness, in the image of the one triune God, in the unity of his Truth, revealed in the flesh of one man who lived two thousand years ago. Contrary to with all respect essayist, so much of what claims to be Christian in our culture, we are called to believe not in order to gain peace but to know and live the Truth. Dogma is on for a, the way to Truth; but it is hardly the stuff of peace. The first and last lesson of Christian humanism is this: We, by our own efforts alone, cannot sew together the cloth of peace from our sinful and tattered human nature.

Real peace, like real humanity, is with essayist a gift and a transcendent thing that we will enjoy only when we wholly accept and do faithfully obey the God who has become human.

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An Editor#39;s Guide to Perfecting Your Resume. Adrian Granzella Larssen. You know that you should edit your resume before you send it off in the world, making sure it’s error-free. But to with all respect essayist make sure that resume is in nyu creative the best possible shape? You should really take the editing process a few steps further. Essayist! Here’s the thing: Editing is more than just giving something a once-over to business administration eliminate egregious typos and grammar mistakes.

It’s really about with, looking at nyu creative writing summer, something with a critical eye, then making changes to ensure it’s the best it can possibly be. And that’s what you want for your resume, right? From someone who edits all day, every day for a living, here’s a five-step editing plan that will take your resume from good to with all respect essayist full-blown awesome (and—of course—eliminate the how to write page college paper, typos, too). When I look at an article for the first time, I have to resist the urge to fix typos or make style changes (and believe me, as an editor, it’s hard). But it’s important—the first thing I need to determine is whether the piece is working as a whole. Is this right for our publication? Is the message of the article the one we want to with send? Are there any major gaps or sections that are superfluous? On that first read of your resume, try to do the same thing. Phd Thesis Administration! Ignore typos or formatting issues, and with all respect essayist think about the overall message your resume is sending : Does this sell you as the perfect candidate for purves, the types of roles you’re seeking? Are there any gaps between the with, experience on the page and the experience required for the job?

If so, are there ways in children which you could bridge those gaps ? What makes your experience stand out among other, similar candidates? Does the with essayist, top third of your resume serve as a hook to get the hiring manager to read more? Is there anything on your resume that doesn’t need to be there? Pro Tip: Look at the LinkedIn profiles of people at your level in your field, and see how they tell their stories. Which ones are most compelling or stand out the most? See what you can learn from them and how you can apply those lessons to nyu creative writing your own resume.

Step 2: Scrutinize the Bullets and all respect essayist Details. As editors, we ask constantly ask ourselves if each word is the nyu creative summer courses, best one, if a sentence structure is right, if there’s anything that could be said more clearly, effectively, or quickly. All Respect Essayist! And oh, do we add examples! Why say something if you can show it? It makes for better writing and a more interesting read. In Poverty Essay! Walk through your resume again. Your job at this point is to look at every section, every sentence, and essayist every word, and page college paper determine if there’s a better way to get your point across.

For each bullet point, ask: Is this the with, strongest possible language you could use? Can anything be said more clearly? Or in fewer words? Is there any language that someone outside of your company or industry wouldn’t understand? Could anything benefit from examples? Can anything be quantified? Can you show a benefit ? Are any words used over and over? Can they be replaced with more creative language? Pro Tip: Have a friend who’s not in your field read your bullet points, and ask what he or she thinks your strongest achievements are. Do you agree? If not, adjust so the most important ones really stand out.

Every so often, I’ll edit what I think is a great, well-written article—and realize suddenly that one of the phd thesis administration, source’s names is with all respect essayist, spelled wrong. I’ll take a closer look and nyu creative writing courses see that—wait—a book title is incorrect, research numbers are not quite right, and that other “facts” in the article need a second look. Essayist! It’s a good idea to rosie do this for your resume, too. It can happen even with the right intentions—I, for essayist, example, recently realized that my resume said “3 million” on rosie purves essay a figure that most certainly should have been 1 million. Whoops. Read every word on your resume again, this time asking yourself: Are the companies you worked for named the same thing? Still located in the same city?

Are your position titles accurate? Are your employment dates correct? Are all of the numbers and percentages you use to describe increases, quotas, budgets, savings, and achievements (reasonably) accurate? Pro Tip: In the editorial world, we have to make sure every number we print is with all respect, 100% accurate, but you have a bit more leeway with your resume. As long as you’re reasonably sure that you increased customer satisfaction, fundraising numbers, or sales 25%, don’t worry about having the “official” numbers to in poverty prove it. As I well know, you can work intently on a document for with all respect essayist, three hours and somehow not notice that you’ve used “their” instead of “there” or mistaken “bran” for “brand.” So, proofreading one last time is a step you can’t skip. I do recommend having someone else look your resume over (even us editorial word nerds hire proofreaders). Write For A! But before you do, proof word by word, asking yourself: Are there any typos? Wrong word usage? Does each bullet point end with a period (or not)? Either is all respect essayist, fine, just be consistent.

Are you using the serial comma (or not) throughout? Pro Tip: When proofreading, it’s helpful to temporarily change the font, or to read your resume from the bottom up—your eyes get used to reading a page one way, and can often catch new errors when you mix the format up. Ap Gov Essay! When I worked for all respect essayist, a print magazine, I’d often submit what I thought was a perfect final draft of an article—until I’d get a proof from our designer. More often than not, my masterpiece would need some adjustments to look right on the page: shortening the copy so that it didn’t require a miniature-sized font, or lengthening a paragraph so that one word didn’t hang over on children essay a line by itself, for example. All Respect! Because part of a title paper great writing is all respect essayist, making it look great, too. While you don’t have to how to a title college paper send your resume off to a graphic designer, do keep in mind that presentation is important, and that a few adjustments to your text can make a big difference in how it looks. Give it a final once-over with a designer’s eye, considering: Does the page look visually appealing?

Is the page overly cluttered? Is the with all respect, font size too small? Is it difficult to read? Is the font size and format for each section consistent? Does the purves essay, layout make sense? Is your contact information easily findable? Pro Tip: Make your document easier to skim by adding divider lines between sections. Check out essayist, section three of this great guide to rosie purves resume formatting from LifeClever for instructions. Photo of essayist pen and nyu creative summer paper courtesy of Shutterstock . Adrian was The Muse’s very first employee (ask her about the early days!) who built the Muse editorial team from the ground up.

Now, she serves as Editor-at-Large, launching new content products and sharing expert career advice with Muse audiences online and off. With All Respect Essayist! When she’s not Musing, you’ll find her planning her next dinner party or international vacation. Say hi on Twitter and writing courses Instagram. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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essays 1597 1625 Note on the e-text: this Renascence Editions text was transcribed by Judy Boss and is provided by all respect essayist Renascence Editions by her kind permission. This edition copyright © 1998 The University of Oregon. For nonprofit and educational uses only. How To Write Page College Paper? Send comments and corrections to the Publisher at rbear[at]uoregon.edu. ESSAYES OR COVNSELS. CIVILL AND MORALL.

VISCOVNT S T. ALBAN. First published in 1597, Newly Written in 1625. THE RIGHT HONORABLE. MY VERY GOOD LO. THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM. HIS GRACE, LO. HIGH ADMIRALL. ALOMON saies; A good Name is as a precious oyntment; And I assure my selfe, such wil your Graces Name bee, with Posteritie. For your Fortune, and Merit both, have been Eminent. And you have planted Things, that are like to last.

I doe now publish my Essayes; which, of essayist, all my other workes, have beene most Currant: For that, as it seemes, they come home, to Mens Businesse, and Bosomes. 2010 Ap Gov Essay? I have enlarged them, both in Number, and Weight; So that they are indeed a New Worke. I thought it therefore agreeable, to my Affection, and Obligation to your Grace, to prefix your Name before them, both in English, and in Latine. For I doe conceive, that the Latine Volume of them, (being in the Universall Language) may last, as long as Bookes last. My Instauration, I dedicated to the King: My Historie of Henry the Seventh, (which I have now also translated into Latine) and my Portions of Naturall History, to the Prince: And these I dedicate to your Grace; Being of the best Fruits, that by the good Encrease, which God gives to my Pen and Labours, I could yeeld. All Respect? God leade your Grace by the Hand. Your Graces most Obliged and. ESSAYS OR COUNSELS. CIVIL AND MORAL. HAT is truth? said jesting Pilate, and would not stay for an answer.

Certainly there be, that delight in giddiness, and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affecting free-will in thinking, as well as in acting. And though the sects of philosophers of that kind be gone, yet there remain certain discoursing wits, which are of the phd thesis same veins, though there be not so much blood in them, as was in those of the with essayist ancients. But it is not only the difficulty and labor, which men take in children essay, finding out of truth, nor again, that when it is found, it imposeth upon men's thoughts, that doth bring lies in favor; but a natural though corrupt love, of the with essayist lie itself. One of the purves essay later school of the Grecians, examineth the matter, and is at essayist a stand, to children, think what should be in it, that men should love lies; where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets, nor for advantage, as with the merchant; but for the lie's sake. But I cannot tell; this same truth, is a naked, and open day-light, that doth not show the masks, and mummeries, and triumphs, of the world, half so stately and daintily as candle-lights. Essayist? Truth may perhaps come to the price of a pearl, that showeth best by day; but it will not rise to the price of a diamond, or carbuncle, that showeth best in varied lights. A mixture of a title for a paper, a lie doth ever add pleasure. Doth any man doubt, that if there were taken out of men's minds, vain opinions, flattering hopes, false valuations, imaginations as one would, and the like, but it would leave the minds, of a number of men, poor shrunken things, full of melancholy and indisposition, and unpleasing to themselves? One of the fathers, in great severity, called poesy vinum doemonum, because it filleth the imagination; and with, yet, it is but with the shadow of a lie.

But it is not the lie that passeth through the mind, but the lie that sinketh in, and settleth in it, that doth the hurt; such as we spake of titles paper penalty, before. But, howsoever these things are thus in men's depraved judgments, and affections, yet truth, which only doth judge itself, teacheth that the inquiry of truth, which is the love-making, or wooing of it, the knowledge of truth, which is the presence of it, and the belief of with essayist, truth, which is the enjoying of it, is the sovereign good of human nature. The first creature of God, in the works of the days, was the light of the sense; the last, was the light of reason; and his sabbath work ever since, is the illumination of his Spirit. First he breathed light, upon the face of the matter or chaos; then he breathed light, into the face of man; and still he breatheth and inspireth light, into the face of his chosen. The poet, that beautified the sect, that was otherwise inferior to the rest, saith yet excellently well: It is nyu creative courses, a pleasure, to stand upon the shore, and to see ships tossed upon the sea; a pleasure, to stand in the window of with essayist, a castle, and to see a battle, and the adventures thereof below: but no pleasure is comparable to the standing upon the vantage ground of truth (a hill not to be commanded, and where the air is always clear and serene), and to see the errors, and phd thesis, wanderings, and mists, and tempests, in the vale below: so always that this prospect be with pity, and not with swelling, or pride.

Certainly, it is heaven upon with all respect essayist earth, to have a man's mind move in charity, rest in providence, and turn upon the poles of truth. To pass from theological, and philosophical truth, to the truth of administration, civil business; it will be acknowledged, even by with those that practise it not, that clear, and round dealing, is the honor of man's nature; and administration, that mixture of falsehoods, is like alloy in coin of gold and silver, which may make the metal work the better, but it embaseth it. For these winding, and crooked courses, are the goings of the serpent; which goeth basely upon the belly, and with essayist, not upon the feet. There is no vice, that doth so cover a man with shame, as to be found false and for a paper, perfidious. And therefore Montaigny saith prettily, when he inquired the reason, why the word of the lie should be such a disgrace, and all respect, such an odious charge? Saith he, If it be well weighed, to 2010 essay, say that a man lieth, is as much to say, as that he is brave towards God, and with all respect, a coward towards men.

For a lie faces God, and shrinks from man. Surely the wickedness of falsehood, and breach of faith, cannot possibly be so highly expressed, as in that it shall be the last peal, to call the judgments of God upon business the generations of men; it being foretold, that when Christ cometh, he shall not find faith upon the earth. MEN fear death, as children fear to go in the dark; and as that natural fear in all respect, children, is increased with tales, so is the other. Certainly, the contemplation of death, as the ap gov essay wages of sin, and passage to another world, is holy and religious; but the fear of it, as a tribute due unto nature, is weak. Yet in religious meditations, there is sometimes mixture of vanity, and of superstition. You shall read, in some of the friars' books of mortification, that a man should think with himself, what the essayist pain is, if he have but his finger's end pressed, or tortured, and thereby imagine, what the pains of how to write for a, death are, when the whole body is corrupted, and dissolved; when many times death passeth, with less pain than the torture of a limb; for the most vital parts, are not the quickest of sense. And by him that spake only as a philosopher, and natural man, it was well said, Pompa mortis magis terret, quam mors ipsa. Groans, and convulsions, and a discolored face, and friends weeping, and blacks, and obsequies, and the like, show death terrible. It is worthy the observing, that there is no passion in the mind of man, so weak, but it mates, and masters, the fear of all respect, death; and therefore, death is ap gov, no such terrible enemy, when a man hath so many attendants about him, that can win the combat of him.

Revenge triumphs over death; love slights it; honor aspireth to it; grief flieth to it; fear preoccupateth it; nay, we read, after Otho the emperor had slain himself, pity (which is the tenderest of with essayist, affections) provoked many to die, out of mere compassion to their sovereign, and as the truest sort of followers. Nay, Seneca adds niceness and satiety: Cogita quamdiu eadem feceris; mori velle, non tantum fortis aut miser, sed etiam fastidiosus potest. A man would die, though he were neither valiant, nor miserable, only upon a weariness to do the same thing so oft, over and over. It is no less worthy, to essay, observe, how little alteration in good spirits, the approaches of all respect essayist, death make; for they appear to be the same men, till the last instant. Augustus C?sar died in a compliment; Livia, conjugii nostri memor, vive et vale. Tiberius in dissimulation; as Tacitus saith of him, Jam Tiberium vires et corpus, non dissimulatio, deserebant. Vespasian in a jest, sitting upon titles for a the stool; Ut puto deus fio. All Respect Essayist? Galba with a sentence; Feri, si ex re sit populi Romani, holding forth his neck. Septimius Severus in despatch: Adeste si quid mihi restat agendum. On The Death? And the like.

Certainly the Stoics bestowed too much cost upon death, and by their great preparations, made it appear more fearful. Better saith he, Qui finem vit? extremum inter munera ponat natur?. It is as natural to die, as to be born; and to a little infant, perhaps, the one is as painful, as the other. He that dies in an earnest pursuit, is all respect, like one that is wounded in hot blood; who, for the time, scarce feels the hurt; and therefore a mind fixed, and bent upon somewhat that is nyu creative writing, good, doth avert the essayist dolors of death. But, above all, believe it, the sweetest canticle is how to a title page college, Nunc dimittis; when a man hath obtained worthy ends, and expectations. Death hath this also; that it openeth the gate to good fame, and extinguisheth envy. --Extinctus amabitur idem. OF UNITY IN RELIGION. RELIGION being the chief band of human society, is a happy thing, when itself is well contained within the true band of unity.

The quarrels, and with all respect, divisions about religion, were evils unknown to the heathen. The reason was, because the religion of the heathen, consisted rather in rites and ceremonies, than in any constant belief. For you may imagine, what kind of faith theirs was, when the children in poverty essay chief doctors, and fathers of their church, were the poets. But the true God hath this attribute, that he is a jealous God; and therefore, his worship and religion, will endure no mixture, nor partner. We shall therefore speak a few words, concerning the unity of the church; what are the fruits thereof; what the bounds; and what the means. The fruits of unity (next unto the all respect essayist well pleasing of God, which is all in all) are two: the one, towards those that are without the church, the other, towards those that are within. For the former; it is certain, that heresies, and schisms, are of all others the greatest scandals; yea, more than corruption of manners. For as in titles for a on the death, the natural body, a wound, or solution of continuity, is worse than a corrupt humor; so in the spiritual.

So that nothing, doth so much keep men out of the church and drive men out with essayist, of the church, as breach of unity. And therefore, whensoever it cometh to that pass, that one saith, Ecce in deserto, another saith, Ecce in administration, penetralibus; that is, when some men seek Christ in all respect essayist, the conventicles of heretics, and others, in an outward face of titles for a on the death, a church, that voice had need continually to sound in men's ears, Nolite exire, --Go not out. The doctor of the Gentiles (the propriety of whose vocation, drew him to have a special care of those without) saith, If an heathen come in, and hear you speak with several tongues, will he not say that you are mad? And certainly it is little better, when atheists, and profane persons, do hear of so many discordant, and contrary opinions in religion; it doth avert them from the church, and maketh them, to sit down in the chair of the scorners. It is but a light thing, to be vouched in so serious a matter, but yet it expresseth well the with essayist deformity. There is a master of scoffing, that in 2010 ap gov essay, his catalogue of books of a feigned library, sets down this title of all respect, a book, The morris-dance of heretics. For indeed, every sect of them, hath a diverse posture, or cringe by themselves, which cannot but move derision in worldlings, and depraved politics, who are apt to contemn holy things. As for the fruit towards those that are within; it is peace; which containeth infinite blessings.

It establisheth faith; it kindleth charity; the outward peace of the for a college church, distilleth into peace of with all respect, conscience; and it turneth the labors of children, writing, and reading of controversies, into treaties of all respect, mortification and devotion. Concerning the essay bounds of unity; the all respect true placing of them, importeth exceedingly. There appear to be two extremes. For to certain zealants, all speech of pacification is odious. Is it peace, Jehu? What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me.

Peace is not the matter, but following, and party. Phd Thesis Business Administration? Contrariwise, certain Laodiceans, and with, lukewarm persons, think they may accommodate points of religion, by middle way, and taking part of in poverty essay, both, and witty reconcilements; as if they would make an arbitrament between God and man. Both these extremes are to essayist, be avoided; which will be done, if the league of Christians, penned by write a title college paper our Savior himself, were in two cross clauses thereof, soundly and plainly expounded: He that is not with us, is against us; and again, He that is not against us, is with us; that is, if the points fundamental and of substance in religion, were truly discerned and distinguished, from points not merely of faith, but of opinion, order, or good intention. This is a thing may seem to many a matter trivial, and done already. But if it were done less partially, it would be embraced more generally. Of this I may give only this advice, according to my small model.

Men ought to take heed, of rending God's church, by two kinds of controversies. The one is, when the matter of the all respect essayist point controverted, is too small and light, not worth the heat and strife about it, kindled only by for a college paper contradiction. With All Respect Essayist? For, as it is writing courses, noted, by one of the fathers, Christ's coat indeed had no seam, but the church's vesture was of divers colors; whereupon he saith, In veste varietas sit, scissura non sit: they be two things, unity and uniformity. The other is, when the with matter of the in poverty point controverted, is great, but it is driven to an over-great subtilty, and obscurity; so that it becometh a thing rather ingenious, than substantial. A man that is of judgment and understanding, shall sometimes hear ignorant men differ, and with all respect, know well within himself, that those which so differ, mean one thing, and yet they themselves would never agree. Nyu Creative Summer? And if it come so to pass, in that distance of judgment, which is between man and man, shall we not think that God above, that knows the heart, doth not discern that frail men, in some of their contradictions, intend the same thing; and accepteth of both? The nature of with all respect, such controversies is excellently expressed, by phd thesis business administration St. Paul, in the warning and precept, that he giveth concerning the same, Devita profanas vocum novitates, et oppositiones falsi nominis scienti?.

Men create oppositions, which are not; and put them into with all respect essayist new terms, so fixed, as whereas the meaning ought to govern the term, the term in 2010 ap gov, effect governeth the meaning. There be also two false peaces, or unities: the all respect essayist one, when the peace is grounded, but upon an implicit ignorance; for business all colors will agree in essayist, the dark: the other, when it is children essay, pieced up, upon a direct admission of with all respect, contraries, in fundamental points. For truth and falsehood, in in poverty essay, such things, are like the iron and clay, in all respect, the toes of rosie purves essay, Nebuchadnezzar's image; they may cleave, but they will not incorporate. Concerning the means of all respect, procuring unity; men must beware, that in the procuring, or muniting, of administration, religious unity, they do not dissolve and deface the laws of charity, and of human society. There be two swords amongst Christians, the spiritual and temporal; and both have their due office and place, in the maintenance of religion. With All Respect Essayist? But we may not take up the third sword, which is Mahomet's sword, or like unto it; that is, to propagate religion by wars, or by sanguinary persecutions to force consciences; except it be in cases of overt scandal, blasphemy, or intermixture of practice against the state; much less to nourish seditions; to authorize conspiracies and rebellions; to put the sword into the people's hands; and for a on the death penalty, the like; tending to the subversion of all government, which is the ordinance of God. For this is but to dash the first table against the second; and so to consider men as Christians, as we forget that they are men. Lucretius the poet, when he beheld the act of Agamemnon, that could endure the sacrificing of his own daughter, exclaimed: Tantum religio potuit suadere malorum. What would he have said, if he had known of the massacre in France, or the powder treason of England? He would have been seven times more Epicure, and atheist, than he was.

For as the temporal sword is to be drawn with great circumspection in all respect essayist, cases of religion; so it is a thing monstrous, to put it into the hands of the common people. Let that be left unto the Anabaptists, and other furies. It was great blasphemy, when the devil said, I will ascend and be like the phd thesis business Highest; but it is all respect, greater blasphemy, to personate God, and bring him in saying, I will descend, and be like the prince of darkness; and what is it better, to make the cause of religion to descend, to the cruel and execrable actions of murthering princes, butchery of people, and subversion of states and governments? Surely this is to 2010 essay, bring down the Holy Ghost, instead of the with likeness of children in poverty, a dove, in with all respect essayist, the shape of a vulture or raven; and set, out of the bark of a Christian church, a flag of a bark of pirates, and assassins. Paper On The Death? Therefore it is most necessary, that the essayist church, by doctrine and decree, princes by their sword, and all learnings, both Christian and moral, as by their Mercury rod, do damn and send to hell for ever, those facts and opinions tending to the support of the same; as hath been already in ap gov essay, good part done. Surely in counsels concerning religion, that counsel of the apostle would be prefixed, Ira hominis non implet justitiam Dei. And it was a notable observation of with, a wise father, and no less ingenuously confessed: That those which held and persuaded pressure of consciences, were commonly interessed therein themselves for their own ends. REVENGE is a kind of wild justice; which the nyu creative summer courses more man's nature runs to, the more ought law to weed it out.

For as for the first wrong, it doth but offend the all respect essayist law; but the revenge of that wrong, putteth the law out of office. On The? Certainly, in taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior; for it is a prince's part to pardon. And Salomon, I am sure, saith, It is the glory of a man to with, pass by an offence. That which is past is gone, and irrevocable; and wise men have enough to do, with things present and to come; therefore they do but trifle with themselves, that labor in past matters. There is no man doth a wrong, for the wrong's sake; but thereby to purchase himself profit, or pleasure, or honor, or the like. Therefore why should I be angry with a man, for loving himself better than me?

And if any man should do wrong, merely out of ill-nature, why, yet it is but like the children thorn or briar, which prick and scratch, because they can do no other. The most tolerable sort of revenge, is for those wrongs which there is no law to remedy; but then let a man take heed, the revenge be such as there is no law to punish; else a man's enemy is with, still before hand, and how to for a college paper, it is two for one. Some, when they take revenge, are desirous, the party should know, whence it cometh. This is the more generous. For the delight seemeth to with all respect essayist, be, not so much in doing the hurt, as in making the party repent. Essay? But base and crafty cowards, are like the arrow that flieth in the dark. Cosmus, duke of Florence, had a desperate saying against perfidious or neglecting friends, as if those wrongs were unpardonable; You shall read (saith he) that we are commanded to forgive our enemies; but you never read, that we are commanded to forgive our friends.

But yet the spirit of Job was in a better tune: Shall we (saith he) take good at God's hands, and not be content to take evil also? And so of friends in a proportion. This is certain, that a man that studieth revenge, keeps his own wounds green, which otherwise would heal, and do well. Public revenges are for the most part fortunate; as that for the death of C?sar; for the death of Pertinax; for the death of Henry the with Third of France; and how to a title page, many more. But in private revenges, it is not so. Nay rather, vindictive persons live the life of witches; who, as they are mischievous, so end they infortunate. It was an high speech of Seneca (after the manner of the with all respect essayist Stoics): That the good things, which belong to prosperity, are to be wished; but the for a paper good things, that belong to adversity, are to be admired. With Essayist? Bona rerum secundarum optabilia; adversarum mirabilia. Certainly if miracles be the command over nature, they appear most in adversity.

It is yet a higher speech of his, than the other (much too high for a heathen), It is true greatness, to have in one the frailty of a man, and the security of a God. Vere magnum habere fragilitatem hominis, securitatem dei. This would have done better in poesy, where transcendences are more allowed. And the rosie purves poets indeed have been busy with it; for it is in effect the with thing, which figured in that strange fiction of the ancient poets, which seemeth not to be without mystery; nay, and to have some approach to the state of a Christian; that Hercules, when he went to unbind Prometheus (by whom human nature is represented), sailed the length of the great ocean, in an earthen pot or pitcher: lively describing Christian resolution, that saileth in the frail bark of the flesh, through the waves of the world. But to speak in a mean. The virtue of write page, prosperity, is temperance; the virtue of adversity, is fortitude; which in morals is the with more heroical virtue. Prosperity is the courses blessing of the Old Testament; adversity is the blessing of the New; which carrieth the greater benediction, and the clearer revelation of essayist, God's favor. Yet even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearse-like airs as carols; and the pencil of the Holy Ghost hath labored more in describing the afflictions of Job, than the felicities of Salomon. Prosperity is not without many fears and distastes; and adversity is not without comforts and hopes.

We see in needle-works and embroideries, it is more pleasing to have a lively work, upon rosie purves essay a sad and solemn ground, than to have a dark and melancholy work, upon a lightsome ground: judge therefore of the pleasure of the heart, by the pleasure of the eye. Certainly virtue is like precious odors, most fragrant when they are incensed, or crushed: for prosperity doth best discover vice, but adversity doth best discover virtue. OF SIMULATION AND DISSIMULATION. Dissimulation is but a faint kind of policy, or wisdom; for essayist it asketh a strong wit, and rosie purves essay, a strong heart, to know when to tell truth, and to with, do it. Therefore it is the in poverty essay weaker sort of all respect, politics, that are the great dissemblers. Tacitus saith, Livia sorted well with the arts of paper penalty, her husband, and dissimulation of her son; attributing arts or policy to Augustus, and dissimulation to Tiberius. And again, when Mucianus encourageth Vespasian, to take arms against Vitellius, he saith, We rise not against the piercing judgment of Augustus, nor the extreme caution or closeness of Tiberius. These properties, of arts or policy, and all respect, dissimulation or closeness, are indeed habits and faculties several, and to be distinguished. For if a man have that penetration of judgment, as he can discern what things are to be laid open, and what to be secreted, and what to writing, be showed at with essayist half lights, and to whom and 2010, when (which indeed are arts of state, and arts of life, as Tacitus well calleth them), to him, a habit of dissimulation is a hinderance and essayist, a poorness. But if a man cannot obtain to how to write a title page for a, that judgment, then it is left to him generally, to be close, and a dissembler. All Respect? For where a man cannot choose, or vary in particulars, there it is good to take the safest, and wariest way, in general; like the going softly, by one that cannot well see.

Certainly the ap gov essay ablest men that ever were, have had all an openness, and frankness, of dealing; and a name of certainty and veracity; but then they were like horses well managed; for with all respect they could tell passing well, when to stop or turn; and at such times, when they thought the purves case indeed required dissimulation, if then they used it, it came to pass that the with all respect former opinion, spread abroad, of their good faith and clearness of how to page for a college paper, dealing, made them almost invisible. There be three degrees of with, this hiding and paper on the penalty, veiling of a man's self. The first, closeness, reservation, and secrecy; when a man leaveth himself without observation, or without hold to be taken, what he is. All Respect? The second, dissimulation, in the negative; when a man lets fall signs and arguments, that he is not, that he is. And the third, simulation, in the affirmative; when a man industriously and expressly feigns and paper on the, pretends to be, that he is not. For the first of these, secrecy; it is essayist, indeed the phd thesis virtue of a confessor. And assuredly, the secret man heareth many confessions. All Respect? For who will open himself, to a blab or a babbler? But if a man be thought secret, it inviteth discovery; as the how to write page for a paper more close air sucketh in the more open; and as in confession, the revealing is not for all respect worldly use, but for the ease of a man's heart, so secret men come to the knowledge of many things in children in poverty essay, that kind; while men rather discharge their minds, than impart their minds.

In few words, mysteries are due to secrecy. Besides (to say truth) nakedness is uncomely, as well in mind as body; and it addeth no small reverence, to all respect essayist, men's manners and 2010 ap gov essay, actions, if they be not altogether open. As for talkers and futile persons, they are commonly vain and credulous withal. For he that talketh what he knoweth, will also talk what he knoweth not. Therefore set it down, that an habit of secrecy, is both politic and with all respect, moral. And in this part, it is business, good that a man's face give his tongue leave to speak. For the discovery of a man's self, by the tracts of essayist, his countenance, is a great weakness and betraying; by how much it is 2010, many times more marked, and believed, than a man's words. For the second, which is dissimulation; it followeth many times upon secrecy, by a necessity; so that he that will be secret, must be a dissembler in some degree. For men are too cunning, to suffer a man to keep an indifferent carriage between both, and to with essayist, be secret, without swaying the balance on either side.

They will so beset a man with questions, and draw him on, and pick it out of rosie, him, that, without an absurd silence, he must show an inclination one way; or if he do not, they will gather as much by his silence, as by his speech. Essayist? As for equivocations, or oraculous speeches, they cannot hold out children in poverty, long. So that no man can be secret, except he give himself a little scope of dissimulation; which is, as it were, but the essayist skirts or train of secrecy. But for the third degree, which is simulation, and for a death, false profession; that I hold more culpable, and less politic; except it be in with all respect, great and rare matters. And therefore a general custom of simulation (which is this last degree) is a vice, rising either of a natural falseness or fearfulness, or of a mind that hath some main faults, which because a man must needs disguise, it maketh him practise simulation in rosie, other things, lest his hand should be out of use. The great advantages of simulation and dissimulation are three. First, to lay asleep opposition, and to surprise. For where a man's intentions are published, it is an with all respect essayist alarum, to call up all that are against them.

The second is, to reserve to a man's self a fair retreat. For if a man engage himself by a manifest declaration, he must go through or take a fall. The third is, the better to discover the how to page for a college paper mind of another. For to him that opens himself, men will hardly show themselves adverse; but will fair let him go on, and turn their freedom of speech, to freedom of thought. Essayist? And therefore it is a good shrewd proverb of the Spaniard, Tell a lie and find a troth; as if there were no way of discovery, but by simulation. There be also three disadvantages, to set it even. The first, that simulation and dissimulation commonly carry with them a show of fearfulness, which in summer courses, any business, doth spoil the feathers, of round flying up to the mark. The second, that it puzzleth and perplexeth the conceits of with all respect, many, that perhaps would otherwise co-operate with him; and makes a man walk almost alone, to his own ends. The third and greatest is, that it depriveth a man of one of the most principal instruments for action; which is trust and belief. The best composition and temperature, is to have openness in fame and opinion; secrecy in habit; dissimulation in seasonable use; and a power to feign, if there be no remedy.

OF PARENTS AND CHILDREN. The joys of parents are secret; and writing summer courses, so are their griefs and fears. They cannot utter the one; nor they will not utter the other. Children sweeten labors; but they make misfortunes more bitter. With? They increase the cares of life; but they mitigate the remembrance of business administration, death. The perpetuity by generation is common to with all respect, beasts; but memory, merit, and noble works, are proper to men.

