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Hearing cultures essays sound

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art kitsch essay AVANT-GARDE AND KITSCH. Essays Sound? This is Greenberg's breakthrough essay from 1939, written for use thesis the Partisan Review when he was twenty-nine years of age and at the time more involved with literature than with painting. He came, later, to reject much of the essay -- notably the definition of kitsch which he later believed to be ill thought out (as, indeed, it is.) Later he came to identify the threat to high art as coming from middlebrow taste, which in any event aligns much more closely with the academic than kitsch ever did or could. The essay has an air and assurance of '30s Marxism, with peculiar assumptions such as that only under socialism could the taste of the masses be raised. But for all that, the essay stakes out new territory. Although the avant-garde was an accepted fact in cultures essays sound the '30s. Greenberg was the first to define its social and historical context and use thesis, cultural import. Hearing Sound? The essay also carried within it the seeds of his notion of modernism. Despite its faults and ancient chinese art essay, sometimes heady prose, it stands as one of the important theoretical documents of 20th century culture.

O NE AND THE SAME civilization produces simultaneously two such different things s a poem by T. S. Eliot and essays, a Tin Pan Alley song, or a painting by Braque and login, a Saturday Evening Post cover. All four are on hearing the order of culture, and ostensibly, parts of the same culture and products of the same society. Here, however, their connection seems to end. A poem by Eliot and a poem by critically discuss, Eddie Guest -- what perspective of culture is large enough to hearing cultures, enable us to situate them in an enlightening relation to each other? Does the fact that a disparity such as this within the frame of a single cultural tradition, which is and has been taken for granted -- does this fact indicate that the disparity is a part of the natural order of things? Or is essays on the role of women in the, it something entirely new, and particular to our age? The answer involves more than an hearing cultures essays investigation in aesthetics. Essay? It appears to me that it is necessary to examine more closely and with more originality than hitherto the relationship between aesthetic experience as met by the specific -- not the generalized -- individual, and the social and historical contexts in which that experience takes place.

What is brought to light will answer, in addition to the question posed above, other and cultures, perhaps more important questions. Tennessee? A society, as it becomes less and less able, in the course of its development, to hearing essays, justify the inevitability of its particular forms, breaks up the accepted notions upon which artists and writers must depend in essays large part for communication with their audiences. It becomes difficult to assume anything. All the verities involved by hearing essays, religion, authority, tradition, style, are thrown into question, and the writer or artist is no longer able to estimate the response of his audience to the symbols and references with which he works. In the past such a state of affairs has usually resolved itself into a motionless Alexandrianism, an academicism in which the really important issues are left untouched because they involve controversy, and in which creative activity dwindles to virtuosity in the small details of form, all larger questions being decided by the precedent of the old masters. The same themes are mechanically varied in williams essays a hundred different works, and yet nothing new is produced: Statius, mandarin verse, Roman sculpture, Beaux-Arts painting, neo-republican architecture. It is among the essays, hopeful signs in the midst of the art essay, decay of our present society that we -- some of us -- have been unwilling to accept this last phase for our own culture. In seeking to go beyond Alexandrianism, a part of Western bourgeois society has produced something unheard of heretofore: -- avant-garde culture. Sound? A superior consciousness of chinese art essay history -- more precisely, the cultures sound, appearance of a new kind of criticism of use thesis society, an cultures sound historical criticism -- made this possible. Essay Structure? This criticism has not confronted our present society with timeless utopias, but has soberly examined in the terms of history and of cause and effect the antecedents, justifications and functions of the forms that lie at the heart of every society. Thus our present bourgeois social order was shown to hearing cultures, be, not an eternal, natural condition of life, but simply the latest term in a succession of social orders.

New perspectives of essay this kind, becoming a part of the advanced intellectual conscience of the fifth and sixth decades of the nineteenth century, soon were absorbed by artists and poets, even if unconsciously for the most part. It was no accident, therefore, that the birth of the avant-garde coincided chronologically -- and sound, geographically, too -- with the first bold development of scientific revolutionary thought in Europe. True, the tennessee, first settlers of bohemia -- which was then identical with the avant-garde -- turned out cultures essays sound soon to be demonstratively uninterested in politics. Nevertheless, without the circulation of tennessee williams revolutionary ideas in the air about them, they would never have been able to isolate their concept of the bourgeois in hearing sound order to everyday, define what they were not. Nor, without the moral aid of hearing cultures essays sound revolutionary political attitudes would they have had the courage to assert themselves as aggressively as they did against the prevailing standards of society. Courage indeed was needed for this, because the avant-garde's emigration from bourgeois society to bohemia meant also an emigration from the markets of capitalism, upon which artists and writers had been thrown by the falling away of aristocratic patronage. Ancient Chinese Art Essay? (Ostensibly, at least, it meant this -- meant starving in hearing a garret -- although, as we will be shown later, the avant-garde remained attached to bourgeois society precisely because it needed its money.) Yet it is true that once the avant-garde had succeeded in detaching itself from ancient chinese art essay society, it proceeded to turn around and repudiate revolutionary as well as bourgeois politics.

The revolution was left inside society, a part of that welter of ideological struggle which art and poetry find so unpropitious as soon as it begins to cultures, involve those precious axiomatic beliefs upon which culture thus far has had to rest. Hence it developed that the true and most important function of the avant-garde was not to essay about creativity, experiment, but to find a path along which it would be possible to keep culture moving in the midst of ideological confusion and violence. Retiring from public altogether, the avant-garde poet or artist sought to maintain the high level of his art by both narrowing and raising it to the expression of an absolute in which all relativities and contradictions would be either resolved or beside the point. Art for art's sake and pure poetry appear, and subject matter or content becomes something to be avoided like a plague. It has been in search of the absolute that the avant-garde has arrived at abstract or nonobjective art -- and poetry, too.

The avant-garde poet or artist tries in effect to imitate God by creating something valid solely on its own terms, in the way nature itself is hearing essays sound, valid, in the way a landscape -- not its picture -- is aesthetically valid; something given, increate, independent of meanings, similars or originals. Content is to be dissolved so completely into form that the work of use thesis art or literature cannot be reduced in whole or in part to anything not itself. But the absolute is hearing sound, absolute, and williams, the poet or artist, being what he is, cherishes certain relative values more than others. The very values in hearing cultures essays sound the name of which he invokes the absolute are relative values, the about, values of aesthetics. And so he turns out to be imitating, not God -- and here I use imitate in its Aristotelian sense -- but the disciplines and processes of art and literature themselves. This is the genesis of the abstract.(1) In turning his attention away from subject matter of common experience, the poet or artist turns it in upon the medium of his own craft. Sound? The nonrepresentational or abstract, if it is to role odyssey, have aesthetic validity, cannot be arbitrary and accidental, but must stem from obedience to some worthy constraint or original. This constraint, once the essays, world of common, extroverted experience has been renounced, can only be found in the very processes or disciplines by which art and literature have already imitated the former. These themselves become the subject matter of art and literature. If, to essay structure discuss, continue with Aristotle, all art and literature are imitation, then what we have here is the imitation of imitating. To quote Yeats: Nor is there singing school but studying.

Monuments of its own magnificence. Picasso, Braque, Mondrian, Miro, Kandinsky, Brancusi, even Klee, Matisse and Cézanne derive their chief inspiration from the medium they work in.(2) The excitement of their art seems to lie most of all in its pure preoccupation with the invention and arrangement of spaces, surfaces, shapes, colors, etc., to the exclusion of whatever is not necessarily implicated in these factors. The attention of poets like Rimbaud, Mallarmé, Valéry, Éluard, Pound, Hart Crane, Stevens, even Rilke and Yeats, appears to be centered on the effort to hearing cultures essays sound, create poetry and on the moments themselves of poetic conversion, rather than on chinese art essay experience to hearing cultures essays, be converted into art essay, poetry. Hearing Cultures Sound? Of course, this cannot exclude other preoccupations in their work, for everyday poetry must deal with words, and words must communicate. Certain poets, such as Mallarmé and Valéry (3) are more radical in this respect than others -- leaving aside those poets who have tried to compose poetry in essays sound pure sound alone. However, if it were easier to define poetry, modern poetry would be much more pure and abstract. As for the other fields of about creativity literature -- the definition of avant-garde aesthetics advanced here is no Procrustean bed. But aside from the fact that most of our best contemporary novelists have gone to cultures essays, school with the avant-garde, it is significant that Gide's most ambitious book is everyday, a novel about the hearing sound, writing of a novel, and that Joyce's Ulysses and Finnegans Wake seem to be, above all, as one French critic says, the reduction of experience to expression for the sake of expression, the essays role of women, expression mattering more than what is being expressed.

That avant-garde culture is the imitation of imitating -- the fact itself -- calls for neither approval nor disapproval. It is true that this culture contains within itself some of the hearing essays, very Alexandrianism it seeks to overcome. The lines quoted from Yeats referred to Byzantium, which is essay structure critically discuss, very close to hearing cultures sound, Alexandria; and in a sense this imitation of imitating is a superior sort of Alexandrianism. But there is cultures essays sound, one most important difference: the avant-garde moves, while Alexandrianism stands still. And this, precisely, is what justifies the avant-garde's methods and makes them necessary. The necessity lies in the fact that by no other means is tennessee williams, it possible today to create art and literature of a high order. To quarrel with necessity by throwing about hearing sound terms like formalism, purism, ivory tower and so forth is either dull or dishonest. This is not to say, however, that it is to the social advantage of the avant-garde that it is essay about creativity, what it is. Quite the opposite.

The avant-garde's specialization of itself, the fact that its best artists are artists' artists, its best poets, poets' poets, has estranged a great many of those who were capable formerly of cultures essays sound enjoying and appreciating ambitious art and literature, but who are now unwilling or unable to acquire an initiation into their craft secrets. The masses have always remained more or less indifferent to culture in the process of development. But today such culture is being abandoned by those to everyday use thesis, whom it actually belongs -- our ruling class. For it is to the latter that the avant-garde belongs. No culture can develop without a social basis, without a source of stable income. And in the case of the hearing essays, avant-garde, this was provided by an elite among the ruling class of that society from which it assumed itself to be cut off, but to which it has always remained attached by an umbilical cord of gold. The paradox is real. And now this elite is rapidly shrinking. Since the hearing cultures sound, avant-garde forms the only living culture we now have, the, survival in the near future of culture in general is thus threatened. We must not be deceived by superficial phenomena and local successes. Picasso's shows still draw crowds, and T. S. Eliot is cultures essays sound, taught in about the universities; the cultures essays, dealers in modernist art are still in business, and the publishers still publish some difficult poetry.

But the avant-garde itself, already sensing the danger, is essay structure, becoming more and more timid every day that passes. Academicism and commercialism are appearing in the strangest places. This can mean only one thing: that the avant-garde is becoming unsure of the audience it depends on -- the hearing cultures essays, rich and the cultivated. Is it the nature itself of williams essays avant-garde culture that is alone responsible for hearing cultures the danger it finds itself in? Or is that only a dangerous liability? Are there other, and perhaps more important, factors involved? Where there is an avant-garde, generally we also find a rear-guard. Essays On The Role In The Odyssey? True enough -- simultaneously with the cultures essays, entrance of the avant-garde, a second new cultural phenomenon appeared in the industrial West: that thing to which the Germans give the on the, wonderful name of Kitsch : popular, commercial art and literature with their chromeotypes, magazine covers, illustrations, ads, slick and pulp fiction, comics, Tin Pan Alley music, tap dancing, Hollywood movies, etc., etc. For some reason this gigantic apparition has always been taken for granted. It is cultures essays, time we looked into its whys and wherefores. Kitsch is chinese, a product of the industrial revolution which urbanized the masses of Western Europe and America and established what is called universal literacy.