And surely a man shall see the noblest works and foundations have proceeded from childless men, which have sought to express the images of their minds, where those of their bodies have failed. Nyu Creative Writing Summer? So the care of posterity is most in them, that have no posterity. They that are the first raisers of their houses, are most indulgent towards their children; beholding them as the continuance, not only of their kind, but of their work; and so both children and creatures. The difference in affection, of parents towards their several children, is all respect, many times unequal; and in poverty essay, sometimes unworthy; especially in the mothers; as Salomon saith, A wise son rejoiceth the with all respect essayist father, but an business administration ungracious son shames the mother. A man shall see, where there is a house full of children, one or two of the eldest respected, and the youngest made wantons; but in the midst, some that are as it were forgotten, who many times, nevertheless, prove the with all respect essayist best. The illiberality of parents, in allowance towards their children, is an harmful error; makes them base; acquaints them with shifts; makes them sort with mean company; and makes them surfeit more when they come to plenty. And therefore the proof is best, when men keep their authority towards the children, but not their purse. Men have a foolish manner (both parents and schoolmasters and servants) in creating and breeding an purves essay emulation between brothers, during childhood, which many times sorteth to with, discord when they are men, and in poverty essay, disturbeth families. The Italians make little difference between children, and nephews or near kinsfolks; but so they be of the lump, they care not though they pass not through their own body.

And, to say truth, in nature it is much a like matter; insomuch that we see a nephew sometimes resembleth an uncle, or a kinsman, more than his own parent; as the essayist blood happens. Let parents choose betimes, the vocations and courses they mean their children should take; for then they are most flexible; and let them not too much apply themselves to the disposition of their children, as thinking they will take best to that, which they have most mind to. It is writing summer, true, that if the all respect essayist affection or aptness of the children be extraordinary, then it is good not to cross it; but generally the precept is good, Optimum elige, suave et facile illud faciet consuetudo. Younger brothers are commonly fortunate, but seldom or never where the elder are disinherited. OF MARRIAGE AND SINGLE LIFE. He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to for a on the death, fortune; for they are impediments to all respect, great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief. Essay? Certainly the best works, and of greatest merit for the public, have proceeded from the all respect unmarried or childless men; which both in affection and means, have married and endowed the public. Yet it were great reason that those that have children, should have greatest care of future times; unto which they know they must transmit their dearest pledges. Some there are, who though they lead a single life, yet their thoughts do end with themselves, and essay, account future times impertinences. Nay, there are some other, that account wife and children, but as bills of charges. Nay more, there are some foolish rich covetous men that take a pride, in having no children, because they may be thought so much the richer.

For perhaps they have heard some talk, Such an one is a great rich man, and all respect essayist, another except to it, Yea, but he hath a great charge of children; as if it were an purves abatement to with, his riches. But the most ordinary cause of 2010 ap gov essay, a single life, is liberty, especially in certain self-pleasing and humorous minds, which are so sensible of every restraint, as they will go near to think their girdles and garters, to be bonds and shackles. Unmarried men are best friends, best masters, best servants; but not always best subjects; for they are light to run away; and almost all fugitives, are of that condition. A single life doth well with churchmen; for all respect essayist charity will hardly water the ground, where it must first fill a pool. It is indifferent for judges and magistrates; for if they be facile and corrupt, you shall have a servant, five times worse than a wife. For soldiers, I find the generals commonly in their hortatives, put men in mind of their wives and children; and I think the despising of marriage amongst the Turks, maketh the write a title page paper vulgar soldier more base. Certainly wife and children are a kind of discipline of humanity; and single men, though they may be many times more charitable, because their means are less exhaust, yet, on with all respect the other side, they are more cruel and hardhearted (good to make severe inquisitors), because their tenderness is how to page for a college, not so oft called upon.

Grave natures, led by custom, and therefore constant, are commonly loving husbands, as was said of Ulysses, Vetulam suam pr?tulit immortalitati. Chaste women are often proud and froward, as presuming upon with all respect essayist the merit of their chastity. Titles On The Death Penalty? It is one of the best bonds, both of chastity and all respect essayist, obedience, in write page college, the wife, if she think her husband wise; which she will never do, if she find him jealous. Wives are young men's mistresses; companions for middle age; and old men's nurses. So as a man may have a quarrel to marry, when he will. All Respect Essayist? But yet he was reputed one of the wise men, that made answer to nyu creative summer courses, the question, when a man should marry? A young man not yet, an elder man not at all. It is with essayist, often seen that bad husbands, have very good wives; whether it be, that it raiseth the price of their husband's kindness, when it comes; or that the wives take a pride in their patience.

But this never fails, if the bad husbands were of their own choosing, against phd thesis business administration their friends' consent; for then they will be sure to make good their own folly. There be none of the affections, which have been noted to fascinate or bewitch, but love and envy. They both have vehement wishes; they frame themselves readily into imaginations and suggestions; and they come easily into the eye, especially upon the present of the objects; which are the points that conduce to fascination, if any such thing there be. see likewise, the Scripture calleth envy an evil eye; and the astrologers, call the evil influences of the stars, evil aspects; so that still there seemeth to be acknowledged, in with all respect essayist, the act of envy, an ejaculation or irradiation of the eye. Nay, some have been so curious, as to note, that the times when the stroke or percussion of an envious eye doth most hurt, are when the party envied is beheld in glory or triumph; for that sets an essay edge upon with envy: and besides, at such times the spirits of the person envied, do come forth most into in poverty essay the outward parts, and so meet the blow. But leaving these curiosities (though not unworthy to be thought on, in with all respect, fit place), we will handle, what persons are apt to envy others; what persons are most subject to be envied themselves; and what is the difference between public and private envy.

A man that hath no virtue in himself, ever envieth virtue in others. For men's minds, will either feed upon their own good, or upon others' evil; and who wanteth the one, will prey upon the other; and whoso is out of hope, to attain to another's virtue, will seek to come at even hand, by nyu creative courses depressing another's fortune. A man that is busy, and inquisitive, is commonly envious. For to know much of other men's matters, cannot be because all that ado may concern his own estate; therefore it must needs be, that he taketh a kind of play-pleasure, in looking upon the fortunes of others. Neither can he, that mindeth but his own business, find much matter for envy. For envy is with essayist, a gadding passion, and children, walketh the essayist streets, and doth not keep home: Non est curiosus, quin idem sit malevolus. Men of noble birth, are noted to be envious towards new men, when they rise. For the distance is altered, and it is rosie essay, like a deceit of the eye, that when others come on, they think themselves, go back.

Deformed persons, and eunuchs, and old men, and bastards, are envious. For he that cannot possibly mend his own case, will do what he can, to impair another's; except these defects light upon a very brave, and heroical nature, which thinketh to make his natural wants part of with all respect, his honor; in that it should be said, that an children in poverty eunuch, or a lame man, did such great matters; affecting the with all respect essayist honor of a miracle; as it was in nyu creative writing summer courses, Narses the eunuch, and Agesilaus and Tamberlanes, that were lame men. The same is the case of men, that rise after calamities and misfortunes. For they are as men fallen out with the times; and think other men's harms, a redemption of their own sufferings. They that desire to excel in too many matters, out of levity and with, vain glory, are ever envious. For they cannot want work; it being impossible, but many, in courses, some one of those things, should surpass them. Which was the character of Adrian the Emperor; that mortally envied poets, and painters, and artificers, in essayist, works wherein he had a vein to excel. Lastly, near kinsfolks, and phd thesis business administration, fellows in office, and those that have been bred together, are more apt to envy their equals, when they are raised. For it doth upbraid unto them their own fortunes, and pointeth at them, and cometh oftener into their remembrance, and incurreth likewise more into the note of others; and envy ever redoubleth from speech and fame. Cain's envy was the more vile and with all respect essayist, malignant, towards his brother Abel, because when his sacrifice was better accepted, there was no body to look on.

Thus much for those, that are apt to envy. Concerning those that are more or less subject to envy: First, persons of eminent virtue, when they are advanced, are less envied. For their fortune seemeth, but due unto them; and no man envieth the payment of a debt, but rewards and liberality rather. Nyu Creative Courses? Again, envy is ever joined with the comparing of all respect, a man's self; and where there is no comparison, no envy; and rosie purves, therefore kings are not envied, but by with all respect essayist kings. Nevertheless it is to be noted, that unworthy persons are most envied, at their first coming in, and afterwards overcome it better; whereas contrariwise, persons of ap gov, worth and merit are most envied, when their fortune continueth long. For by that time, though their virtue be the same, yet it hath not the same lustre; for fresh men grow up that darken it. Persons of noble blood, are less envied in their rising. For it seemeth but right done to their birth.

Besides, there seemeth not much added to all respect, their fortune; and envy is as the sunbeams, that beat hotter upon a bank, or steep rising ground, than upon a flat. Write A Title Page For A Paper? And for the same reason, those that are advanced by degrees, are less envied than those that are advanced suddenly and per saltum. Those that have joined with their honor great travels, cares, or perils, are less subject to envy. For men think that they earn their honors hardly, and all respect, pity them sometimes; and nyu creative writing summer courses, pity ever healeth envy. Wherefore you shall observe, that the more deep and sober sort of politic persons, in essayist, their greatness, are ever bemoaning themselves, what a life they lead; chanting a quanta patimur.

Not that they feel it so, but only to abate the edge of envy. But this is to be understood, of business that is laid upon how to write a title for a college paper men, and not such, as they call unto themselves. For nothing increaseth envy more, than an unnecessary and ambitious engrossing of with all respect essayist, business. Nyu Creative Writing Courses? And nothing doth extinguish envy than for a great person to all respect essayist, preserve all other inferior officers, in their full rights and pre-eminences of their places. For by that means, there be so many screens between him and envy. Above all, those are most subject to envy, which carry the greatness of their fortunes, in an insolent and essay, proud manner; being never well, but while they are showing how great they are, either by outward pomp, or by triumphing over all opposition or competition; whereas wise men will rather do sacrifice to envy, in suffering themselves sometimes of purpose to be crossed, and overborne in with, things that do not much concern them. Notwithstanding, so much is true, that the carriage of greatness, in a plain and open manner (so it be without arrogancy and vain glory) doth draw less envy, than if it be in a more crafty and cunning fashion. For in that course, a man doth but disavow fortune; and seemeth to be conscious of his own want in worth; and doth but teach others, to envy him. Lastly, to conclude this part; as we said in how to write a title page paper, the beginning, that the act of envy had somewhat in with essayist, it of purves, witchcraft, so there is with essayist, no other cure of envy, but the rosie purves essay cure of witchcraft; and that is to remove the lot (as they call it) and to lay it upon another. All Respect Essayist? For which purpose, the wiser sort of great persons, bring in ever upon write for a paper the stage somebody upon whom to derive the envy, that would come upon themselves; sometimes upon ministers and servants; sometimes upon colleagues and associates; and the like; and for that turn there are never wanting, some persons of violent and undertaking natures, who, so they may have power and business, will take it at any cost.

Now, to speak of public envy. There is yet some good in public envy, whereas in private, there is none. For public envy, is as an ostracism, that eclipseth men, when they grow too great. And therefore it is essayist, a bridle also to great ones, to keep them within bounds. This envy, being in essay, the Latin word invidia, goeth in the modern language, by the name of essayist, discontentment: of which we shall speak, in handling sedition. It is a disease, in a state, like to infection. For as infection spreadeth upon that which is sound, and tainteth it; so when envy is gotten once into a state, it traduceth even the best actions thereof, and turneth them into an ill odor.

And therefore there is little won, by intermingling of plausible actions. For that doth argue but a weakness, and fear of envy, which hurteth so much the more, as it is likewise usual in infections; which if you fear them, you call them upon you. This public envy, seemeth to beat chiefly upon nyu creative writing summer principal officers or ministers, rather than upon kings, and estates themselves. But this is a sure rule, that if the envy upon the minister be great, when the cause of with all respect essayist, it in him is small; or if the envy be general, in a manner upon all the ministers of an estate; then the envy (though hidden) is truly upon summer the state itself. And so much of public envy or discontentment, and the difference thereof from private envy, which was handled in the first place. We will add this in general, touching the affection of with, envy; that of all other affections, it is the most importune and continual.

For of other affections, there is occasion given, but now and then; and therefore it was well said, Invidia festos dies non agit. For it is ever working upon some or other. And it is also noted, that love and envy do make a man pine, which other affections do not, because they are not so continual. Titles Death? It is also the vilest affection, and the most depraved; for which cause it is the proper attribute of the devil, who is with all respect essayist, called The envious man, that soweth tares amongst the wheat by night: as it always cometh to pass, that envy worketh subtilly, and in the dark, and to the prejudice of good things, such as is the wheat. The stage is more beholding to love, than the nyu creative life of man.

For as to the stage, love is ever matter of comedies, and now and then of tragedies; but in life it doth much mischief; sometimes like a siren, sometimes like a fury. You may observe, that amongst all the great and worthy persons (whereof the all respect memory remaineth, either ancient or recent) there is not one, that hath been transported to a title college, the mad degree of with, love: which shows that great spirits, and rosie essay, great business, do keep out this weak passion. You must except, nevertheless, Marcus Antonius, the half partner of the empire of with essayist, Rome, and Appius Claudius, the decemvir and lawgiver; whereof the former was indeed a voluptuous man, and inordinate; but the latter was an austere and wise man: and rosie, therefore it seems (though rarely) that love can find entrance, not only into an open heart, but also into a heart well fortified, if watch be not well kept. It is a poor saying of Epicurus, Satis magnum alter alteri theatrum sumus: as if man, made for the contemplation of heaven, and all noble objects, should do nothing but kneel before a little idol and make himself a subject, though not of the mouth (as beasts are), yet of the eye; which was given him for higher purposes. With? It is a strange thing, to note the excess of this passion, and 2010, how it braves the nature, and value of things, by this; that the speaking in a perpetual hyperbole, is comely in nothing but in love. With Essayist? Neither is it merely in writing, the phrase; for whereas it hath been well said, that the arch-flatterer, with whom all the petty flatterers have intelligence, is with all respect essayist, a man's self; certainly the lover is more. For there was never proud man thought so absurdly well of himself, as the lover doth of the person loved; and therefore it was well said, That it is impossible to love and to be wise. Neither doth this weakness appear to others only, and not to the party loved; but to the loved most of all, except the love be reciproque. For it is a true rule, that love is how to write page for a college paper, ever rewarded, either with the reciproque, or with an inward and secret contempt. By how much the more, men ought to beware of this passion, which loseth not only other things, but itself! As for the other losses, the poet's relation doth well figure them: that he that preferred Helena, quitted the gifts of Juno and Pallas.

For whosoever esteemeth too much of amorous affection, quitteth both riches and wisdom. This passion hath his floods, in very times of weakness; which are great prosperity, and great adversity; though this latter hath been less observed: both which times kindle love, and make it more fervent, and therefore show it to be the child of folly. They do best, who if they cannot but admit love, yet make it keep quarters; and sever it wholly from essayist, their serious affairs, and actions, of life; for if it check once with business, it troubleth men's fortunes, and maketh men, that they can no ways be true to 2010 ap gov, their own ends. I know not how, but martial men are given to love: I think, it is but as they are given to wine; for perils commonly ask to be paid in pleasures. There is in man's nature, a secret inclination and motion, towards love of others, which if it be not spent upon some one or a few, doth naturally spread itself towards many, and maketh men become humane and charitable; as it is seen sometime in friars. Nuptial love maketh mankind; friendly love perfecteth it; but wanton love corrupteth, and embaseth it. Men in great place are thrice servants: servants of the sovereign or state; servants of with, fame; and servants of 2010 ap gov essay, business. So as they have no freedom; neither in their persons, nor in their actions, nor in their times. It is a strange desire, to seek power and to lose liberty: or to seek power over others, and to lose power over a man's self. The rising unto place is laborious; and by pains, men come to greater pains; and it is sometimes base; and by with all respect indignities, men come to dignities.

The standing is slippery, and the regress is either a downfall, or at least an eclipse, which is a melancholy thing. Children In Poverty Essay? Cum non sis qui fueris, non esse cur velis vivere. Nay, retire men cannot when they would, neither will they, when it were reason; but are impatient of privateness, even in age and sickness, which require the shadow; like old townsmen, that will be still sitting at essayist their street door, though thereby they offer age to scorn. Certainly great persons had need to borrow other men's opinions, to think themselves happy; for if they judge by their own feeling, they cannot find it; but if they think with themselves, what other men think of them, and that other men would fain be, as they are, then they are happy, as it were, by how to a title for a paper report; when perhaps they find the contrary within. For they are the first, that find their own griefs, though they be the last, that find their own faults. Certainly men in great fortunes are strangers to themselves, and while they are in the puzzle of business, they have no time to tend their health, either of body or mind. Illi mors gravis incubat, qui notus nimis omnibus, ignotus moritur sibi.

In place, there is license to do good, and evil; whereof the latter is a curse: for all respect essayist in evil the best condition is not to will; the children essay second, not to with, can. But power to do good, is the 2010 ap gov essay true and lawful end of essayist, aspiring. Phd Thesis? For good thoughts (though God accept them) yet, towards men, are little better than good dreams, except they be put in act; and that cannot be, without power and place, as the vantage, and commanding ground. Merit and good works, is the end of man's motion; and all respect, conscience of the same is the accomplishment of man's rest. For if a man can be partaker of God's theatre, he shall likewise be partaker of God's rest. Business Administration? Et conversus Deus, ut aspiceret opera qu? fecerunt manus su?, vidit quod omnia essent bona nimis; and then the sabbath. In the discharge of thy place, set before thee the best examples; for imitation is a globe of precepts. And after a time, set before thee thine own example; and essayist, examine thyself strictly, whether thou didst not best at first.

Neglect not also the examples, of those that have carried themselves ill, in the same place; not to set off thyself, by taxing their memory, but to direct thyself, what to essay, avoid. Reform therefore, without bravery, or scandal of former times and persons; but yet set it down to thyself, as well to create good precedents, as to follow them. Reduce things to the first institution, and observe wherein, and how, they have degenerate; but yet ask counsel of both times; of the ancient time, what is best; and of the latter time, what is essayist, fittest. Seek to make thy course regular, that men may know beforehand, what they may expect; but be not too positive and peremptory; and express thyself well, when thou digressest from thy rule. Preserve the right of thy place; but stir not questions of nyu creative writing, jurisdiction; and rather assume thy right, in silence and de facto, than voice it with claims, and challenges. Preserve likewise the rights of inferior places; and with all respect, think it more honor, to direct in chief, than to be busy in all. Embrace and invite helps, and advices, touching the execution of thy place; and do not drive away such, as bring thee information, as meddlers; but accept of them in good part. The vices of authority are chiefly four: delays, corruption, roughness, and facility. Write College Paper? For delays: give easy access; keep times appointed; go through with that which is in hand, and interlace not business, but of necessity. For corruption: do not only bind thine own hands, or, thy servants' hands, from taking, but bind the hands of with all respect, suitors also, from offering.

For integrity used doth the titles paper on the death penalty one; but integrity professed, and with a manifest detestation of bribery, doth the other. And avoid not only the fault, but the suspicion. Whosoever is found variable, and changeth manifestly without manifest cause, giveth suspicion of corruption. Therefore always, when thou changest thine opinion or course, profess it plainly, and declare it, together with the with reasons that move thee to change; and do not think to summer courses, steal it. A servant or a favorite, if he be inward, and all respect essayist, no other apparent cause of esteem, is business, commonly thought, but a by-way to close corruption. All Respect Essayist? For roughness: it is a needless cause of discontent: severity breedeth fear, but roughness breedeth hate. Even reproofs from authority, ought to be grave, and not taunting. As for facility: it is worse than bribery.

For bribes come but now and then; but if importunity, or idle respects, lead a man, he shall never be without. As Salomon saith, To respect persons is how to page college paper, not good; for such a man will transgress for all respect a piece of bread. It is most true, that was anciently spoken, A place showeth the man: and it showeth some to the better, and some to the worse. Omnium consensu capax imperii, nisi imperasset, saith Tacitus of Galba; but of children essay, Vespasian he saith, Solus imperantium, Vespasianus mutatus in melius: though the one was meant of sufficiency, the other of manners, and affection. It is an assured sign of a worthy and generous spirit, whom honor amends. For honor is, or should be, the place of virtue and as in nature, things move violently to their place, and calmly in essayist, their place, so virtue in ambition is violent, in authority settled and essay, calm. All rising to great place is by a winding star; and if there be factions, it is good to side a man's self, whilst he is in the rising, and to balance himself when he is placed.

Use the memory of thy predecessor, fairly and tenderly; for if thou dost not, it is with essayist, a debt will sure be paid when thou art gone. If thou have colleagues, respect them, and rather call them, when they look not for it, than exclude them, when they have reason to look to be called. Be not too sensible, or too remembering, of children in poverty essay, thy place in conversation, and private answers to suitors; but let it rather be said, When he sits in place, he is another man. It is a trivial grammar-school text, but yet worthy a wise man's consideration. Question was asked of Demosthenes, what was the chief part of an orator? he answered, action: what next? action: what next again? action. All Respect Essayist? He said it, that knew it best, and had, by nature, himself no advantage in that he commended. A strange thing, that that of an orator, which is but superficial and rather the virtue of a player, should be placed so high, above those other noble parts, of invention, elocution, and the rest; nay, almost alone, as if it were all in all.

But the reason is plain. There is in human nature generally, more of the fool than of the wise; and death penalty, therefore those faculties, by which the all respect essayist foolish part of men's minds is taken, are most potent. Wonderful like is the case of titles on the penalty, boldness in civil business: what first? boldness: what second and third? boldness. And yet boldness is a child of ignorance and with all respect, baseness, far inferior to nyu creative writing, other parts. But nevertheless it doth fascinate, and bind hand and foot, those that are either shallow in judgment, or weak in courage, which are the greatest part; yea and prevaileth with wise men at weak times. Therefore we see it hath done wonders, in popular states; but with senates, and princes less; and more ever upon the first entrance of bold persons into action, than soon after; for with essayist boldness is an ill keeper of promise. Surely, as there are mountebanks for the natural body, so are there mountebanks for the politic body; men that undertake great cures, and writing summer, perhaps have been lucky, in two or three experiments, but want the grounds of science, and with all respect essayist, therefore cannot hold out.

Nay, you shall see a bold fellow many times do Mahomet's miracle. Mahomet made the people believe that he would call an hill to for a paper penalty, him, and from the top of it offer up his prayers, for the observers of with essayist, his law. The people assembled; Mahomet called the hill to come to him, again and again; and when the hill stood still, he was never a whit abashed, but said, If the hill will not come to rosie, Mahomet, Mahomet, will go to the hill. So these men, when they have promised great matters, and failed most shamefully, yet (if they have the perfection of boldness) they will but slight it over, and make a turn, and no more ado. Certainly to with all respect, men of phd thesis administration, great judgment, bold persons are a sport to all respect essayist, behold; nay, and to the vulgar also, boldness has somewhat of the ridiculous. For if absurdity be the subject of laughter, doubt you not but great boldness is seldom without some absurdity. Especially it is a sport to see, when a bold fellow is out of countenance; for that puts his face into a most shrunken, and wooden posture; as needs it must; for essay in bashfulness, the with all respect spirits do a little go and come; but with bold men, upon essay like occasion, they stand at a stay; like a stale at chess, where it is no mate, but yet the game cannot stir.

But this last were fitter for a satire than for a serious observation. This is well to essayist, be weighed; that boldness is ever blind; for it seeth not danger, and inconveniences. Therefore it is ill in counsel, good in execution; so that the right use of rosie essay, bold persons is, that they never command in chief, but be seconds, and under the essayist direction of others. For in counsel, it is good to see dangers; and in how to write page paper, execution, not to see them, except they be very great. OF GOODNESS GOODNESS OF NATURE. I take goodness in this sense, the affecting of the weal of men, which is that the Grecians call philanthropia; and the word humanity (as it is used) is a little too light to express it. Goodness I call the habit, and with essayist, goodness of nature, the inclination. How To A Title For A College Paper? This of all virtues, and dignities of the mind, is the greatest; being the character of the Deity: and without it, man is a busy, mischievous, wretched thing; no better than a kind of with, vermin. Goodness answers to the theological virtue, charity, and admits no excess, but error. The desire of titles for a paper on the, power in with, excess, caused the 2010 essay angels to fall; the desire of with essayist, knowledge in excess, caused man to fall: but in charity there is no excess; neither can angel, nor man, come in danger by it. 2010 Essay? The inclination to goodness, is imprinted deeply in with all respect essayist, the nature of man; insomuch, that if it issue not towards men, it will take unto other living creatures; as it is seen in the Turks, a cruel people, who nevertheless are kind to beasts, and ap gov, give alms, to dogs and birds; insomuch, as Busbechius reporteth, a Christian boy, in Constantinople, had like to have been stoned, for gagging in a waggishness a long-billed fowl.

Errors indeed in this virtue of goodness, or charity, may be committed. With? The Italians have an ungracious proverb, Tanto buon che val niente: So good, that he is good for nothing. And one of the ap gov doctors of Italy, Nicholas Machiavel, had the confidence to put in writing, almost in plain terms, That the Christian faith, had given up good men in prey to those that are tyrannical and unjust. Which he spake, because indeed there was never law, or sect, or opinion, did so much magnify goodness, as the Christian religion doth. Therefore, to avoid the with all respect essayist scandal and 2010 essay, the danger both, it is good, to take knowledge of the errors of an habit so excellent. Seek the good of other men, but be not in bondage to essayist, their faces or fancies; for that is paper death, but facility, or softness; which taketh an honest mind prisoner. Neither give thou ?sop's cock a gem, who would be better pleased, and happier, if he had had barley-corn. The example of God, teacheth the lesson truly: He sendeth his rain, and maketh his sun to shine, upon the just and with all respect essayist, unjust; but he doth not rain wealth, nor shine honor and virtues, upon men equally.

Common benefits, are to be communicate with all; but peculiar benefits, with choice. And beware how in making the portraiture, thou breakest the pattern. For divinity, maketh the love of ourselves the pattern; the essay love of our neighbors, but the portraiture. All Respect Essayist? Sell all thou hast, and give it to the poor, and follow me: but, sell not all thou hast, except thou come and follow me; that is, except thou have a vocation, wherein thou mayest do as much good, with little means as with great; for otherwise, in 2010 essay, feeding the streams, thou driest the all respect fountain. How To For A? Neither is there only a habit of goodness, directed by right reason; but there is in some men, even in nature, a disposition towards it; as on the other side, there is a natural malignity. For there be that in their nature do not affect the good of others. The lighter sort of malignity, turneth but to a crossness, or frowardness, or aptness to oppose, or difficulties, or the all respect like; but the deeper sort, to envy and mere mischief. Such men, in write page for a, other men's calamities, are, as it were, in season, and are ever on the loading part: not so good as the dogs, that licked Lazarus' sores; but like Ries, that are still buzzing upon any thing that is raw; misanthropi, that make it their practice, to bring men to the bough, and all respect essayist, yet never a tree for the purpose in purves essay, their gardens, as Timon had. Such dispositions, are the very errors of human nature; and yet they are the with essayist fittest timber, to make great pontics of; like to knee timber, that is good for phd thesis business ships, that are ordained to be tossed; but not for building houses, that shall stand firm.

The parts and signs of goodness, are many. If a man be gracious and courteous to strangers, it shows he is a citizen of the with all respect world, and that his heart is no island, cut off from other lands, but a continent, that joins to them. If he be compassionate towards the afflictions of others, it shows that his heart is like the noble tree, that is wounded itself, when it gives the balm. If he easily pardons, and remits offences, it shows that his mind is planted above injuries; so that he cannot be shot. If he be thankful for small benefits, it shows that he weighs men's minds, and not their trash. But above all if he have St. Paul's perfection, that he would wish to be anathema from Christ, for the salvation of his brethren, it shows much of a divine nature, and a kind of conformity with Christ himself.

We will speak of nobility, first as a portion of an for a paper penalty estate, then as a condition of particular persons. A monarchy, where there is no nobility at all, is ever a pure and absolute tyranny; as that of the Turks. For nobility attempers sovereignty, and draws the eyes of the people, somewhat aside from the line royal. But for democracies, they need it not; and all respect, they are commonly more quiet, and 2010 essay, less subject to sedition, than where there are stirps of nobles. For men's eyes are upon the business, and not upon the persons; or if upon the persons, it is for the business' sake, as fittest, and not for flags and with all respect essayist, pedigree. We see the summer courses Switzers last well, notwithstanding their diversity of religion, and of cantons. For utility is all respect, their bond, and not respects. Rosie Purves? The united provinces of the Low Countries, in their government, excel; for where there is an equality, the consultations are more indifferent, and the payments and tributes, more cheerful. A great and potent nobility, addeth majesty to a monarch, but diminisheth power; and putteth life and spirit into the people, but presseth their fortune. With All Respect Essayist? It is well, when nobles are not too great for sovereignty nor for justice; and yet maintained in that height, as the insolency of inferiors may be broken upon them, before it come on for a paper death too fast upon the majesty of with essayist, kings. A numerous nobility causeth poverty, and inconvenience in a state; for it is a surcharge of expense; and besides, it being of 2010 essay, necessity, that many of the nobility fall, in time, to with all respect, be weak in fortune, it maketh a kind of children in poverty essay, disproportion, between honor and means.

As for nobility in particular persons; it is a reverend thing, to see an ancient castle or building, not in with essayist, decay; or to see a fair timber tree, sound and for a death penalty, perfect. How much more, to with essayist, behold an ancient noble family, which has stood against administration the waves and with all respect essayist, weathers of time! For new nobility is phd thesis administration, but the act of essayist, power, but ancient nobility is the act of time. Those that are first raised to nobility, are commonly more virtuous, but less innocent, than their descendants; for there is rarely any rising, but by a commixture of rosie, good and evil arts. But it is reason, the memory of their virtues remain to their posterity, and their faults die with themselves. Nobility of birth commonly abateth industry; and he that is with essayist, not industrious, envieth him that is. Besides, noble persons cannot go much higher; and he that standeth at paper a stay, when others rise, can hardly avoid motions of all respect essayist, envy. On the other side, nobility extinguisheth the passive envy from others, towards them; because they are in possession of honor.

Certainly, kings that have able men of their nobility, shall find ease in employing them, and a better slide into their business; for people naturally bend to them, as born in some sort to for a on the death penalty, command. OF SEDITIONS AND TROUBLES. Shepherds of with, people, had need know the calendars of tempests in state; which are commonly greatest, when things grow to equality; as natural tempests are greatest about the ?quinoctia. And as there are certain hollow blasts of wind, and secret swellings of seas before a tempest, so are there in states: --Ille etiam c?cos instare tumultus. S?pe monet, fraudesque et operta tunescere bella. Libels and rosie essay, licentious discourses against the state, when they are frequent and all respect, open; and in like sort, false news often running up and down, to the disadvantage of the state, and hastily embraced; are amongst the signs of troubles. Virgil, giving the phd thesis business administration pedigree of Fame, saith she was sister to the Giants: Illam Terra parens, ira irritata deorum, Extremam (ut perhibent) Coeo Enceladoque sororem.

As if fames were the relics of seditions past; but they are no less, indeed, the preludes of seditions to come. Howsoever he noteth it right, that seditious tumults, and seditious fames, differ no more but as brother and sister, masculine and feminine; especially if it come to that, that the best actions of a state, and the most plausible, and which ought to with essayist, give greatest contentment, are taken in nyu creative writing summer, ill sense, and traduced: for that shows the envy great, as Tacitus saith, Conflata magna invidia, seu bene seu male gesta premunt. Neither doth it follow, that because these fames are a sign of troubles, that the suppressing of them with too much severity, should be a remedy of troubles. For the despising of them, many times checks them best; and the going about to stop them, doth but make a wonder long-lived. Also that kind of with all respect, obedience, which Tacitus speaketh of, is to be held suspected: Erant in rosie, officio, sed tamen qui mallent mandata imperantium interpretari quam exequi: disputing, excusing, cavilling upon with all respect mandates and directions, is a kind of shaking off the yoke, and assay of disobedience; especially if in those disputings, they which are for the direction, speak fearfully and tenderly, and those that are against it, audaciously. Also, as Machiavel noteth well, when princes, that ought to for a paper on the penalty, be common parents, make themselves as a party, and lean to a side, it is as a boat, that is overthrown by uneven weight on the one side; as was well seen, in the time of Henry the Third of France; for first, himself entered league for the extirpation of the Protestants; and presently after, the same league was turned upon himself. With? For when the authority of princes, is made but an accessory to in poverty, a cause, and that there be other bands, that tie faster than the band of sovereignty, kings begin to be put almost out of possession.

Also, when discords, and quarrels, and factions are carried openly and audaciously, it is a sign the reverence of with all respect essayist, government is lost. Titles For A Paper Penalty? For the motions of the greatest persons in a government, ought to be as the motions of the planets under primum mobile, according to with essayist, the old opinion: which is, that every of them, is carried swiftly by the highest motion, and softly in their own motion. And therefore, when great ones in write page for a, their own particular motion, move violently, and, as Tacitus expresseth it well, liberius quam ut imperantium meminissent, it is a sign the orbs are out of frame. All Respect Essayist? For reverence is that? wherewith princes are girt from God; who threateneth the dissolving thereof: Solvam cingula regum. So when any of the four pillars of rosie purves, government, are mainly shaken, or weakened (which are religion, justice, counsel, and treasure), men had need to pray for essayist fair weather. But let us pass from this part of predictions (concerning which, nevertheless, more light may be taken from that which followeth); and nyu creative, let us speak first, of the materials of seditions; then of the essayist motives of them; and nyu creative writing, thirdly of the remedies. Concerning the materials of seditions. It is a thing well to all respect essayist, be considered; for the surest way to prevent seditions (if the times do bear it) is to take away the titles for a death matter of all respect, them. 2010 Ap Gov Essay? For if there be fuel prepared, it is hard to tell, whence the spark shall come, that shall set it on fire. The matter of seditions is of two kinds: much poverty, and much discontentment. It is certain, so many overthrown estates, so many votes for troubles.

Lucan noteth well the state of Rome before the Civil War, Hinc usura vorax, rapidumque in tempore foenus, Hinc concussa fides, et multis utile bellum. This same multis utile bellum, is an assured and infallible sign, of a state disposed to seditions and troubles. And if this poverty and all respect essayist, broken estate in the better sort, be joined with a want and necessity in the mean people, the danger is imminent and great. For the rebellions of the belly are the worst. Essay? As for discontentments, they are, in the politic body, like to humors in the natural, which are apt to gather a preternatural heat, and to inflame. And let no prince measure the danger of them by this, whether they be just or unjust: for with all respect essayist that were to imagine people, to be too reasonable; who do often spurn at phd thesis business their own good: nor yet by this, whether the griefs whereupon they rise, be in fact great or small: for they are the most dangerous discontentments, where the fear is greater than the feeling. Dolendi modus, timendi non item. With? Besides, in great oppressions, the same things that provoke the patience, do withal mate the courage; but in fears it is not so.

Neither let any prince, or state, be secure concerning discontentments, because they have been often, or have been long, and yet no peril hath ensued: for as it is true, that every vapor or fume doth not turn into a storm; so it is nevertheless true, that storms, though they blow over divers times, yet may fall at last; and, as the Spanish proverb noteth well, The cord breaketh at the last by the weakest pull. The causes and motives of seditions are, innovation in religion; taxes; alteration of laws and customs; breaking of privileges; general oppression; advancement of unworthy persons; strangers; dearths; disbanded soldiers; factions grown desperate; and what soever, in offending people, joineth and knitteth them in a common cause. For the remedies; there may be some general preservatives, whereof we will speak: as for the just cure, it must answer to nyu creative courses, the particular disease; and so be left to counsel, rather than rule. The first remedy or prevention is to remove, by all means possible, that material cause of sedition whereof we spake; which is, want and poverty in the estate. To which purpose serveth the opening, and well-balancing of trade; the cherishing of manufactures; the all respect essayist banishing of idleness; the repressing of waste, and excess, by sumptuary laws; the improvement and husbanding of the soil; the regulating of prices of things vendible; the on the death penalty moderating of taxes and tributes; and the like. Generally, it is to with essayist, be foreseen that the population of a kingdom (especially if it be not mown down by wars) do not exceed the stock of the summer kingdom, which should maintain them. All Respect? Neither is the population to be reckoned only by number; for a smaller number, that spend more and earn less, do wear out an estate sooner, than a greater number that live lower, and gather more. Therefore the write a title multiplying of nobility, and other degrees of quality, in an over proportion to the common people, doth speedily bring a state to necessity; and so doth likewise an overgrown clergy; for they bring nothing to the stock; and in like manner, when more are bred scholars, than preferments can take off. It is likewise to be remembered, that forasmuch as the increase of any estate must be upon the foreigner (for whatsoever is somewhere gotten, is essayist, somewhere lost), there be but three things, which one nation selleth unto another; the commodity as nature yieldeth it; the ap gov essay manufacture; and the vecture, or carriage. So that if these three wheels go, wealth will flow as in a spring tide. All Respect? And it cometh many times to pass, that materiam superabit opus; that the work and phd thesis administration, carriage is more worth than the material, and enricheth a state more; as is notably seen in the Low-Countrymen, who have the best mines above ground, in the world.

Above all things, good policy is to be used, that the treasure and all respect essayist, moneys, in a state, be not gathered into few hands. For otherwise a state may have a great stock, and yet starve. And money is like muck, not good except it be spread. This is done, chiefly by suppressing, or at least keeping a strait hand, upon the devouring trades of usury, ingrossing great pasturages, and the like. For removing discontentments, or at least the danger of them; there is in every state (as we know) two portions of subjects; the noblesse and the commonalty. When one of these is discontent, the danger is not great; for common people are of purves essay, slow motion, if they be not excited by the greater sort; and the greater sort are of small strength, except the multitude be apt, and ready to move of all respect essayist, themselves.

Then is the 2010 ap gov essay danger, when the greater sort, do but wait for the troubling of the waters amongst the meaner, that then they may declare themselves. With? The poets feign, that the rest of the gods would have bound Jupiter; which he hearing of, by the counsel of Pallas, sent for for a paper death penalty Briareus, with his hundred hands, to come in to his aid. An emblem, no doubt, to show how safe it is for with all respect essayist monarchs, to make sure of the good will of common people. To give moderate liberty for griefs and for a paper penalty, discontentments to evaporate (so it be without too great insolency or bravery), is a safe way. For he that turneth the humors back, and with all respect essayist, maketh the wound bleed inwards, endangereth malign ulcers, and pernicious imposthumations. The part of Epimetheus mought well become Prometheus, in the case of discontentments: for there is not a better provision against them. Epimetheus, when griefs and evils flew abroad, at last shut the lid, and kept hope in the bottom of the vessel. Certainly, the politic and artificial nourishing, and entertaining of hopes, and carrying men from hopes to hopes, is one of the best antidotes against the poison of discontentments. And it is a certain sign of a wise government and write a title college paper, proceeding, when it can hold men's hearts by hopes, when it cannot by with essayist satisfaction; and when it can handle things, in such manner, as no evil shall appear so peremptory, but that it hath some outlet of hope; which is the less hard to do, because both particular persons and factions, are apt enough to flatter themselves, or at least to brave that, which they believe not.

Also the foresight and prevention, that there be no likely or fit head, whereunto discontented persons may resort, and under whom they may join, is 2010 ap gov, a known, but an all respect excellent point of caution. I understand a fit head, to be one that hath greatness and reputation; that hath confidence with the phd thesis business administration discontented party, and upon whom they turn their eyes; and that is thought discontented, in his own particular: which kind of persons, are either to essayist, be won, and purves, reconciled to all respect essayist, the state, and that in a fast and true manner; or to be fronted with some other, of the same party, that may oppose them, and so divide the reputation. Generally, the dividing and breaking, of summer, all factions and all respect, combinations that are adverse to the state, and setting them at distance, or at least distrust, amongst themselves, is not one of the worst remedies. For it is a desperate case, if those that hold with the proceeding of the state, be full of discord and titles for a on the death, faction, and those that are against essayist it, be entire and nyu creative summer courses, united. I have noted that some witty and all respect, sharp speeches which have fallen from in poverty, princes have given fire to seditions. C?sar did himself infinite hurt in that speech, Sylla nescivit literas, non potuit dictare; for it did utterly cut off that hope, which men had entertained, that he would at one time or other give over his dictatorship. Galba undid himself by that speech, Legi a se militem, non emi; for it put the soldiers out of hope of the donative. Probus likewise, by that speech, Si vixero, non opus erit amplius Romano imperio militibus: a speech of all respect, great despair for the soldiers. And many the like. Surely princes had need, in death penalty, tender matters and ticklish times, to beware what they say; especially in these short speeches, which fly abroad like darts, and are thought to be shot out of their secret intentions. For as for large discourses, they are flat things, and not so much noted.

Lastly, let princes, against all events, not be without some great person, one or rather more, of military valor, near unto them, for the repressing of seditions in their beginnings. For without that, there useth to be more trepidation in court upon the first breaking out of troubles, than were fit. And the state runneth the danger of with essayist, that which Tacitus saith; Atque is habitus animorum fuit, ut pessimum facinus auderent pauci, plures vellent, omnes paterentur. But let such military persons be assured, and well reputed of, rather than factious and popular; holding also good correspondence with the other great men in the state; or else the remedy, is worse than the disease. I had rather believe all the fables in children essay, the Legend, and the Talmud, and the Alcoran, than that this universal frame is essayist, without a mind.

And therefore, God never wrought miracle, to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it. It is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man's mind to 2010 ap gov, atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men's minds about to religion. For while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them, and go no further; but when it beholdeth the chain of them, confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity. Nay, even that school which is most accused of atheism doth most demonstrate religion; that is, the school of Leucippus and with essayist, Democritus and Epicurus. For it is a thousand times more credible, that four mutable elements, and one immutable fifth essence, duly and writing summer, eternally placed, need no God, than that an army of infinite small portions, or seeds unplaced, should have produced this order and beauty, without a divine marshal. Essayist? The Scripture saith, The fool hath said in phd thesis business, his heart, there is no God: it is with all respect, not said, The fool hath thought in titles for a paper on the death, his heart; so as he rather saith it, by rote to himself, as that he would have, than that he can thoroughly believe it, or be persuaded of it. For none deny, there is a God, but those, for whom it maketh that there were no God. It appeareth in essayist, nothing more, that atheism is rather in the lip, than in ap gov essay, the heart of man, than by this; that atheists will ever be talking of that their opinion, as if they fainted in it, within themselves, and essayist, would be glad to be strengthened, by the consent of others. Nay more, you shall have atheists strive to essay, get disciples, as it fareth with other sects. And, which is most of all, you shall have of them, that will suffer for atheism, and not recant; whereas if they did truly think, that there were no such thing as God, why should they trouble themselves? Epicurus is charged, that he did but dissemble for with all respect his credit's sake, when he affirmed there were blessed natures, but such as enjoyed themselves, without having respect to the government of the 2010 ap gov essay world.

Wherein they say he did temporize; though in secret, he thought there was no God. But certainly he is traduced; for his words are noble and divine: Non deos vulgi negare profanum; sed vulgi opiniones diis applicare profanum. With All Respect Essayist? Plato could have said no more. Write A Title Paper? And although he had the confidence, to deny the administration, he had not the power, to deny the all respect essayist nature. Ap Gov Essay? The Indians of the West, have names for their particular gods, though they have no name for God: as if the heathens should have had the names Jupiter, Apollo, Mars, etc., but not the word Deus; which shows that even those barbarous people have the notion, though they have not the latitude and extent of it. So that against atheists, the very savages take part, with the very subtlest philosophers. The contemplative atheist is rare: a Diagoras, a Bion, a Lucian perhaps, and some others; and with all respect, yet they seem to essay, be more than they are; for that all that impugn a received religion, or superstition, are by the adverse part branded with the name of atheists.

But the great atheists, indeed are hypocrites; which are ever handling holy things, but without feeling; so as they must needs be cauterized in the end. The causes of atheism are: divisions in religion, if they be many; for any one main division, addeth zeal to both sides; but many divisions introduce atheism. Another is, scandal of priests; when it is come to that which St. Bernard saith: Non est jam dicere, ut populus sic sacerdos; quia nec sic populus ut sacerdos. A third is, custom of profane scoffing in holy matters; which doth, by little and little, deface the reverence of religion. And lastly, learned times, specially with peace and prosperity; for troubles and essayist, adversities do more bow men's minds to religion. They that deny a God, destroy man's nobility; for certainly man is of kin to ap gov, the beasts, by all respect his body; and, if he be not of kin to God, by his spirit, he is a base and ignoble creature. Write Paper? It destroys likewise magnanimity, and the raising of human nature; for take an example of a dog, and mark what a generosity and courage he will put on, when he finds himself maintained by a man; who to him is instead of a God, or melior natura; which courage is manifestly such, as that creature, without that confidence of a better nature than his own, could never attain. So man, when he resteth and assureth himself, upon divine protection and favor, gathered a force and faith, which human nature in itself could not obtain. Therefore, as atheism is in with all respect essayist, all respects hateful, so in this, that it depriveth human nature of the means to summer courses, exalt itself, above human frailty. As it is in particular persons, so it is in essayist, nations.

Never was there such a state for magnanimity as Rome. Of this state hear what Cicero saith: Quam volumus licet, patres conscripti, nos amemus, tamen nec numero Hispanos, nec robore Gallos, nec calliditate Poenos, nec artibus Gr?cos, nec denique hoc ipso hujus gentis et terr? domestico nativoque sensu Italos ipsos et Latinos; sed pietate, ad religione, atque hac una sapientia, quod deorum immortalium numine omnia regi gubernarique perspeximus, omnes gentes nationesque superavimus. It were better to have no opinion of God at all, than such an rosie opinion, as is unworthy of him. For the one is unbelief, the other is essayist, contumely; and certainly superstition is the phd thesis administration reproach of the Deity. With Essayist? Plutarch saith well to college paper, that purpose: Surely (saith he) I had rather a great deal, men should say, there was no such man at all as Plutarch, than that they should say, that there was one Plutarch that would eat his children as soon as they were born; as the poets speak of Saturn. And as the contumely is with all respect essayist, greater towards God, so the danger is greater towards men. Atheism leaves a man to sense, to philosophy, to natural piety, to laws, to writing summer courses, reputation all which may be guides to an outward moral virtue, though religion were not; but superstition dismounts all these, and erecteth an absolute monarchy, in the minds of men. Essayist? Therefore atheism did never perturb states; for it makes men wary of write a title page for a paper, themselves, as looking no further: and we see the times inclined to atheism (as the time of Augustus C?sar) were civil times. But superstition hath been the confusion of many states, and bringeth in a new primum mobile, that ravisheth all the spheres of government. The master of superstition, is the people; and in all superstition, wise men follow fools; and arguments are fitted to with essayist, practice, in a reversed order. It was gravely said by some of the prelates in the Council of Trent, where the phd thesis administration doctrine of the essayist Schoolmen bare great sway, that the schoolmen were like astronomers, which did feign eccentrics and purves, epicycles, and such engines of orbs, to save the all respect essayist phenomena; though they knew there were no such things; and in like manner, that the Schoolmen had framed a number of subtle and intricate axioms, and theorems, to save the practice of the church.

The causes of superstition are: pleasing and sensual rites and ceremonies; excess of outward and pharisaical holiness; overgreat reverence of traditions, which cannot but load the church; the stratagems of prelates, for their own ambition and lucre; the favoring too much of good intentions, which openeth the gate to conceits and novelties; the taking an paper on the aim at divine matters, by human, which cannot but breed mixture of with all respect essayist, imaginations: and, lastly, barbarous times, especially joined with calamities and disasters. Superstition, without a veil, is a deformed thing; for, as it addeth deformity to 2010 essay, an ape, to be so like a man, so the similitude of superstition to religion, makes it the more deformed. And as wholesome meat corrupteth to little worms, so good forms and orders corrupt, into a number of petty observances. There is a superstition in all respect, avoiding superstition, when men think to do best, if they go furthest from the superstition, formerly received; therefore care would be had that (as it fareth in ill purgings) the good be not taken away with the essay bad; which commonly is done, when the with essayist people is the reformer. Travel, in the younger sort, is a part of education, in the elder, a part of experience. He that travelleth into a country, before he hath some entrance into the language, goeth to school, and essay, not to travel. That young men travel under some tutor, or grave servant, I allow well; so that he be such a one that hath the language, and with essayist, hath been in the country before; whereby he may be able to a title page for a paper, tell them what things are worthy to be seen, in the country where they go; what acquaintances they are to seek; what exercises, or discipline, the with all respect essayist place yieldeth.

For else, young men shall go hooded, and look abroad little. It is a strange thing, that in in poverty essay, sea voyages, where there is nothing to with all respect essayist, be seen, but sky and administration, sea, men should make diaries; but in land-travel, wherein so much is to be observed, for with all respect the most part they omit it; as if chance were fitter to be registered, than observation. Let diaries, therefore, be brought in courses, use. The things to be seen and observed are: the courts of princes, especially when they give audience to ambassadors; the all respect essayist courts of justice, while they sit and business administration, hear causes; and all respect essayist, so of consistories ecclesiastic; the business churches and monasteries, with the monuments which are therein extant; the walls and fortifications of cities, and towns, and so the heavens and all respect essayist, harbors; antiquities and ruins; libraries; colleges, disputations, and lectures, where any are; shipping and navies; houses and gardens of state and pleasure, near great cities; armories; arsenals; magazines; exchanges; burses; warehouses; exercises of horsemanship, fencing, training of soldiers, and the like; comedies, such whereunto the better sort of persons do resort; treasuries of jewels and nyu creative summer, robes; cabinets and rarities; and, to with all respect essayist, conclude, whatsoever is how to write, memorable, in the places where they go. After all which, the tutors, or servants, ought to make diligent inquiry. As for triumphs, masks, feasts, weddings, funerals, capital executions, and such shows, men need not to be put in mind of them; yet are they not to be neglected. If you will have a young man to essayist, put his travel into a little room, and in short time to gather much, this you must do.

First, as was said, he must have some entrance into the language before he goeth. Then he must have such a servant, or tutor, as knoweth the how to page paper country, as was likewise said. Let him carry with him also, some card or book, describing the country where he travelleth; which will be a good key to his inquiry. Let him keep also a diary. Let him not stay long, in one city or town; more or less as the place deserveth, but not long; nay, when he stayeth in one city or town, let him change his lodging from one end and part of the all respect essayist town, to another; which is a great adamant of acquaintance. Let him sequester himself, from the company of his countrymen, and diet in such places, where there is good company of the nation where he travelleth. Phd Thesis Administration? Let him, upon his removes from with essayist, one place to another, procure recommendation to some person of quality, residing in the place whither he removeth; that he may use his favor, in those things he desireth to see or know. Thus he may abridge his travel, with much profit. Write A Title For A College Paper? As for with all respect essayist the acquaintance, which is to be sought in travel; that which is most of all profitable, is acquaintance with the secretaries and employed men of a title page for a, ambassadors: for so in travelling in one country, he shall suck the experience of all respect essayist, many. Let him also see, and visit, eminent persons in phd thesis business administration, all kinds, which are of great name abroad; that he may be able to tell, how the life agreeth with the fame. With? For quarrels, they are with care and discretion to be avoided.

They are commonly for mistresses, healths, place, and words. And let a man beware, how he keepeth company with choleric and quarrelsome persons; for they will engage him into children in poverty their own quarrels. When a traveller returneth home, let him not leave the countries, where he hath travelled, altogether behind him; but maintain a correspondence by letters, with those of with essayist, his acquaintance. Nyu Creative Writing Summer? which are of most worth. And let his travel appear rather in with essayist, his discourse, than his apparel or gesture; and in his discourse, let him be rather advised in his answers, than forward to tell stories; and let it appear that he doth not change his country manners, for those of foreign parts; but only prick in some flowers, of that he hath learned abroad, into the customs of his own country. It is a miserable state of mind, to have few things to desire, and many things to fear; and yet that commonly is the case of kings; who, being at the highest, want matter of desire, which makes their minds more languishing; and have many representations of perils and shadows, which makes their minds the less clear. And this is one reason also, of that effect which the Scripture speaketh of, That the king's heart is inscrutable. For multitude of jealousies, and lack of some predominant desire, that should marshal and put in order all the rest, maketh any man's heart, hard to phd thesis administration, find or sound. Hence it comes likewise, that princes many times make themselves desires, and set their hearts upon toys; sometimes upon a building; sometimes upon with essayist erecting of an order; sometimes upon the advancing of a person; sometimes upon obtaining excellency in some art, or feat of the hand; as Nero for playing on the harp, Domitian for phd thesis business administration certainty of the hand with the arrow, Commodus for playing at fence, Caracalla for driving chariots, and the like. This seemeth incredible, unto those that know not the principle, that the mind of man is more cheered and refreshed by profiting in small things, than by essayist standing at nyu creative writing summer courses a stay in great. We see also that kings that have been fortunate conquerors, in their first years, it being not possible for them to go forward infinitely, but that they must have some check, or arrest in their fortunes, turn in all respect essayist, their latter years to be superstitious, and melancholy; as did Alexander the Great; Diocletian; and in our memory, Charles the Fifth; and others: for he that is used to business, go forward, and findeth a stop, falleth out of his own favor, and is not the thing he was.

To speak now of the true temper of empire, it is a thing rare and hard to keep; for both temper, and distemper, consist of contraries. All Respect Essayist? But it is purves, one thing, to mingle contraries, another to all respect essayist, interchange them. The answer of essay, Apollonius to Vespasian, is full of excellent instruction. Vespasian asked him, What was Nero's overthrow? He answered, Nero could touch and with, tune the harp well; but in government, sometimes he used to wind the children in poverty essay pins too high, sometimes to let them down too low. With All Respect Essayist? And certain it is, that nothing destroyeth authority so much, as the unequal and untimely interchange of business administration, power pressed too far, and relaxed too much. This is true, that the wisdom of all these latter times, in princes' affairs, is rather fine deliveries, and shiftings of dangers and mischiefs, when they are near, than solid and grounded courses to keep them aloof. But this is but to all respect essayist, try masteries with fortune. And let men beware, how they neglect and suffer matter of trouble to titles paper on the penalty, be prepared for no man can forbid the spark, nor tell whence it may come. The difficulties in princes' business are many and great; but the with greatest difficulty, is often in ap gov, their own mind. For it is common with princes (saith Tacitus) to will contradictories, Sunt plerumque regum voluntates vehementes, et inter se contrari?.

For it is the solecism of power, to think to command the end, and yet not to endure the all respect mean. Kings have to deal with their neighbors, their wives, their children, their prelates or clergy, their nobles, their second-nobles or gentlemen, their merchants, their commons, and their men of titles paper penalty, war; and from all these arise dangers, if care and circumspection be not used. First for with all respect essayist their neighbors; there can no general rule be given (for occasions are so variable), save one, which ever holdeth, which is, that princes do keep due sentinel, that none of how to page, their neighbors do ever grow so (by increase of territory, by embracing of trade, by essayist approaches, or the like), as they become more able to annoy them, than they were. And this is generally the 2010 essay work of standing counsels, to foresee and to hinder it. During that triumvirate of kings, King Henry the Eighth of with essayist, England, Francis the First King of France, and ap gov essay, Charles the Fifth Emperor, there was such a watch kept, that none of the three could win a palm of ground, but the other two would straightways balance it, either by confederation, or, if need were, by a war; and would not in any wise take up peace at interest. And the like was done by that league (which Guicciardini saith was the with security of Italy) made between Ferdinando King of Naples, Lorenzius Medici, and Ludovicus Sforza, potentates, the one of Florence, the other of ap gov, Milan. Neither is the opinion of some of the with all respect essayist Schoolmen, to be received, that a war cannot justly be made, but upon a precedent injury, or provocation. For there is no question, but a just fear of an paper on the penalty imminent danger, though there be no blow given, is a lawful cause of a war. For their wives; there are cruel examples of them. Livia is infamed, for the poisoning of all respect, her husband; Roxalana, Solyman's wife, was the destruction of that renowned prince, Sultan Mustapha, and otherwise troubled his house and succession; Edward the Second of purves essay, England, his queen, had the principal hand in the deposing and murder of with all respect essayist, her husband.

This kind of danger, is then to be feared chiefly, when the phd thesis business administration wives have plots, for the raising of their own children; or else that they be advoutresses. For their children; the tragedies likewise of dangers from them, have been many. And generally, the entering of fathers into suspicion of their children, hath been ever unfortunate. The destruction of Mustapha (that we named before) was so fatal to Solyman's line, as the succession of the all respect essayist Turks, from Solyman until this day, is suspected to be untrue, and of strange blood; for that Selymus the phd thesis administration Second, was thought to be suppositious. With All Respect? The destruction of Crispus, a young prince of rare towardness, by Constantinus the Great, his father, was in like manner fatal to phd thesis business administration, his house; for both Constantinus and with essayist, Constance, his sons, died violent deaths; and Constantius, his other son, did little better; who died indeed of phd thesis administration, sickness, but after that Julianus had taken arms against him. The destruction of Demetrius, son to Philip the Second of Macedon, turned upon the father, who died of with, repentance. And many like examples there are; but few or none, where the children in poverty essay fathers had good by such distrust; except it were, where the sons were up in with essayist, open arms against them; as was Selymus the First against Bajazet; and the three sons of Henry the Second, King of England. For their prelates; when they are proud and great, there is also danger from them; as it was in the times of Anselmus, and paper penalty, Thomas Becket, Archbishops of Canterbury; who, with their croziers, did almost try it with the king's sword; and essayist, yet they had to deal with stout and haughty kings, William Rufus, Henry the First, and Henry the Second. The danger is for a college, not from with all respect, that state, but where it hath a dependence of foreign authority; or where the churchmen come in and are elected, not by the collation of the king, or particular patrons, but by the people.

For their nobles; to keep them at a distance, it is writing, not amiss; but to depress them, may make a king more absolute, but less safe; and less able to perform, any thing that he desires. I have noted it, in with, my History of children essay, King Henry the Seventh of England, who depressed his nobility; whereupon it came to pass, that his times were full of difficidties and troubles; for the nobility, though they continued loyal unto him, yet did they not co-operate with him in his business. So that in effect, he was fain to do all things himself. For their second-nobles; there is not much danger from essayist, them, being a body dispersed. Essay? They may sometimes discourse high, but that doth little hurt; besides, they are a counterpoise to the higher nobility, that they grow not too potent; and, lastly, being the most immediate in authority, with the common people, they do best temper popular commotions.

For their merchants; they are vena porta; and with all respect, if they flourish not, a kingdom may have good limbs, but will have empty veins, and nourish little. Taxes and imposts upon nyu creative writing courses them, do seldom good to the king's revenue; for that that wins in the hundred, he leeseth in essayist, the shire; the particular rates being increased, but the phd thesis total bulk of trading, rather decreased. For their commons; there is little danger from with essayist, them, except it be, where they have great and potent heads; or where you meddle with the point of rosie purves essay, religion, or their customs, or means of life. For their men of war; it is a dangerous state, where they live and remain in all respect, a body, and are used to donatives; whereof we see examples in 2010 ap gov essay, the janizaries, and pretorian bands of Rome; but trainings of men, and arming them in several places, and under several commanders, and without donatives, are things of defence, and no danger. Princes are like to heavenly bodies, which cause good or evil times; and which have much veneration, but no rest. All precepts concerning kings, are in effect comprehended in with, those two remembrances: memento quod es homo; and memento quod es Deus, or vice Dei: the one bridleth their power, and the other their will. The greatest trust, between man and man, is the phd thesis business trust of giving counsel. For in other confidences, men commit the parts of life; their lands, their goods, their children, their credit, some particular affair; but to such as they make their counsellors, they commit the whole: by how much the more, they are obliged to all faith and integrity. The wisest princes need not think it any diminution to their greatness, or derogation to their sufficiency, to rely upon counsel. God himself is not without, but hath made it one of the all respect essayist great names of how to college paper, his blessed Son; The Counsellor.

Salomon hath pronounced, that in counsel is stability. Things will have their first, or second agitation: if they be not tossed upon the arguments of with, counsel, they will be tossed upon the waves of fortune; and paper on the, be full of inconstancy, doing and undoing, like the reeling of a drunken man. Salomon's son found the with essayist force of counsel, as his father saw the necessity of it. 2010 Essay? For the beloved kingdom of God, was first rent, and broken, by ill counsel; upon which counsel, there are set for our instruction, the two marks whereby bad counsel is for ever best discerned; that it was young counsel, for the person; and violent counsel, for the matter. The ancient times, do set forth in figure, both the incorporation, and inseparable conjunction, of counsel with kings, and the wise and politic use of counsel by kings: the one, in that they say Jupiter did marry Metis, which signifieth counsel; whereby they intend that Sovereignty, is manied to Counsel: the other in that which followeth, which was thus: They say, after Jupiter was married to Metis, she conceived by him, and was with child, but Jupiter suffered her not to stay, till she brought forth, but eat her up; whereby he became himself with child, and was delivered of Pallas armed, out of his head. Which monstrous fable containeth a secret of all respect, empire; how kings are to make use of rosie essay, their counsel of state. That first, they ought to all respect essayist, refer matters unto them, which is the how to write page for a first begetting, or impregnation; but when they are elaborate, moulded, and shaped in the womb of their counsel, and grow ripe, and ready to be brought forth, that then they suffer not their counsel, to go through with the resolution and direction, as if it depended on them; but take the with all respect matter back into their own hands, and make it appear to the world, that the decrees and how to for a paper, final directions (which, because they come forth, with prudence and power, are resembled to with all respect essayist, Pallas armed) proceeded from themselves; and not only from their authority, but (the more to add reputation to themselves) from their head and device. Let us now speak of the inconveniences of counsel, and of the remedies. The inconveniences that have been noted, in calling and using counsel, are three. First, the business administration revealing of affairs, whereby they become less secret.

Secondly, the weakening of the authority of princes, as if they were less of themselves. Thirdly, the danger of being unfaithfully counselled, and more for the good of them that counsel, than of with, him that is counselled. For which inconveniences, the doctrine of Italy, and practice of France, in essay, some kings' times, hath introduced cabinet counsels; a remedy worse than the disease. As to secrecy; princes are not bound to communicate all matters, with all counsellors; but may extract and select. With All Respect Essayist? Neither is rosie, it necessary, that he that consulteth what he should do, should declare what he will do. With? But let princes beware, that the unsecreting of their affairs, comes not from themselves. Children In Poverty? And as for cabinet counsels, it may be their motto, plenus rimarum sum: one futile person, that maketh it his glory to tell, will do more hurt than many, that know it their duty to conceal.

It is true there be some affairs, which require extreme secrecy, which will hardly go beyond one or two persons, besides the king: neither are those counsels unprosperous; for, besides the secrecy, they commonly go on constantly, in one spirit of direction, without distraction. But then it must be a prudent king, such as is with all respect, able to grind with a handmill; and those inward counsellors had need also be wise men, and especially true and titles for a death penalty, trusty to the king's ends; as it was with King Henry the Seventh of England, who, in his great business, imparted himself to none, except it were to Morton and Fox. For weakening of authority; the fable showeth the all respect essayist remedy. Nay, the majesty of kings, is rather exalted than diminished, when they are in the chair of counsel; neither was there ever prince, bereaved of death, his dependences, by his counsel, except where there hath been, either an over-greatness in one counsellor, or an over-strict combination in divers; which are things soon found, and holpen. With Essayist? For the last inconvenience, that men will counsel, with an eye to essay, themselves; certainly, non inveniet fidem super terram is meant, of the nature of all respect essayist, times, and not of ap gov, all particular persons. With Essayist? There be, that are in writing, nature faithful, and sincere, and plain, and direct; not crafty and essayist, involved; let princes, above all, draw to themselves such natures. Besides, counsellors are not commonly so united, but that one counsellor, keepeth sentinel over another; so that if any do counsel out of faction or private ends, it commonly comes to the king's ear. But the best remedy is, if princes know their counsellors, as well as their counsellors know them: Principis est virtus maxima nosse suos. And on the other side, counsellors should not be too speculative into titles their sovereign's person.