Prior to this the only market for formal culture, as distinguished from folk culture, had been among those who, in addition to being able to read and write, could command the leisure and comfort that always goes hand in hand with cultivation of some sort. This until then had been inextricably associated with literacy. But with the introduction of hearing universal literacy, the ability to read and write became almost a minor skill like driving a car, and it no longer served to critically, distinguish an individual's cultural inclinations, since it was no longer the exclusive concomitant of refined tastes. The peasants who settled in the cities as proletariat and petty bourgeois learned to read and write for the sake of efficiency, but they did not win the leisure and cultures essays sound, comfort necessary for the enjoyment of the city's traditional culture. Losing, nevertheless, their taste for the folk culture whose background was the countryside, and discovering a new capacity for williams essays boredom at the same time, the new urban masses set up a pressure on society to provide them with a kind of culture fit for their own consumption. To fill the demand of the new market, a new commodity was devised: ersatz culture, kitsch, destined for those who, insensible to hearing essays sound, the values of genuine culture, are hungry nevertheless for the diversion that only culture of some sort can provide. Kitsch, using for raw material the debased and academicized simulacra of genuine culture, welcomes and cultivates this insensibility. It is the source of its profits. Kitsch is mechanical and operates by formulas. Kitsch is vicarious experience and faked sensations. Kitsch changes according to style, but remains always the same.

Kitsch is the epitome of cultures all that is spurious in the life of our times. Kitsch pretends to ancient art essay, demand nothing of its customers except their money -- not even their time. The precondition for kitsch, a condition without which kitsch would be impossible, is the availability close at hand of a fully matured cultural tradition, whose discoveries, acquisitions, and perfected self-consciousness kitsch can take advantage of for its own ends. It borrows from sound it devices, tricks, stratagems, rules of thumb, themes, converts them into a system, and discards the rest. It draws its life blood, so to speak, from this reservoir of use thesis accumulated experience.

This is what is really meant when it is said that the popular art and hearing cultures essays sound, literature of today were once the daring, esoteric art and literature of yesterday. Of course, no such thing is true. What is meant is that when enough time has elapsed the new is looted for new twists, which are then watered down and served up as kitsch. Self-evidently, all kitsch is academic; and conversely, all that's academic is kitsch. For what is everyday, called the academic as such no longer has an independent existence, but has become the stuffed-shirt front for kitsch. The methods of essays sound industrialism displace the handicrafts. Because it can be turned out mechanically, kitsch has become an integral part of our productive system in a way in use thesis which true culture could never be, except accidentally.

It has been capitalized at a tremendous investment which must show commensurate returns; it is compelled to hearing sound, extend as well as to keep its markets. While it is tennessee essays, essentially its own salesman, a great sales apparatus has nevertheless been created for it, which brings pressure to cultures essays sound, bear on every member of society. Traps are laid even in essays on the role odyssey those areas, so to speak, that are the preserves of genuine culture. It is not enough today, in a country like ours, to have an inclination towards the latter; one must have a true passion for it that will give him the cultures essays sound, power to resist the faked article that surrounds and presses in on him from the moment he is old enough to everyday, look at the funny papers. Kitsch is deceptive. It has many different levels, and essays, some of them are high enough to be dangerous to the naive seeker of true light. A magazine like the New Yorker , which is fundamentally high-class kitsch for the luxury trade, converts and waters down a great deal of avant-garde material for its own uses. Nor is every single item of kitsch altogether worthless. Now and then it produces something of merit, something that has an authentic folk flavor; and these accidental and isolated instances have fooled people who should know better. Kitsch's enormous profits are a source of temptation to the avant-garde itself, and sound, its members have not always resisted this temptation.

Ambitious writers and artists will modify their work under the pressure of kitsch, if they do not succumb to critically, it entirely. And then those puzzling borderline cases appear, such as the popular novelist, Simenon, in France, and cultures, Steinbeck in this country. The net result is always to ancient chinese art essay, the detriment of true culture in any case. Cultures Sound? Kitsch has not been confined to the cities in which it was born, but has flowed out over the countryside, wiping out on the role in the folk culture. Nor has it shown any regard for geographical and cultures essays sound, national cultural boundaries. Another mass product of tennessee williams Western industrialism, it has gone on a triumphal tour of the world, crowding out and cultures sound, defacing native cultures in one colonial country after another, so that it is now by way of becoming a universal culture, the williams essays, first universal culture ever beheld. Today the native of China, no less than the South American Indian, the Hindu, no less than the Polynesian, have come to prefer to the products of hearing cultures essays sound their native art, magazine covers, rotogravure sections and calendar girls.

How is login, this virulence of kitsch, this irresistible attractiveness, to be explained? Naturally, machine-made kitsch can undersell the cultures essays sound, native handmade article, and the prestige of the West also helps; but why is kitsch a so much more profitable export article than Rembrandt? One, after all, can be reproduced as cheaply as the other. In his last article on the Soviet cinema in the Partisan Review, Dwight Macdonald points out essays that kitsch has in the last ten years become the dominant culture in hearing essays Soviet Russia. For this he blames the political regime -- not only for the fact that kitsch is the official culture, but also that it is structure discuss, actually the essays sound, dominant, most popular culture, and he quotes the essay, following from Kurt London's The Seven Soviet Arts : . . . the attitude of the masses both to the old and new art styles probably remains essentially dependent on hearing the nature of the structure discuss, education afforded them by their respective states.

Macdonald goes on to say: Why after all should ignorant peasants prefer Repin (a leading exponent of Russian academic kitsch in painting) to Picasso, whose abstract technique is at least as relevant to their own primitive folk art as is the former's realistic style? No, if the masses crowd into the Tretyakov (Moscow's museum of contemporary Russian art: kitsch), it is largely because they have been conditioned to shun 'formalism' and to cultures essays, admire 'socialist realism.' In the login, first place it is not a question of cultures essays sound a choice between merely the old and merely the new, as London seems to think -- but of a choice between the bad, up-to-date old and the genuinely new. The alternative to Picasso is not Michelangelo, but kitsch. In the second place, neither in backward Russia nor in the advanced West do the about creativity, masses prefer kitsch simply because their governments condition them toward it. Where state educational systems take the trouble to mention art, we are told to respect the old masters, not kitsch; and yet we go and essays, hang Maxfield Parrish or his equivalent on our walls, instead of Rembrandt and about, Michelangelo. Moreover, as Macdonald himself points out, around 1925 when the Soviet regime was encouraging avant-garde cinema, the hearing cultures sound, Russian masses continued to prefer Hollywood movies. No, conditioning does not explain the potency of kitsch. All values are human values, relative values, in art as well as elsewhere. Yet there does seem to structure discuss, have been more or less of a general agreement among the cultivated of cultures sound mankind over the ages as to what is essay, good art and what bad. Taste has varied, but not beyond certain limits; contemporary connoisseurs agree with the eighteenth-century Japanese that Hokusai was one of the greatest artists of his time; we even agree with the hearing, ancient Egyptians that Third and Fourth Dynasty art was the most worthy of of women being selected as their paragon by those who came after.

We may have come to prefer Giotto to Raphael, but we still do not deny that Raphael was one of the best painters of his time. There has been an agreement then, and hearing cultures sound, this agreement rests, I believe, on a fairly constant distinction made between those values only to login, be found in art and the values which can be found elsewhere. Kitsch, by virtue of a rationalized technique that draws on science and industry, has erased this distinction in practice. Left: Repin, Cossacks ; Right: Piacsso, Woman with a Fan. Let us see, for example, what happens when an ignorant Russian peasant such as Macdonald mentions stands with hypothetical freedom of choice before two paintings, one by Picasso, the other by Repin. In the first he sees, let us say, a play of lines, colors and spaces that represent a woman. The abstract technique -- to cultures, accept Macdonald's supposition, which I am inclined to doubt -- reminds him somewhat of the icons he has left behind him in the village, and he feels the attraction of the familiar. Essays? We will even suppose that he faintly surmises some of the great art values the cultivated find in Picasso.

He turns next to Repin's picture and sees a battle scene. The technique is not so familiar -- as technique. But that weighs very little with the peasant, for he suddenly discovers values in Repin's picture that seem far superior to the values he has been accustomed to find in icon art; and the unfamiliar itself is one of the sources of those values: the values of the vividly recognizable, the miraculous and the sympathetic. Hearing Cultures? In Repin's picture the peasant recognizes and sees things in structure critically discuss the way in which he recognizes and sees things outside of sound pictures -- there is no discontinuity between art and life, no need to accept a convention and say to oneself, that icon represents Jesus because it intends to represent Jesus, even if it does not remind me very much of a man. That Repin can paint so realistically that identifications are self-evident immediately and chinese, without any effort on the part of the spectator -- that is miraculous. Cultures Sound? The peasant is also pleased by the wealth of self-evident meanings which he finds in the picture: it tells a story. Picasso and the icons are so austere and barren in comparison. What is more, Repin heightens reality and makes it dramatic: sunset, exploding shells, running and falling men.

There is no longer any question of Picasso or icons. Repin is art essay, what the peasant wants, and nothing else but Repin. It is lucky, however, for Repin that the peasant is protected from the products of American capitalism, for he would not stand a chance next to a Saturday Evening Post cover by Norman Rockwell. Ultimately, it can be said that the cultivated spectator derives the same values from Picasso that the peasant gets from Repin, since what the latter enjoys in Repin is somehow art too, on however low a scale, and he is sent to look at pictures by the same instincts that send the cultivated spectator. But the ultimate values which the cultivated spectator derives from Picasso are derived at a second remove, as the result of reflection upon the immediate impression left by the plastic values. It is only then that the recognizable, the miraculous and the sympathetic enter.

They are not immediately or externally present in Picasso's painting, but must be projected into it by the spectator sensitive enough to react sufficiently to plastic qualities. They belong to the reflected effect. In Repin, on the other hand, the reflected effect has already been included in the picture, ready for the spectator's unreflective enjoyment.(4) Where Picasso paints cause, Repin paints effect. Repin predigests art for the spectator and spares him effort, provides him with a shore cut to the pleasure of art that detours what is essays, necessarily difficult in genuine art. Repin, or kitsch, is synthetic art. The same point can be made with respect to kitsch literature: it provides vicarious experience for the insensitive with far greater immediacy than serious fiction can hope to about creativity, do.

And Eddie Guest and the Indian Love Lyrics are more poetic than T. Hearing Cultures Essays? S. Eliot and Shakespeare. If the avant-garde imitates the processes of art, kitsch, we now see, imitates its effects. The neatness of this antithesis is more than contrived; it corresponds to and defines the tremendous interval that separates from each other two such simultaneous cultural phenomena as the avant-garde and kitsch. This interval, too great to be closed by all the infinite gradations of ancient art essay popularized modernism and modernistic kitsch, corresponds in turn to a social interval, a social interval that has always existed in formal culture, as elsewhere in civilized society, and whose two termini converge and diverge in fixed relation to the increasing or decreasing stability of the given society. There has always been on one side the minority of the powerful -- and therefore the cultivated -- and on the other the great mass of the exploited and poor -- and therefore the ignorant. Formal culture has always belonged to the first, while the last have had to content themselves with folk or rudimentary culture, or kitsch. In a stable society that functions well enough to essays, hold in solution the contradictions between its classes, the cultural dichotomy becomes somewhat blurred. The axioms of the few are shared by structure discuss, the many; the latter believe superstitiously what the former believe soberly. And at such moments in history the masses are able to feel wonder and admiration for the culture, on no matter how high a plane, of its masters. This applies at least to plastic culture, which is accessible to all.

In the Middle Ages the plastic artist paid lip service at least to the lowest common denominators of experience. This even remained true to some extent until the seventeenth century. There was available for imitation a universally valid conceptual reality, whose order the artist could not tamper with. The subject matter of art was prescribed by those who commissioned works of cultures art, which were not created, as in bourgeois society, on speculation. Precisely because his content was determined in advance, the artist was free to concentrate on his medium.

He needed not to be philosopher, or visionary, but simply artificer. As long as there was general agreement as to what were the worthiest subjects for art, the artist was relieved of the necessity to be original and inventive in his matter and could devote all his energy to creativity, formal problems. For him the medium became, privately, professionally, the content of his art, even as his medium is today the public content of the abstract painter's art -- with that difference, however, that the medieval artist had to suppress his professional preoccupation in public -- had always to suppress and subordinate the personal and professional in the finished, official work of art. If, as an ordinary member of the Christian community, he felt some personal emotion about his subject matter, this only contributed to the enrichment of the work's public meaning. Only with the hearing cultures essays sound, Renaissance do the inflections of the personal become legitimate, still to be kept, however, within the limits of the simply and universally recognizable. And only with Rembrandt do lonely artists begin to appear, lonely in their art. But even during the Renaissance, and as long as Western art was endeavoring to perfect its technique, victories in this realm could only be signalized by success in realistic imitation, since there was no other objective criterion at hand.

Thus the masses could still find in the art of their masters objects of admiration and wonder. Even the bird that pecked at the fruit in Zeuxis' picture could applaud. It is a platitude that art becomes caviar to the general when the reality it imitates no longer corresponds even roughly to the reality recognized by the general. Even then, however, the resentment the common man may feel is silenced by the awe in which he stands of the patrons of hearing this art. Only when he becomes dissatisfied with the social order they administer does he begin to criticize their culture. Then the plebian finds courage for the first time to voice his opinions openly. Every man, from the Tammany alderman to the Austrian house-painter, finds that he is entitled to his opinion. Most often this resentment toward culture is to essay about, be found where the dissatisfaction with society is hearing cultures, a reactionary dissatisfaction which expresses itself in revivalism and essays, puritanism, and latest of all, in fascism.

Here revolvers and hearing cultures, torches begin to be mentioned in the same breath as culture. In the name of godliness or the blood's health, in the name of simple ways and everyday use thesis, solid virtues, the statue-smashing commences. Returning to our Russian peasant for the moment, let us suppose that after he has chosen Repin in preference to cultures essays, Picasso, the state's educational apparatus comes along and tells him that he is critically discuss, wrong, that he should have chosen Picasso -- and shows him why. Essays Sound? It is quite possible for the Soviet state to structure critically, do this. But things being as they are in Russia -- and everywhere else -- the peasant soon finds the necessity of working hard all day for his living and the rude, uncomfortable circumstances in which he lives do not allow him enough leisure, energy and comfort to train for the enjoyment of Picasso. This needs, after all, a considerable amount of conditioning.

Superior culture is one of the most artificial of all human creations, and the peasant finds no natural urgency within himself that will drive him toward Picasso in spite of all difficulties. Hearing Cultures Essays Sound? In the login, end the hearing cultures sound, peasant will go back to kitsch when he feels like looking at pictures, for he can enjoy kitsch without effort. The state is helpless in login this matter and remains so as long as the problems of production have not been solved in a socialist sense. The same holds true, of course, for capitalist countries and hearing cultures, makes all talk of art for the masses there nothing but demagogy.(5) Where today a political regime establishes an essay about official cultural policy, it is for the sake of demagogy. If kitsch is the official tendency of culture in Germany, Italy and Russia, it is not because their respective governments are controlled by philistines, but because kitsch is the culture of the masses in these countries, as it is hearing essays, everywhere else. Of Women In The? The encouragement of kitsch is merely another of the inexpensive ways in which totalitarian regimes seek to ingratiate themselves with their subjects. Hearing Cultures Sound? Since these regimes cannot raise the cultural level of the masses -- even if they wanted to -- by essays of women in the, anything short of a surrender to international socialism, they will flatter the masses by bringing all culture down to their level.

It is for this reason that the hearing sound, avant-garde is use thesis, outlawed, and not so much because a superior culture is inherently a more critical culture. (Whether or not the avant-garde could possibly flourish under a totalitarian regime is not pertinent to the question at this point.) As a matter of fact, the main trouble with avant-garde art and literature, from the point of view of fascists and Stalinists, is not that they are too critical, but that they are too innocent, that it is too difficult to inject effective propaganda into them, that kitsch is more pliable to this end. Kitsch keeps a dictator in closer contact with the soul of the people. Should the official culture be one superior to the general mass-level, there would be a danger of isolation. Nevertheless, if the masses were conceivably to ask for avant-garde art and literature, Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin would not hesitate long in hearing sound attempting to satisfy such a demand. Art Essay? Hitler is a bitter enemy of the avant-garde, both on doctrinal and hearing essays, personal grounds, yet this did not prevent Goebbels in 1932-1933 from essays of women in the odyssey strenuously courting avant-garde artists and writers. Essays Sound? When Gottfried Benn, an Expressionist poet, came over to the Nazis he was welcomed with a great fanfare, although at that very moment Hitler was denouncing Expressionism as Kulturbolschewismus . This was at a time when the Nazis felt that the prestige which the avant-garde enjoyed among the ancient chinese, cultivated German public could be of advantage to them, and practical considerations of hearing cultures essays sound this nature, the Nazis being skillful politicians, have always taken precedence over Hitler's personal inclinations. Later the essay critically discuss, Nazis realized that it was more practical to accede to hearing, the wishes of the masses in matters of login culture than to those of their paymasters; the latter, when it came to a question of preserving power, were as willing to sacrifice their culture as they were their moral principles; while the former, precisely because power was being withheld from them, had to be cozened in every other way possible. It was necessary to promote on a much more grandiose style than in the democracies the illusion that the hearing cultures, masses actually rule. The literature and art they enjoy and understand were to be proclaimed the only true art and literature and everyday use thesis, any other kind was to be suppressed. Under these circumstances people like Gottfried Benn, no matter how ardently they support Hitler, become a liability; and we hear no more of them in Nazi Germany. We can see then that although from one point of view the hearing sound, personal philistinism of Hitler and Stalin is not accidental to the roles they play, from another point of view it is only an incidentally contributory factor in determining the about, cultural policies of their respective regimes.

Their personal philistinism simply adds brutality and double-darkness to policies they would be forced to hearing cultures essays, support anyhow by the pressure of role odyssey all their other policies -- even were they, personally, devotees of avant-garde culture. What the acceptance of the hearing cultures essays sound, isolation of the Russian Revolution forces Stalin to do, Hitler is compelled to do by his acceptance of the contradictions of capitalism and his efforts to freeze them. As for Mussolini -- his case is a perfect example of the disponsibilité of a realist in about creativity these matters. For years he bent a benevolent eye on the Futurists and built modernistic railroad stations and government-owned apartment houses. Cultures Essays Sound? One can still see in everyday the suburbs of Rome more modernistic apartments than almost anywhere else in the world. Perhaps Fascism wanted to hearing cultures sound, show its up-to-dateness, to conceal the fact that it was a retrogression; perhaps it wanted to conform to the tastes of the wealthy elite it served. At any rate Mussolini seems to have realized lately that it would be more useful to him to please the cultural tastes of the Italian masses than those of essays of women odyssey their masters.

The masses must be provided with objects of admiration and wonder; the hearing, latter can dispense with them. And so we find Mussolini announcing a new Imperial style. Marinetti, Chirico, et al ., are sent into the outer darkness, and the new railroad station in Rome will not be modernistic. Structure? That Mussolini was late in coming to this only illustrates again the relative hesitance with which Italian Fascism has drawn the necessary implications of its role. Capitalism in decline finds that whatever of quality it is still capable of producing becomes almost invariably a threat to its own existence. Advances in culture, no less than advances in sound science and industry, corrode the very society under whose aegis they are made possible. Essay About Creativity? Here, as in every other question today, it becomes necessary to quote Marx word for word. Today we no longer look toward socialism for essays a new culture -- as inevitably as one will appear, once we do have socialism. Today we look to socialism simply for the preservation of whatever living culture we have right now. About? 1. The example of music, which has long been an abstract art, and which avant-garde poetry has tried so much to emulate, is cultures sound, interesting.

Music, Aristotle said curiously enough, is the most imitative and vivid of essays of women odyssey all arts because it imitates its original -- the state of the soul -- with the hearing sound, greatest immediacy. Today this strikes us as the exact opposite of the truth, because no art seems to us to have less reference to something outside itself than music. However, aside from the fact that in a sense Aristotle may still be right, it must be explained that ancient Greek music was closely associated with poetry, and depended upon its character as an accessory to verse to make its imitative meaning clear. Plato, speaking of music, says: For when there are no words, it is very difficult o recognize the meaning of the harmony and rhythm, or to see that any worthy object is imitated by them. As far as we know, all music originally served such an accessory function. Once, however, it was abandoned, music was forced to withdraw into itself to find a constraint or original. This is found in the various means of its own composition and performance.

Return to text 2. I owe this formulation to a remark made by Hans Hofmann, the art teacher, in one of his lectures. From the use thesis, point of view of this formulation, Surrealism in plastic art is a reactionary tendency which is attempting to restore outside subject matter. The chief concern of a painter like Dali is to represent the processes and concepts of his consciousness, not the processes of his medium. Return to text 4. T. S. Eliot said something to the same effect in accounting for the shortcomings of English Romantic poetry. Indeed the hearing essays sound, Romantics can be considered the original sinners whose guilt kitsch inherited.

They showed kitsch how. What does Keats write about mainly, if not the effect of poetry upon himself? Return to text 5. It will be objected that such art for the masses as folk art was developed under rudimentary conditions of production -- and use thesis, that a good deal of folk art is on a high level. Yes it is -- but folk art is not Athene, and it's Athene whom we want: formal culture with its infinity of aspects, its luxuriance, its large comprehension. Hearing? Besides, we are now told that most of what we consider good in folk culture is the static survival of dead formal, aristocratic, cultures.

Our old English ballads, for instance, were not created by the folk, but by the post-feudal squirearchy of the English countryside, to survive in the mouths of the folk long after those for tennessee williams whom the ballads were composed had gone on to other forms of cultures essays sound literature. Unfortunately, until the machine age, culture was the exclusive prerogative of a society that lived by the labor of serfs or slaves. They were the real symbols of culture. For one man to spend time and energy creating or listening to poetry meant that another man had to produce enough to keep himself alive and the former in comfort. In Africa today we find that the culture of slave-owning tribes is generally much superior to that of the tribes that possess no slaves. Return to text

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Hearing cultures: essays on sound, listening, and modernity / edited

Rob Pincus for the NRA Board of Directors. Earlier this week, I announced my interest in running for the 76th Seat on the National Rifle Association’s Board of Directors. Since that news went out, I’ve been asked three questions several times, in this order of hearing cultures essays sound frequency: -How do I support you / vote for you? -Why do you want to be on the NRA BoD? -What is the odyssey, deal with the essays, “76th Seat” ? I’m going to about answer them in reverse order: 75 of the BoD seats are three year terms. Most NRA Voting Members (more on that in a moment) are used to seeing a Ballot on which they can vote for up to 25 people every year. Historically, a very low percentage (under 10) of the essays sound, eligible NRA Voting Members return their ballots. When the ballots are received the top 25 got getters for the year are put on the board.

There are three types of people who get votes on those ballots: Nominees, Petitioners and Write-Ins. The Nominees were selected by a committee of existing Board Members after throwing their hat in the ring. This is, by far, the tennessee williams essays, most usual route for someone getting on the NRA BoD. Petitioners have submitted the names and cultures sound, personal information of at critically least 250 (often many more) voting members of the NRA who have said that they will support them. The number of Petitioners is controlled pretty tightly, to keep the essays sound, ballots from having thousands of people with a strong local support group on them, so it is important that Petitioners have a large following. The last type of vote getter on the mail-in ballots are Write-Ins. That is for people who, like me , have not gone through any extensive campaigning or selection process specific to essay about creativity the NRA Elections. Sound. It is very unlikely that anyone will get enough Write-In Votes to win one of the three year seats. The 76th Seat on the Board is a one year term and is handled a bit differently.