The true composition of a counsellor, is rather to be skilful in their master's business than in his nature; for then he is like to advise him, and not feed his humor. It is of singular use to princes, if they take the opinions of their counsel, both separately and together. For private opinion is more free; but opinion before others, is more reverent. In private, men are more bold in their own humors; and in consort, men are more obnoxious to others' humors; therefore it is good to take both; and of the inferior sort, rather in private, to essayist, preserve freedom; of the in poverty greater, rather in consort, to preserve respect. It is in vain for princes, to take counsel concerning matters, if they take no counsel likewise concerning persons; for all matters are as dead images; and the life of the execution of affairs, resteth in the good choice of persons. Neither is it enough, to with, consult concerning persons secundum genera, as in an idea, or mathematical description, what the kind and ap gov essay, character of the person should be; for the greatest errors are committed, and the most judgment is shown, in the choice of individuals. It was truly said, Optimi consiliarii mortui: books will speak plain, when counsellors blanch. Therefore it is good to be conversant in them, specially the essayist books of such as themselves have been actors upon the stage. The counsels at this day, in nyu creative writing summer courses, most places, are but familiar meetings, where matters are rather talked on, than debated. And they run too swift, to the order, or act, of counsel. It were better that in causes of weight, the with all respect essayist matter were propounded one day, and not spoken to till the next day; in nocte consilium.

So was it done in the Commission of Union, between England and Scotland; which was a grave and orderly assembly. I commend set days for petitions; for both it gives the suitors more certainty for their attendance, and it frees the meetings for matters of estate, that they may hoc agere. In choice of committees; for ripening business for the counsel, it is better to choose indifferent persons, than to make an indifferency, by putting in those, that are strong on both sides. I commend also standing commissions; as for trade, for phd thesis business treasure, for war, for with essayist suits, for some provinces; for how to page for a paper where there be divers particular counsels, and but one counsel of all respect essayist, estate (as it is in Spain), they are, in effect, no more than standing commissions: save that they have greater authority. How To Page College? Let such as are to inform counsels, out of their particular professions (as lawyers, seamen, mintmen, and the like) be first heard before committees; and then, as occasion serves, before the counsel. And let them not come in multitudes, or in a tribunitious manner; for that is to clamor counsels, not to inform them. A long table and a square table, or seats about the walls, seem things of with all respect essayist, form, but are things of substance; for at a long table a few at the upper end, in effect, sway all the business; but in the other form, there is more use of the counsellors' opinions, that sit lower. A king, when he presides in counsel, let him beware how he opens his own inclination too much, in that which he propoundeth; for else counsellors will but take the wind of nyu creative writing summer courses, him, and instead of with all respect, giving free counsel, sing him a song of placebo. Fortune is like the market; where many times if you can stay a little, the price will fall. Again, it is 2010, sometimes like Sibylla's offer; which at first, offereth the commodity at full, then consumeth part and part, and still holdeth up the price.

For Occasion (as it is in the common verse) turneth a bald noddle, after she hath presented her locks in front, and no hold taken; or at least turneth the handle of the with all respect bottle, first to be received, and after the belly, which is hard to clasp. There is surely no greater wisdom, than well to time the how to page college beginnings, and onsets, of all respect, things. Ap Gov Essay? Dangers are no more light, if they once seem light; and more dangers have deceived men, than forced them. Nay, it were better, to meet some dangers half way, though they come nothing near, than to keep too long a watch upon their approaches; for if a man watch too long, it is with essayist, odds he will fall asleep. On the other side, to be deceived with too long shadows (as some have been, when the moon was low, and write page for a college paper, shone on their enemies' back), and with, so to paper on the penalty, shoot off before the time; or to teach dangers to come on, by over early buckling towards them; is another extreme. The ripeness, or unripeness, of the with all respect essayist occasion (as we said) must ever be well weighed; and generally it is good, to commit the beginnings of an great actions to Argus, with his hundred eyes, and rosie purves, the ends to all respect essayist, Briareus, with his hundred hands; first to watch, and then to speed. For the helmet of Pluto, which maketh the for a on the death penalty politic man go invisible, is secrecy in the counsel, and celerity in the execution.

For when things are once come to the execution, there is no secrecy, comparable to celerity; like the motion of a bullet in the air, which flieth so swift, as it outruns the eye. We take cunning for a sinister or crooked wisdom. And certainly there is a great difference, between a cunning man, and a wise man; not only in point of all respect essayist, honesty, but in point of ability. There be, that can pack the cards, and yet cannot play well; so there are some that are good in canvasses and factions, that are otherwise weak men. Again, it is one thing to understand persons, and another thing to understand matters; for many are perfect in men's humors, that are not greatly capable of the real part of business; which is the constitution of one that hath studied men, more than books. Such men are fitter for practice, than for counsel; and 2010 essay, they are good, but in with all respect, their own alley: turn them to new men, and nyu creative writing summer courses, they have lost their aim; so as the old rule, to know a fool from a wise man, Mitte ambos nudos ad ignotos, et videbis, doth scarce hold for them. And because these cunning men, are like haberdashers of all respect essayist, small wares, it is how to a title, not amiss to all respect, set forth their shop. It is a point of cunning, to wait upon him with whom you speak, with your eye; as the Jesuits give it in precept: for how to page there be many wise men, that have secret hearts, and transparent countenances. Yet this would be done with a demure abasing of all respect, your eye, sometimes, as the Jesuits also do use. Another is, that when you have anything to obtain, of present despatch, you entertain and essay, amuse the party, with whom you deal, with some other discourse; that he be not too much awake to with all respect, make objections. I knew a counsellor and secretary, that never came to Queen Elizabeth of England, with bills to sign, but he would always first put her into children some discourse of estate, that she mought the with all respect less mind the bills.

The like surprise may be made by moving things, when the party is in haste, and cannot stay to consider advisedly of that is moved. If a man would cross a business, that he doubts some other would handsomely and effectually move, let him pretend to in poverty, wish it well, and move it himself in with all respect, such sort as may foil it. The breaking off, in phd thesis administration, the midst of that one was about to say, as if he took himself up, breeds a greater appetite in him with whom you confer, to know more. And because it works better, when anything seemeth to with, be gotten from you by question, than if you offer it of yourself, you may lay a bait for a question, by showing another visage, and countenance, than you are wont; to the end to give occasion, for the party to ask, what the matter is of the change? As Nehemias did: And I had not before that time, been sad before the phd thesis administration king.

In things that are tender and unpleasing, it is good to break the ice, by some whose words are of less weight, and to reserve the more weighty voice, to essayist, come in as by chance, so that he may be asked the question upon the other's speech: as Narcissus did, relating to Claudius the marriage of titles on the penalty, Messalina and Silius. In things that a man would not be seen in with essayist, himself, it is a point of cunning, to borrow the essay name of the world; as to with, say, The world says, or, There is a speech abroad. I knew one that, when he wrote a letter, he would put that, which was most material, in the postscript, as if it had been a by-matter. I knew another that, when he came to have speech, he would pass over that, that he intended most; and go forth, and come back again, and speak of it as of a thing, that he had almost forgot. Some procure themselves, to be surprised, at such times as it is like the party that they work upon, will suddenly come upon them; and to be found with a letter in rosie essay, their hand or doing somewhat which they are not accustomed; to the end, they may be apposed of those things, which of themselves they are desirous to utter.

It is all respect, a point of cunning, to let fall those words in a man's own name, which he would have another man learn, and use, and thereupon take advantage. I knew two, that were competitors for the secretary's place in Queen Elizabeth's time, and yet kept good quarter between themselves; and would confer, one with another, upon the business; and the one of them said, That to be a secretary in the declination of nyu creative writing summer, a monarchy was a ticklish thing, and that he did not affect it: the other straight caught up those words, and discoursed with divers of his friends, that he had no reason to desire to be secretary, in all respect essayist, the declination of a monarchy. The first man took hold of it, and business, found means it was told the Queen; who, hearing of a declination of a monarchy, took it so ill, as she would never after hear of the other's suit. There is a cunning, which we in with, England can, the how to write page turning of the all respect cat in the pan; which is, when that which a man says to another, he lays it as if another had said it to him. And to say truth, it is not easy, when such a matter passed between two, to make it appear from which of them it first moved and write college paper, began.

It is a way that some men have, to glance and dart at others, by justifying themselves by negatives; as to say, This I do not: as Tigellinus did towards Burrhus; Se non diversas spes, sed incolumitatem imperatoris simpliciter spectare. Some have in readiness so many tales and stories, as there is all respect, nothing they would insinuate, but they can wrap it into a tale; which serveth both to write page paper, keep themselves more in essayist, guard, and to make others carry it with more pleasure. It is a good point of how to write page paper, cunning, for a man to with all respect essayist, shape the rosie purves essay answer he would have, in his own words and propositions; for it makes the essayist other party stick the less. Children In Poverty Essay? It is strange how long some men will lie in wait to all respect, speak somewhat they desire to say; and how far about they will fetch; and write a title page college paper, how many other matters they will beat over, to come near it. It is a thing of great patience, but yet of much use. A sudden, bold, and unexpected question doth many times surprise a man, and lay him open. Essayist? Like to business, him that, having changed his name, and all respect, walking in Paul's, another suddenly came behind him, and called him by his true name whereat straightways he looked back. But these small wares, and petty points, of cunning, are infinite; and it were a good deed to make a list of summer, them; for that nothing doth more hurt in a state, than that cunning men pass for wise. But certainly some there are that know the all respect resorts and titles on the death, fans of business, that cannot sink into the main of it; like a house that hath convenient stairs and entries, but never a fair room. With? Therefore you shall see them find out pretty looses in the conclusion, but are no ways able to examine or debate matters.

And yet commonly they take advantage of their inability, and would be thought wits of direction. Summer? Some build rather upon the abusing of others, and (as we now say) putting tricks upon them, than upon soundness of with all respect, their own proceedings. But Salomon saith: Prudens advertit ad gressus suos; stultus divertit ad dolos. OF WISDOM FOR A MAN'S SELF. An ant is a wise creature for itself, but it is titles paper on the, a shrewd thing, in an orchard or garden. And certainly, men that are great lovers of themselves, waste the public.

Divide with reason; between selflove and society; and be so true to thyself, as thou be not false to all respect essayist, others; specially to thy king and country. It is a poor centre of a man's actions, himself. It is business administration, right earth. For that only essayist, stands fast upon his own centre; whereas all things, that have affinity with the heavens, move upon the centre of another, which they benefit. The referring of all to nyu creative courses, a man's self, is more tolerable in a sovereign prince; because themselves are not only themselves, but their good and evil is at the peril of the public fortune. But it is a desperate evil, in a servant to with all respect, a prince, or a citizen in a republic.

For whatsoever affairs pass such a man's hands, he crooketh them to his own ends; which must needs be often eccentric to the ends of 2010 ap gov, his master, or state. Therefore, let princes, or states, choose such servants, as have not this mark; except they mean their service should be made but the accessory. All Respect? That which maketh the writing summer courses effect more pernicious, is essayist, that all proportion is lost. It were disproportion enough, for the servant's good to be preferred before the 2010 ap gov master's; but yet it is a greater extreme, when a little good of the servant, shall carry things against a great good of the master's. And yet that is the case of bad officers, treasurers, ambassadors, generals, and other false and corrupt servants; which set a bias upon with their bowl, of their own petty ends and envies, to the overthrow of their master's great and important affairs. And for the most part, the good such servants receive, is after the model of 2010 essay, their own fortune; but the hurt they sell for that good, is after the model of their master's fortune. And certainly it is the with essayist nature of extreme self-lovers, as they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast their eggs; and yet these men many times hold credit with their masters, because their study is but to please them, and profit themselves; and for either respect, they will abandon the good of their affairs. Wisdom for rosie purves a man's self is, in many branches thereof, a depraved thing. It is the with all respect essayist wisdom of for a paper penalty, rats, that will be sure to leave a house, somewhat before it fall. It is the wisdom of the essayist fox, that thrusts out the badger, who digged and nyu creative writing summer, made room for essayist him.

It is the wisdom of crocodiles, that shed tears when they would devour. But that which is specially to essay, be noted is, that those which (as Cicero says of Pompey) are sui amantes sine rivali, are many times unfortunate. And whereas they have, all their times, sacrificed to themselves, they become in all respect, the end, themselves sacrifices to the inconstancy of fortune, whose wings they thought, by phd thesis their self-wisdom, to have pinioned. As the births of living creatures, at essayist first are ill-shapen so are all innovations, which are the births of for a paper on the death penalty, time. Yet notwithstanding, as those that first bring honor into their family, are commonly more worthy than most that succeed, so the with all respect first precedent (if it be good) is seldom attained by imitation. For ill, to man's nature, as it stands perverted, hath a natural motion, strongest in continuance; but good, as a forced motion, strongest at children essay first. Surely every medicine is an innovation; and all respect, he that will not apply new remedies, must expect new evils; for time is the greatest innovator; and if time of course alter things to the worse, and wisdom and counsel shall not alter them to the better, what shall be the end? It is true, that what is settled by custom, though it be not good, yet at least it is fit; and those things which have long gone together, are, as it were, confederate within themselves; whereas new things piece not so well; but though they help by ap gov essay their utility, yet they trouble by their inconformity. Besides, they are like strangers; more admired, and less favored. All this is true, if time stood still; which contrariwise moveth so round, that a froward retention of custom, is all respect, as turbulent a thing as an phd thesis administration innovation; and they that reverence too much old times, are but a scorn to with all respect essayist, the new.

It were good, therefore, that men in their innovations would follow the in poverty example of time itself; which indeed innovateth greatly, but quietly, by degrees scarce to be perceived. For otherwise, whatsoever is new is unlooked for; and ever it mends some, and pairs others; and he that holpen, takes it for all respect a fortune, and thanks the time; and essay, he that is hurt, for with all respect a wrong, and imputeth it to children, the author. It is good also, not to try experiments in states, except the necessity be urgent, or the utility evident; and well to beware, that it be the with all respect essayist reformation, that draweth on the change, and not the desire of change, that pretendeth the reformation. And lastly, that the novelty, though it be not rejected, yet be held for a suspect; and, as the essay Scripture saith, that we make a stand upon the ancient way, and then look about us, and discover what is the straight and right way, and so to walk in it. Affected dispatch is one of the most dangerous things to with, business that can be. It is 2010 ap gov, like that, which the all respect physicians call predigestion, or hasty digestion; which is ap gov, sure to fill the body full of crudities, and secret seeds of diseases. Therefore measure not dispatch, by with essayist the times of sitting, but by business the advancement of the business. And as in races it is all respect, not the large stride or high lift that makes the speed; so in titles paper on the death penalty, business, the keeping close to the matter, and not taking of with essayist, it too much at once, procureth dispatch. It is the care of how to paper, some, only to come off speedily for the time; or to contrive some false periods of business, because they may seem men of dispatch.

But it is one thing, to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off. And business so handled, at with several sittings or meetings, goeth commonly backward and forward in an unsteady manner. I knew a wise man that had it for write a byword, when he saw men hasten to a conclusion, Stay a little, that we may make an end the essayist sooner. On the other side, true dispatch is a rich thing. In Poverty Essay? For time is the measure of business, as money is with essayist, of wares; and business is bought at a dear hand, where there is how to page for a college, small dispatch. The Spartans and all respect, Spaniards have been noted to be of small dispatch; Mi venga la muerte de Spagna; Let my death come from Spain; for then it will be sure to be long in coming. Give good hearing to those, that give the first information in business; and rather direct them in a title for a paper, the beginning, than interrupt them in the continuance of their speeches; for he that is put out of his own order, will go forward and backward, and all respect essayist, be more tedious, while he waits upon his memory, than he could have been, if he had gone on in his own course. But sometimes it is seen, that the moderator is more troublesome, than the courses actor. Iterations are commonly loss of time. But there is no such gain of time, as to with all respect essayist, iterate often the state of the question; for it chaseth away many a frivolous speech, as it is coming forth.

Long and curious speeches, are as fit for in poverty essay dispatch, as a robe or mantle, with a long train, is for with essayist race. Prefaces and passages, and summer courses, excusations, and other speeches of reference to essayist, the person, are great wastes of on the death, time; and though they seem to proceed of modesty, they are bravery. Yet beware of being too material, when there is any impediment or obstruction in with all respect essayist, men's wills; for pre-occupation of mind ever requireth preface of speech; like a fomentation to make the unguent enter. Above all things, order, and how to a title, distribution, and singling out of parts, is the life of dispatch; so as the with all respect essayist distribution be not too subtle: for he that doth not divide, will never enter well into titles for a on the penalty business; and he that divideth too much, will never come out of all respect, it clearly. To choose time, is to save time; and an unseasonable motion, is but beating the air. There be three parts of phd thesis administration, business; the preparation, the debate or examination, and all respect, the perfection. Whereof, if you look for dispatch, let the middle only be the summer courses work of many, and the first and last the work of few. The proceeding upon somewhat conceived in writing, doth for the most part facilitate dispatch: for though it should be wholly rejected, yet that negative is more pregnant of direction, than an indefinite; as ashes are more generative than dust. OF SEEMING WISE. It hath been an with all respect opinion, that the French are wiser than they seem, and the Spaniards seem wiser than they are.

But howsoever it be between nations, certainly it is so between man and man. Write A Title Page For A College Paper? For as the Apostle saith of godliness, Having a show of godliness, but denying the power thereof; so certainly there are, in point of wisdom and sufficiently, that do nothing or little very solemnly: magno conatu nugas. It is a ridiculous thing, and fit for a satire to persons of judgment, to see what shifts these formalists have, and what prospectives to make superficies to seem body, that hath depth and bulk. Some are so close and reserved, as they will not show their wares, but by a dark light; and seem always to keep back somewhat; and when they know within themselves, they speak of that they do not well know, would nevertheless seem to others, to know of that which they may not well speak. Some help themselves with countenance and gesture, and are wise by all respect signs; as Cicero saith of children essay, Piso, that when he answered him he fetched one of his brows up to his forehead, and bent the other down to his chin; Respondes, altero ad frontem sublato, altero ad mentum depresso supercilio, crudelitatem tibi non placere. Some think to bear it by speaking a great word, and being peremptory; and go on, and take by admittance, that which they cannot make good. Some, whatsoever is beyond their reach, will seem to despise, or make light of it, as impertinent or curious; and so would have their ignorance seem judgment. Some are never without a difference, and commonly by amusing men with a subtilty, blanch the matter; of whom A. Gellius saith, Hominem delirum, qui verborum minutiis rerum frangit pondera. Of which kind also, Plato, in his Protagoras, bringeth in Prodius in scorn, and with all respect essayist, maketh him make a speech, that consisteth of distinction from the beginning to the end. Generally, such men in all deliberations find ease to be of the negative side, and affect a credit to object and foretell difficulties; for when propositions are denied, there is an end of them; but if they be allowed, it requireth a new work; which false point of wisdom is the bane of business. To conclude, there is no decaying merchant, or inward beggar, hath so many tricks to uphold the credit of their wealth, as these empty persons have, to maintain the credit of their sufficiency.

Seeming wise men may make shift to get opinion; but let no man choose them for employment; for certainly you were better take for business, a man somewhat absurd, than over-formal. It had been hard for him that spake it to have put more truth and untruth together in few words, than in that speech, Whosoever is delighted in solitude, is either a wild beast or a god. For it is most true, that a natural and rosie essay, secret hatred, and aversation towards society, in any man, hath somewhat of the savage beast; but it is most untrue, that it should have any character at all, of the with all respect divine nature; except it proceed, not out of a pleasure in solitude, but out of a love and desire to for a paper, sequester a man's self, for a higher conversation: such as is found to have been falsely and feignedly in some of the heathen; as Epimenides the Candian, Numa the with essayist Roman, Empedocles the Sicilian, and nyu creative, Apollonius of Tyana; and truly and really, in divers of the ancient hermits and holy fathers of the church. But little do men perceive what solitude is, and essayist, how far it extendeth. For a crowd is not company; and rosie purves, faces are but a gallery of pictures; and talk but a tinkling cymbal, where there is no love. With All Respect? The Latin adage meeteth with it a little: Magna civitas, magna solitudo; because in a great town friends are scattered; so that there is not that fellowship, for the most part, which is in less neighborhoods. But we may go further, and affirm most truly, that it is a mere and miserable solitude to want true friends; without which the world is but a wilderness; and even in nyu creative writing summer, this sense also of solitude, whosoever in the frame of his nature and affections, is unfit for friendship, he taketh it of the beast, and not from humanity. A principal fruit of friendship, is the ease and discharge of the fulness and all respect, swellings of the heart, which passions of all kinds do cause and induce.

We know diseases of stoppings, and suffocations, are the most dangerous in phd thesis business administration, the body; and it is not much otherwise in the mind; you may take sarza to open the liver, steel to open the all respect spleen, flowers of sulphur for the lungs, castoreum for the brain; but no receipt openeth the essay heart, but a true friend; to whom you may impart griefs, joys, fears, hopes, suspicions, counsels, and whatsoever lieth upon essayist the heart to oppress it, in a kind of civil shrift or confession. It is a strange thing to observe, how high a rate great kings and monarchs do set upon this fruit of friendship, whereof we speak: so great, as they purchase it, many times, at the hazard of their own safety and greatness. For princes, in regard of the distance of how to write a title for a college, their fortune from that of their subjects and servants, cannot gather this fruit, except (to make themselves capable thereof) they raise some persons to be, as it were, companions and almost equals to all respect essayist, themselves, which many times sorteth to inconvenience. The modern languages give unto such persons the name of favorites, or privadoes; as if it were matter of grace, or conversation. But the Roman name attaineth the true use and purves essay, cause thereof, naming them participes curarum; for it is that which tieth the knot.

And we see plainly that this hath been done, not by weak and passionate princes only, but by the wisest and most politic that ever reigned; who have oftentimes joined to themselves some of their servants; whom both themselves have called friends, and allowed other likewise to call them in the same manner; using the word which is received between private men. L. All Respect Essayist? Sylla, when he commanded Rome, raised Pompey (after surnamed the Great) to that height, that Pompey vaunted himself for Sylla's overmatch. For when he had carried the consulship for a friend of his, against nyu creative summer the pursuit of Sylla, and that Sylla did a little resent thereat, and began to speak great, Pompey turned upon him again, and in with all respect essayist, effect bade him be quiet; for titles paper death penalty that more men adored the sun rising than the all respect sun setting. With Julius C?sar, Decimus Brutus had obtained that interest, as he set him down, in his testament, for heir in 2010 ap gov, remainder, after his nephew. And this was the man that had power with him, to with essayist, draw him forth to his death. For when C?sar would have discharged the senate, in regard of some ill presages, and specially a dream of Calpurnia; this man lifted him gently by the arm out of his chair, telling him he hoped he would not dismiss the in poverty essay senate, till his wife had dreamt a better dream.

And it seemeth his favor was so great, as Antonius, in a letter which is recited verbatim in one of Cicero's Philippics, calleth him venefica, witch; as if he had enchanted C?sar. Augustus raised Agrippa (though of essayist, mean birth) to that height, as when he consulted with M?cenas, about the marriage of his daughter Julia, M?cenas took the liberty to tell him, that he must either marry his daughter to children essay, Agrippa, or take away his life; there was no third way, he had made him so great. With Tiberius C?sar, Sejanus had ascended to that height, as they two were termed, and reckoned, as a pair of friends. Tiberius in a letter to him saith, H?c pro essayist amicitia nostra non occultavi; and the whole senate dedicated an write page for a college paper altar to with all respect, Friendship, as to a goddess, in respect of the great dearness of friendship, between them two. The like, or more, was between Septimius Severus and Plautianus.

For he forced his eldest son to marry the daughter of writing summer courses, Plautianus; and would often maintain Plautianus, in doing affronts to his son; and did write also in a letter to the senate, by all respect essayist these words: I love the in poverty essay man so well, as I wish he may over-live me. Now if these princes had been as a Trajan, or a Marcus Aurelius, a man might have thought that this had proceeded of an abundant goodness of nature; but being men so wise, of with, such strength and severity of titles paper death, mind, and so extreme lovers of themselves, as all these were, it proveth most plainly that they found their own felicity (though as great as ever happened to mortal men) but as an half piece, except they mought have a friend, to make it entire; and with all respect essayist, yet, which is more, they were princes that had wives, sons, nephews; and yet all these could not supply the comfort of friendship. It is not to be forgotten, what Comineus observeth of his first master, Duke Charles the Hardy, namely, that he would communicate his secrets with none; and essay, least of with, all, those secrets which troubled him most. Whereupon he goeth on, and saith that towards his latter time, that closeness did impair, and a little perish his understanding. Rosie Purves Essay? Surely Comineus mought have made the same judgment also, if it had pleased him, of with, his second master, Lewis the Eleventh, whose closeness was indeed his tormentor.

The parable of Pythagoras is in poverty essay, dark, but true; Cor ne edito, 'Eat not the heart.' Certainly if a man would give it a hard phrase, those that want friends, to open themselves unto are cannibals of their own hearts. But one thing is most admirable (wherewith I will conclude this first fruit of friendship), which is, that this communicating of a man's self to his friend, works two contrary effects; for with all respect it redoubleth joys, and cutteth griefs in halves. For there is purves, no man, that imparteth his joys to his friend, but he joyeth the more; and no man that imparteth his griefs to his friend, but he grieveth the less. So that it is in truth, of all respect, operation upon a man's mind, of like virtue as the alchemists use to attribute to their stone, for man's body; that it worketh all contrary effects, but still to the good and benefit of nature. But yet without praying in aid of alchemists, there is purves, a manifest image of this, in the ordinary course of nature. For in bodies, union strengtheneth and with all respect essayist, cherisheth any natural action; and on children the other side, weakeneth and dulleth any violent impression: and even so it is with all respect essayist, of minds. The second fruit of friendship, is healthful and paper, sovereign for the understanding, as the first is for the affections.

For friendship maketh indeed a fair day in the affections, from storm and tempests; but it maketh daylight in the understanding, out of darkness, and with, confusion of how to write page for a paper, thoughts. Neither is this to be understood only of faithful counsel, which a man receiveth from his friend; but before you come to that, certain it is, that whosoever hath his mind fraught with many thoughts, his wits and understanding do clarify and break up, in the communicating and discoursing with another; he tosseth his thoughts more easily; he marshalleth them more orderly, he seeth how they look when they are turned into words: finally, he waxeth wiser than himself; and that more by all respect essayist an hour's discourse, than by a day's meditation. It was well said by in poverty Themistocles, to the king of Persia, that speech was like cloth of Arras, opened and put abroad; whereby the imagery doth appear in figure; whereas in thoughts they lie but as in packs. Neither is essayist, this second fruit of friendship, in opening the understanding, restrained only to such friends as are able to give a man counsel; (they indeed are best;) but even without that, a man learneth of himself, and bringeth his own thoughts to light, and whetteth his wits as against nyu creative a stone, which itself cuts not. In a word, a man were better relate himself to a statua, or picture, than to suffer his thoughts to pass in smother.

Add now, to make this second fruit of friendship complete, that other point, which lieth more open, and falleth within vulgar observation; which is faithful counsel from with essayist, a friend. Heraclitus saith well in nyu creative writing courses, one of his enigmas, Dry light is ever the best. And certain it is, that the with all respect light that a man receiveth by counsel from another, is drier and purer, than that which cometh from his own understanding and judgment; which is children in poverty essay, ever infused, and drenched, in his affections and customs. So as there is as much difference between the counsel, that a friend giveth, and that a man giveth himself, as there is with all respect essayist, between the counsel of a friend, and of a flatterer. For there is no such flatterer as is a man's self; and there is no such remedy against flattery of page for a college, a man's self, as the liberty of a friend. Counsel is of two sorts: the one concerning manners, the other concerning business.

For the first, the with essayist best preservative to keep the mind in health, is the faithful admonition of a friend. The calling of a man's self to a strict account, is a medicine, sometime too piercing and corrosive. Reading good books of morality, is a little flat and dead. Observing our faults in others, is sometimes improper for our case. But the best receipt (best, I say, to work, and best to take) is the admonition of a friend. It is a strange thing to behold, what gross errors and extreme absurdities many (especially of the death greater sort) do commit, for want of a friend to tell them of them; to the great damage both of their fame and all respect, fortune: for, as St. James saith, they are as men, that look sometimes into a glass, and presently forget their own shape and favour. Essay? As for business, a man may think, if he will, that two eyes see no more than one; or that a gamester seeth always more than a looker-on; or that a man in with essayist, anger, is as wise as he that hath said over the four and phd thesis business, twenty letters; or that a musket may be shot off as well upon the arm, as upon a rest; and all respect, such other fond and children in poverty, high imaginations, to think himself all in essayist, all.

But when all is done, the help of good counsel is that which setteth business straight. And if any man think that he will take counsel, but it shall be by pieces; asking counsel in one business, of one man, and in another business, of another man; it is well (that is to say, better, perhaps, than if he asked none at all); but he runneth two dangers: one, that he shall not be faithfully counselled; for it is a rare thing, except it be from a perfect and entire friend, to have counsel given, but such as shall be bowed and crooked to some ends, which he hath, that giveth it. The other, that he shall have counsel given, hurtful and unsafe (though with good meaning), and mixed partly of mischief and partly of remedy; even as if you would call a physician, that is thought good for the cure of the disease you complain of, but is unacquainted with your body; and therefore may put you in way for a present cure, but overthroweth your health in some other kind; and so cure the 2010 ap gov essay disease, and kill the all respect patient. But a friend that is wholly acquainted with a man's estate, will beware, by furthering any present business, how he dasheth upon write a title for a college other inconvenience. And therefore rest not upon scattered counsels; they will rather distract and mislead, than settle and direct. After these two noble fruits of friendship (peace in all respect essayist, the affections, and purves, support of the judgment), followeth the last fruit; which is with all respect essayist, like the pomegranate, full of many kernels; I mean aid, and bearing a part, in all actions and occasions. Here the best way to write college, represent to life the manifold use of friendship, is to cast and see how many things there are, which a man cannot do himself; and all respect essayist, then it will appear, that it was a sparing speech of the ancients, to children in poverty, say, that a friend is another himself; for that a friend is far more than himself. Men have their time, and die many times, in desire of some things which they principally take to heart; the bestowing of a child, the finishing of a work, or the like. If a man have a true friend, he may rest almost secure that the care of those things will continue after him. So that a man hath, as it were, two lives in his desires.

A man hath a body, and with all respect essayist, that body is confined to a place; but where friendship is, all offices of life are as it were granted to him, and nyu creative courses, his deputy. For he may exercise them by his friend. How many things are there which a man cannot, with any face or comeliness, say or do himself? A man can scarce allege his own merits with modesty, much less extol them; a man cannot sometimes brook to all respect, supplicate or beg; and a number of the like. But all these things are graceful, in a friend's mouth, which are blushing in a man's own. So again, a man's person hath many proper relations, which he cannot put off. A man cannot speak to his son but as a father; to his wife but as a husband; to his enemy but upon terms: whereas a friend may speak as the nyu creative writing courses case requires, and not as it sorteth with the with person. But to enumerate these things were endless; I have given the rule, where a man cannot fitly play his own part; if he have not a friend, he may quit the stage. Riches are for writing spending, and spending for honor and good actions. Therefore extraordinary expense must be limited by the worth of the occasion; for voluntary undoing, may be as well for a man's country, as for the kingdom of essayist, heaven. But ordinary expense, ought to be limited by a man's estate; and governed with such regard, as it be within his compass; and not subject to deceit and abuse of servants; and ordered to the best show, that the bills may be less than the estimation abroad.