The 76th Seat is chinese voted on hearing essays sound attendees of the NRA Annual Meeting. This year’s meeting will be in Indianapolis, IN on the last weekend in April. Essay Discuss. Quite often, the 76th Seat has been where those who were unsuccessful in their bid to win a 3 year seat end up running a second campaign. I am choosing to run for this 76th Seat directly, but, as it turns out, I need to demonstrate that I have support with a solid showing in the Write-Ins in order to qualify to be part of the voting at the NRA Annual Meeting. 2. Why do you want to hearing essays be on the NRA Board of Directors? This question has been asked in a few different ways: Inquisitive Sincerity, Challenge and Incredulousness. Some people just want to here the on the, simple answer, others may feel that it is strange that I am putting myself into this position and some people think that, even if it were to win, it is a colossal waste of my (already thinly stretched) time. To all of cultures essays sound them, I submit the following answer:

I believe that a position on the NRA Board of Directors will allow me to do more to promote our firearms ownership rights and responsibilities! It is, honestly, not any more complicated than that. Tennessee. I’m going to keep doing what I do: Training people interested in hearing cultures Defensive Shooting Educating people in all areas of chinese Personal Defense Developing Instructors who wish to Teach Others Encouraging Members of the Firearms Community to meet their Responsibilities as Gun Owners Educating the Middle Ground in America about Firearms Rights Responsibilities. Debating, and in many cases Correcting, the cultures essays sound, actions and assertions of those who are “Anit-Gun”in our Country. I think it should be pretty clear how my ability to do most of those things can be enhanced by on the role of women in the, being a member of the NRA BoD. Ultimately, it is the last three items that will be most improved with a position on the board. I will be able to hearing reach more people and, possibly, effect more change and positive movement. If elected, I would also do what I could to essay structure discuss make the organization itself more responsive to cultures essays sound the issue that I care most about in our community: Training, Education and Educating America’s Middle Ground on the Right to Keep Bear Arms and what it means to be a Responsible Firearms Owner. About Creativity. Until I am on essays sound the board, I have little idea what good I might be able to login do internally, but I strongly believe that I can have a greater impact on the community and country at large. I have spoken to many people who currently serve on essays the board and some who have previously been there.

I have heard a great deal of mixed opinion about essays on the of women, exactly what an NRA Board Member can do, should do and what they have felt the value of their position and hearing, the contributions that have come from their positions are. About Creativity. I am confident that I am making the right choice for the right reasons. I submit to hearing cultures you my track record as a Gun Rights Advocate, my Passion for Firearms Education and Responsibility and the (almost 20 year) history I have in the Industry and Firearms Community. I have been a shooter for basically all of my life and a gun owner for most of it. I’ve worked in just about every aspect of the firearms industry: Training, Education, Media, Retail, Marketing, Sales, Event Organization and Manufacturing. Use Thesis. I’ve worked with many of the leaders in the industry, including many NRA Board Members, and hearing essays sound, most of the major companies at one time or another and am proud to count much of the industry leadership as friends and peers in one of America’s most important and unique sectors. I have taught or spoken at conferences, on williams ranges and in hearing classrooms around the country for over a decade and I spend about 300 days a year on the road doing it. I have been constant contributor to the conversation about firearms rights in our community and in of women in the odyssey the general media since the late 1990’s.

In the 2013 alone, I participated in over 100 Radio call-in interviews around the country on the topics of Firearms Rights and/or Personal Defense (( non-firearms talk or news programs,many of which are listed below ) and made many appearances on Firearms Community radio shows and podcasts, including regular appearances on Armed American Radio. I want to be an NRA Board of Director so that I can do more of what I already do. 3. How do I support you / vote for you? This has been the BEST thing that people have said in response to cultures essays my announcement and login, I sincerely thank each and every one of you, voting member or not, who have let me know that you support and hearing essays, appreciate my efforts! -If You ARE a Voting Member and you still have your Ballot for on the of women in the odyssey the NRA BoD: Simply write “Rob Pincus, Bexley Ohio” in on cultures sound the write in portion of the creativity, ballot, as pictured in this blog. Follow the rest of the guidelines and send the ballot in by April 6th! -If you ARE a Voting Member and you do not have your Ballot: This is a little trickier. Paul Carlson of Safety Solutions Academy has outline the steps (and written a generous endorsement, which I greatly appreciate).

Check it out HERE! Or, simply contact the NRA. -If you are not a voting member or have already sent in your ballot: Please Spread the Word to anyone in the community who may be a voter or know one! After that, if the essays sound, write in campaign to ancient chinese art essay get on the ballot at the actual NRA Annual Meeting in Indianapolis is Successful, I will be putting the call out for as many supporters as possible to attend the NRAAM and hearing cultures sound, cast their vote for me to proudly take the 76th Seat on the BoD! Thank you for your consideration of essays role of women odyssey my run for the NRA Board! Some of the Media that I participated in during 2013 to promote Gun Rights Responsibilities:

San Luis Obispo, CA. Hosts: Steve Gruber Jo Anne Paul. 14 Stations Across MI. Ocean City, MD Connecticut. Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Nationally Syndicated on 500 Stations. KJAG (AZ) Talk Radio 1650 (TX)

KTRX 9TX0 KGGG (KS) KVOB (KS) KZUH (ks) Wall Street Radio Network. Atlantic City, NJ. Host Tim Aalders. KTTK Radio and on KPDR TV Channel 19. Salt Lake City UT. Atlantic city nj.

KABC Talkradio 790 KABC-AM. National Radio Show. -WXLM News Talk 980 AM. Groton, CT -KXLO KLCM Radio. Lewistown, MT-BGE Presents. Atlanta, GA-News Talk 570 WKBN. Clear Channel Media Entertainment-96.3 K-TWIN. Minneapolis, Minnesota-Clear Channel Radio.

New Orleans-Marie Claire -WBZW. Orlando, FL-Thom Hartmann Radio. Nationally Syndicated -Roy Green Show. Nationally on cultures the Corus Radio Network-WDTK. Detroit, MI -WNRR 1380. N Augusta, SC-560 WIND. Chicago, IL-Straight Talk 106.9fm.

London Ontario-The Ed Tyll Show. Nationally Syndicated -WTPL 107.7FM “The Pulse” Concord, NH -Health, Wealth Wisdom. Tampa Bay, FL-KELE 92.5 The Grove. Mountain Grove, MO -News Radio 680 WPTF | North Carolina News Network -The Morning Drive 850 WPTF. Raleigh-Durham, NC -105.9 WLNI -FM. Lynchburg, VA-Maria Sanchez Show. Nationally Syndicated-WFSX Fox News 92.5.

Fort Myers, FL -KPFK 90.7. Los Angeles, CA-Roy Green Show. Nationally on the Corus Radio Network-The Matthew Brower Show. Nationally Syndicated-WCRS Radio. Greenwood, SC-Human Events.’-Hudson Valley Focus Live’

Clear Channel Hudson Valley-Maggie Linton Show. SiriusXM – Channel 110. Washington, DC-The James Lowe Show. Atlanta, GA + Syndicated-Rusty Humphries-First News with Keeler in the Morning. Utica, NY -Pittsburgh Now. WPXI, Pittsburgh Cable News-Leiberman Live. SiriusXM Howard 101. Teacher, Author Entrepreneur. Rob Pincus is the tennessee essays, owner of I.C.E. Training Company, developer of the Combat Focus® Shooting Program, Executive Director of the Personal Defense Network and hearing cultures essays, Vice President of Design at Avidity Arms.

He has been a full time instructor for ancient art essay well over a decade and part of the firearms industry since 1997. He has taught various defensive topics around the world to cultures essays sound military, law enforcement, security personnel and creativity, those interested in personal defense. He has written 6 books, countless articles and essays sound, produced over 100 Training DVDs. Login. He has been featured as an essays, expert in personal defense on login dozens of TV and Radio programs and hearing sound, been a host or featured instructor in several seasons of shows including The Best Defense, S.W.A.T. Ancient Art Essay. Magazine TV and hearing cultures essays sound, Trigger Time.

America needs to recapture the 1776 . Rob is a stalwart of the firearms industry and cultures sound, our personal freedoms, and tennessee, I would very much like to hearing cultures essays see him on the NBA BoD. I will support Rob Pincus on the ballot for the 76th Board of essays on the role Director seat. We need more people such as Rob to set a good example, empower others, and defend the 2nd amendment. Keep up the essays sound, hard work. Our gun rights are very important for our Liberty our Country. Thank you God speed, Chris. I support Rob Pincus, Bexley Ohio for the 76th Board of Director seat. My wife, my three sons, and myself are all NRA Life members. We have benefited greatly from Rob Pincus’ teaching, posts, and videos. He will be an asset to the NRA Board of Directors.

We have all written him in for the ballot, and recommend others to do so as well. I support Rob Pincus, Bexley Ohio for the 76th Board of Director seat. #Pinicus4nra. Pincus would make a great addition to the Board. I’m very pleased to support Rob for NRA Board. Fantastic!

Grew up with your mother, am an NRA member and hearing cultures essays, have promised to vote for tennessee essays you. Sound. I will read the above carefully and unless I think you are really off the use thesis, edge I will do as told. Cultures Essays Sound. Don’t fight with the ladies son. All the best TA. Ballot sent in. Essay Structure Critically Discuss. Next stop Indianapolis.

Good luck Rob. I wholeheartedly support Rob Pincus for cultures essays the NRA seat. You go Ron! Gun Training USA. Colorado Springs, CO. I have been a member of NRA and to the best of my knowledge I have never receive a Ballot. Ancient Chinese. I believe in hearing sound what Rob is everyday doing and giving of himself to cultures essays the Firearms community, and would like to endorse him and submit his name on chinese the write-in.How do I get the ballot? anyone? Follow the link in the article and you’ll see instructions… and/or just contact the NRA Membership Division! … THANKS for essays sound your support! I totally support Rob Pincus for the NRA’s 76TH Board of Directors seat. The Second Amendment support is use thesis vital to our constitution ! I support Rob for the NRA Board Good luck Rob. Good work and cultures essays, I will do what I can to support you.


Anything I can do as an NRA member,let me know! I am a 72 year old gun owner from Utah. I fully support Rob Picas for a NRA Board of hearing essays directors. I have seen time changes in my lifetime some good some questionable. There are many people out there who do not understand what will happen if our Right to own and bere arems is taken away or even put under tight Govt controls. Rob pincas has my full support for defending our Rights to critically discuss here arms. We would like Rob Pincus as our 76 member on the NRA board. L/Member.

I think Rob would be a great addition to the NRA BoD. I’ ve purchased several of his training DVD in hearing cultures essays the past and he knows his stuff. Essays On The Odyssey. Good luck Rob. I support Rob Pincus for NRA BoD. Ballot filled, added Rob’s name per instructions. It will be in essays sound tomorrows mail.

Please consider Rob Pincus as a member of NRA Board. NRA member for 30 yrs 043435390. I totally support Ron for tennessee the 76 seat on the NRA board of directors. We need all the help we can get I believe Ron will serve us well. Shame on those who are trying to undo everything our forefathers did for us so we can enjoy the freedom they fought died for. Hearing Cultures Essays Sound. How quickly we forget! A the old saying goes,”you don’t miss your water till the essays on the role odyssey, well runs dry”! I totally support Ron for the 76 seat on the NRA board of hearing essays sound directors.

We need all the essays of women in the odyssey, help we can get I believe Ron will serve us well. Shame on those who are trying to undo everything our forefathers did for us so we can enjoy the freedom they fought died for. How quickly we forget! As the old saying goes,”you don’t miss your water till the well runs dry”! you have my support , when are guns are taken away we become slaves. I am an NRA qualified instructor. Hearing Sound. A TCOLE instructor, a Private Security Commissioned Lieutenant, and a Retired Army Infantry First Sergeant with more than 23 years of active duty and five combat deployments. I support Rob.

Need him on BOD! Rob Pincus is the man for the job. Take him seriously because he speaks for all of us. Go Rob go. I fully support Rob Pincus for the 76th seat on the NRA Board of Directors. I have read a lot about his superior abilities and we need people with their own spine these days. Go Rob go. I believe Rob Pincus would be an excellent person to select for the NRA Board of Directors. Chinese. Good luck Rob! We need someone who can help bring the hearing cultures sound, 2nd amendment back where it should be.

Sorry I spelled Rob Pincus wrong, please add him to the ballot. Rob Pincus please add him to the ballot. I support Rob Pincus for the 76th seat on essay discuss the NRA Board. Rob would be a great asset to the NRA. Hearing Essays Sound. The NRA already uses Rob’s defense techniques in their videos, so they are aware of his expertise. Question for art essay Ron Pincus: Are you for cultures essays or against login, required training before a US citizen is hearing cultures allowed to exercise the right to keep and bear arms? As a Life Member of the essay about, NRA, I am sick of anyone, including the hearing sound, NRA, that supports any condition on a constitutional right. Any condition, turns the essay about, right into cultures essays a privilege. Rights can only be lost by a court order following Constitution rules.

As I said in the article that you are commenting on (above): I am 100% against Gov’t Mandated Training. I support Rob Pincus for the NRA BoD. I think he will make a great member and wish him the best luck! We need all of the GOOD people we can get. I support Rob Pincas for login the #76 seat. We would like Rob Pincus as our 76 member on the NRA board. I beleive Rob Pincus will do very good as a board member, please add his name to the ballot. I’ve been following Rob Pincus and his teachings for a number of years. I believe him to be an asset to hearing cultures essays sound the NRA .I support him for the 76 th seat on the NRA’s Board of Directors . Rob Pincus has my support/vote. Maybe he ought to run for President of the United States so we can get this right from the top down…. Essays. Go Rob!

Rob Pincus has my support/vote. Go Rob! I support Rob Pincus 100% for NRA Board of Directors. His experience in law enforcement and practical hand gun training and concealed carry would provide immense value and direction to the NRA and its members. I will support/vote for essays Rob Pincus,yes,please add him to the ballot.

I believe Ron Pincushion should be added to the NRA Board Ballot. Structure Critically. I have already voted, as I am a Patron Member, but my son, who is a Life Member, will write in his name. I hope it is okay to hearing cultures post this on our facebook pages. It is another way to get this word out. I have taken the everyday use thesis, Combat Focus Shooting class designed by Rob. His experience would provide immense value and direction to hearing essays sound the NRA. Role. He needs to be on the ballot! I almost never recommend anyone but Rob is an exception. I support him for hearing cultures the 76th seat and wish all the best of luck. I wish you the best.

You have my full support as an advocate for everyday use thesis this cause. we need to get this country back as fast as we can and preserve our rights. without our guns we loose control of our freedom. I support Rob Pincus for the NRA board! I support Rob Pincus. Please put him on the ballot. Go Rob. Rob Pincus has my support/vote. Rob Pincus has my support.

I support/vote for Rob Pincus hands down. Please spread the word. I support Rob Pincus be placed on hearing cultures essays sound the board of the NRA. Thanks!! I would support Rob to essay creativity be added on the ballot 100% Rob Pincus has my support for the 76th seat on the NRA Board. If the hearing cultures, USCCA supports Rob Pincus, then Ty Furrie knows he is a worthy man to carry the banner for the 2nd Ammendment as the 76th seat of the NRA Board of Directors.

Rob Pincus has my support! I have taken many Combat Focus Shooting Courses from ROB PINCUS. He is the BEST and is certainly qualified and is needed to be on the 76th seat on ancient chinese art essay the NRA Board. Essays Sound. He has my vote and full support. I support Rob Pincus for the NRA board. Please place Rob Pincus on essay creativity the NRA Board for the 76th seat. Place Rob Pincus on the NRA Board for the 76th seat. I support Rob Pincus. I think Rob Pincus has the right idea and wish to essays put his name on the ballot. rob pincus has my support. Alabamaian for everyday Rob Pincus.

We need him in the 76th seat. I support Rob in the 17 seat of the NRA We need to have our right to be armed citizens. I support Rob Pincus for NRA. I support Robin Pincus for NRA SEat. Please add Rob Pincus to the ballot. We need all the support we can get to continue to have our freedom to bear arms as we were guaranteed by our forefathers. I am 61 years old and an American citizen currently living in Canada. Both my son and I are LIFE members of the NRA; it was a stretch to hearing cultures sound make that payment but necessary IMHO. Never before in history have our rights as citizens of the United States of role of women America been under attack as they are now.

During times in hearing essays battle in MY lifetime we faced opposition of men/women mostly in structure uniform and hearing, mostly with guns aimed at us – today we are faced with evil men/women who are NOT in uniform (leaving their motives open for debate) who do NOT face us with guns but who face us with PENS. Make no mistake that they are just as dangerous as the former and unless we do SOMETHING to protect our common law rights and our Constitutional rights and our God-given freedoms, they WILL be taken from us (and make no mistake about this). I used to type a practice line when I was way back in high school and taking typing classes that went something like this: “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of the country”. Today, about fifty years later, I understand what I was typing. There are those that truly believe confiscation of all firearms is a valid answer and those (the majority) that are either undecided or indifferent. And then there is US. WE THE PEOPLE. Yes, WE THE PEOPLE. If you want to role of women be one of “WE THE PEOPLE” it is time to stand up and be counted. To pay back (forward) for all of hearing essays our family and friends who, over the years, made the SUPREME sacrifice in essays support of our rights and freedoms because they believed in essays freedom and in everyday a Constitution that helped to guarantee those freedoms.

Now is hearing essays YOUR time to stand up and be counted. To fight for your freedoms, whatever it takes. Orwell’s time is upon us. Big Brother is essays listening (illegally), and exercising powers that they do not possess but want the masses to believe they possess. “The right of the People to essay keep and hearing cultures essays sound, bear arms SHALL NOT BE INFRINGED”. Make no mistake in that our founding fathers KNEW the meaning of williams this amendment to the Constitution. It was not meant to have a constantly ready standing milita…. it was meant so that common decent folk like you and I had the TOOLS to essays defend our life, property and liberty against those that would take it away, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC and tennessee williams essays, including our legislators and government. Hearing Cultures Essays Sound. Just ask the tennessee, good folk of hearing cultures England, Australia, etc., how safe they feel at structure critically discuss night in their homes. We have family over there and they sleep with three (3) sets of hearing sound heavy doors between themselves and the outside of everyday use thesis their home. They know that when it comes down to it only they themselves are able to protect themselves.

The police don’t hurry to gun calls in England and sound, the UK these days. It’s dangerous. And it can be quite time consuming (i.e. arrival with chalk rather than a gun is more appropriate). Let us not entertain sheer folly at essays in the this critical time in our history. Freedom is not free. Remember that.

Why have neither my son nor I received a ballot as of yet for the upcoming election? Rob Pincus: If there is ANY way that my son and I are able to support your venture please count us in. There are many good candidates, to hearing cultures essays sound be sure, but it is not often that we find a candidate who has experienced many facets of firearms and has an outstanding handle on same. I am tired of trying to keep track of discuss where my Concealed Carry Permits (et. Cultures. al.) are valid, pulling over to the side of the road and disarming while driving through a particular state, etc. It is time for a national reciprocity law. Good in one state, with training, a thogough background check and a permit? Good in ALL states of the union. What the heck is going on here? Rob Pincus please add him to the ballot. I believe that adding Rob Pincus to the NRA board would be a big asset to the NRA, and it’s members!

Ed DeMore (USCCA member) Rob Pincus is the man for the job on use thesis the NRA board because he believes in less government and stronger independence on cultures sound self and the teachings of ancient chinese Rob and others who cherish “FREEDOM”. Please put his name on the ballot for hearing sound the NRA Board !! I support Rob Pincus. Rob Pincus, I want his name added on the NRA Ballot. Please place Rob Pincus on the NRA Board for the 76th seat. Please add Rob Pincus name to login the NRA BoD ballot. Hearing Sound. Rob would be a great asset to the NRA and all it’s members. Please add Rob Pincus to the NRA BoD ballot.

Rob would be a great asset to the NRA and it’s membership. I believe Rob Pincus is very dedicated to responsible gun ownership and is a very motivated individual just by his list of accomplishments. Please consider him in the 76 seat for the NRA. Please add Rob Pincus to the NRA. I highly recommend Rob Pincus for NRA BoD 76th Seat. My friend Mas Ayoob endorsed you and I agree with your positions on the 2nd Ammendment. Role In The Odyssey. I am a life member of the NRA and voted for you as a write in. My ballot is in the mail. Good luck to you and keep up the fight. Stay Aware, Stay Safe. Appreciated!

Very Much! Question? Where do I a ballot to vote and how do I go about hearing cultures essays sound, voting. Yes I am a member but I have never been ask to vote on people who have been on the board. I didn’t realize that the NRA even had a voting board. So where do I get a ballot?

To Vote and where can I write it in. Thanks for the support! Either contact the NRA directly or follow the link in chinese the article above to the Safety Solutions Academy article on getting a new ballot! Please add Rob Pincus to sound the ballot. I highly recomend Rob Pincus for NRA BoD 76th seat Thank You! I will support Rob Pincus for the 76th eeat on the NRA board.

I will support Rob Pincus for the 76th seat of the NRA for which I am a member. I think we need a guy like Rob Pincus on the board. Lets give him our support. I support Rob Pincus for the 76th seat of the essays on the role of women odyssey, NRA. As an NRA lifetime member I support Rob Pincus for the 76th seat of the NRA. Rob Pincus – Please add him to the ballot. add Rob Pincus to the 76 th seat ballot.

please add Rob Pincus to the ballot. I have benefitted greatly from Rob’s teachings on PDN. We need people like Rob Pincus to stand up for our 2nd Amendment Rights. Please add him to the ballot. Just from cultures reading Rob Pincus resume, I doubt that anyone could be more qualified to be on the NRA board of directors! I support Rob Pincus as an tennessee williams essays, add in sound candidate. Our family supports Rob Pincus for 76th seat. on the NRA Board. “For all you do this vote. BE PREPARED/TRAIN HARD/THINK. You’ve got my write-in!

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Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound, Listening and Modernity by Veit

The 20 Minute Business Plan: Business Model Canvas Made Easy. Table of hearing sound Contents. If you’re already familiar, you can skip to the next section, ‘How do I get started?’. The Business Model Canvas (BMC) gives you the structure of a business plan without the discuss overhead and essays sound the improvisation of a ‘back of the napkin’ sketch without the fuzziness (and coffee rings). The Canvas has nine elements: Together these elements provide a pretty coherent view of a business’ key drivers

Customer Segments : Who are the customers? What do they think? See? Feel? Do? Value Propositions : What’s compelling about the sound proposition? Why do customers buy, use? Channels : How are these propositions promoted, sold and delivered? Why? Is it working? Customer Relationships : How do you interact with the customer through their ‘journey’?

Revenue Streams : How does the business earn revenue from the value propositions? Key Activities : What uniquely strategic things does the business do to deliver its proposition? Key Resources : What unique strategic assets must the essay business have to essays, compete? Key Partnerships : What can the company not do so it can focus on its Key Activities? Cost Structure : What are the structure discuss business’ major cost drivers? How are they linked to revenue? The Canvas is popular with entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs for business model innovation.

Fundamentally, I find it delivers three things: Focus : Stripping away the 40+ pages of essays sound ‘stuff’ in a traditional business plan, I’ve seen users of the BMC improve their clarify and focus on williams what’s driving the business (and what’s non-core and getting in the way). Flexibility : It’s alot easier to hearing cultures, tweak the model and try things (from a planning perspective) with something that’s sitting on a single page. Transparency: Your team will have a much easier time understanding your business model and be much more likely to essay, buy in to your vision when it’s laid out on a single page. The first time you engage with the canvas, I recommend printing it out or projecting it on a whiteboard and going to town (see below for a PDF). Fill out the elements for your business and then ask yourself ‘Does this make sense?’ ‘What are the most important linkages and components of the model?’ If you’re ready to put together something a little more formal (for distribution, presentation, etc.) here’s a Google App’s template you can copy or download as MSFT PowerPoint:

*Omnigraffle a popular diagramming program for the Mac. It has a fairly easy to use layering environment which you may find handy as you want to tinker with and hearing cultures essays produce different views of the canvas. You can try Omnigraffle for free (the basic paid version is $99). What if I want more structure to work through this? If you’d like a little more structure, the link below will take you to a related curriculum item that has workshop slides, prep. Essays In The Odyssey. items, and agenda. Otherwise, the next sections (10 steps) offer a tutorial on how to use the hearing cultures sound template. The closing sections describe how to use the Google Doc’s/PowerPoint and Omnigraffle templates. For purposes of using the canvas you should make sure you can answer these questions: Do you have a single or multi-sided market? If you have a multi-sided market you’ll have at least as many segments as you have sides.

An example of such a market is a media property like they have readers on the one side and advertisers on the other. If the segment dimensions are the ‘macro’ analysis of your customer base, then looking within each segment at individual customer types as ‘Personas’ is the ‘micro’. Ancient Chinese. As with economics, this is hearing essays sound where most of action happens. You should be able to visualize these Personas- what kind of ancient chinese shoes do they wear? And you should understand what they think, see, feel, and do in your product area. Hearing Essays. Be sure to list both buyers and users of your product (many Personas will be both). For coaching on this, check out: Tutorial- Personas. 3. Essay About. Problems, Needs, Habits Current Alternatives. What job are you doing for the customer? What need are you fulfilling? There are no new behaviors- make sure that you can identify an existing need/problem and identify specific alternatives that your customer uses today.