Certainly, if a man will keep but of even hand, his ordinary expenses ought to be but to the half of his receipts; and business, if he think to wax rich, but to the third part. It is no baseness, for the greatest to descend and look into with all respect essayist their own estate. Some forbear it, not upon how to write page for a college negligence alone, but doubting to bring themselves into melancholy, in respect they shall find it broken. But wounds cannot be cured without searching. With All Respect? He that cannot look into his own estate at all, had need both choose well those whom he employeth, and change them often; for new are more timorous and less subtle. He that can look into his estate but seldom, it behooveth him to turn all to certainties. A man had need, if he be plentiful in some kind of expense, to writing courses, be as saving again in some other. As if he be plentiful in diet, to be saving in apparel; if he be plentiful in the hall, to all respect essayist, be saving in the stable; and the like. For he that is plentiful in expenses of phd thesis business, all kinds, will hardly be preserved from all respect, decay. In clearing of a man's estate, he may as well hurt himself in being too sudden, as in letting it run on writing courses too long. For hasty selling, is commonly as disadvantageable as interest.

Besides, he that clears at once will relapse; for with all respect finding himself out of straits, he will revert to his custom: but he that cleareth by degrees, induceth a habit of in poverty essay, frugality, and gaineth as well upon his mind, as upon his estate. All Respect? Certainly, who hath a state to repair, may not despise small things; and commonly it is less dishonorable, to abridge petty charges, than to 2010 ap gov essay, stoop to petty gettings. A man ought warily to begin charges which once begun will continue; but in matters that return not, he may be more magnificent. OF THE TRUE GREATNESS OF KINGDOMS AND ESTATES. The speech of Themistocles the with all respect essayist Athenian, which was haughty and arrogant, in taking so much to himself, had been a grave and wise observation and censure, applied at large to phd thesis business administration, others. Desired at a feast to touch a lute, he said, He could not fiddle, but yet he could make a small town a great city. Essayist? These words (holpen a little with a metaphor) may express two differing abilities, in those that deal in business of estate.

For if a true survey be taken of counsellors and statesmen, there may be found (though rarely) those which can make a small state great, and yet cannot fiddle; as on the other side, there will be found a great many, that can fiddle very cunningly, but yet are so far from nyu creative, being able to make a small state great, as their gift lieth the other way; to bring a great and with all respect, flourishing estate, to ruin and decay. And certainly whose degenerate arts and shifts, whereby many counsellors and children in poverty, governors gain both favor with their masters, and estimation with the essayist vulgar, deserve no better name than fiddling; being things rather pleasing for rosie the time, and graceful to all respect, themselves only, than tending to the weal and advancement of the state which they serve. There are also (no doubt) counsellors and governors which may be held sufficient (negotiis pares), able to manage affairs, and to keep them from precipices and phd thesis business administration, manifest inconveniences; which nevertheless are far from the ability to raise and with all respect, amplify an estate in nyu creative writing, power, means, and with all respect essayist, fortune. But be the workmen what they may be, let us speak of the work; that is, the true greatness of kingdoms and estates, and the means thereof. Essay? An argument fit for great and mighty princes to have in their hand; to the end that neither by all respect over-measuring their forces, they leese themselves in vain enterprises; nor on how to write page paper the other side, by undervaluing them, they descend to fearful and essayist, pusillanimous counsels.zzz The greatness of an estate, in bulk and territory, doth fall under measure; and the greatness of finances and revenue, doth fall under computation. The population may appear by musters; and the number and phd thesis business, greatness of cities and towns by cards and maps.

But yet there is not any thing amongst civil affairs more subject to all respect essayist, error, than the right valuation and true judgment concerning the power and forces of an estate. The kingdom of heaven is compared, not to paper on the death, any great kernel or nut, but to with, a grain of mustard-seed: which is one of the least grains, but hath in it a property and spirit hastily to get up and ap gov, spread. So are there states, great in territory, and yet not apt to enlarge or command; and with essayist, some that have but a small dimension of stem, and yet apt to be the foundations of great monarchies.zzz Walled towns, stored arsenals and armoiies, goodly races of horse, chariots of war, elephants, ordnance, artillery, and titles paper penalty, the like; all this is but a sheep in a lion's skin, except the breed and disposition of the people, be stout and warlike. Nay, number (itself) in with all respect essayist, armies importeth not much, where the people is of weak courage; for (as Virgil saith) It never troubles a wolf, how many the sheep be. The army of the Persians, in the plains of Arbela, was such a vast sea of people, as it did somewhat astonish the commanders in Alexander's army; who came to how to college, him therefore, and wished him to set upon them by night; and he answered, He would not pilfer the victory. And the essayist defeat was easy. When Tigranes the Armenian, being encamped upon rosie essay a hill with four hundred thousand men, discovered the with essayist army of the Romans, being not above fourteen thousand, marching towards him, he made himself merry with it, and said, Yonder men are too many for an embassage, and ap gov essay, too few for all respect essayist a fight. But before the sun set, he found them enow to give him the chase with infinite slaughter. Many are the examples of the great odds, between number and courage; so that a man may truly make a judgment, that the principal point of greatness in any state, is to have a race of military men. Neither is money the sinews of war (as it is trivially said), where the sinews of rosie, men's arms, in base and effeminate people, are failing.

For Solon said well to Croesus (when in ostentation he showed him his gold), Sir, if any other come, that hath better iron than you, he will be master of all this gold. With? Therefore let any prince or state think solely of his forces, except his militia of natives be of good and phd thesis, valiant soldiers. And let princes, on the other side, that have subjects of martial disposition, know their own strength; unless they be otherwise wanting unto themselves. As for mercenary forces (which is the help in this case), all examples show, that whatsoever estate or prince doth rest upon them, he may spread his feathers for a time, but he will mew them soon after. The blessing of Judah and with all respect, Issachar will never meet; that the same people, or nation, should be both the for a lion's whelp and the ass between burthens; neither will it be, that a people overlaid with taxes, should ever become valiant and martial. It is true that taxes levied by with essayist consent of the estate, do abate men's courage less: as it hath been seen notably, in the excises of the Low Countries; and, in some degree, in children essay, the subsidies of England. For you must note, that we speak now of the heart, and not of the purse. So that although the same tribute and tax, laid by consent or by imposing, be all one to the purse, yet it works diversely upon the courage. So that you may conclude, that no people over-charged with tribute, is fit for empire. Let states that aim at greatness, take heed how their nobility and gentlemen do multiply too fast.

For that maketh the common subject, grow to be a peasant and base swain, driven out of heart, and in effect but the gentleman's laborer. Even as you may see in coppice woods; if you leave your staddles too thick, you shall never have clean underwood, but shrubs and with, bushes. So in countries, if the gentlemen be too many, commons will be base; and you will bring it to that, that not the hundred poll, will be fit for an helmet; especially as to the infantry, which is the nerve of an army; and so there will be great population, and nyu creative summer courses, little strength. This which I speak of, hath been nowhere better seen, than by comparing of with all respect, England and France; whereof England, though far less in territory and population, hath been (nevertheless) an in poverty overmatch; in regard the middle people of England make good soldiers, which the peasants of France do not. And herein the device of king Henry the all respect essayist Seventh (whereof I have spoken largely in the History of in poverty essay, his Life) was profound and admirable; in making farms and houses of husbandry of a standard; that is, maintained with such a proportion of land unto them, as may breed a subject to live in convenient plenty and no servile condition; and to keep the plough in the hands of the owners, and not mere hirelings. Essayist? And thus indeed you shall attain to Virgil's character which he gives to ancient Italy: Terra potens armis atque ubere gleb?. Neither is that state (which, for any thing I know, is almost peculiar to England, and hardly to titles paper on the death penalty, be found anywhere else, except it be perhaps in Poland) to be passed over; I mean the state of free servants, and attendants upon noblemen and gentlemen; which are no ways inferior unto the with all respect essayist yeomanry for arms. And therefore out of all questions, the splendor and magnificence, and great retinues and for a on the penalty, hospitality, of with essayist, noblemen and gentlemen, received into custom, doth much conduce unto martial greatness. Whereas, contrariwise, the close and reserved living of noblemen and gentlemen, causeth a penury of military forces.

By all means it is to be procured, that the trunk of Nebuchadnezzar's tree of monarchy, be great enough to bear the branches and the boughs; that is, that the natural subjects of the death penalty crown or state, bear a sufficient proportion to the stranger subjects, that they govern. With All Respect Essayist? Therefore all states that are liberal of naturalization towards strangers, are fit for write for a empire. For to think that an handful of with all respect, people can, with the writing summer courses greatest courage and policy in the world, embrace too large extent of with all respect, dominion, it may hold for a time, but it will fail suddenly. The Spartans were a nice people in point of naturalization; whereby, while they kept their compass, they stood firm; but when they did spread, and their boughs were becomen too great for their stem, they became a windfall, upon the sudden. Never any state was in nyu creative, this point so open to receive strangers into with all respect their body, as were the Romans. Therefore it sorted with them accordingly; for they grew to the greatest monarchy. Their manner was to grant naturalization (which they called jus civitatis), and to grant it in writing, the highest degree; that is, not only jus commercii, jus connubii, jus h?reditatis; but also jus suffragii, and jus honorum. And this not to singular persons alone, but likewise to whole families; yea to cities, and sometimes to all respect, nations. Add to this their custom of plantation of colonies; whereby the Roman plant was removed into the soil of other nations. Writing? And putting both constitutions together, you will say that it was not the Romans that spread upon the world, but it was the world that spread upon the Romans; and that was the sure way of greatness.

I have marvelled, sometimes, at Spain, how they clasp and contain so large dominions, with so few natural Spaniards; but sure the whole compass of Spain, is a very great body of a tree; far above Rome and Sparta at the first. And besides, though they have not had that usage, to naturalize liberally, yet they have that which is next to with all respect essayist, it; that is, to employ, almost indifferently, all nations in their militia of ordinary soldiers; yea, and sometimes in their highest commands. Nay, it seemeth at this instant they are sensible, of this want of natives; as by the Pragmatical Sanction, now published, appeareth. It is in poverty essay, certain that sedentary, and within-door arts, and all respect, delicate manufactures (that require rather the titles paper on the finger than the arm), have, in their nature, a contrariety to with all respect essayist, a military disposition. Administration? And generally, all warlike people are a little idle, and love danger better than travail. Neither must they be too much broken of it, if they shall be preserved in vigor. Therefore it was great advantage, in with essayist, the ancient states of Sparta, Athens, Rome, and administration, others, that they had the use of slaves, which commonly did rid those manufactures.

But that is abolished in greatest part, by the Christian law. That which cometh nearest to it, is to leave those arts chiefly to strangers (which, for that purpose, are the more easily to be received), and to contain the principal bulk of the with vulgar natives, within those three kinds,-tillers of the ground; free servants; and handicraftsmen of strong and manly arts, as smiths, masons, carpenters, etc.; not reckoning professed soldiers. But above all, for empire and greatness, it importeth most, that a nation do profess arms, as their principal honor, study, and occupation. In Poverty Essay? For the essayist things which we formerly have spoken of, are but habilitations towards arms; and what is habilitation without intention and act? Romulus, after his death (as they report or feign), sent a present to the Romans, that above all, they should intend arms; and then they should prove the greatest empire of the world. The fabric of the state of Sparta was wholly (though not wisely) framed and composed, to nyu creative, that scope and end. The Persians and Macedonians had it for a flash.

The Gauls, Germans, Goths, Saxons, Normans, and with all respect essayist, others, had it for a time. The Turks have it at this day, though in great declination. Of Christian Europe, they that have it are, in effect, only the Spaniards. But it is so plain, that every man profiteth in that, he most intendeth, that it needeth not to be stood upon. It is enough to point at it; that no nation which doth not directly profess arms, may look to have greatness fall into their mouths. And on the other side, it is a most certain oracle of time, that those states that continue long in that profession (as the Romans and Turks principally have done) do wonders. Rosie Essay? And those that have professed arms but for an age, have, notwithstanding, commonly attained that greatness, in that age, which maintained them long after, when their profession and exercise of arms hath grown to essayist, decay. Incident to this point is, for a state to write a title, have those laws or customs, which may reach forth unto them just occasions (as may be pretended) of war. For there is that justice, imprinted in the nature of men, that they enter not upon wars (whereof so many calamities do ensue) but upon some, at the least specious, grounds and with essayist, quarrels. The Turk hath at 2010 ap gov hand, for cause of war, the propagation of with essayist, his law or sect; a quarrel that he may always command. The Romans, though they esteemed the extending the limits of their empire, to be great honor to their generals, when it was done, yet they never rested upon that alone, to begin a war.

First, therefore, let nations that pretend to greatness have this; that they be sensible of wrongs, either upon borderers, merchants, or politic ministers; and that they sit not too long upon phd thesis business administration a provocation. Secondly, let them be prest, and ready to give aids and succors, to their confederates; as it ever was with the Romans; insomuch, as if the confederate had leagues defensive, with divers other states, and, upon invasion offered, did implore their aids severally, yet the Romans would ever be the foremost, and leave it to none other to have the honor. As for the wars which were anciently made, on the behalf of a kind of party, or tacit conformity of estate, I do not see how they may be well justified: as when the all respect Romans made a war, for the liberty of Grecia; or when the Laced?monians and Athenians, made wars to titles penalty, set up or pull down democracies and oligarchies; or when wars were made by foreigners, under the pretence of justice or protection, to deliver the subjects of others, from tyranny and oppression; and the like. Let it suffice, that no estate expect to be great, that is all respect, not awake upon any just occasion of arming. No body can be healthful without exercise, neither natural body nor politic; and certainly to a kingdom or estate, a just and honorable war, is the true exercise. A civil war, indeed, is rosie purves, like the heat of a fever; but a foreign war is like the with all respect heat of exercise, and serveth to writing courses, keep the body in with all respect essayist, health; for in a slothful peace, both courages will effeminate, and manners corrupt.

But howsoever it be for happiness, without all question, for greatness, it maketh to be still for business the most part in arms; and the strength of a veteran army (though it be a chargeable business) always on foot, is that which commonly giveth the law, or at all respect essayist least the reputation, amongst all neighbor states; as may well be seen in Spain, which hath had, in one part or other, a veteran army almost continually, now by the space of six score years. To be master of the sea is an abridgment of a monarchy. Cicero, writing to essay, Atticus of Pompey his preparation against C?sar, saith, Consilium Pompeii plane Themistocleum est; putat enim, qui mari potitur, eum rerum potiri. And, without doubt, Pompey had tired out C?sar, if upon with essayist vain confidence, he had not left that way. We see the great effects of writing courses, battles by sea. The battle of Actium, decided the empire of the world. The battle of Lepanto, arrested the with greatness of the Turk. 2010? There be many examples, where sea-fights have been final to the war; but this is when princes or states have set up their rest, upon the battles.

But thus much is certain, that he that commands the seal is at great liberty, and may take as much, and as little, of the war as he will. Whereas those that be strongest by land, are many times nevertheless in great straits. Surely, at this day, with us of Europe, the all respect vantage of strength at sea (which is one of the principal dowries of phd thesis business administration, this kingdom of Great Britain) is with, great; both because most of the kingdoms of Europe, are not merely inland, but girt with the sea most part of their compass; and because the wealth of both Indies seems in how to write a title for a college paper, great part, but an accessory to the command of the essayist seas. The wars of phd thesis, latter ages seem to be made in the dark, in respect of the glory, and all respect essayist, honor, which reflected upon men from the wars, in ancient time. There be now, for martial encouragement, some degrees and orders of chivalry; which nevertheless are conferred promiscuously, upon soldiers and no soldiers; and some remembrance perhaps, upon the scutcheon; and some hospitals for maimed soldiers; and such like things. But in ancient times, the trophies erected upon the place of the victory; the funeral laudatives and a title college, monuments for those that died in with all respect, the wars; the crowns and garlands personal; the style of 2010, emperor, which the great kings of the world after borrowed; the triumphs of the generals, upon their return; the great donatives and with, largesses, upon the disbanding of the armies; were things able to inflame all men's courages. Titles For A Paper On The Penalty? But above all, that of the with essayist triumph, amongst the Romans, was not pageants or gaudery, but one of the wisest and noblest institutions, that ever was. For it contained three things: honor to the general; riches to the treasury out of the spoils; and donatives to the army. But that honor, perhaps were not fit for monarchies; except it be in the person of the nyu creative monarch himself, or his sons; as it came to pass in the times of the Roman emperors, who did impropriate the actual triumphs to with all respect essayist, themselves, and their sons, for write for a paper such wars as they did achieve in all respect, person; and how to page for a paper, left only, for wars achieved by with all respect subjects, some triumphal garments and ensigns to children in poverty, the general. To conclude: no man can by care taking (as the Scripture saith) add a cubit to his stature, in this little model of a man's body; but in essayist, the great frame of kingdoms and commonwealths, it is in the power of princes or estates, to add amplitude and greatness to their kingdoms; for by introducing such ordinances, constitutions, and customs, as we have now touched, they may sow greatness to business administration, their posterity and succession.

But these things are commonly not observed, but left to take their chance. OF REGIMENT OF HEALTH. There is a wisdom in essayist, this; beyond the rules of physic: a man's own observation, what he finds good of, and what he finds hurt of, is the best physic to preserve health. But it is a safer conclusion to say, This agreeth not well with me, therefore, I will not continue it; than this, I find no offence of rosie, this, therefore I may use it. For strength of nature in youth, passeth over many excesses, which are owing a man till his age. Discern of the coming on of years, and with all respect essayist, think not to do the same things still; for age will not be defied. Beware of sudden change, in any great point of diet, and, if necessity inforce it, fit the rest to it. For it is a secret both in nature and business administration, state, that it is safer to change many things, than one. Examine thy customs of diet, sleep, exercise, apparel, and the like; and try, in any thing thou shalt judge hurtful, to discontinue it, by little and with, little; but so, as if thou dost find any inconvenience by the change, thou come back to it again: for it is hard to distinguish that which is essay, generally held good and essayist, wholesome, from that which is good particularly, and fit for thine own body.

To be free-minded and courses, cheerfully disposed, at hours of essayist, meat, and of sleep, and administration, of exercise, is all respect essayist, one of the best precepts of long lasting. As for ap gov the passions, and studies of the mind; avoid envy, anxious fears; anger fretting inwards; subtle and knotty inquisitions; joys and exhilarations in with essayist, excess; sadness not communicated. Entertain hopes; mirth rather than joy; variety of delights, rather than surfeit of them; wonder and admiration, and therefore novelties; studies that fill the mind with splendid and illustrious objects, as histories, fables, and contemplations of nature. If you fly physic in health altogether, it will be too strange for your body, when you shall need it. If you make it too familiar, it will work no extraordinary effect, when sickness cometh.

I commend rather some diet for certain seasons, than frequent use of physic, except it be grown into a custom. Ap Gov Essay? For those diets alter the body more, and trouble it less. Despise no new accident in your body, but ask opinion of it. With All Respect Essayist? In sickness, respect health principally; and in health, action. For those that put their bodies to endure in health, may in most sicknesses, which are not very sharp, be cured only with diet, and tendering.

Celsus could never have spoken it as a physician, had he not been a wise man withal, when he giveth it for one of the great precepts of health and lasting, that a man do vary, and phd thesis business, interchange contraries, but with an inclination to the more benign extreme: use fasting and full eating, but rather full eating; watching and sleep, but rather sleep; sitting and exercise, but rather exercise; and the like. So shall nature be cherished, and yet taught masteries. Physicians are, some of them, so pleasing and conformable to the humor of the patient, as they press not the true cure of the disease; and some other are so regular, in proceeding according to art for the disease, as they respect not sufficiently the condition of the patient. Take one of a middle temper; or if it may not be found in one man, combine two of either sort; and forget not to call as well, the best acquainted with your body, as the best reputed of for his faculty. Suspicions amongst thoughts, are like bats amongst birds, they ever fly by twilight.

Certainly they are to be repressed, or at with all respect least well guarded: for they cloud the nyu creative writing summer courses mind; they leese friends; and they check with business, whereby business cannot go on currently and constantly. They dispose kings to tyranny, husbands to jealousy, wise men to irresolution and melancholy. All Respect? They are defects, not in the heart, but in rosie purves essay, the brain; for they take place in the stoutest natures; as in the example of with all respect essayist, Henry the Seventh of write page for a college, England. There was not a more suspicious man, nor a more stout. With Essayist? And in write a title page college paper, such a composition they do small hurt. For commonly they are not admitted, but with examination, whether they be likely or no. But in fearful natures they gain ground too fast. There is nothing makes a man suspect much, more than to know little; and all respect essayist, therefore men should remedy suspicion, by procuring to for a paper on the death, know more, and not to keep their suspicions in smother. What would men have?

Do they think, those they employ and deal with, are saints? Do they not think, they will have their own ends, and be truer to themselves, than to them? Therefore there is no better way, to moderate suspicions, than to all respect, account upon such suspicions as true, and yet to bridle them as false. Paper On The Penalty? For so far a man ought to essayist, make use of suspicions, as to provide, as if that should be true, that he suspects, yet it may do him no hurt. Children In Poverty Essay? Suspicions that the essayist mind of itself gathers, are but buzzes; but suspicions that are artificially nourished, and put into men's heads, by the tales and rosie essay, whisperings of others, have stings.

Certainly, the best mean, to with essayist, clear the way in nyu creative writing summer courses, this same wood of suspicions, is with, frankly to communicate them with the party, that he suspects; for thereby he shall be sure to know more of the 2010 ap gov truth of them, than he did before; and withal shall make that party more circumspect, not to give further cause of with all respect, suspicion. But this would not be done to men of base natures; for they, if they find themselves once suspected, will never be true. The Italian says, Sospetto licentia fede; as if suspicion, did give a passport to nyu creative writing courses, faith; but it ought, rather, to kindle it to discharge itself. Some in their discourse, desire rather commendation of wit, in being able to hold all arguments, than of with all respect essayist, judgment, in discerning what is true; as if it were a praise, to know what might be said, and not, what should be thought. Some have certain common places, and themes, wherein they are good, and want variety; which kind of poverty is for the most part tedious, and when it is once perceived, ridiculous. The honorablest part of talk, is to give the occasion; and again to moderate, and pass to somewhat else; for then a man leads the dance. Write A Title Page For A Paper? It is good, in discourse and with all respect, speech of conversation, to vary and writing courses, intermingle speech of the present occasion, with arguments, tales with reasons, asking of questions, with telling of opinions, and jest with earnest: for with essayist it is how to a title for a college paper, a dull thing to all respect, tire, and, as we say now, to purves, jade, any thing too far. As for jest, there be certain things, which ought to be privileged from it; namely, religion, matters of state, great persons, any man's present business of importance, and any case that deserveth pity. Yet there be some, that think their wits have been asleep, except they dart out somewhat that is piquant, and to the quick. That is a vein which would be bridled: Parce, puer, stimulis, et fortius utere loris.

And generally, men ought to find the difference, between saltness and all respect essayist, bitterness. 2010 Essay? Certainly, he that hath a satirical vein, as he maketh others afraid of his wit, so he had need be afraid of others' memory. He that questioneth much, shall learn much, and content much; but especially, if he apply his questions to all respect, the skill of the persons whom he asketh; for he shall give them occasion, to please themselves in speaking, and himself shall continually gather knowledge. But let his questions not be troublesome; for that is fit for a poser. And let him be sure to leave other men, their turns to speak. Nay, if there be any, that would reign and essay, take up all the time, let him find means to take them off, and to with, bring others on; as musicians use to write for a paper, do, with those that dance too long galliards.

If you dissemble, sometimes, your knowledge of that you are thought to know, you shall be thought, another time, to know that you know not. Speech of a man's self ought to be seldom, and well chosen. I knew one, was wont to say in scorn, He must needs be a wise man, he speaks so much of himself: and there is but one case, wherein a man may commend himself with good grace; and that is in commending virtue in another; especially if it be such a virtue, whereunto himself pretendeth. Speech of touch towards others, should be sparingly used; for discourse ought to all respect essayist, be as a field, without coming home to any man. I knew two noblemen, of the west part of England, whereof the one was given to scoff, but kept ever royal cheer in his house; the other would ask, of those that had been at the other's table, Tell truly, was there never a flout or dry blow given? To which the guest would answer, Such and such a thing passed.

The lord would say, I thought, he would mar a good dinner. Discretion of speech, is more than eloquence; and to speak agreeably to him, with whom we deal, is more than to ap gov essay, speak in good words, or in good order. A good continued speech, without a good speech of with, interlocution, shows slowness: and a good reply or second speech, without a good settled speech, showeth shallowness and weakness. As we see in beasts, that those that are weakest in the course, are yet nimblest in the turn; as it is betwixt the greyhound and the hare. To use too many circumstances, ere one come to titles paper on the death, the matter, is all respect essayist, wearisome; to use none at all, is blunt. Plantations are amongst ancient, primitive, and heroical works. When the world was young, it begat more children; but now it is old, it begets fewer: for I may justly account new plantations, to be the children of former kingdoms. I like a plantation in a pure soil; that is, where people are not displanted, to in poverty, the end, to plant in others. For else it is with all respect, rather an extirpation, than a plantation.

Planting of countries, is like planting of woods; for you must make account to leese almost twenty years'profit, and writing courses, expect your recompense in the end. For the principal thing, that hath been the destruction of most plantations, hath been the base and hasty drawing of profit, in with essayist, the first years. It is true, speedy profit is not to be neglected, as far as may stand with the good of the plantation, but no further. It is a shameful and unblessed thing, to take the scum of people, and wicked condemned men, to for a, be the people with whom you plant; and not only so, but it spoileth the plantation; for they will ever live like rogues, and not fall to work, but be lazy, and do mischief, and spend victuals, and be quickly weary, and essayist, then certify over to their country, to the discredit of the plantation. The people wherewith you plant ought to be gardeners, ploughmen, laborers, smiths, carpenters, joiners, fishermen, fowlers, with some few apothecaries, surgeons, cooks, and bakers. In a country of plantation, first look about, what kind of victual the titles for a on the death penalty country yields of itself to hand; as chestnuts, walnuts, pineapples, olives, dates, plums, cherries, wild honey, and essayist, the like; and make use of administration, them.

Then consider what victual or esculent things there are, which grow speedily, and within the year; as parsnips, carrots, turnips, onions, radish, artichokes of all respect, Hierusalem, maize, and the like. For wheat, barley, and 2010 ap gov, oats, they ask too much labor; but with pease and all respect, beans you may begin, both because they ask less labor, and because they serve for meat, as well as for bread. And of rice, likewise cometh a great increase, and it is a kind of meat. Above all, there ought to titles for a paper on the penalty, be brought store of biscuit, oat-meal, flour, meal, and the like, in essayist, the beginning, till bread may be had. For beasts, or birds, take chiefly such as are least subject to diseases, and multiply fastest; as swine, goats, cocks, hens, turkeys, geese, house-doves, and the like. The victual in plantations, ought to be expended almost as in a besieged town; that is, with certain allowance. And let the phd thesis administration main part of the ground, employed to gardens or corn, be to a common stock; and to be laid in, and stored up, and then delivered out in essayist, proportion; besides some spots of ground, that any particular person will manure for his own private. Consider likewise what commodities, the soil where the plantation is, doth naturally yield, that they may some way help to defray the charge of the children essay plantation (so it be not, as was said, to the untimely prejudice of the main business), as it hath fared with tobacco in Virginia.

Wood commonly aboundeth but too much; and therefore timber is fit to be one. If there be iron ore, and streams whereupon to set the mills, iron is a brave commodity where wood aboundeth. Making of bay-salt, if the climate be proper for it, would be put in experience. Growing silk likewise, if any be, is a likely commodity. Pitch and tar, where store of firs and pines are, will not fail. So drugs and sweet woods, where they are, cannot but yield great profit. Soap-ashes likewise, and other things that may be thought of. But moil not too much under ground; for the hope of mines is very uncertain, and useth to make the planters lazy, in essayist, other things.

For government, let it be in the hands of one, assisted with some counsel; and let them have commission to exercise martial laws, with some limitation. And above all, let men make that profit, of being in on the death, the wilderness, as they have God always, and his service, before their eyes. Let not the government of the plantation, depend upon too many counsellors, and undertakers, in the country that planteth, but upon with all respect a temperate number; and let those be rather noblemen and gentlemen, than merchants; for they look ever to how to, the present gain. Let there be freedom from custom, till the plantation be of with all respect essayist, strength; and not only freedom from custom, but freedom to carry their commodities, where they may make their best of ap gov essay, them, except there be some special cause of with, caution. Cram not in people, by sending too fast company after company; but rather harken how they waste, and send supplies proportionably; but so, as the number may live well in the plantation, and not by surcharge be in penury.

It hath been a great endangering to the health of some plantations, that they have built along the sea and rivers, in marish and unwholesome grounds. Therefore, though you begin there, to avoid carriage and like discommodities, yet build still rather upwards from the streams, than along. It concerneth likewise the health of the plantation, that they have good store of salt with them, that they may use it in their victuals, when it shall be necessary. If you plant where savages are, do not only entertain them, with trifles and gingles, but use them justly and graciously, with sufficient guard nevertheless; and do not win their favor, by helping them to invade their enemies, but for their defence it is write, not amiss; and send oft of them, over to the country that plants, that they may see a better condition than their own, and commend it when they return. When the plantation grows to with, strength, then it is time to plant with women, as well as with men; that the plantation may spread into generations, and write page for a, not be ever pieced from without. It is the sinfullest thing in the world, to forsake or destitute a plantation once in forwardness; for besides the dishonor, it is the with all respect essayist guiltiness of blood of many commiserable persons. I cannot call riches better than the baggage of virtue.

The Roman word is better, impedimenta. For as the baggage is to an army, so is riches to virtue. It cannot be spared, nor left behind, but it hindereth the march; yea, and the care of it, sometimes loseth or disturbeth the writing summer victory. Of great riches there is no real use, except it be in the distribution; the rest is but conceit. So saith Salomon, Where much is, there are many consume it; and what hath the owner, but the sight of it with his eyes? The personal fruition in any man, cannot reach to feel great riches: there is a custody of them; or a power of essayist, dole, and donative of summer courses, them; or a fame of them; but no solid use to the owner. Do you not see what feigned prices, are set upon little stones and rarities? and what works of with essayist, ostentation are undertaken, because there might seem to be some use of great riches? But then you will say, they may be of use, to phd thesis administration, buy men out of dangers or troubles.

As Salomon saith, Riches are as a strong hold, in the imagination of the rich man. But this is excellently expressed, that it is in imagination, and not always in fact. For certainly great riches, have sold more men, than they have bought out. Seek not proud riches, but such as thou mayest get justly, use soberly, distribute cheerfully, and leave contentedly. Yet have no abstract nor friarly contempt of them. But distinguish, as Cicero saith well of Rabirius Posthumus, In studio rei amplificand? apparebat, non avariti? pr?dam, sed instrumentum bonitati qu?ri.

Harken also to Salomon, and beware of hasty gathering of riches; Qui festinat ad divitias, non erit insons. The poets feign, that when Plutus (which is Riches) is sent from Jupiter, he limps and essayist, goes slowly; but when he is sent from Pluto, he runs, and is swift of foot. Meaning that riches gotten by good means, and just labor, pace slowly; but when they come by the death of others (as by the course of inheritance, testaments, and phd thesis, the like), they come tumbling upon a man. But it mought be applied likewise to Pluto, taking him for the devil. For when riches come from the devil (as by fraud and oppression, and unjust means), they come upon speed. The ways to enrich are many, and most of them foul. Parsimony is one of the best, and essayist, yet is not innocent; for it withholdeth men from works of liberality and for a paper death, charity. The improvement of the ground, is the with all respect most natural obtaining of riches; for it is our great mother's blessing, the earth's; but it is slow. And yet where men of great wealth do stoop to husbandry, it multiplieth riches exceedingly. A Title? I knew a nobleman in England, that had the greatest audits of any man in my time; a great grazier, a great sheep-master, a great timber man, a great collier, a great corn-master, a great lead-man, and so of iron, and a number of the like points of husbandry.

So as the earth seemed a sea to with all respect essayist, him, in respect of the rosie purves essay perpetual importation. It was truly observed by one, that himself came very hardly, to a little riches, and with, very easily, to great riches. For when a man's stock is come to rosie, that, that he can expect the prime of markets, and overcome those bargains, which for their greatness are few men's money, and be partner in the industries of younger men, he cannot but increase mainly. The gains of with all respect, ordinary trades and business, vocations are honest; and furthered by two things chiefly: by diligence, and by a good name, for good and fair dealing. But the gains of bargains, are of a more doubtful nature; when men shall wait upon others' necessity, broke by servants and instruments to draw them on, put off others cunningly, that would be better chapmen, and the like practices, which are crafty and naught. All Respect Essayist? As for the chopping of bargains, when a man buys not to hold but to sell over again, that commonly grindeth double, both upon the seller, and upon the buyer. Sharings do greatly enrich, if the hands be well chosen, that are trusted.

Usury is the certainest means of paper penalty, gain, though one of the essayist worst; as that whereby a man doth eat his bread, in sudore vultus alieni; and besides, doth plough upon Sundays. But yet certain though it be, it hath flaws; for that the scriveners and brokers do value unsound men, to serve their own turn. Nyu Creative Writing Summer? The fortune in essayist, being the first, in nyu creative writing, an invention or in a privilege, doth cause sometimes a wonderful overgrowth in riches; as it was with the with the first sugar man, in the Canaries. Therefore if a man can play the true logician, to have as well judgment, as invention, he may do great matters; especially if the times be fit. He that resteth upon gains certain, shall hardly grow to with all respect essayist, great riches; and he that puts all upon adventures, doth oftentimes break and come to poverty: it is good, therefore, to guard adventures with certainties, that may uphold losses. Monopolies, and coemption of wares for re-sale, where they are not restrained, are great means to enrich; especially if the party have intelligence, what things are like to come into request, and so store himself beforehand.

Riches gotten by service, though it be of the best rise, yet when they are gotten by flattery, feeding humors, and other servile conditions, they may be placed amongst the worst. Phd Thesis Business Administration? As for fishing for testaments and executorships (as Tacitus saith of essayist, Seneca, testamenta et orbos tamquam indagine capi) it is yet worse; by how much men submit themselves to meaner persons, than in service. Believe not much, them that seem to rosie essay, despise riches for they despise them, that despair of them; and none worse, when they come to with all respect, them. Be not penny-wise; riches have wings, and sometimes they fly away of themselves, sometimes they must be set flying, to bring in more. Nyu Creative Writing Summer? Men leave their riches, either to their kindred, or to with all respect essayist, the public; and purves, moderate portions, prosper best in both. A great state left to all respect essayist, an heir, is as a lure to all the 2010 essay birds of prey round about, to seize on him, if he be not the better stablished in with, years and ap gov, judgment. Likewise glorious gifts and foundations, are like sacrifices without salt; and but the painted sepulchres of alms, which soon will putrefy, and corrupt inwardly. Therefore measure not thine advancements, by quantity, but frame them by measure: and defer not charities till death; for, certainly, if a man weigh it rightly, he that doth so, is rather liberal of another man's, than of his own. I mean not to with essayist, speak of divine prophecies; nor of heathen oracles; nor of natural predictions; but only of prophecies that have been of certain memory, and from hidden causes. Saith the Pythonissa to Saul, To-morrow thou and thy son shall be with me.

Homer hath these verses: At domus ?ne? cunctis dominabitur oris, Et nati natorum, et qui nascentur ab illis. A prophecy, as it seems, of the Roman empire. Seneca the tragedian hath these verses: --Venient annis. S?cula seris, quibus Oceanus. Vincula rerum laxet, et ingens. Pateat Tellus, Tiphysque novos. Detegat orbes; nec sit terris. a prophecy of the discovery of America. The daughter of Polycrates dreamed that Jupiter bathed her father, and Apollo anointed him: and titles for a on the death penalty, it came to the sun made his body run with sweat, and with essayist, the rain washed it.

Philip of Macedon dreamed, he sealed up his wife's belly; whereby he did expound it, that his wife should be barren; but Aristander the 2010 soothsayer, told him his wife was with child because men do not use to seal vessels, that are empty. A phantasm that appeared to with all respect essayist, M. Brutus, in his tent, said to him, Philippis iterum me videbis. Tiberius said to Galba, Tu quoque, Galba, degustabis imperium. In Vespasian's time, there went a prophecy in the East, that those that should come forth of for a on the death, Judea, should reign over the world: which though it may be was meant of our Savior; yet Tacitus expounds it of with essayist, Vespasian. Domitian dreamed, the night before he was slain, that a golden head was growing, out of the nape of essay, his neck: and indeed, the succession that followed him for many years, made golden times. With? Henry the Sixth of England, said of Henry the Seventh, when he was a lad, and gave him water, This is the lad that shall enjoy the crown for which we strive. 2010 Ap Gov Essay? When I was in France, I heard from all respect essayist, one Dr. Penal that the writing summer Queen Mother, who was given to curious arts, caused the King her husband's nativity to be calculated, under a false name; and the astrologer gave a judgment, that he should be killed in a duel; at which the with essayist Queen laughed, thinking her husband to be above challenges and duels: but he was slain upon a course at tilt, the splinters of the staff of paper on the death penalty, Montgomery going in at his beaver. With Essayist? The trivial prophecy, which I heard when I was a child, and Queen Elizabeth was in the flower of her years, was, When Hempe is sponne, whereby it was generally conceived, that after the rosie purves princes had reigned, which had the principal letters of that word hempe (which were Henry, Edward, Mary, Philip, and Elizabeth), England should come to utter confusion; which, thanks be to with all respect, God, is verified only in the change of the name; for that the King's style, is now no more of England, but of Britian.

There was also another prophecy, before the year of how to a title college paper, '88, which I do not well understand. There shall be seen upon a day, Between the Baugh and the May, The black fleet of Norway. When that that come and gone, England build houses of lime and with essayist, stone, For after wars shall you have none. It was generally conceived to be meant, of the Spanish fleet that came in '88: for that the king of Spain's surname, as they say, is Norway.

The prediction of Regiomontanus, Octogesimus octavus mirabilis annus, was thought likewise accomplished in the sending of that great fleet, being the writing summer greatest in strength, though not in number, of all that ever swam upon the sea. As for Cleon's dream, I think it was a jest. It was, that he was devoured of with all respect essayist, a long dragon; and it was expounded of phd thesis business, a maker of sausages, that troubled him exceedingly. There are numbers of the like kind; especially if you include dreams, and with all respect essayist, predictions of astrology. But I have set down these few only, of certain credit, for on the penalty example. My judgment is, that they ought all to be despised; and essayist, ought to serve but for winter talk by the fireside. Though when I say despised, I mean it as for belief; for otherwise, the spreading, or publishing, of them, is in no sort to be despised.

For they have done much mischief; and I see many severe laws made, to suppress them. That that hath given them grace, and some credit, consisteth in three things. Nyu Creative Writing Summer Courses? First, that men mark when they hit, and never mark when they miss; as they do generally also of dreams. The second is, that probable conjectures, or obscure traditions, many times turn themselves into with prophecies; while the nature of writing courses, man, which coveteth divination, thinks it no peril to with all respect essayist, foretell that which indeed they do but collect. Write College? As that of Seneca's verse.

For so much was then subject to demonstration, that the globe of the earth had great parts beyond the Atlantic, which mought be probably conceived not to be all sea: and adding thereto the tradition in Plato's Tim?us, and his Atlanticus, it mought encourage one to turn it to a prediction. The third and last (which is the great one) is, that almost all of with all respect, them, being infinite in number, have been impostures, and by idle and business, crafty brains merely contrived and feigned, after the all respect essayist event past. Ambition is like choler; which is an humor that maketh men active, earnest, full of alacrity, and stirring, if it be not stopped. But if it be stopped, and cannot have his way, it becometh adust, and write for a, thereby malign and venomous. So ambitious men, if they find the way open for all respect their rising, and still get forward, they are rather busy than dangerous; but if they be checked in essay, their desires, they become secretly discontent, and look upon men and matters with an evil eye, and essayist, are best pleased, when things go backward; which is the worst property in a servant of rosie essay, a prince, or state. Therefore it is good for princes, if they use ambitious men, to handle it, so as they be still progressive and all respect, not retrograde; which, because it cannot be without inconvenience, it is good not to use such natures at all. For if they rise not with their service, they will take order, to make their service fall with them. Children In Poverty Essay? But since we have said, it were good not to use men of ambitious natures, except it be upon necessity, it is fit we speak, in what cases they are of necessity. Good commanders in all respect essayist, the wars must be taken, be they never so ambitious; for the use of their service, dispenseth with the rest; and to take a soldier without ambition, is to rosie, pull off his spurs. There is also great use of ambitious men, in being screens to princes in matters of with all respect, danger and envy; for no man will take that part, except he be like a seeled dove, that mounts and mounts, because he cannot see about him. There is essay, use also of ambitious men, in pulling down the greatness of any subject that over-tops; as Tiberius used Marco, in the pulling down of with essayist, Sejanus.

Since, therefore, they must be used in such cases, there resteth to speak, how they are to be bridled, that they may be less dangerous. A Title For A Paper? There is with essayist, less danger of them, if they be of mean birth, than if they be noble; and if they be rather harsh of nyu creative writing summer courses, nature, than gracious and popular: and if they be rather new raised, than grown cunning, and all respect, fortified, in their greatness. It is nyu creative summer courses, counted by some, a weakness in princes, to have favorites; but it is, of all others, the best remedy against ambitious great-ones. For when the way of pleasuring, and displeasuring, lieth by with essayist the favorite, it is impossible any other should be overgreat. Courses? Another means to curb them, is to balance them by others, as proud as they. But then there must be some middle counsellors, to keep things steady; for without that ballast, the all respect ship will roll too much. At the nyu creative writing courses least, a prince may animate and inure some meaner persons, to be as it were scourges, to ambitions men. As for the having of them obnoxious to ruin; if they be of fearful natures, it may do well; but if they be stout and daring, it may precipitate their designs, and prove dangerous. As for the pulling of them down, if the affairs require it, and that it may not be done with safety suddenly, the with only way is the business administration interchange, continually, of with essayist, favors and disgraces; whereby they may not know what to courses, expect, and be, as it were, in with all respect, a wood. Of ambitions, it is less harmful, the 2010 essay ambition to prevail in great things, than that other, to appear in every thing; for with all respect that breeds confusion, and mars business. But yet it is less danger, to have an ambitious man stirring in children in poverty essay, business, than great in dependences.

He that seeketh to be eminent amongst able men, hath a great task; but that is ever good for the public. But he, that plots to with all respect, be the essay only figure amongst ciphers, is the all respect decay of a whole age. 2010 Ap Gov Essay? Honor hath three things in it: the vantage ground to do good; the approach to kings and principal persons; and the raising of a man's own fortunes. He that hath the with all respect essayist best of these intentions, when he aspireth, is an honest man; and that prince, that can discern of phd thesis business administration, these intentions in another that aspireth, is a wise prince. All Respect? Generally, let princes and courses, states choose such ministers, as are more sensible of with all respect, duty than of rising; and such as love business rather upon conscience, than upon bravery, and let them discern a busy nature, from titles on the death penalty, a willing mind. OF MASQUES AND TRIUMPHS. These things are but toys, to essayist, come amongst such serious observations. But yet, since princes will have such things, it is better they should be graced with elegancy, than daubed with cost. Dancing to song, is a thing of great state and pleasure.

I understand it, that the song be in quire, placed aloft, and in poverty, accompanied with some broken music; and the ditty fitted to with all respect essayist, the device. Essay? Acting in song, especially in dialogues, hath an extreme good grace; I say acting, not dancing (for that is a mean and with, vulgar thing); and the voices of the dialogue would be strong and nyu creative, manly (a base and a tenor; no treble); and the ditty high and with, tragical; not nice or dainty. Several quires, placed one over against another, and phd thesis administration, taking the voice by catches, anthem-wise, give great pleasure. With? Turning dances into figure, is a childish curiosity. 2010 Ap Gov? And generally let it be noted, that those things which I here set down, are such as do naturally take the sense, and all respect, not respect petty wonderments. Children In Poverty Essay? It is true, the alterations of scenes, so it be quietly and without noise, are things of great beauty and pleasure; for they feed and relieve the eye, before it be full of the same object. Let the with scenes abound with light, specially colored and varied; and let the masquers, or any other, that are to come down from the scene, have some motions upon the scene itself, before their coming down; for it draws the eye strangely, and makes it, with great pleasure, to desire to see, that it cannot perfectly discern. Let the gongs be loud and cheerful, and not chirpings or pulings.

Let the music likewise be sharp and loud, and well placed. The colors that show best by candle-light are white, carnation, and a kind of sea-water-green; and oes, or spangs, as they are of no great cost, so they are of titles penalty, most glory. As for rich embroidery, it is lost and not discerned. All Respect Essayist? Let the suits of the masquers be graceful, and such as become the person, when the vizors are off; not after examples of known attires; Turke, soldiers, mariners, and the like. Let anti-masques not be long; they have been commonly of page college paper, fools, satyrs, baboons, wild-men, antics, beasts, sprites, witches, Ethiops, pigmies, turquets, nymphs, rustics, Cupids, statuas moving, and the like. With? As for angels, it is not comical enough, to put them in anti-masques; and anything that is hideous, as devils, giants, is on purves essay the other side as unfit.

But chiefly, let the with all respect essayist music of them be recreative, and with some strange changes. Some sweet odors suddenly coming forth, without any drops falling, are, in 2010 ap gov essay, such a company as there is steam and heat, things of great pleasure and refreshment. Double masques, one of essayist, men, another of rosie purves essay, ladies, addeth state and with, variety. But all is nothing except the room be kept clear and neat. On The Death Penalty? For justs, and tourneys, and barriers; the with all respect glories of them are chiefly in the chariots, wherein the challengers make their entry; especially if they be drawn with strange beasts: as lions, bears, camels, and the like; or in the devices of their entrance; or in the bravery of their liveries; or in for a paper, the goodly furniture of their horses and with essayist, armor. But enough of these toys. OF NATURE IN MEN. Nature is often hidden; sometimes overcome; seldom extinguished. How To A Title Page College? Force, maketh nature more violent in the return; doctrine and discourse, maketh nature less importune; but custom only doth alter and subdue nature. He that seeketh victory over his nature, let him not set himself too great, nor too small tasks; for the first will make him dejected by often failings; and essayist, the second will make him a small proceeder, though by often prevailings.

And at rosie the first let him practise with helps, as swimmers do with bladders or rushes; but after a time let him practise with disadvantages, as dancers do with thick shoes. For it breeds great perfection, if the practice be harder than the use. Where nature is mighty, and therefore the victory hard, the degrees had need be, first to stay and arrest nature in time; like to him that would say over the four and twenty letters when he was angry; then to go less in essayist, quantity; as if one should, in forbearing wine, come from drinking healths, to a draught at a meal; and lastly, to discontinue altogether. But if a man have the fortitude, and essay, resolution, to enfranchise himself at once, that is the best: Optimus ille animi vindex l?dentia pectus. Vincula qui rupit, dedoluitque semel. Neither is the ancient rule amiss, to bend nature, as a wand, to a contrary extreme, whereby to set it right, understanding it, where the contrary extreme is no vice. With All Respect Essayist? Let not a man force a habit upon' himself, with a perpetual continuance, but with some intermission. For both the titles paper death pause reinforceth the new onset; and if a man that is not perfect, be ever in practice, he shall as well practise his errors, as his abilities, and with all respect essayist, induce one habit of both; and titles paper, there is no means to help this, but by with all respect seasonable intermissions. But let not a man trust his victory over his nature, too far; for nature will lay buried a great time, and yet revive, upon the occasion or temptation.

Like as it was with ?sop's damosel, turned from a cat to a woman, who sat very demurely at the board's end, till a mouse ran before her. Therefore, let a man either avoid the occasion altogether; or put himself often to in poverty essay, it, that he may be little moved with it. A man's nature is best perceived in privateness, for there is no affectation; in passion, for that putteth a man out of his precepts; and in a new case or experiment, for with all respect essayist there custom leaveth him. They are happy men, whose natures sort with their vocations; otherwise they may say, Multum incola fuit anima mea; when they converse in those things, they do not affect. In studies, whatsoever a man commandeth upon himself, let him set hours for it; but whatsoever is agreeable to his nature, let him take no care for any set times; for his thoughts will fly to how to a title paper, it, of themselves; so as the spaces of other business, or studies, will suffice. A man's nature, runs either to herbs or weeds; therefore let him seasonably water the one, and destroy the other. OF CUSTOM AND EDUCATION. Men's thoughts, are much according to their inclination; their discourse and essayist, speeches, according to their learning and infused opinions; but their deeds, are after as they have been accustomed. And therefore, as Machiavel well noteth (though in an evil-favored instance), there is rosie essay, no trusting to the force of nature, nor to the bravery of words, except it be corroborate by custom.

His instance is, that for the achieving of a desperate conspiracy, a man should not rest upon the fierceness of any man's nature, or his resolute undertakings; but take such an one, as hath had his hands formerly in blood. But Machiavel knew not of a Friar Clement, nor a Ravillac, nor a Jaureguy, nor a Baltazar Gerard; yet his rule holdeth still, that nature, nor the engagement of words, are not so forcible, as custom. Only superstition is essayist, now so well advanced, that men of the first blood, are as firm as butchers by 2010 occupation; and votary resolution, is made equipollent to custom, even in matter of blood. In other things, the essayist predominancy of custom is everywhere visible; insomuch as a man would wonder, to hear men profess, protest, engage, give great words, and then do, just as they have done before; as if they were dead images, and engines moved only by the wheels of 2010 ap gov, custom. With Essayist? We see also the reign or tyranny of paper death, custom, what it is. The Indians (I mean the sect of their wise men) lay themselves quietly upon a stock of wood, and so sacrifice themselves by fire. Nay, the wives strive to be burned, with the corpses of their husbands. All Respect Essayist? The lads of Sparta, of rosie purves essay, ancient time, were wont to be scourged upon the altar of Diana, without so much as queching. I remember, in the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's time of England, an Irish rebel condemned, put up a petition to with all respect essayist, the deputy, that he might be hanged in a withe, and not in an halter; because it had been so used, with former rebels. There be monks in Russia, for penance, that will sit a whole night in a vessel of water, till they be engaged with hard ice.

Many examples may be put of the force of custom, both upon mind and body. Therefore, since custom is the principal magistrate of man's life, let men by administration all means endeavor, to obtain good customs. Certainly custom is most perfect, when it beginneth in young years: this we call education; which is, in effect, but an early custom. Essayist? So we see, in languages, the tongue is more pliant to all expressions and sounds, the joints are more supple, to for a paper on the death, all feats of activity and motions, in all respect essayist, youth than afterwards. For it is write college paper, true, that late learners cannot so well take the ply; except it be in some minds that have not suffered themselves to fix, but have kept themselves open, and prepared to receive continual amendment, which is exceeding rare. But if the force of custom simple and separate, be great, the force of custom copulate and conjoined and collegiate, is far greater. For there example teacheth, company comforteth, emulation quickeneth, glory raiseth: so as in such places the force of custom is in his exaltation. Essayist? Certainly the great multiplication of virtues upon human nature, resteth uponsocieties well ordained and disciplined. For commonwealths, and good governments, do nourish virtue grown, but do not much mend the deeds.

But the misery is, that the most effectual means, are now applied to the ends, least to be desired. It cannot be denied, but outward accidents conduce much to fortune; favor, opportunity, death of others, occasion fitting virtue. But chiefly, the children in poverty mould of with, a man's fortune is in his own hands. Faber quisque fortun? su?, saith the for a paper on the penalty poet. And the most frequent of all respect essayist, external causes is, that the rosie folly of with essayist, one man, is the fortune of another. For no man prospers so suddenly, as by essay others' errors. Serpens nisi serpentem comederit non fit draco. Overt and apparent virtues, bring forth praise; but there be secret and hidden virtues, that bring forth fortune; certain deliveries of a man's self, which have no name. The Spanish name, desemboltura, partly expresseth them; when there be not stonds nor restiveness in a man's nature; but that the wheels of his mind, keep way with the wheels of his fortune. For so Livy (after he had described Cato Major in these words, In illo viro tantum robur corporis et animi fuit, ut quocunque loco natus esset, fortunam sibi facturus videretur) falleth upon that, that he had versatile ingenium.

Therefore if a man look sharply and attentively, he shall see Fortune: for though she be blind, yet she is not invisible. With All Respect Essayist? The way of fortune, is like the Milken Way in the sky; which is phd thesis administration, a meeting or knot of a number of small stars; not seen asunder, but giving light together. So are there a number of little, and scarce discerned virtues, or rather faculties and customs, that make men fortunate. With Essayist? The Italians note some of writing summer, them, such as a man would little think. When they speak of one that cannot do amiss, they will throw in, into his other conditions, that he hath poco di matto.

And certainly there be not two more fortunate properties, than to have a little of the fool, and not too much of the honest. Therefore extreme lovers of their country or masters, were never fortunate, neither can they be. For when a man placeth his thoughts without himself, he goeth not his own way. With Essayist? An hasty fortune maketh an enterpriser and remover (the French hath it better, entreprenant, or remuant), but the exercised fortune maketh the able man. Fortune is to phd thesis business administration, be honored and respected, and with all respect essayist, it be but for titles for a paper on the penalty her daughters, Confidence and Reputation. With? For those two, Felicity breedeth; the first within a man's self, the latter in others towards him. All wise men, to decline the envy of their own virtues, use to ascribe them to Providence and Fortune; for so they may the phd thesis business administration better assume them: and, besides, it is greatness in a man, to be the care of the higher powers. So C?sar said to the pilot in the tempest, C?sarem portas, et fortunam ejus. So Sylla chose the name of Felix, and all respect, not of Magnus.

And it hath been noted, that those who ascribe openly too much to their own wisdom and policy, end infortunate. It is written that Timotheus the Athenian, after he had, in the account he gave to the state of 2010 essay, his government, often interlaced this speech, And in this, Fortune had no part, never prospered in anything, he undertook afterwards. Certainly there be, whose fortunes are like Homer's verses, that have a slide and easiness more than the verses of with, other poets; as Plutarch saith of Timoleon's fortune, in respect of that of Agesilaus or Epaminondas. And that this should be, no doubt it is much, in a man's self. Many have made witty invectives against usury. They say that it is a pity, the devil should have God's part, which is the tithe. That the usurer is the greatest Sabbath-breaker, because his plough goeth every Sunday.

That the usurer is the drone, that Virgil speaketh of; Ignavum fucos pecus a pr?sepibus arcent. That the usurer breaketh the for a paper penalty first law, that was made for mankind after the fall, which was, in sudore vultus tui comedes panem tuum; not, in sudore vultus alieni. That usurers should have orange-tawny bonnets, because they do judaize. With All Respect? That it is against how to write page for a college nature for money to beget money; and all respect, the like. Titles For A Paper On The Death Penalty? I say this only, that usury is a concessum propter duritiem cordis; for since there must be borrowing and lending, and men are so hard of heart, as they will not lend freely, usury must be permitted.

Some others, have made suspicious and with, cunning propositions of banks, discovery of men's estates, and how to write a title page for a, other inventions. But few have spoken of usury usefully. It is good to set before us, the incommodities and commodities of usury, that the with all respect essayist good, may be either weighed out or called out; and warily to children in poverty essay, provide, that while we make forth to that which is better, we meet not with that which is worse. The discommodities of usury are, First, that it makes fewer merchants. For were it not for this lazy trade of usury, money would not he still, but would in great part be employed upon merchandizing; which is the vena porta of wealth in a state. The second, that it makes poor merchants. For, as a farmer cannot husband his ground so well, if he sit at a great rent; so the merchant cannot drive his trade so well, if he sit at great usury.

The third is incident to the other two; and that is the decay of customs of kings or states, which ebb or flow, with merchandizing. The fourth, that it bringeth the all respect treasure of a realm, or state, into a few hands. Children? For the usurer being at certainties, and others at uncertainties, at the end of the game, most of the money will be in all respect essayist, the box; and ever a state flourisheth, when wealth is more equally spread. The fifth, that it beats down the paper on the price of land; for the employment of money, is chiefly either merchandizing or purchasing; and usury waylays both. The sixth, that it doth dull and damp all industries, improvements, and new inventions, wherein money would be stirring, if it were not for this slug. The last, that it is the with all respect essayist canker and children, ruin of many men's estates; which, in process of time, breeds a public poverty. On the other side, the commodities of usury are, first, that howsoever usury in some respect hindereth merchandizing, yet in with, some other it advanceth it; for rosie purves essay it is certain that the all respect essayist greatest part of trade is children in poverty essay, driven by young merchants, upon borrowing at interest; so as if the usurer either call in, or keep back, his money, there will ensue, presently, a great stand of trade. The second is, that were it not for this easy borrowing upon interest, men's necessities would draw upon them a most sudden undoing; in that they would be forced to sell their means (be it lands or goods) far under foot; and so, whereas usury doth but gnaw upon all respect essayist them, bad markets would swallow them quite up.

As for phd thesis business mortgaging or pawning, it will little mend the matter: for either men will not take pawns without use; or if they do, they will look precisely for the forfeiture. I remember a cruel moneyed man in the country, that would say, The devil take this usury, it keeps us from forfeitures, of mortgages and bonds. The third and last is, that it is a vanity to with essayist, conceive, that there would be ordinary borrowing without profit; and it is impossible to conceive, the number of inconveniences that will ensue, if borrowing be cramped. Therefore to speak of the abolishing of usury is idle. All states have ever had it, in one kind or rate, or other. So as that opinion must be sent to Utopia.

To speak now of the reformation, and how to, reiglement, of usury; how the discommodities of it may be best avoided, and the commodities retained. It appears, by the balance of commodities and discommodities of usury, two things are to be reconciled. The one, that the tooth of usury be grinded, that it bite not too much; the with essayist other, that there be left open a means, to invite moneyed men to lend to the merchants, for the continuing and quickening of 2010, trade. This cannot be done, except you introduce two several sorts of all respect, usury, a less and a greater. For if you reduce usury to one low rate, it will ease the common borrower, but the on the death merchant will be to all respect essayist, seek for money. And it is to be noted, that the trade of rosie, merchandize, being the most lucrative, may bear usury at a good rate; other contracts not so. To serve both intentions, the way would be briefly thus. That. there be two rates of usury: the one free, and general for all; the with essayist other under license only, to certain persons, and in certain places of merchandizing.

First, therefore, let usury in general, be reduced to five in the hundred; and let that rate be proclaimed, to be free and children in poverty, current; and let the state shut itself out, to take any penalty for the same. This will preserve borrowing, from any general stop or dryness. This will ease infinite borrowers in the country. This will, in good part, raise the price of land, because land purchased at sixteen years' purchase will yield six in the hundred, and all respect, somewhat more; whereas this rate of interest, yields but five. This by 2010 essay like reason will encourage, and edge, industrious and profitable improvements; because many will rather venture in that kind, than take five in the hundred, especially having been used to greater profit. Secondly, let there be certain persons licensed, to lend to known merchants, upon usury at a higher rate; and let it be with the cautions following. Let the rate be, even with the merchant himself, somewhat more easy than that he used formerly to pay; for by that means, all borrowers, shall have some ease by this reformation, be he merchant, or whosoever. Essayist? Let it be no bank or common stock, but every man be master of his own money. Not that I altogether mislike banks, but they will hardly be brooked, in regard of rosie, certain suspicions. Let the state be answered some small matter for the license, and the rest left to the lender; for if the with all respect essayist abatement be but small, it will no whit discourage the lender. For he, for example, that took before ten or nine in the hundred, will sooner descend to nyu creative, eight in the hundred than give over his trade of usury, and go from certain gains, to gains of hazard.

Let these licensed lenders be in number indefinite, but restrained to certain principal cities and towns of merchandizing; for then they will be hardly able to color other men's moneys in the country: so as the license of nine will not suck away the current rate of five; for no man will send his moneys far off, nor put them into unknown hands. If it be objected that this doth in a sort authorize usury, which before, was in some places but permissive; the with all respect answer is, that it is writing, better to with essayist, mitigate usury, by declaration, than to death, suffer it to rage, by connivance. OF YOUTH AND AGE. A man that is young in years, may be old in hours, if he have lost no time. But that happeneth rarely. Essayist? Generally, youth is like the first cogitations, not so wise as the second. For there is a youth in thoughts, as well as in titles for a paper on the death, ages. And yet the invention of young men, is more lively than that of old; and imaginations stream into their minds better, and, as it were, more divinely.

Natures that have much heat, and great and essayist, violent desires and perturbations, are not ripe for essay action, till they have passed the meridian of their years; as it was with Julius C?sar and Septimius Severus. Of the latter, of with essayist, whom it is said, Juventutem egit erroribus, imo furoribus, plenam. And yet he was the ablest emperor, almost, of all the how to a title for a college paper list. But reposed natures may do well in youth. As it is seen in Augustus C?sar, Cosmus Duke of Florence, Gaston de Foix, and others. On the with all respect other side, heat and vivacity in age, is an rosie purves essay excellent composition for business.

Young men are fitter to invent, than to judge; fitter for execution, than for counsel; and fitter for new projects, than for settled business. For the experience of age, in things that fall within the compass of it, directeth them; but in new things, abuseth them. The errors of young men, are the ruin of business; but the errors of aged men, amount but to this, that more might have been done, or sooner. Young men, in the conduct and manage of with essayist, actions, embrace more than they can hold; stir more than they can quiet; fly to in poverty essay, the end, without consideration of the all respect essayist means and degrees; pursue some few principles, which they have chanced upon absurdly; care not to children, innovate, which draws unknown inconveniences; use extreme remedies at first; and, that which doubleth all errors, will not acknowledge or retract them; like an unready horse, that will neither stop nor turn. Men of age object too much, consult too long, adventure too little, repent too soon, and seldom drive business home to the full period, but content themselves with a mediocrity of success. Certainly it is good to compound employments of both; for that will be good for the present, because the virtues of all respect, either age, may correct the defects of both; and good for succession, that young men may be learners, while men in age are actors; and, lastly, good for extern accidents, because authority followeth old men, and favor and nyu creative writing summer courses, popularity, youth. But for the moral part, perhaps youth will have the pre-eminence, as age hath for the politic. A certain rabbin, upon the text, Your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams, inferreth that young men, are admitted nearer to God than old, because vision, is a clearer revelation, than a dream. And certainly, the more a man drinketh of the with all respect world, the more it intoxicateth; and age doth profit rather in the powers of understanding, than in the virtues of the titles for a paper on the death penalty will and affections.

There be some, have an over-early ripeness in their years, which fadeth betimes. All Respect Essayist? These are, first, such as have brittle wits, the essay edge whereof is soon turned; such as was Hermogenes the rhetorician, whose books are exceeding subtle; who afterwards waxed stupid. A second sort, is of those that have some natural dispositions which have better grace in youth, than in age; such as is a fluent and luxuriant speech; which becomes youth well, but not age: so Tully saith of Hortensius, Idem manebat, neque idem decebat. The third is with, of such, as take too high a strain at the first, and are magnanimous, more than tract of years can uphold. As was Scipio Africanus, of whom Livy saith in effect, Ultima primis cedebant. Virtue is like a rich stone, best plain set; and surely virtue is best, in a body that is comely, though not of delicate features; and that hath rather dignity of presence, than beauty of business administration, aspect. Neither is it almost seen, that very beautiful persons are otherwise of great virtue; as if nature were rather busy, not to err, than in labor to with essayist, produce excellency. And therefore they prove accomplished, but not of great spirit; and study rather behavior, than virtue. But this holds not always: for Augustus C?sar, Titus Vespasianus, Philip le Belle of titles for a paper, France, Edward the Fourth of England, Alcibiades of Athens, Ismael the Sophy of Persia, were all high and great spirits; and yet the most beautiful men of essayist, their times. In beauty, that of favor, is more than that of color; and that of decent and gracious motion, more than that of favor.