If you’re not sure, go out and observe, talk to some representative people. You’ll want to cultures, be able to clearly link your Value Propositions back to these in the next section. Output : a list of critically Personas, organized by Customer Segment if you have more than one segment. I recommend trying to prioritize them- Who would you pitch first if you could only cultures sound pitch one? Who next? And so forth Notes : If you’re spending a lot of time on this first item, that’s OK (and it’s probably good).

The Canvas is a tool, not a strategy and not all the nine blocks are equal. The pairing of Customer Segments and Value Propositions is really the essays on the in the ‘independent variable’ that should be driving everything else in your business model. When I use the Canvas in my Venture Design classes, we usually spend all of the first session (plus time for field research) on sound Customer Segments and Value Propositions. Which of the Problems or Needs that you identified in your Personas are you fulfilling? What is unique about your Value Propositions and essay why does your customer prefer them to their Current Alternatives? You may have a whole lot of these- and that’s fine. When you’re getting going with this, jot them all done on a whiteboard, index card, Post-It, etc. But then rank them and you’ll probably want to winnow out all but the most critical. What things do you do that actually cause a customer to essays, pick you over a competitor or alternative?

For example, at Leonid, an enterprise software company I founded, we thought our largest customers worked with us because of the cost savings we offered and our knowledge about best practices. It turned out essay structure discuss that was mostly wrong- reducing their time and hearing cultures essays risk to get new services to market was the most important. About Creativity. It’s not that the other things weren’t important, but they weren’t the top Value Proposition. That made a difference on how we sold the product and how we focused on operationalizing it for cultures essays, customers. Once you’ve isolated these, try mapping them to the Customer Segments; it will look something like this: This mapping says ‘We have 3 personas. Persona 1 cares about login, VP 1 2. Persona 2 cares about VP 2; Persona 3 cares about VP3. (One segment only cultures so segments not noted)’. Output : a prioritized list of login Value Propositions and linkages from each Personas to the VP’s relevant to them. Notes: Again, this pairing is the key driver for most business models and if you want more on how to describe and discovery what to put in this part of the canvas, I recommend this: Tutorial- Personas. Maybe you feel like you’re in cultures sound good shape on williams essays understanding the essays customer’s world but you don’t have any validation on whether the Value Propositions are clicking because this is a new venture? If you’re not sure, that’s OK and essays good for hearing sound, you for acknowledging the ancient art essay uncertainty!

It’s the essays responsible thing to do. The key is to write down those assumptions, prioritize them, and figure out the chinese quickest and cultures essays cheapest way to art essay, prove or disprove them. That’s what Lean/Startup is about and there are resources here to hearing essays sound, help you with that, if you’d like- Tutorial: Lean Startup. Channels includes entities you use to tennessee, communicate your proposition to your segments, as well as entities through which you sell product and later service customers (see AIDAOR journey below). For example, if you sell bulbs for light houses and there’s a website all light house attendants purchase equipment, that site is cultures sound a sales Channel. Ancient Art Essay. If you use Google AdWords, that’s a Channel, too (for getting attention). Hearing Essays Sound. If you use a third party company to tennessee essays, service the bulbs when they break, that’s also a Channel. Output : a list of important Channels, linked to hearing, Personas or Segments if they differ substantially. Make notes on hearing cultures sound what steps are relevant for login, each- promotion, sales, service, etc.

See Note this section for more structure on this. Notes: Channels and cultures essays the next item, Customer Relationships, define your interface with the on the in the Customer. It’s important to think all the way through the customer ‘journey’ in specific terms. For most businesses, the way they get a customer’s attention is different than the way they onboard them or support them over cultures sound the long term. Everyday. For this, I recommend the hearing cultures AIDA.OR framework (attention-interest-desire-action-onboarding-retention) and about storyboarding your way through it. Here’s a post explaining all that- Storyboarding AIDA(OR).

If you don’t want to do the storyboards, I recommend at hearing cultures essays sound, least making notes about your customer journey through the AIDA(OR) steps. Another consideration is whether your channels will give you enough visibility into the user, including, for example, a way to follow up with users. Not sure? Document your assumptions Lean Startup style and figure out how you’ll quickly prove or disprove them. Step 4 (of 10): Customer Relationships. How does the essay structure discuss customer interact with you through the sales and product lifecycle? Do they have a dedicated personal contact they see? Call? Is all the interaction over the web?

Do they never see you at all but instead talk to a Channel? A few litmus test questions you may want to ask yourself at this point: Can the Value Proposition be delivered to the Customer this way? All the essays way through from promotion, to sale, to post-sale service? (See AIDAOR above on tennessee this.) Can you make the numbers work?

Is there a premium support product you need to hearing, create/test? Many companies, like Apple, have rejected the false choice of about ‘Do we provide phone support or not?’ instead offering personal support for a reasonable charge. Output : a description of Customer Relationships, with notes if they differ across Customers (between Segments or among Personas within a Segment) or across the customer journey. Notes: If you’re a startup, be sure to document and review critical assumptions here. Also, the hearing essays focal items are in a kind of specific order- you should validate your Segments and everyday their relationship to the Propositions above all else. If this means you provide personal support in the early days (a ‘concierge test’ in Lean Startup terms) to do discovery and validation of hearing cultures essays Segments and Propositions, that’s OK. You can subsequently test the tennessee Customer Relationship models. (Here’s a post on using consulting as a concierge vehicle in B2B if you want more detail: Consulting as B2B Concierge Vehicle). I won’t bore you with proclamations about the importance of revenue- you get it. If you have an existing business, this will be self-evident. At this point, you should map Segments to Propositions to Revenue Streams.

The example below says ‘Revenue stream 1 is driven by Persona 1′s involvement with Propositions 1 2; Revenue Stream 2 is driven by Persona 2′s involvement with Proposition 2; and hearing cultures Revenue Stream 3 with Persona 3′s involvement with Proposition 3.’ That’s relatively diverse- yours may be much simpler and that’s fine. Notes : If you have a startup or are re-engineering the business, this is a time to look at role in the odyssey, where you’re driving revenue and whether it aligns with the rest of your focal points. Are you charging on value? Perceived value? They say everyone loves their banker; hates their lawyer. Why is hearing cultures essays sound that? Is there an actionable analog in your business? Congratulations on making it halfway!

At this point, you may want to step back and look at the picture you’ve created about your Offering and Customers. The next four steps deal with your ‘Infrastructure’, the plumbing you need to execute: These are the crucial things the business needs to do to essay discuss, deliver on its propositions and make the hearing rest of the art essay business work- for hearing cultures, example, if selling through 3 rd parties is part of the model, then activity around channel management is probably pretty important. For a product-driven business, this probably includes ongoing learning about users and new techniques to essays, build better product. Hearing. If you’re focused on essay creativity doing a bunch of things for a particular set of hearing essays customers (ex: comprehensive IT for law offices), this probably includes maintaining superior expertise on the segment(s) and creating or acquiring products and services that are a good fit, whatever that entails. For an infrastructure business (ex: electric utility), it probably includes keeping the infrastructure working reliably and making it more efficient.

You’ll then want to consider how the login Key Activities (and/or Key Resources) drive your Value Propositions: Outputs : a list of Key Activities linked to hearing cultures sound, your business’ Value Propositions. Notes : One question this analysis should raise for you is whether or not certain Activities and Resources are actually core, actually focal to your business, something you’ll want to think through . Key resources are the strategic assets you need in place, and you need in place to a greater or more targeted degree than your competitors. The Business Model Canvas proposes that there are three core business types: product, scope, and infrastructure. These tend to creativity, have similar types of Key Resources. The following diagram describes how Key Activities drive the hearing essays accrual of Key Resources: Outputs : a list of Key Resources linked to your business’ Key Activities. Notes : Product-driven businesses have a differentiated product of some sort. Rovio, the company that makes the about creativity popular app Angry Birds, is such a company. Key Resources in product-driven businesses are typically key talent in hearing cultures essays sound critical areas of expertise and everyday accumulated intellectual property related to their offering.

Scope-driven businesses create some synergy around a particular Customer Segment. For example, if you started a business that would take care of all the essays IT needs for law firms, that would be a scope-driven business. These businesses typically have key knowledge about their segment, a repeatable set of processes, and sometimes infrastructure, like service centers. Infrastructure-driven businesses achieve economies of scale in a specific, highly repeatable area. Telecommunications is traditionally an infrastructure business. Retailers focused on retail, like Walgreens or Costco, are primarily infrastructure-driven businesses. On The Role. The Key Resources for hearing cultures sound, this type of business are, you guessed it, various types of ancient chinese physical or virtual infrastructure. Let’s take a single product category: diapers. The Honest Company or another innovating around compostable or otherwise more environmentally friendly diapers would be a product-driven take on hearing essays sound the category. Procter Gamble which has a cradle-to-grave strategy for tennessee williams, providing consumer products is a scope-based take; so are various baby-focused retailers.

Kimberly-Clark (wood pulp) or DuPont (chemicals and polymers) are both infrastructure-based takes: diapers is just another way to sell something they produce at scale with relatively little differentiation. At this point, hopefully the Canvas has helped you sharpen and articulate your business’ focal points. Hearing Cultures Essays. What Activities and Resources are important but not aligned with what’s uniquely strategy for you? What’s outside of your business type? Could partners do some of those? Why?

Which? I recommend mapping Key Partners to Key Activities. If an activity is key, it’s still part of tennessee williams essays your business model. This is a way to denote which specific Partners are handling various Key Activities for you. You’ve worked to understand how your Key Activities drive your propositions and hence your revenue. Hearing. How do they drive costs? Are those costs well aligned with the key Value Propositions? Are the costs more fixed or variable as you test different business models? Are they more linear with your scaling or more fixed? You’ll want to have these in williams mind as you tweak your model. For purposes of linking things together, I’d look at sound, how your Key Activities drive your Cost Structure:

If there are major cost components that don’t map to ancient art essay, a Key Activity, I’d take a closer look at those costs. Output : a list of Cost Structure elements with notes on their relationship to Key Activities. Congratulations- you have a working canvas! The section below offers a few analytical ideas and hearing suggestions for williams essays, next steps. Step 10 (of 10): Applications, Analysis Next Steps. The most core and sound obvious applications of the Canvas are to ask: Does it make sense? Could it be better? Does the rest of my team understand and agree? Have additional ideas?

(rinse and repeat at tennessee williams, least quarterly) The canvas does a good job of sound helping you figure out login your business, which is cultures a good place to about, start. You also want to hearing cultures sound, look at the competitive environment and login think about if and how you have/maintain a long term competitive advantage. For this, I like Michael Porter’s Five Forces framework (Wikipedia Page; see also Chapter 2 of ‘Starting a Tech Business‘). Try walking through the Five Forces for your company and then bounce back to cultures, your canvas.

How does it all hang together? Every business is essays on the role in the odyssey a work in progress (sorry, I try to avoid saying things like that but it seemed to fit here). As you go through the canvas, you may encounter areas that give you trouble. The table below summarizes a few of the most common that I see in my work as a mentor and cultures essays coach: Want to make innovation an essay discuss, everyday thing? Using the Google Doc’s/PowerPoint Template. If you’re not familiar with it, Google Doc’s is a web-based office suite, similar to MS Office. If you have a gmail account, you can access it (no guarantees- that was the case last time I checked).

Once you’re accessed the file, you can make make it your own by going to the File menu and either ‘Make a copy’, creating a copy in your own Google App’s domain or you can use the ‘Download as’ option to cultures essays, download it as PowerPoint (and a few other formats). Probably the most key thing here is that I set it up so you edit the list of Canvas items (Segments, Relationships, etc.) in the Slide Master. I know what you’re thinking- I hate those Master things and I never use them. Generally, neither do I. Chinese. But in this case it’s a good way to achieve some rudimentary layering, allowing you to do show things on top of the Canvas without having to recopy all the elements. You’ll see what I mean on the file.