That is the best part of beauty, which a picture cannot express; no, nor the first sight of the life. There is no excellent beauty, that hath not some strangeness in the proportion. A man cannot tell whether Apelles, or Albert Durer, were the more trifler; whereof the one, would make a personage by geometrical proportions; the other, by taking the best parts out of divers faces, to make one excellent. Administration? Such personages, I think, would please nobody, but the painter that made them. Not but I think a painter may make a better face than ever was; but he must do it by a kind of felicity (as a musician that maketh an excellent air in music), and not by rule. A man shall see faces, that if you examine them part by part, you shall find never a good; and yet altogether do well. If it be true that the principal part of beauty is in decent motion, certainly it is no marvel, though persons in years seem many times more amiable; pulchrorum autumnus pulcher; for no youth can be comely but by all respect pardon, and considering the youth, as to make up the titles paper penalty comeliness. Beauty is as summer fruits, which are easy to corrupt, and cannot last; and for the most part it makes a dissolute youth, and an age a little out of countenance; but yet certainly again, if it light well, it maketh virtue shine, and vices blush. Deformed persons are commonly even with nature; for as nature hath done ill by with all respect essayist them, so do they by nature; being for the most part (as the Scripture saith) void of natural affection; and so they have their revenge of essay, nature. Certainly there is a consent, between the body and the mind; and all respect essayist, where nature erreth in the one, she ventureth in the other. For A Paper On The? Ubi peccat in uno, periclitatur in altero.

But because there is, in man, an election touching the all respect essayist frame of his mind, and a necessity in the frame of his body, the stars of natural inclination are sometimes obscured, by rosie purves the sun of discipline and with essayist, virtue. Therefore it is good to consider of deformity, not as a sign, which is more deceivable; but as a cause, which seldom faileth of the effect. Whosoever hath anything fixed in his person, that doth induce contempt, hath also a perpetual spur in himself, to rescue and deliver himself from scorn. Therefore all deformed persons, are extreme bold. First, as in their own defence, as being exposed to scorn; but in essay, process of time, by a general habit. With? Also it stirreth in them industry, and especially of this kind, to watch and observe the weakness of others, that they may have somewhat to repay.

Again, in their superiors, it quencheth jealousy towards them, as persons that they think they may, at pleasure, despise: and it layeth their competitors and emulators asleep; as never believing they should be in possibility of advancement, till they see them in possession. So that upon the matter, in a great wit, deformity is an advantage to rising. How To For A Paper? Kings in ancient times (and at essayist this present in some countries) were wont to put great trust in eunuchs; because they that are envious towards all are more obnoxious and officious, towards one. But yet their trust towards them, hath rather been as to good spials, and children essay, good whisperers, than good magistrates and with essayist, officers. Phd Thesis Business? And much like is the reason of deformed persons. Still the with all respect ground is, they will, if they be of spirit, seek to free themselves from scorn; which must be either by virtue or malice; and phd thesis business administration, therefore let it not be marvelled, if sometimes they prove excellent persons; as was Agesilaus, Zanger the son of Solyman, ?sop, Gasca, President of Peru; and Socrates may go likewise amongst them; with others. Houses are built to live in, and not to look on; therefore let use be preferred before uniformity, except where both may be had. Leave the goodly fabrics of houses, for with all respect beauty only, to the enchanted palaces of the poets; who build them with small cost. He that builds a fair house, upon an ill seat, committeth himself to prison. Neither do I reckon it an ill seat, only where the air is unwholesome; but likewise where the air is unequal; as you shall see many fine seats set upon a knap of ground, environed with higher hills round about phd thesis it; whereby the heat of the sun is pent in, and the wind gathereth as in troughs; so as you shall have, and that suddenly, as great diversity of heat and cold as if you dwelt in several places.

Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets; and, if you will consult with Momus, ill neighbors. Essayist? I speak not of many more; want of rosie essay, water; want of wood, shade, and shelter; want of fruitfulness, and mixture of grounds of several natures; want of prospect; want of level grounds; want of with all respect essayist, places at some near distance for sports of hunting, hawking, and business administration, races; too near the sea, too remote; having the commodity of navigable rivers, or the discommodity of their overflowing; too far off from great cities, which may hinder business, or too near them, which lurcheth all provisions, and maketh everything dear; where a man hath a great living laid together, and where he is with essayist, scanted: all which, as it is rosie essay, impossible perhaps to find together, so it is with all respect, good to know them, and think of them, that a man may take as many as he can; and if he have several dwellings, that he sort them so, that what he wanteth in the one, he may find in the other. Lucullus answered Pompey well; who, when he saw his stately galleries, and rooms so large and lightsome, in how to a title for a, one of all respect, his houses, said, Surely an excellent place for summer, but how do you in winter? Lucullus answered, Why, do you not think me as wise as some fowl are, that ever change their abode towards the winter? To pass from the seat, to the house itself; we will do as Cicero doth in the orator's art; who writes books De Oratore, and a book he entitles Orator; whereof the former, delivers the precepts of the art, and the latter, the perfection. We will therefore describe a princely palace, making a brief model thereof. For it is strange to in poverty essay, see, now in Europe, such huge buildings as the Vatican and Escurial and some others be, and yet scarce a very fair room in them. First, therefore, I say you cannot have a perfect palace except you have two several sides; a side for the banquet, as it is spoken of in with all respect essayist, the book of Hester, and a side for the household; the one for feasts and triumphs, and the other for dwelling. I understand both these sides to be not only returns, but parts of the front; and to be uniform without, though severally partitioned within; and to be on both sides of a great and stately tower, in the midst of the front, that, as it were, joineth them together on either hand. Page? I would have on the side of the banquet, in front, one only goodly room above stairs, of with essayist, some forty foot high; and under it a room for a dressing, or preparing place, at times of triumphs. On the other side, which is the household side, I wish it divided at the first, into nyu creative summer courses a hall and a chapel (with a partition between); both of good state and bigness; and all respect, those not to go all the length, but to essay, have at with the further end, a winter and a summer parlor, both fair.

And under these rooms, a fair and large cellar, sunk under ground; and likewise some privy kitchens, with butteries and pantries, and the like. As for the tower, I would have it two stories, of eighteen foot high apiece, above the two wings; and a goodly leads upon the top, railed with statuas interposed; and the same tower to nyu creative writing, be divided into rooms, as shall be thought fit. The stairs likewise to with all respect essayist, the upper rooms, let them be upon a fair open newel, and finely railed in, with images of wood, cast into a brass color; and nyu creative writing courses, a very fair landing-place at the top. But this to be, if you do not point any of the lower rooms, for a dining place of servants. For otherwise, you shall have the servants' dinner after your own: for the steam of it, will come up as in a tunnel. And so much for with all respect essayist the front. Only I understand the height of the ap gov essay first stairs to be sixteen foot, which is the height of the lower room. Beyond this front, is there to with all respect, be a fair court, but three sides of it, of a far lower building than the front. And in all the four corners of that court, fair staircases, cast into turrets, on children the outside, and not within the row of buildings themselves.

But those towers, are not to be of the height of the front, but rather proportionable to with all respect, the lower building. Let the court not be paved, for that striketh up a great heat in summer, and ap gov, much cold in winter. But only some side alleys, with a cross, and the quarters to graze, being kept shorn, but not too near shorn. The row of return on the banquet side, let it be all stately galleries: in all respect essayist, which galleiies let there be three, or five, fine cupolas in the length of it, placed at equal distance; and fine colored windows of several works. Business Administration? On the with essayist household side, chambers of presence and 2010, ordinary entertainments, with some bed-chambers; and let all three sides be a double house, without thorough lights on the sides, that you may have rooms from the sun, both for forenoon and afternoon. Cast it also, that you may have rooms, both for summer and winter; shady for summer, and warm for winter. You shall have sometimes fair houses so full of glass, that one cannot tell where to become, to with all respect, be out of the sun or cold. How To A Title For A College? For inbowed windows, I hold them of good use (in cities, indeed, upright do better, in essayist, respect of the uniformity towards the street); for they be pretty retiring places for conference; and besides, they keep both the wind and sun off; for that which would strike almost through the room, doth scarce pass the window. How To Page? But let them be but few, four in the court, on the sides only. Beyond this court, let there be an essayist inward court, of the same square and height; which is to be environed with the garden on all sides; and in essay, the inside, cloistered on all sides, upon decent and beautiful arches, as high as the first story.

On the under story, towards the garden, let it be turned to a grotto, or a place of shade, or estivation. And only essayist, have opening and windows towards the nyu creative writing summer courses garden; and be level upon the floor, no whit sunken under ground, to avoid all dampishness. And let there be a fountain, or some fair work of statuas, in the midst of this court; and to be paved as the other court was. These buildings to be for with all respect essayist privy lodgings on both sides; and nyu creative summer courses, the end for privy galleries. Whereof you must foresee that one of them be for an infirmary, if the prince or any special person should be sick, with chambers, bed-chamber, antecamera, and with all respect essayist, recamera joining to it.

This upon the second story. Upon the ground story, a fair gallery, open, upon pillars; and upon the third story likewise, an open gallery, upon children in poverty essay pillars, to take the prospect and freshness of the garden. At both corners of the further side, by way of return, let there be two delicate or rich cabinets, daintily paved, richly hanged, glazed with crystalline glass, and a rich cupola in the midst; and all other elegancy that may be thought upon. In the upper gallery tool I wish that there may be, if the place will yield it, some fountains running in divers places from the with all respect essayist wall, with some fine avoidances. And thus much for the model of the palace; save that you must have, before you come to the front, three courts. A green court plain, with a wall about it; a second court of the same, but more garnished, with little turrets, or rather embellishments, upon the wall; and titles for a death, a third court, to make a square with the with all respect front, but not to purves, be built, nor yet enclosed with a naked wall, but enclosed with terraces, leaded aloft, and fairly garnished, on the three sides; and all respect, cloistered on the inside, with pillars, and not with arches below. As for offices, let them stand at distance, with some low galleries, to pass from them to the palace itself.

God Almighty planted a garden. And indeed it is the purest of how to write page for a paper, human pleasures. It is the all respect essayist greatest refreshment to the spirits of man; without which, buildings and palaces are but gross handiworks; and a man shall ever see, that when ages grow to civility and elegancy, men come to build stately sooner than to purves essay, garden finely; as if gardening were the greater perfection. I do hold it, in the royal ordering of gardens, there ought to be gardens, for all the months in the year; in which severally things of beauty may be then in season. For December, and January, and the latter part of November, you must take such things as are green all winter: holly; ivy; bays; juniper; cypress-trees; yew; pine-apple-trees; fir-trees; rosemary; lavender; periwinkle, the white, the with all respect essayist purple, and the blue; germander; flags; orange-trees; lemon-trees; and myrtles, if they be stoved; and sweet marjoram, warm set. There followeth, for the latter part of January and write page for a paper, February, the mezereon-tree, which then blossoms; crocus vernus, both the yellow and all respect, the grey; primroses; anemones; the early tulippa; hyacinthus orientalis; chamairis; fritellaria. For March, there come violets, specially the single blue, which are the earliest; the yellow daffodil; the rosie purves essay daisy; the almond-tree in essayist, blossom; the peach-tree in blossom; the cornelian-tree in blossom; sweet-briar. In Poverty? In April follow the double white violet; the wallflower; the stock-gilliflower; the cowslip; flower-delices, and lilies of all natures; rosemary-flowers; the tulippa; the double peony; the pale daffodil; the French honeysuckle; the cherry-tree in blossom; the damson and plum-trees in blossom; the white thorn in leaf; the all respect lilac-tree. In May and June come pinks of all sorts, specially the blushpink; roses of all kinds, except the titles for a paper on the penalty musk, which comes later; honeysuckles; strawberries; bugloss; columbine; the French marigold, flos Africanus; cherry-tree in fruit; ribes; figs in fruit; rasps; vineflowers; lavender in flowers; the sweet satyrian, with the white flower; herba muscaria; lilium convallium; the apple-tree in all respect, blossom. In July come gilliflowers of all varieties; musk-roses; the lime-tree in blossom; early pears and plums in fruit; jennetings, codlins.

In August come plums of 2010 ap gov essay, all sorts in fruit; pears; apricocks; berberries; filberds; musk-melons; monks-hoods, of with essayist, all colors. Courses? In September come grapes; apples; poppies of all respect essayist, all colors; peaches; melocotones; nectarines; cornelians; wardens; quinces. In October and the beginning of November come services; medlars; bullaces; roses cut or removed to write page college, come late; hollyhocks; and such like. These particulars are for with essayist the climate of London; but my meaning is perceived, that you may have ver perpetuum, as the nyu creative summer place affords. And because the breath of flowers is far sweeter in the air (where it comes and goes like the warbling of music) than in the hand, therefore nothing is with, more fit for that delight, than to know what be the flowers and plants that do best perfume the air. Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their smells; so that you may walk by a whole row of nyu creative writing summer courses, them, and find nothing of their sweetness; yea though it be in a morning's dew. Bays likewise yield no smell as they grow. Rosemary little; nor sweet marjoram. That which above all others yields the sweetest smell in the air is the violet, specially the white double violet, which comes twice a year; about the middle of April, and with all respect, about Bartholomew-tide. Next to that is the musk-rose.

Then the strawberry-leaves dying, which [yield] a most excellent cordial smell. Then the flower of vines; it is a little dust, like the dust of a bent, which grows upon the cluster in the first coming forth. Then sweet-briar. Then wall-flowers, which are very delightful to nyu creative, be set under a parlor or lower chamber window. Then pinks and gilliflowers, especially the matted pink and clove gilliflower. Then the all respect flowers of the lime-tree. Then the titles death penalty honeysuckles, so they be somewhat afar off.

Of beanflowers I speak not, because they are field flowers. But those which perfume the air most delightfully, not passed by as the rest, but being trodden upon essayist and crushed, are three; that is, burnet, wild-thyme, and watermints. For A Death? Therefore you are to set whole alleys of them, to have the pleasure when you walk or tread. With All Respect? For gardens (speaking of those which are indeed princelike, as we have done of administration, buildings), the contents ought not well to be under thirty acres of ground; and to be divided into three parts; a green in the entrance; a heath or desert in the going forth; and the main garden in with essayist, the midst; besides alleys on phd thesis business administration both sides. With Essayist? And I like well that four acres of children, ground be assigned to the green; six to the heath; four and with essayist, four to either side; and twelve to rosie purves, the main garden. The green hath two pleasures: the with all respect essayist one, because nothing is more pleasant to the eye than green grass kept finely shorn; the other, because it will give you a fair alley in the midst, by which you may go in front upon a stately hedge, which is to enclose the garden.

But because the alley will be long, and, in great heat of the year or day, you ought not to buy the shade in the garden, by 2010 going in the sun through the green, therefore you are, of either side the green, to plant a covert alley upon carpenter's work, about twelve foot in height, by which you may go in shade into the garden. As for the making of with all respect, knots or figures, with divers colored earths, that they may lie under the windows of the house on that side which the garden stands, they be but toys; you may see as good sights, many times, in tarts. The garden is best to be square, encompassed on for a on the death all the essayist four sides with a stately arched hedge. The arches to be upon pillars of carpenter's work, of some ten foot high, and six foot broad; and the spaces between of the same dimension with the in poverty breadth of the arch. Over the arches let there be an with all respect entire hedge of some four foot high, framed also upon carpenter's work; and upon the upper hedge, over every arch, a little turret, with a belly, enough to receive a cage of birds: and over every space between the arches some other little figure, with broad plates of round colored glass gilt, for the sun to play upon. But this hedge I intend to be raised upon a bank, not steep, but gently slope, of some six foot, set all with flowers.

Also I understand, that this square of the garden, should not be the whole breadth of the ground, but to leave on either side, ground enough for diversity of side alleys; unto which the two covert alleys of the green, may deliver you. But there must be no alleys with hedges, at for a paper either end of this great enclosure; not at the hither end, for letting your prospect upon this fair hedge from the with all respect green; nor at the further end, for letting your prospect from the hedge, through the arches upon the heath. For the ordering of the ground, within the how to a title page for a college great hedge, I leave it to variety of device; advising nevertheless, that whatsoever form you cast it into, first, it be not too busy, or full of work. Wherein I, for my part, do not like images cut out in juniper or other garden stuff; they be for children. Little low hedges, round, like welts, with some pretty pyramids, I like well; and in some places, fair columns upon with essayist frames of nyu creative writing summer courses, carpenter's work. All Respect? I would also have the nyu creative alleys, spacious and fair. You may have closer alleys, upon the side grounds, but none in the main garden. I wish also, in the very middle a fair mount, with three ascents, and alleys, enough for four to walk abreast; which I would have to be perfect circles, without any bulwarks or embossments; and the whole mount to be thirty foot high; and some fine banqueting-house, with some chimneys neatly cast, and without too much glass.

For fountains, they are a great beauty and refreshment; but pools mar all, and make the garden unwholesome, and full of flies and frogs. Fountains I intend to be of two natures: the one that sprinkleth or spouteth water; the other a fair receipt of water, of some thirty or forty foot square, but without fish, or slime, or mud. With All Respect Essayist? For the first, the ornaments of images gilt, or of marble, which are in use, do well: but the main matter is so to convey the water, as it never stay, either in children in poverty essay, the bowls or in the cistern; that the with essayist water be never by rest discolored, green or red or the like; or gather any mossiness or putrefaction. Besides that, it is to be cleansed every day by the hand. Also some steps up to it, and some fine pavement about it, doth well. As for the other kind of fountain, which we may call a bathing pool, it may admit much curiosity and beauty; wherewith we will not trouble ourselves: as, that the bottom be finely paved, and with images; the sides likewise; and withal embellished with colored glass, and such things of lustre; encompassed also with fine rails of low statuas. But the main point is the same which we mentioned in the former kind of fountain; which is, that the water be in perpetual motion, fed by a water higher than the pool, and delivered into it by fair spouts, and then discharged away under ground, by some equality of bores, that it stay little. And for fine devices, of phd thesis business administration, arching water without spilling, and making it rise in several forms (of feathers, drinking glasses, canopies, and all respect, the like), they be pretty things to look on, but nothing to health and sweetness. For the heath, which was the third part of our plot, I wish it to ap gov, be framed, as much as may be, to a natural wildness. Trees I would have none in it, but some thickets made only of sweet-briar and honeysuckle, and some wild vine amongst; and the ground set with violets, strawberries, and primroses.

For these are sweet, and all respect, prosper in the shade. And these to titles paper on the death penalty, be in the heath, here and there, not in any order. I like also little heaps, in the nature of mole-hills (such as are in wild heaths), to be set, some with wild thyme; some with pinks; some with germander, that gives a good flower to the eye; some with periwinkle; some with violets; some with strawberries; some with cowslips; some with daisies; some with red roses; some with lilium convallium; some with sweet-williams red; some with bear's-foot: and the like low flowers, being withal sweet and sightly. Part of which heaps, are to be with standards of little bushes pricked upon their top, and part without. The standards to with all respect essayist, be roses; juniper; hory; berberries (but here and there, because of the smell of their blossoms); red currants; gooseberries; rosemary; bays; sweetbriar; and such like. But these standards to be kept with cutting, that they grow not out of course. For the death penalty side grounds, you are to fill them with variety of alleys, private, to give a full shade, some of them, wheresoever the sun be. You are to frame some of them, likewise, for shelter, that when the essayist wind blows sharp you may walk as in a gallery. And those alleys must be likewise hedged at nyu creative writing courses both ends, to keep out the wind; and these closer alleys must be ever finely gravelled, and no grass, because of going wet.

In many of these alleys, likewise, you are to set fruit-trees of all sorts; as well upon the walls, as in ranges. And this would be generally observed, that the borders wherein you plant your fruit-trees, be fair and large, and all respect essayist, low, and not steep; and ap gov, set with fine flowers, but thin and sparingly, lest they deceive the trees. At the end of all respect essayist, both the side grounds, I would have a mount of children in poverty, some pretty height, leaving the all respect wall of the enclosure breast high, to look abroad into the fields. For the main garden, I do not deny, but there should be some fair alleys ranged on both sides, with fruit-trees; and some pretty tufts of fruit-trees; and arbors with seats, set in some decent order; but these to be by no means set too thick; but to leave the main garden so as it be not close, but the air open and free. For as for shade, I would have you rest upon children the alleys of the side grounds, there to walk, if you be disposed, in the heat of the year or day; but to make account, that the main garden is for the more temperate parts of the with all respect essayist year; and in the heat of summer, for the morning and the evening, or overcast days. For aviaries, I like them not, except they be of that largeness as they may be turfed, and have living plants and bushes set in them; that the birds may have more scope, and natural nestling, and that no foulness appear in the floor of the aviary. So I have made a platform of 2010 ap gov essay, a princely garden, partly by with precept, partly by drawing, not a model, but some general lines of it; and in this I have spared for no cost. But it is nothing for great princes, that for the most part taking advice with workmen, with no less cost set their things together; and sometimes add statuas and such things for state and rosie essay, magnificence, but nothing to the true pleasure of all respect essayist, a garden. It is generally better to deal by speech than by letter; and by the mediation of business, a third than by a man's self. Letters are good, when a man would draw an answer by letter back again; or when it may serve for all respect essayist a man's justification afterwards to produce his own letter; or where it may be danger to rosie purves essay, be interrupted, or heard by pieces.

To deal in person is good, when a man's face breedeth regard, as commonly with inferiors; or in all respect, tender cases, where a man's eye, upon the countenance of him with whom he speaketh, may give him a direction how far to go; and generally, where a man will reserve to himself liberty, either to disavow or to titles for a paper on the penalty, expound. In choice of with all respect, instruments, it is better to choose men of purves, a plainer sort, that are like to do that, that is committed to them, and to report back again faithfully the success, than those that are cunning, to contrive, out of other men's business, somewhat to grace themselves, and will help the matter in report for satisfaction's sake. Use also such persons as affect the business, wherein they are employed; for that quickeneth much; and such, as are fit for with all respect essayist the matter; as bold men for expostulation, fair-spoken men for persuasion, crafty for inquiry and phd thesis, observation, froward, and absurd men, for all respect essayist business that doth not well bear out itself. Use also such as have been lucky, and prevailed before, in things wherein you have employed them; for that breeds confidence, and they will strive to maintain their prescription. It is better to sound a person, with whom one deals afar off than to fall upon the point at first; except you mean to surprise him by some short question. It is better dealing with men in appetite, than with those that are where they would be. If a man deal with another upon conditions, the start or first performance is all; which a man cannot reasonably demand, except either the nature of the thing be such, which must go before; or else a man can persuade the other party, that he shall still need him in some other thing; or else that he be counted the honester man. All practice is to nyu creative, discover, or to work.

Men discover themselves in trust, in passion, at unawares, and of necessity, when they would have somewhat done, and cannot find an apt pretext. If you would work any man, you must either know his nature and fashions, and so lead him; or his ends, and with all respect, so persuade him or his weakness and disadvantages, and so awe him or those that have interest in him, and so govern him. Rosie Purves? In dealing with cunning persons, we must ever consider their ends, to interpret their speeches; and it is good to say little to them, and that which they least look for. In all negotiations of difficulty, a man may not look to sow and reap at once; but must prepare business, and so ripen it by degrees. OF FOLLOWERS AND FRIENDS. Costly followers are not to be liked; lest while a man maketh his train longer, he make his wings shorter.

I reckon to be costly, not them alone which charge the purse, but which are wearisome, and importune in suits. Ordinary followers ought to challenge no higher conditions, than countenance, recommendation, and protection from wrongs. Factious followers are worse to be liked, which follow not upon affection to with, him, with whom they range themselves, but upon discontentment conceived against some other; whereupon commonly ensueth that ill intelligence, that we many times see between great personages. Likewise glorious followers, who make themselves as trumpets of the commendation of those they follow, are full of inconvenience; for they taint business through want of secrecy; and writing courses, they export honor from a man, and make him a return in envy. There is a kind of all respect, followers likewise, which are dangerous, being indeed espials; which inquire the writing secrets of the house, and bear tales of them, to others. Yet such men, many times, are in great favor; for they are officious, and commonly exchange tales. All Respect? The following by certain estates of men, answerable to that, which a great person himself professeth (as of soldiers, to him that hath been employed in the wars, and the like), hath ever been a thing civil, and well taken, even in monarchies; so it be without too much pomp or popularity. But the most honorable kind of following, is to phd thesis business administration, be followed as one, that apprehendeth to advance virtue, and desert, in all sorts of persons. And yet, where there is no eminent odds in sufficiency, it is all respect, better to how to write college, take with the more passable, than with the more able.

And besides, to speak truth, in base times, active men are of more use than virtuous. It is true that in government, it is good to use men of with essayist, one rank equally: for to summer courses, countenance some extraordinarily, is to make them insolent, and the rest discontent; because they may claim a due. But contrariwise, in favor, to use men with much difference and election is good; for it maketh the persons preferred more thankful, and the rest more officious: because all is with all respect essayist, of favor. It is good discretion, not to phd thesis administration, make too much of with, any man at children essay the first; because one cannot hold out that proportion. To be governed (as we call it) by one is not safe; for it shows softness, and gives a freedom, to scandal and disreputation; for those, that would not censure or speak in essayist, of a man immediately, will talk more boldly of those that are so great with them, and essay, thereby wound their honor.

Yet to be distracted with many is worse; for it makes men to with, be of the last impression, and fun of change. To take advice of some few friends, is ever honorable; for lookers-on many times see more than gamesters; and the vale best discovereth the hill. There is little friendship in nyu creative writing courses, the world, and least of all between equals, which was wont to be magnified. All Respect Essayist? That that is, is between superior and inferior, whose fortunes may comprehend the one the other. Many ill matters and projects are undertaken; and private suits do putrefy the public good. How To Write Page? Many good matters, are undertaken with bad minds; I mean not only corrupt minds, but crafty minds, that intend not performance. With Essayist? Some embrace suits, which never mean to deal effectually in them; but if they see there may be life in business administration, the matter, by some other mean, they will be content to win a thank, or take a second reward, or at least to make use, in with essayist, the meantime, of the suitor's hopes. Paper On The? Some take hold of suits, only for an occasion to with all respect essayist, cross some other; or to make an information, whereof they could not otherwise have apt pretext; without care what become of the suit, when that turn is served; or, generally, to make other men's business a kind of entertainment, to bring in their own. Paper Death Penalty? Nay, some undertake suits, with a full purpose to let them fall; to the end to gratify the all respect essayist adverse party, or competitor. For A Penalty? Surely there is in some sort a right in every suit; either a right of equity, if it be a suit of controversy; or a right of with all respect, desert, if it be a suit of petition.

If affection lead a man to favor the wrong side in justice, let him rather use his countenance to compound the titles paper matter, than to carry it. If affection lead a man to favor the less worthy in desert, let him do it, without depraving or disabling the better deserver. In suits which a man doth not well understand, it is good to refer them to some friend of trust and all respect essayist, judgment, that may report, whether he may deal in them with honor: but let him choose well his referendaries, for else he may be led by the nose. Suitors are so distasted with delays and abuses, that plain dealing, in denying to deal in suits at first, and reporting the success barely, and in challenging no more thanks than one hath deserved, is titles for a paper on the penalty, grown not only honorable, but also gracious. In suits of favor, the first coming ought to take little place: so far forth, consideration may be had of his trust, that if intelligence of the matter could not otherwise have been had, but by him, advantage be not taken of the note, but the party left to his other means; and in some sort recompensed, for with his discovery. To be ignorant of the value of a suit, is nyu creative writing courses, simplicity; as well as to be ignorant of the right thereof, is want of conscience. Secrecy in suits, is a great mean of obtaining; for voicing them to be in forwardness, may discourage some kind of suitors, but doth quicken and all respect, awake others. But timing of the suit is the principal. Timing, I say, not only in respect of the person that should grant it, but in respect of those, which are like to cross it. Let a man, in the choice of his mean, rather choose the paper fittest mean, than the greatest mean; and rather them that deal in certain things, than those that are general. With All Respect? The reparation of a denial, is sometimes equal to the first grant; if a man show himself neither dejected nor discontented.

Iniquum petas, ut ?quum feras, is a good rule, where a man hath strength of nyu creative writing courses, favor: but otherwise, a man were better rise in his suit; for he, that would have ventured at with all respect first to paper on the penalty, have lost the suitor, will not in the conclusion lose both the suitor, and with, his own former favor. Nothing is thought so easy a request to essay, a great person, as his letter; and with all respect essayist, yet, if it be not in in poverty essay, a good cause, it is so much out of his reputation. There are no worse instruments, than these general contrivers of suits; for with all respect essayist they are but a kind of poison, and infection, to public proceedings. Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. How To A Title Page College? Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and all respect essayist, retiring; for ornament, is in 2010 ap gov essay, discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best, from those that are learned.

To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. With All Respect Essayist? They perfect nature, and are perfected by 2010 ap gov experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. All Respect Essayist? Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for nyu creative writing courses granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to with all respect, be read, but not curiously; and some few to children essay, be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. All Respect? Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and business, the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things. With? Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and administration, writing an with exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit: and write page college, if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know, that he doth not. Histories make men wise; poets witty; the with essayist mathematics subtile; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to essay, contend. Abeunt studia in mores. Nay, there is no stond or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by essayist fit studies; like as diseases of the body, may have appropriate exercises.

Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and children in poverty essay, the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for all respect in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores: if he be not apt to titles death penalty, beat over matters, and to call up one thing to with all respect, prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind, may have a special receipt. Many have an opinion not wise, that for a prince to children in poverty, govern his estate, or for a great person to govern his proceedings, according to the respect of factions, is a principal part of policy; whereas contrariwise, the chiefest wisdom, is either in ordering those things which are general, and wherein men of several factions do nevertheless agree; or in dealing with correspondence to particular persons, one by one. But I say not that the considerations of factions, is to be neglected.

Mean men, in their rising, must adhere; but great men, that have strength in themselves, were better to maintain themselves indifferent, and with all respect, neutral. Phd Thesis Administration? Yet even in beginners, to adhere so moderately, as he be a man of the one faction, which is most passable with the other, commonly giveth best way. The lower and weaker faction, is the firmer in conjunction; and it is often seen, that a few that are stiff, do tire out a greater number, that are more moderate. Essayist? When one of the factions is extinguished, the remaining subdivideth; as the faction between Lucullus, and the rest of the nobles of the senate (which they called Optimates) held out awhile, against the faction of Pompey and C?sar; but when the senate's authority was pulled down, C?sar and Pompey soon after brake. The faction or party of Antonius and 2010 ap gov, Octavianus C?sar, against Brutus and Cassius, held out likewise for a time; but when Brutus and Cassius were overthrown, then soon after, Antonius and Octavianus brake and subdivided.

These examples are of wars, but the essayist same holdeth in private factions. And therefore, those that are seconds in factions, do many times, when the faction subdivideth, prove principals; but many times also, they prove ciphers and cashiered; for many a man's strength is in opposition; and when that faileth, he groweth out of use. It is commonly seen, that men, once placed, take in paper on the death, with the contrary faction, to that by which they enter: thinking belike, that they have the first sure, and all respect, now are ready for a new purchase. The traitor in faction, lightly goeth away with it; for when matters have stuck long in balancing, the a title for a winning of some one man casteth them, and he getteth all the thanks. The even carriage between two factions, proceedeth not always of moderation, but of a trueness to a man's self, with end to make use of both. Certainly in Italy, they hold it a little suspect in popes, when they have often in their mouth Padre commune; and take it to be a sign of with all respect, one, that meaneth to refer all to the greatness of his own house. Kings had need beware, how they side themselves, and make themselves as of a faction or party; for leagues within the write a title for a state, are ever pernicious to monarchies: for they raise an obligation, paramount to obligation of sovereignty, and make the with all respect king tanquam unus ex nobis: as was to be seen in the League of 2010, France. When factions are canied too high and too violently, it is a sign of weakness in essayist, princes; and much to writing summer courses, the prejudice, both of their authority and business. The motions of factions under kings ought to be, like the motions (as the astronomers speak) of the inferior orbs, which may have their proper motions, but yet still are quietly carried, by the higher motion of primum mobile. OF CEREMONIES AND RESPECT.

He that is only real, had need have exceeding great parts of all respect essayist, virtue; as the stone had need to be rich, that is set without foil. But if a man mark it well, it is, in summer, praise and commendation of men, as it is in gettings and gains: for essayist the proverb is true, that light gains make heavy purses; for nyu creative summer light gains come thick, whereas great, come but now and then. So it is true, that small matters win great commendation, because they are continually in use and in note: whereas the occasion of any great virtue, cometh but on festivals. Therefore it doth much add to a man's reputation, and is (as Queen Isabella said) like perpetual letters commendatory, to with essayist, have good forms. To attain them, it almost sufficeth not to purves, despise them; for so shall a man observe them in others; and let him trust himself with the rest. For if he labor too much to express them, he shall lose their grace; which is to be natural and unaffected. Some men's behavior is like a verse, wherein every syllable is measured; how can a man comprehend great matters, that breaketh his mind too much, to with all respect, small observations? Not to use ceremonies at all, is to teach others not to use them again; and so diminisheth respect to himself; especially they be not to be omitted, to strangers and phd thesis business administration, formal natures; but the dwelling upon them, and exalting them above the moon, is not only tedious, but doth diminish the faith and credit of him that speaks. And certainly, there is all respect, a kind of conveying, of effectual and imprinting passages amongst compliments, which is of singular use, if a man can hit upon it. Amongst a man's peers, a man shall be sure of familiarity; and therefore it is good, a little to keep state.

Amongst a man's inferiors one shall be sure of reverence; and therefore it is good, a little to be familiar. He that is essay, too much in anything, so that he giveth another occasion of all respect essayist, satiety, maketh himself cheap. To apply one's self to others, is good; so it be with demonstration, that a man doth it upon regard, and not upon facility. It is a good precept generally, in seconding another, yet to add somewhat of one's own: as if you will grant his opinion, let it be with some distinction; if you will follow his motion, let it be with condition; if you allow his counsel let it be with alleging further reason. Titles Paper On The Death? Men had need beware, how they be too perfect in compliments; for be they never so sufficient otherwise, their enviers will be sure to give them that attribute, to the disadvantage of their greater virtues. It is loss also in business, to all respect essayist, be too full of respects, or to be curious, in observing times and opportunities.

Salomon saith, He that considereth the wind, shall not sow, and he that looketh to the clouds, shall not reap. A wise man will make more opportunities, than he finds. Men's behavior should be, like their apparel, not too strait or point device, but free for exercise or motion. Praise is the reflection of titles paper on the death penalty, virtue; but it is as the glass or body, which giveth the reflection. Essayist? If it be from the common people, it is commonly false and naught; and rather followeth vain persons, than virtuous. Nyu Creative Courses? For the common people understand not many excellent virtues. The lowest virtues draw praise from them; the middle virtues work in them astonishment or admiration; but of the highest virtues, they have no sense of all respect, perceiving at an. But shews, and species virtutibus similes, serve best with them. Certainly fame is like a river, that beareth up things light and swoln, and drowns things weighty and solid. In Poverty? But if persons of quality and judgment concur, then it is as the Scripture saith Nomen bonum instar unguenti fragrantis: it filleth all round about, and will not easily away. For the odors of ointments are more durable, than those of essayist, flowers.

There be so many false points of praise, that a man may justly hold it a suspect. Some praises proceed merely of flattery; and if he be an ordinary flatterer, he will have certain common attributes, which may serve every man; if he be a cunning flatterer, he will follow the archflatterer, which is a man's self; and wherein a man thinketh best of himself, therein the flatterer will uphold him most: but if he be an impudent flatterer, look wherein a man is conscious to himself, that he is most defective, and is most out of countenance in rosie, himself, that will the with flatterer entitle him to perforce, spreta conscientia. Some praises come of good wishes and write a title college paper, respects, which is a form due, in civility, to kings and great persons, laudando pr?cipere, when by telling men what they are, they represent to them, what they should be. Some men are praised maliciously, to their hurt, thereby to stir envy and all respect essayist, jealousy towards them: pessimum genus inimicorum laudantium; insomuch as it was a proverb, amongst the Grecians, that he that was praised to administration, his hurt should have a push rise upon his nose; as we say, that a blister will rise upon one's tongue, that tells a lie. Certainly moderate praise, used with opportunity, and not vulgar, is that which doth the good. Salomon saith, He that praiseth his friend aloud, rising early, it shall be to him no better than a curse.

Too much magnifying of man or matter, doth irritate contradiction, and procure envy and scorn. To praise a man's self, cannot be decent, except it be in rare cases; but to praise a man's office or profession, he may do it with good grace, and with all respect, with a kind of magnanimity. The cardinals of titles for a paper on the death, Rome, which are theologues, and friars, and Schoolmen, have a phrase of with essayist, notable contempt and scorn towards civil business: for they call all temporal business of wars, embassages, judicature, and other employments, sbirrerie, which is under-sheriffries, as if they were but matters, for under-sheriffs and catchpoles: though many times those under-sheriffries do more good, than their high speculations. St. For A Paper Penalty? Paul, when he boasts of himself, he doth oft interlace, I speak like a fool; but speaking of his calling, he saith, magnificabo apostolatum meum. It was prettily devised of ?sop, The fly sat upon the axle-tree of the chariot wheel, and said, What a dust do I raise! So are there some vain persons, that whatsoever goeth alone, or moveth upon greater means, if they have never so little hand in it, they think it is they that carry it. They that are glorious, must needs be factious; for an bravery stands upon comparisons. They must needs be violent, to make good their own vaunts. Neither can they be secret, and therefore not effectual; but according to the French proverb, beaucoup de bruit, peu de fruit; much bruit, little fruit.

Yet certainly, there is use of this quality in civil affairs. Where there is an opinion and fame to be created, either of with, virtue or greatness, these men are good trumpeters. Again, as Titus Livius noteth, in the case of 2010, Antiochus and the ?tolians, There are sometimes great effects of with, cross lies; as, if a man that negotiates between two princes, to in poverty essay, draw them to join in with all respect essayist, a war against the third, doth extol the forces of either of them, above measure, the one to the other: and sometimes he that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit with both, by pretending greater interest than he hath in 2010, either. With All Respect? And in these and the like kinds, it often falls out, that somewhat is produced of nothing; for writing courses lies are sufficient to breed opinion, and with all respect, opinion brings on purves substance. In militar commanders and soldiers, vain-glory is an essential point; for as iron sharpens iron, so by glory, one courage sharpeneth another. In cases of great enterprise upon charge and all respect, adventure, a composition of glorious natures, doth put life into business; and those that are of titles for a on the death penalty, solid and sober natures, have more of the ballast, than of the sail. In fame of leaming, the flight will be slow without some feathers of ostentation.

Qui de contemnenda gloria libros scribunt, nomen, suuminscribunt. Socrates, Aristotle, Galen, were men full of with all respect, ostentation. Certainly vain-glory helpeth to perpetuate a man's memory; and virtue was never so beholding to human nature, as it received his due at the second hand. Neither had the fame of Cicero, Seneca, Plinius Secundus, borne her age so well, if it had not been joined with some vanity in themselves; like unto varnish, that makes ceilings not only shine but last. But all this while, when I speak of vain-glory, I mean not of that property, that Tacitus doth attribute to Mucianus; Omnium, qu? dixerat feceratque, arte quadam ostentator: for in poverty essay that proceeds not of vanity, but of natural magnanimity and discretion; and in some persons, is not only comely, but gracious.

For excusations, cessions, modesty itself well governed, are but arts of ostentation. And amongst those arts, there is none better than that which Plinius Secundus speaketh of, which is to be liberal of praise and commendation to with all respect essayist, others, in that, wherein a man's self hath any perfection. For saith Pliny, very wittily, In commending another, you do yourself right; for he that you commend, is children essay, either superior to you in that you commend, or inferior. If he be inferior, if he be to be commended, you much more; if he be superior, if he be not to be commended, you much less. Glorious men are the scorn of wise men, the admiration of fools, the idols of parasites, and the slaves of their own vaunts. OF HONOR AND REPUTATION. The winning of with all respect, honor, is but the revealing of a man's virtue and worth, without disadvantage. For some in their actions, do woo and effect honor and reputation, which sort of men, are commonly much talked of, but inwardly little admired. And some, contrariwise, darken their virtue in the show of it; so as they be undervalued in opinion. If a man perform that, which hath not been attempted before; or attempted and given over; or hath been achieved, but not with so good circumstance; he shall purchase more honor, than by effecting a matter of greater difficulty or virtue, wherein he is phd thesis, but a follower. If a man so temper his actions, as in all respect essayist, some one of them he doth content every faction, or combination of people, the music will be the fuller.

A man is an ill husband of his honor, that entereth into any action, the paper on the death failing wherein may disgrace him, more than the carrying of it through, can honor him. With All Respect Essayist? Honor that is gained and broken upon another, hath the quickest reflection, like diamonds cut with facets. And therefore, let a man contend to excel any competitors of his in honor, in outshooting them, if he can, in their own bow. Discreet followers and servants, help much to reputation: Omnis fama a domesticis emanat. Envy, which is the canker of honor, is best extinguished by declaring a man's self in his ends, rather to phd thesis, seek merit than fame; and by attributing a man's successes, rather to divine Providence and felicity, than to his own virtue or policy. The true marshalling of the degrees of sovereign honor, are these: In the first place are conditores imperiorum, founders of states and commonwealths; such as were Romulus, Cyrus, C?sar, Ottoman, Ismael. In the second place are legis-latores, lawgivers; which are also called second founders, or perpetui principes, because they govern by their ordinances after they are gone; such were Lycurgus, Solon, Justinian, Eadgar, Alphonsus of Castile, the Wise, that made the Siete Partidas.

In the third place are liberatores, or salvatores, such as compound the long miseries of civil wars, or deliver their countries from all respect essayist, servitude of phd thesis administration, strangers or tyrants; as Augustus C?sar, Vespasianus, Aurelianus, Theodoricus, King Henry the Seventh of England, King Henry the Fourth of France. In the fourth place are propagatores or propugnatores imperii; such as in honorable wars enlarge their territories, or make noble defence against invaders. And in the last place are patres patri?; which reign justly, and make the times good wherein they live. With All Respect? Both which last kinds need no examples, they are in such number. Degrees of honor, in phd thesis, subjects, are, first participes curarum; those upon whom, princes do discharge the greatest weight of their affairs; their right hands, as we call them. The next are duces belli, great leaders in war; such as are princes' lieutenants, and do them notable services in with all respect essayist, the wars. The third are gratiosi, favorites; such as exceed not this scantling, to be solace to the sovereign, and harmless to the people. And the fourth, negotiis pares; such as have great places under princes, and execute their places, with sufficiency. There is an honor, likewise, which may be ranked amongst the greatest, which happeneth rarely; that is, of such as sacrifice themselves to death or danger for the good of their country; as was M. Regulus, and 2010 ap gov, the two Decii.

Judges ought to remember, that their office is jus dicere, and not jus dare; to interpret law, and with all respect, not to make law, or give law. Titles For A Paper Death? Else will it be like the authority, claimed by the Church of Rome, which under pretext of exposition of Scripture, doth not stick to add and alter; and to pronounce that which they do not find; and by show of antiquity, to introduce novelty. Judges ought to be more learned, than witty, more reverend, than plausible, and more advised, than confident. Above all things, integrity is their portion and with, proper virtue. Cursed (saith the law) is he that removeth the land-mark. The mislayer of a mere-stone is to blame. But it is the unjust judge, that is the capital remover of landmarks, when he defineth amiss, of lands and property. One foul sentence doth more hurt, than many foul examples.

For these do but corrupt the stream, the other corrupteth the how to for a college paper fountain. So with Salomon, Fons turbatus, et vena corrupta, est justus cadens in with all respect essayist, causa sua coram adversario. The office of judges may have reference unto the parties that use, unto the advocates that plead, unto the clerks and ministers of justice underneath them, and to the sovereign or state above them. First, for the causes or parties that sue. There be (saith the Scripture) that turn judgement into titles death penalty wormwood; and surely there be also, that turn it into vinegar; for injustice maketh it bitter, and delays make it sour. The principal duty of essayist, a judge, is to suppress force and fraud; whereof force is the more pernicious, when it is open, and fraud, when it is close and disguised. Add thereto contentious suits, which ought to be spewed out, as the surfeit of courts. A judge ought to prepare his way to a just sentence, as God useth to nyu creative, prepare his way, by raising valleys and taking down hills: so when there appeareth on either side an with high hand, violent prosecution, cunning advantages taken, combination, power, great counsel, then is the virtue of a judge seen, to in poverty, make inequality equal; that he may plant his judgment as upon an even ground. Qui fortiter emungit, elicit sanguinem; and where the wine-press is hard wrought, it yields a harsh wine, that tastes of the grape-stone. Judges must beware of hard constructions, and strained inferences; for there is no worse torture, than the all respect torture of laws. Specially in case of titles death penalty, laws penal, they ought to have care, that that was meant for terror, be not turned into rigor; and that they bring not upon essayist the people, that shower whereof the phd thesis administration Scripture speaketh, Pluet super eos laqueos: for penal laws pressed, are a shower of with, snares upon the people.

Therefore let penal laws, if they have been sleepers of long, or if they be grown unfit for the present time, be by wise judges confined in the execution: Judicis officium est, ut res, ita tempora rerum, c. In causes of life and death, judges ought (as far as the children in poverty law permitteth) in justice to remember mercy; and to cast a severe eye upon the example, but a merciful eye upon the person. Secondly, for the advocates and all respect essayist, counsel that plead. Patience and gravity of hearing, is an essential part of justice; and an overspeaking judge is in poverty essay, no well-tuned cymbal. It is no grace to a judge, first to find that, which he might have heard in due time from the bar; or to show quickness of conceit, in cutting off evidence or counsel too short; or to prevent information by questions, -though pertinent. The parts of a judge in hearing, are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points, of all respect essayist, that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence. Whatsoever is above these is too much; and proceedeth either of glory, and willingness to speak, or of impatience to hear, or of shortness of memory, or of want of a staid and equal attention. Ap Gov? It is a strange thing to see, that the boldness of advocates should prevail with judges; whereas they should imitate God, in whose seat they sit; who represseth the essayist presumptuous, and giveth grace to the modest. But it is more strange, that judges should have noted favorites; which cannot but cause multiplication of fees, and suspicion of rosie essay, by-ways. There is due from the with essayist judge to the advocate, some commendation and for a death penalty, gracing, where causes are well handled and fair pleaded; especially towards the side which obtaineth not; for that upholds in the client, the reputation of his counsel, and beats down in him the conceit of his cause. There is likewise due to the public, a civil reprehension of advocates, where there appeareth cunning counsel, gross neglect, slight information, indiscreet pressing, or an overbold defence. And let not the essayist counsel at the bar, chop with the nyu creative writing courses judge, nor wind himself into the handling of the with all respect essayist cause anew, after the judge hath declared his sentence; but, on the other side, let not the judge meet the cause half way, nor give occasion to the party, to say, his counsel or proofs were not heard.

Thirdly, for that that clerks and ministers. The place of justice is an purves essay hallowed place; and therefore not only the bench, but the foot-place; and precincts and purprise thereof, ought to be preserved without scandal and corruption. For certainly, Grapes (as the Scripture saith) will not be gathered of thorns or thistles; either can justice yield her fruit with sweetness, amongst the briars and brambles of catching and polling clerks, and ministers. The attendance of courts, is subject to four bad instruments. With All Respect Essayist? First, certain persons that are sowers of suits; which make the court swell, and the country pine. Rosie? The second sort is of those, that engage courts in quarrels of jurisdiction, and are not truly amici curi?, but parasiti curi?, in puffing a court up beyond her bounds, for their own scraps and advantage. The third sort, is of those that may be accounted the with essayist left hands of courts; persons that are full of nimble and sinister tricks and on the penalty, shifts, whereby they pervert the plain and with, direct courses of courts, and bring justice into oblique lines and labyrinths. How To Write A Title For A College? And the fourth, is the with all respect poller and rosie essay, exacter of fees; which justifies the common resemblance of the courts of justice, to the bush whereunto, while the sheep flies for defence in weather, he is sure to lose part of his fleece.

On the other side, an all respect essayist ancient clerk, skilful in titles for a paper death penalty, precedents, wary in proceeding, and understanding in the business of the court, is an essayist excellent finger of a court; and titles for a paper on the penalty, doth many times point the way to the judge himself. Fourthly, for that which may concern the with sovereign and estate. Titles Paper Penalty? Judges ought above all to remember the conclusion of the Roman Twelve Tables Salus populi suprema lex; and to know that laws, except they be in with, order to that end, are but things captious, and rosie purves, oracles not well inspired. Therefore it is an happy thing in a state, when kings and states do often consult with judges; and again, when judges do often consult with the king and state: the all respect essayist one, when there is nyu creative summer, matter of law, intervenient in business of state; the other, when there is some consideration of state, intervenient in all respect essayist, matter of law. Writing Summer Courses? For many times the things deduced to judgment may be meum and tuum, when the reason and consequence thereof may trench to point of estate: I call matter of estate, not only the parts of sovereignty, but whatsoever introduceth any great alteration, or dangerous precedent; or concerneth manifestly any great portion of people. And let no man weakly conceive, that just laws and true policy have any antipathy; for they are like the spirits and sinews, that one moves with the with essayist other. Let judges also remember, that Salomon's throne was supported by lions on both sides: let them be lions, but yet lions under the throne; being circumspect that they do not check or oppose any points of sovereignty. Let not judges also be ignorant of their own right, as to think there is not left to them, as a principal part of their office, a wise use and application of laws. Phd Thesis Administration? For they may remember, what the apostle saith of a greater law than theirs: Nos scimus quia lex bona est, modo quis ea utatur legitime. To seek to extinguish anger utterly, is but a bravery of the Stoics. All Respect Essayist? We have better oracles: Be angry, but sin not.

Let not the sun go down upon your anger. Anger must be limited and confined, both in race and in time. Write College Paper? We will first speak how the natural inclination and habit to be angry may be attempted and calmed. Secondly, how the particular motions of anger may be repressed, or at essayist least refrained from doing mischief. Thirdly, how to raise anger, or appease anger in writing, another. For the all respect essayist first; there is no other way but to meditate, and ruminate well upon the effects of anger, how it troubles man's life. And the best time to summer courses, do this, is to look back upon anger, when the fit is thoroughly over.

Seneca saith well, that anger is like ruin, which breaks itself upon that it falls. The Scripture exhorteth us to possess our souls in patience. Whosoever is out of patience, is out of possession of his soul. Men must not turn bees; -----animasque in vulnere ponunt. Anger is certainly a kind of baseness; as it appears well in the weakness of those subjects in whom it reigns; children, women, old folks, sick folks. Only men must beware, that they carry their anger rather with scorn, than with fear; so that they may seem rather to be above the all respect essayist injury, than below it; which is a thing easily done, if a man will give law to himself in titles paper death, it. For the second point; the causes and motives of anger, are chiefly three.

First, to be too sensible of hurt; for no man is angry, that feels not himself hurt; and therefore tender and delicate persons must needs be oft angry; they have so many things to all respect, trouble them, which more robust natures have little sense of. Phd Thesis? The next is, the apprehension and construction of the injury offered, to be, in the circumstances thereof, full of contempt: for contempt is that, which putteth an edge upon anger, as much or more than the hurt itself. And therefore, when men are ingenious in picking out circumstances of contempt, they do kindle their anger much. Lastly, opinion of the touch of a man's reputation, doth multiply and sharpen anger. Wherein the remedy is, that a man should have, as Consalvo was wont to say, telam honoris crassiorem. But in all refrainings of with, anger, it is the best remedy to win time; and to make a man's self believe, that the opportunity of his revenge is not yet come, but that he foresees a time for it; and so to still himself in the meantime, and reserve it. To contain anger from mischief, though it take hold of a man, there be two things, whereof you must have special caution. Nyu Creative Courses? The one, of extreme bitterness of words, especially if they be aculeate and proper; for cummunia maledicta are nothing so much; and again, that in anger a man reveal no secrets; for with essayist that, makes him not fit for children society.

The other, that you do not peremptorily break off, in any business, in a fit of anger; but howsoever you show bitterness, do not act anything, that is essayist, not revocable. For raising and appeasing anger in another; it is titles for a on the, done chiefly by with all respect choosing of times, when men are frowardest and worst disposed, to nyu creative courses, incense them. Again, by gathering (as was touched before) all that you can find out, to aggravate the contempt. All Respect Essayist? And the two remedies are by the contraries. The former to take good times, when first to ap gov, relate to a man an angry business; for the first impression is much; and all respect, the other is, to death penalty, sever, as much as may be, the construction of the injury from the point of contempt; imputing it to misunderstanding, fear, passion, or what you will. OF VICISSITUDE OF THINGS.

Salomon saith, There is no new thing upon the earth. So that as Plato had an imagination, that all knowledge was but remembrance; so Salomon giveth his sentence, that all novelty is but oblivion. Whereby you may see, that the river of Lethe runneth as well above ground as below. There is an abstruse astrologer that saith, if it were not for two things that are constant (the one is, that the fixed stars ever stand a like distance one from another, and never come nearer together, nor go further asunder; the other, that the diurnal motion perpetually keepeth time), no individual would last one moment. Certain it is, that the matter is in a perpetual flux, and never at a stay. With? The great winding-sheets, that bury all things in oblivion, are two; deluges and earthquakes.

As for conflagrations and children in poverty, great droughts, they do not merely dispeople and destroy. Phaeton's car went but a day. And the three years' drought in the time of Elias was but particular, and left people alive. As for with essayist the great burnings by lightnings, which are often in the West Indies, they are but narrow. But in how to write a title paper, the other two destructions, by deluge and earthquake, it is with all respect essayist, further to be noted, that the remnant of people which hap to be reserved, are commonly ignorant and administration, mountainous people, that can give no account of the time past; so that the all respect oblivion is all one, as if none had been left.

If you consider well of the people of the West Indies, it is very probable that they are a newer or a younger people, than the write a title college people of the Old World. With All Respect? And it is much more likely, that the destruction that hath heretofore been there, was not by earthquakes (as the Egyptian priest told Solon concerning the island of Atlantis, that it was swallowed by an earthquake), but rather that it was desolated by phd thesis business administration a particular deluge. For earthquakes are seldom in those parts. But on the other side, they have such pouring rivers, as the rivers of Asia and Africk and Europe, are but brooks to them. Their Andes, likewise, or mountains, are far higher than those with us; whereby it seems, that the remnants of with, generation of men, were in nyu creative writing summer courses, such a particular deluge saved. As for the observation that Machiavel hath, that the with essayist jealousy of sects, doth much extinguish the memory of things; traducing Gregory the Great, that he did what in how to a title for a, him lay, to extinguish all heathen antiquities; I do not find that those zeals do any great effects, nor last long; as it appeared in with all respect essayist, the succession of Sabinian, who did revive the former antiquities. The vicissitude of mutations in the superior globe, are no fit matter for this present argument. It may be, Plato's Great Year, if the world should last so long, would have some effect; not in nyu creative summer courses, renewing the state of like individuals (for that is the fume of those, that conceive the celestial bodies have more accurate influences upon these things below, than indeed they have), but in gross. Comets, out of question, have likewise power and effect, over the gross and mass of things; but they are rather gazed upon, and waited upon in their journey, than wisely observed in their effects; specially in their respective effects; that is, what kind of all respect, comet, for magnitude, color, version of the beams, placing in the reign of heaven, or lasting, produceth what kind of ap gov, effects. There is with, a toy which I have heard, and I would not have it given over, but waited upon a little. 2010 Essay? They say it is observed in the Low Countries (I know not in what part) that every five and thirty years, the same kind and suit of years and weathers come about with essayist again; as great frosts, great wet, great droughts, warm winters, summers with little heat, and the like; and they call it the Prime.

It is a thing I do the rather mention, because, computing backwards, I have found some concurrence. But to leave these points of nature, and to come to men. greatest vicissitude of things amongst men, is the vicissitude of sects and religions. For those orbs rule in men's minds most. The true religion is built upon purves essay the rock; the rest are tossed, upon the waves of time. To speak, therefore, of the causes of new sects; and to with all respect essayist, give some counsel concerning them, as far as the 2010 weakness of human judgment can give stay, to so great revolutions. When the essayist religion formerly received, is rent by discords; and when the holiness of the professors of religion, is decayed and full of scandal; and withal the times be stupid, ignorant, and rosie essay, barbarous; you may doubt the with essayist springing up of a new sect; if then also, there should arise any extravagant and strange spirit, to make himself author thereof. All which points held, when Mahomet published his law. Administration? If a new sect have not two properties, fear it not; for it will not spread. The one is the supplanting, or the opposing, of authority established; for essayist nothing is more popular than that.

The other is the giving license to pleasures, and a voluptuous life. Purves? For as for speculative heresies (such as were in ancient times the Arians, and now the Arminians), though they work mightily upon men's wits, yet they do not produce any great alterations in states; except it be by the help of all respect, civil occasions. There be three manner of plantations of new sects. By the power of signs and miracles; by the eloquence, and wisdom, of speech and persuasion; and by the sword. Nyu Creative Writing Courses? For martyrdoms, I reckon them amongst miracles; because they seem to exceed the strength of all respect essayist, human nature: and courses, I may do the like, of superlative and admirable holiness of life. Surely there is no better way, to stop the with all respect rising of how to a title for a, new sects and schisms, than to reform abuses; to all respect, compound the smaller differences; to proceed mildly, and not with sanguinary persecutions; and rather to take off the principal authors by winning and advancing them, than to enrage them by violence and bitterness. The changes and vicissitude in wars are many; but chiefly in how to write page for a, three things; in the seats or stages of the war; in the weapons; and in the manner of the conduct. Wars in ancient time, seemed more to all respect, move from east to west; for the Persians, Assyrians, Arabians, Tartars (which were the invaders) were all eastern people.

It is true, the Gauls were western; but we read but of two incursions of writing courses, theirs: the all respect one to Gallo-Gr?cia, the other to Rome. Phd Thesis Administration? But east and west have no certain points of heaven; and no more have the wars either from the east or west, any certainty of all respect, observation. But north and south are fixed; and it hath seldom or never been seen that the 2010 far southern people have invaded the northern, but contrariwise. With? Whereby it is manifest that the northern tract of the world, is in nature the phd thesis business administration more martial region: be it in respect of the stars of that hemisphere; or of the great continents that are upon the north, whereas the south part, for aught that is known, is almost all sea; or (which is most apparent) of the with all respect cold of the northern parts, which is that which, without aid of discipline, doth make the bodies hardest, and the courages warmest. Upon the breaking and children, shivering of with all respect essayist, a great state and empire, you may be sure to have wars. Write Page For A College Paper? For great empires, while they stand, do enervate and all respect, destroy the forces of the natives which they have subdued, resting upon their own protecting forces; and then when they fail also, all goes to ruin, and they become a prey. So was it in essay, the decay of the Roman empire; and likewise in the empire of Almaigne, after Charles the with Great, every bird taking a feather; and were not unlike to befall to Spain, if it should break. The great accessions and unions of write a title page college, kingdoms, do likewise stir up wars; for when a state grows to an over-power, it is like a great flood, that will be sure to overflow. As it hath been seen in the states of Rome, Turkey, Spain, and others.

Look when the world hath fewest barbarous peoples, but such as commonly will not marry or generate, except they know means to live (as it is almost everywhere at this day, except Tartary), there is with all respect, no danger of inundations of people; but when there be great shoals of people, which go on how to a title page for a college paper to populate, without foreseeing means of life and sustentation, it is essayist, of necessity that once in an age or two, they discharge a portion of their people upon other nations; which the ancient northern people were wont to do by lot; casting lots what part should stay at nyu creative writing summer courses home, and what should seek their fortunes. When a warlike state grows soft and with essayist, effeminate, they may be sure of a war. For commonly such states are grown rich in essay, the time of all respect, their degenerating; and so the prey inviteth, and their decay in purves, valor, encourageth a war. As for the weapons, it hardly falleth under rule and observation: yet we see even they, have returns and vicissitudes. For certain it is, that ordnance was known in the city of the Oxidrakes in all respect, India; and was that, which the Macedonians called thunder and lightning, and magic. And it is well known that the use of how to for a paper, ordnance, hath been in China above two thousand years.

The conditions of weapons, and with all respect, their improvement, are; First, the fetching afar off; for that outruns the danger; as it is seen in ordnance and muskets. Secondly, the strength of the percussion; wherein likewise ordnance do exceed all arietations and how to write college paper, ancient inventions. With? The third is, the commodious use of them; as that they may serve in phd thesis business administration, all weathers; that the carriage may be light and manageable; and with all respect, the like. For the conduct of the war: at the first, men rested extremely upon number: they did put the wars likewise upon main force and valor; pointing days for pitched fields, and so trying it out upon children in poverty essay an even match and they were more ignorant in ranging and arraying their battles. After, they grew to rest upon number rather competent, than vast; they grew to advantages of place, cunning diversions, and the like: and they grew more skilful in the ordering of all respect, their battles. In the youth of a state, arms do flourish; in the middle age of a state, learning; and phd thesis business administration, then both of them together for a time; in the declining age of a state, mechanical arts and merchandize. Learning hath his infancy, when it is but beginning and almost childish; then his youth, when it is essayist, luxuriant and juvenile; then his strength of years, when it is solid and reduced; and lastly, his old age, when it waxeth dry and write a title for a paper, exhaust. But it is not good to look too long upon these turning wheels of vicissitude, lest we become giddy. As for the philology of them, that is but a circle of tales, and therefore not fit for this writing. The poets make Fame a monster.

They describe her in essayist, part finely and write a title page, elegantly, and in part gravely and sententiously. They say, look how many feathers she hath, so many eyes she hath underneath; so many tongues; so many voices; she pricks up so many ears. This is a flourish. All Respect Essayist? There follow excellent parables; as that, she gathereth strength in how to a title page for a, going; that she goeth upon the ground, and yet hideth her head in the clouds; that in the daytime she sitteth in a watch tower, and flieth most by night; that she mingleth things done, with things not done; and with all respect essayist, that she is a terror to great cities. But that which passeth all the rest is: They do recount that the Earth, mother of the giants that made war against Jupiter, and were by him destroyed, thereupon in children, an anger brought forth Fame. For certain it is, that rebels, figured by the giants, and seditious fames and libels, are but brothers and with all respect essayist, sisters, masculine and feminine. But now, if a man can tame this monster, and bring her to feed at the hand, and govern her, and with her fly other ravening fowl and kill them, it is somewhat worth. Nyu Creative Summer Courses? But we are infected with the style of the all respect essayist poets. To speak now in a sad and serious manner: There is not, in all the rosie politics, a place less handled and more worthy to be handled, than this of all respect essayist, fame. We will therefore speak of these points: What are false fames; and what are true fames; and how they may be best discerned; how fames may be sown, and raised; how they may be spread, and essay, multiplied; and how they may be checked, and laid dead.

And other things concerning the nature of fame. Fame is of that force, as there is scarcely any great action, wherein it hath not a great part; especially in the war. All Respect? Mucianus undid Vitellius, by a fame that he scattered, that Vitellius had in purpose to remove the legions of Syria into Germany, and the legions of Germany into Syria; whereupon the writing legions of all respect essayist, Syria were infinitely inflamed. Julius C?sar took Pompey unprovided, and laid asleep his industry and preparations, by a fame that he cunningly gave out: C?sar's own soldiers loved him not, and being wearied with the wars, and laden with the spoils of Gaul, would forsake him, as soon as he came into Italy. Livia settled all things for the succession of her son Tiberius, by continual giving out, that her husband Augustus was upon recovery and amendment, and it is an usual thing with the pashas, to conceal the death of the Great Turk from the janizaries and men of war, to save the sacking of Constantinople and write page for a college, other towns, as their manner is. Themistocles made Xerxes, king of Persia, post apace out of Grecia, by giving out, that the Grecians had a purpose to break his bridge of ships, which he had made athwart Hellespont. There be a thousand such like examples; and the more they are, the less they need to be repeated; because a man meeteth with them everywhere. Therefore let all wise governors have as great a watch and care over fames, as they have of the actions and designs themselves. The rest was not finished.

Transcription by Judy Boss of Omaha, Nebraska. HTML conversion by with essayist Risa S. Bear of Eugene, Oregon, January 1998.