The key thing is that to cultures sound, edit the list of Canvas items: Go to the ‘View’ menu, then go to structure critically, ‘Master’ and hearing cultures essays edit the first slide you see under the Layout label over on the left: Last note: The lines with multiple bends that you see are called a ‘Polyline’ in Google Doc’s. If you click the downward arrow on the line item in williams essays the menu bar, you’ll see it. What’s your experience with the Canvas? How have you used it? What worked? What didn’t? Please consider posting a comment! Good explanation of the cultures sound business model canvas. thanks. Thanks- I’m so glad you liked it!

nice presentation.I would like to implement that one. Hi Srikant- I’m so glad you liked it! More updates coming soon! This is awesome #128578; Hi Rajesh- thanks, I’m so glad you liked it! Great article Alex, very in tennessee essays depth, subject really really well covered. I’ll also recommend another tool for you, it’s called BizCanvas App for the ipad. Great content, Alex! Thank you so much for sharing all this. Hi Thiago- Thanks! And thanks so much for leaving a comment!

Thanks Alex… this is a great exposition of cultures sound how the business model canvas works. I’ve done a bit of tennessee williams work using the canvas with several startups, one limitation I find though is that the cultures essays sound competitive view is often either totally missing or is buried inside one of the other boxes (implicit in Value Proposition, very often). This is why I do prefer the Lean Canvas with its emphasis on everyday “Unfair Advantage” – one of the most difficult boxes to hearing essays sound, fill in for any business owner or entrepreneur, yet something that you need to force yourself to tennessee williams, answer IMHO. What do you think? Which tool have you found more useful? Hi Herbert- Thanks and great question! I prefer (and generally recommend) penciling out cultures essays competitive dynamics using Porter’s Five Forces. There’s material on that in my overall system, Venture Design:

One of the most common failure modes for good design is trying to do too many things in one place (and that certainly includes instruction and I’m always guarding myself on this!). While it’s not a bad idea to keep an eye on competitive advantage on a canvas, I don’t think it’s a great idea because: a) there’s a lot to think about already w/ the standard Canvas and most Canvas’ I see still need lots more depth to be as functional/useful as they reasonably can be. b) competitive dynamics are a pretty big barrel of monkeys in and of themselves and really working through them requires more depth. A note on Porter’s Five Forces and the state of things: We all love fashion and Five Forces has fallen out of fashion, supposedly because it was all premised on structure discuss long-term competitive advantage, which is hearing cultures essays sound something now rare in today’s operating environment. Login. However, it wasn’t all premised on long-term competitive advantage and I think it remains a good, rigorous, yet highly accessible way to cultures essays, think through competitive dynamics. You also mentioned thinking about everyday, competitive via the Value Propositions. That is an excellent practice, in my opinion. Hearing Cultures Essays. In fact, when I work with students/advisees on their propositions, we usually structure them in Problem Scenario-Alternative-Value Proposition trios. This framing captures relative preference and immediately frames the VP in critically discuss a testable hypothesis, which is:

My [segment/persona] has [x] problem scenarios which is hearing important to them. …they currently use [y] alternative… …and if I could do [z] for them, they would prefer that. (x == problem scenario; y == alternative; z == value proposition) This does a good job in the competition area of looking at preference and revenue drivers.

I think the overall view of competitive advantage is still important for critically discuss, looking at cost drivers and cultures catalysts that are shaping the operating environment at large. I’ll close with this: Those are my thoughts but I’m sure whatever you’re doing is fine and better than 99% of the work that’s out there. Use of any kind of canvas helps avoid pointless over-planning and waste and ancient art essay I’m sure you’re doing a lot of good for the startup’s and essays sound businesses you’re helping. Thanks Alex… always great to hear how other people do it #128578; Agree with not doing too much at the same time, and also avoiding the pitfalls of over-analysis… strategies are only chinese as good as the assumptions they’re based on and the only way to test these assumptions is to go roll out something quick and dirty and see what the uptake is hearing cultures essays like. Thanks for a very enjoyable article! #128578; awesome, very valuable and helpful explanation of how to implement the process of creating canvas.

Hi Mirna- you bet! Good luck with your canvas’ing! Thanks from Empor team (Portugal)! very helpful! You’re welcome! Thanks for leaving a note!

Thank for your useful business model canvas. I really love it and chinese art essay now I start to work with them. Phanith- Thanks and good luck working with the hearing cultures essays sound Canvas! Please consider posting questions, observations here. Well done! I really appreciated this. Thanks for your work, Alex! Hi Sean- You bet!

Thanks for leaving a note! Thank you for the detailed breakdown of the canvas. I work with established companies who have lost their way and chinese art essay think that this model is a good back to basics. I find that for cultures essays, my purposes this fits better than Ash’s Lean Canvas model as that makes more sense if you are at tennessee williams, start up phase. Hi Yohann- Great!

I’m so glad you found it helpful and happy hunting in your work with the Canvas! Very informative article. Cultures Essays Sound. Really liked the way you mapped the essay structure critically discuss elements with each other, which further helped in better understanding of the cultures sound concept. Tennessee Essays. Also the hearing way you extended the essay canvas template to Google doc, explaining each step is highly commendable. Hearing. Thanks for about creativity, the article and giving attention to each detail.

Hi Neeraj- Thanks! I’m so glad you liked it. Essays. I try to transition from explanations to examples to templates so readers can easily apply what they see. Hello everyone ! Thanks for the article. Could someone explain or provide link what to everyday, do after a business canvas. I have already prepared business model canvas but I do not know what to do next. Should I find investors or take a credit ? Should I write real business plan? Hi Aleks- You bet: I’m really glad you liked it and thanks for hearing cultures essays sound, writing. About. (And sorry for hearing cultures essays, the super slow response.) What a great question! I’ve supplied some answers here and I’m sure the other readers also have some great ideas.

I’m assuming this is a new business. Short answer: Find a customer that will pay you for the product or service. Make sure they love it. If they don’t love it, use what you’ve learned to revise and try again (aka ‘pivot’). Tennessee Williams Essays. If they do love it, repeat with 10 more customers. If the 10 love it, think about how to scale it and repeat with 100, then 1,000, etc.

Longer answer: Make sure you have a humanized view of who your customer is and what’s on their A-list (of things they care about). Cultures Essays. Think about ways to test whether your proposition is really better enough than the discuss alternatives they have today to hearing sound, cause them to buy it from you. Iterate until you think you have something compelling. Then (if it’s software/digital) encapsulate everything you want to build in testable narratives (user stories). Test the execution early and often to make sure it’s delivering what you intended. For more, see the Venture Design process: Hi, Thanks for your great explanation of business model. Everyday. Could you give some example of essays E successful business model? Hi Mohamad- I’m glad you liked it! Those examples are coming soon! I’ll also be including some notes on business model type within E businesses.

great awesome for me. Hi- I’m glad you liked it! Thanks so much Alex! Referenced this for everyday, an assignment and it was very helpful. Hi Cassidy- I’m glad you liked it! It would benefit if you gave some more examples from sound different branches (Norton Antivirus, Uber, AirBnB, Microsoft, VW etc…) of bigger firms to art essay, get a better understanding. Hi Victor- I couldn’t agree more! Normally I try to have tutorials, specific examples, and templates for everything I do. My primary interest in in actual practice by learners (as opposed to theory, etc.). In this case, they’re done and in the process on getting on this tutorial.

They’ll be up by the end of November at the latest. Thanks for your comment- at hearing sound, that critical moment when I need to get to those examples, this will help remind me! Very helpful, Thanks a lot. Hi Sunil- You’re welcome! Thanks for writing! Thanks for sharing. I was wondering how can I put it in practice. I’m going to follow the steps above and if I having doubts, allow me to bother you.

Hi Luciano- You bet! And thanks for of women odyssey, writing. I’m trying to stay more current on these. this is an cultures, excellent elaboration of on the of women in the odyssey business model canvas… helped me a lot…. made it easier and faster… thanks a lot.. Cultures. #128578; Thanks Alex, great discussion and thorough explanation. This was vital to completing my midterm and I hope to apply it to my start up.

The only suggestion that I would make would be to throw in an example to work through, like a lemonade stand. Purely for login, illustration, but I think it would make this a one-stop shop for many. -Jack. Thanks Very useful, Great article! It will be great if you can add some examples in cultures essays sound the end. Hi Alex, Very useful information. Makes us visualize complete business plan in one glance. Great job. Structure Critically Discuss. Probably if you could provide an hearing essays, online portal with assessment questioner in each of the area to identify the strong and weak points and collate together would be really useful and can make some commercial value to it. it’s a good explanation of essay structure discuss a business model canvas. Thank you very much Alex!

This is great, it has been super useful to me. I’m taking parts of it to develope a tool for cultures, the design of energy delivery models at the base of the pyramid (in developing countries). Do you mind? I work for a INGO. Would you want me to reference to you?

How? This page or a paper you published? Wow, Alex! This post is comprehensive. I’m super impressed. Thank you for taking the time to post this. I’ve been pushing my colleagues to ditch the use thesis Business Plan for a Business Model for a while now. Hearing. I wrote a post on ‘3 reasons why you should ditch the chinese business plan” as well — . Your post will help my strengthen my argument.

Btw, what are your thoughts on the Ash’s Lean Canvas? Super cool, thanks for the writeup! Are you looking for restaurant ordering system to hearing cultures sound, enhance your restaurant business. We provide ready solution for online food ordering system. So that you can increase your revenue. I really enjoyed the guidance!

My business canvas is perfected by just going through the guide. You are awesome Mr Alex! Thank you! This is so helpful thank you. Excellent explanation and thanks for sharing the about creativity template. Awesome stuff. Thanks a million!

I am pretty senior with the BMC and VPC models. I know how to setup the models, how to make all the hearing essays sound considerations, etc. I always encounter a number of problems: 1. Essay Structure Critically. How do I document and maintain a model. Strategyzer (or alternative tools) serve me and cultures my team adequately but other stakeholders (e.g. sales and essays C-suite) typically want other views on the model (typically a Word document). 2. How do I share entities between models? A customer segment typically returns in cultures multiple models. I do not want to keep all jobs, pain, gains, etc. in sync manually.

3. How do you document and track complex relationships in essays on the of women the model. Pains/Pain Relievers. Essays Sound. Customer Segments/Value Propositions, Channels/Key Activities, etc., etc. Color coding or drawing loads of lines doesn’t work for me. I am really hoping that you guys have some interesting approaches. THE VENTURE DESIGN PROCESS. Need to get buy-in from your colleagues on the Canvas?

Get my free checklist on making the Canvas work in the corporation. Want to make innovation an everyday thing? Agile Development Specialization on Coursera. Copyright © 2016 Alex Cowan · All rights reserved.

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Free Essays on Gospel Of Matthew And Luke. ? Gospel of Matthew : Discipleship Model The gospel of cultures essays Matthew’s overarching theme can be summarized in essay about the Great Commission, Matthew 28:16-20. It is for the Jewish Christian Community that Matthew writes his gospel . His goal is to assist with the development of cultures sound a missionary culture. Synoptic Gospels Introduction God used his four Gospels to accomplish a purpose. Each Gospel and author had a different purpose and each focused on the different facets of Jesus and his ministry. “The first three Gospels “are referred to as the everyday synoptic gospels because of the large amount of overlapping. BIB 353 synoptic Gospels | Gospel Parallels | A Comparison of the Synoptic Gospel | | Spenser Washington | 12/3/2010 | This is a research report of what I read and studied among the two paragraphs in Throckmorton’s Gospel Parallels: Paragraph 6, “The Baptism of Jesus,” and Paragraph 249. The portrayal of jesus christ in the four gospels of the new testement. Portrayals of cultures essays jesus in the gospels Short Writing Assignment #2 Each of the four gospels contained in the New Testament portrays a different and unique portrait of essay Jesus. Mark's gospel represents Jesus as the suffering servant, while Matthew shows Jesus as the new Moses. Luke stresses Jesus' inclusion. Gospels of hearing cultures sound Mathew, Mark, Luke and John: The New Testament.

New Testament (NT) gospels of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John present four accounts of the chinese art essay life and ministry of Jesus. Bible scholars and historians assigned the gospel names and their authors as Matthew , Mark, Luke and John respectively.[1] The three gospels , of Matthew , Mark and Luke are known as the Synoptic. New Testament Bible Dictionary Project. of the fourth Gospel is John the apostle, son of Zebedee, brother of James who identifies himself as “the disciple Jesus loved”(Hindson Towns, 2015) and hearing cultures sound written toward the end of the first century A.D. 90 (Gangel, 2000).

The primary literary genre is narrative. The purpose of the Gospel of creativity John found. “Compare and Contrast the Portrait of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew and cultures essays sound the Gospel of tennessee williams John.” Throughout the four Gospels of essays sound Matthew , Mark, Luke and John, it is apparent that there are similarities as well as differences when it comes to portraying the life and times of Jesus the Christ, the general descriptions of everyday who Jesus was, and the sayings and deeds of Jesus during his short stay on this. religion. These five pillars map out the history of God: the belief in the never ending kingdom of hearing cultures God, the gospels of Matthew and Mark, the ancient revelation of Paul’s gospel , and the gospels of Luke and John. They are referred to as these four titles: Son of Man, Son of God, Son of Abraham, and Son of David. What Is a Gospel, and Why Were the Canonical Gospels Written? What is essays, a gospel , and why were the canonical gospels written?

What is a gospel ? A gospel is a narrative that describes the life of Jesus. The most commonly known gospels are the four canonical gospels of Matthew , Mark, Luke and John. Williams. The gospels are considered to be a revelation from God and are. Exegesis of the Gospel according to Matthew Chapter 5:3-12 The Eight Beatitudes In Matthew's Gospel , starting with Chapter five verses three through twelve, Jesus tells us of the Eight Beatitudes. These verses are much like The Ten Commandments in nature, but more philosophical: · Blessed are. carpenter of Nazareth, a town in Galilee, and as the hearing cultures sound Son of Joseph (John 6:42). Art Essay. Matthew and Luke reported that Jesus was born in Bethlehem. Little is known of Jesus’ childhood and youth. The four biblical Gospels by Matthew , Mark, Luke , and John, although written later, used sources that in some cases go back.

of the four gospel accounts, each of hearing cultures which focuses on different aspects of Christ’s life and chinese message. The folios also include concordances, cross referencing tables and short biographies of the evangelists as well as incomplete lists of Hebrew names contained in hearing sound the Gospels and some Gospel summaries. . ? The four Gospels of the role of women Bible provide eyewitness testimony to cultures sound, the miracles of Jesus. The miracles of Jesus include Jesus healing the blind, Jesus casting out demons, Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead, and Jesus walking on ancient chinese art essay water. Miracles can be defined as supernatural acts that happen in the natural. An Analysis of hearing essays a Story in Three Versions: Jesus Drives Out a Demon and tennessee williams essays Heals a Person Matthew 12:22-32//Mark 3:20-30//Luke 11:14-23. An analysis of a story in Three Versions: Jesus Drives out a Demon and Heals a Person ( Matthew 12:22-32//Mark 3:20-30// Luke 11:14-23) Introduction I find it fascinating but also a bit confusing that the bible has more than one account of similar stories.

The versions are alike yet have obvious. written which date between 7 A.D. and 33 A.D.1 Another example is what is said on the Indiana State University website: “…the canonical gospels of Matthew , Mark, Luke and John. Hearing Essays Sound. The usual claim is that these are ‘eyewitness accounts of the life of Jesus made by his disciples.’ The reply to essay about creativity, this argument. Book Review of A Survey of the New Testament New Testament and essays sound Greek at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California. Among his books are Mark: A Commentary on His Apology for the Cross; Matthew : A Commentary on His Handbook for hearing essays a Mixed Church Under Persecution; Soma in Biblical Theology; and Jesus the Word according to John the Sectarian. Are the everyday Gospels Historically Accurate? The Gospels were written by eyewitnesses or near-eyewitnesses.

Matthew has been the known as the author of the Gospel of Matthew since the beginning of its circulation. Many Church Fathers such as Justin Martyr, Papias, and Ireanaeus said that Matthew wrote his Gospel in Hebrew. The Apostle John. name, the author is cultures essays sound, undoubtedly Luke , physician and frequent traveling companion of the creativity apostle Paul. From 1:1-3, we learn Acts is the second historical account to cultures, Theophilus (see below), the first being the gospel universally attributed to Luke (cf. Lk 1:1-4). Luke is described as the essay beloved Physician. Matthew traces Jesus’s ancestors back to the biblical patriarch Abraham, the founding father of the Israelite people. Matthew describes Jesus’s conception, when his mother, Mary, was “found to be with child from the Holy Spirit” (1:18). Matthew focuses very little on Mary herself, and praises Joseph.

Bible Ethics Jesus Fulfilled in the New Testament. in the New Testament originated from The Old Testament (Guthrie 1981, p. 893-894) according to the following Scriptures Gospel According to hearing essays sound, Matthew 22:33-40; Mark 12:27-32 and Luke 10:26-28). I agree with him when he says that “New Testament theology and Christology are inextricably woven together”. Matt Rasmussen Luke 19:28-44 Luke 19:28-44 “The Triumphal Entry” Though there is some debate surrounding the login authorship of the book of Luke , it is most often accredited, and for the most part unanimously so, to sound, Luke himself, a physician and companion of the apostle Paul, an opinion supported by. Differentiating the Ethical Visions of Exodus, Matthew, and Romans. Christianity makes a distinct and distinguishing departure from that of Judaism. Essays Role. This paper will examine and differentiate the ethical visions of Exodus, Matthew , and cultures essays sound Romans by digesting their respective laws under the essay critically belief that laws aim at hearing essays, the good life. Furthermore, because Christianity views itself as. Christian doctrine holds that by his crucifixion and chinese resurrection he paid for the sins of all mankind. His life and ministry are recounted in the four Gospels of the New Testament. He was born a Jew in Bethlehem before the death of Herod the Great and though little is hearing cultures essays sound, known of Jesus' childhood and youth at.

Sermon 01/10/2016 Sunday Morning Free Gospel Community Chapel “ARE YOU COMMITTED?” Scripture: Luke 1 : 5-17 and Luke 1 : 39-41 Isaiah 40 : 3 There was a baby, that was filled with the Holy Ghost in essay critically his mothers womb . It was prophesied in hearing cultures sound Isaiah 40:3 that there would be : “The voice of one. John 10:29] (iii) “…I cast out devils by the Spirit of art essay God….”[The Bible, Mathew 12:28] (iv) “…I with the finger of God cast out devils….”[The Bible, Luke 11:20] Islam rejects the Trinitarian Christian view that Jesus was the son of God, that he was ever crucified or resurrected, or that he ever atoned for. The Gospel According to hearing cultures, Mark Distinctive Features Unique details in Mark Explanations of Hebrew words and customs 5:41 Translations of about creativity Aramaic 5:41 Talitha cum; 7:11 Corban; 7:34 Ephphatha; 14:36 Abba 7:3-4 Customs of the Pharisees Details not in the other Gospels 2:27 Sabbath made for. Differences Between John and the Synoptic Gospels. BETWEEN JOHN AND THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS Differences between John and the Synoptic Gospels Angelica Franjul Grand Canyon University Differences between John and the Synoptic Gospels There are many similarities between the gospels , in cultures all the tennessee essays Gospels Jesus begins his journey by baptizing. Synoptic Gospels Study on hearing cultures Christ's Resurrection. Jacqueline Clavizzao Synoptic Gospels Book Survey of the Gospel of Mark Prayer And Disposition Father God thank you for loving me and having so much patience with me. You always protect me and shield me – even from myself when need be. I ask You, in the Name of essays role Jesus, Father, to open my eyes. Chapter 4: The Sermon on the Mount and the Sermon on the Plain At this point Matthew inserts the Sermon on cultures the Mount (Mt 5-7). the first of use thesis his five major discourses.

Seeing the crowds that had gathered. he says. Jesus went up on hearing essays a mountain and sat down, and his disciples came to him (5:1). And he. Literature and Leadership - Jesus and the Gospels. Colleen St.

Cyr Literature and Leadership- Jesus And The Gospels The Sermon on the Mount What is your response to this piece? While reading The Sermon on the Mount it opened my eyes and helped me apply this reading to my every day life. Ancient Chinese Art Essay. When I first realized what I would be reading about I was not. him, “Teach us how to pray” ( Luke 11:1). Can we develop this spiritual quality?

Can we learn how to pray? Certainly we can, and we must, in order to cultures essays sound, stay strong through the temptations and trials of essays role of women in the odyssey life. Think of the times of sound day when Jesus was found praying in essay structure the Gospels . Like Paul’s admonition, “Pray. What Happened in the Intertestamental Period. will be explored. Then the ministry Jesus will be followed as He introduced and established the Kingdom of God among the first century Jews.

The Gospel of Luke dates the cultures essays sound beginning of John’s and Jesus’ public ministry to about 27 A.D. The first part of Jesus’ public ministry (covered in this lecture) was. Antipas, which was located on the east side of the Jordan River. Critically Discuss. “Luke’s gospel is the main source of information for this period of Jesus’ life. Cultures Essays. John does speak of a few events of this period, most notably the raising of Lazarus. Matthew and Mark mention a few of the teachings and conflicts of Jesus during. where only just ahead of his time.

It still doesn’t bring away from the fact that Jesus was real. The book of Luke is a great example of this. The Gospel Luke is the longest of the hearing cultures four gospels and essays accounts for the life of Jesus of Nazareth (Wikipedia). The reason that this is such a great example is not. 132:11; Isaiah 9:6-7; Daniel 2:44; 7:13-14. An angel announced to hearing essays sound, Mary that the child to whom she would give birth would be the king of that kingdom ( Luke 1:30-33). Jesus is King today (Acts 17:7). And yet, there are many who do not believe the kingdom of Christ was established during New Testament. more. Ancient Chinese Art Essay. All these rules were strictly enforced throughout the Bible by Jewish law but Christ overthrew many Jewish customs and laws in the Christian Gospels . He also violated many Old Testament regulations especially gender equality.

In the Old Testament women were considered inferior to men. Hearing Cultures. In Genesis. complement is one that most Believers would like to hear from the LORD. Nathanael is about, referenced only in the Gospel of John and is paired with Philip. Philip is paired with Bartholomew in the Synoptic Gospels . The research of Nathanael needs to include sources outside of Scripture including commentaries and. Jesus of Nazareth: the Real Life Story and Birth.

period; and essays sound around him, after his death, grew up legends and tales which were woven in later days -- say a century after his death -- into the so-called Gospels . Essay. But who was Jesus? When did he live? When was he born? Did he ever live in fact? Was he a myth? Nobody really knows. Cultures Sound. There is not one single, definite. Christianity and the Religions Essay.

In today’s society I believe that Christian dialogue with other religious traditions are part of proclaiming the Gospel . Essay Structure Critically Discuss. For instance, weddings are an example of proclaiming the Gospel for the bride and groom and all of essays those who witness and celebrate with the newlyweds. Another example is community. The Lost Gospels In addition to the four synoptic gospels that we all have in our Bibles, there are countless more that have been found and essays yet to be found by archeologists. Some truly are written by church leaders, some were modified by Gnosticism to fit their beliefs, and hearing some should not even. Introduction to the New Testament. 2013 Introduction of the New Testament Summary of introduction to the new testament Louis Berkof by systematically addressing the origin of the Gospel and the Epistles of the New Testament, their content, characteristics, authorship, composition, and canonical significance, Takes on the difficult.

‘The Gospels express the faith of the chinese art essay early Christian communities’ Evaluate this quotation The three Synoptic Gospels of Mark, Luke and Matthew describe events from a similar point of view, but each author has a different purpose. John Mark wrote to give strength to persecuted , Christians. Matthew. ?The Lindisfarne Gospels The Lindisfarne Gospels is essays, a beautifully handwritten and illuminated manuscript. It contains the gospels of Matthew , Mark, Luke , and tennessee essays John and hearing cultures essays sound narrates the life and lessons of Jesus Christ. Login. Also included in essays the manuscript are fifteen elaborately decorated pages. Both the text. A study of the Gospel according to Matthew Introduction - Matthew’s handbook for the church Why did Matthew write his gospel ? John clearly had an evangelistic aim (Jn 20:31), but Matthew wrote his gospel for the church, for those who already follow Jesus. Essay Creativity. It is a teaching gospel , which arranges. Kingdom of God as preached by Jesus, using examples from the parables in the Synoptic Gospels . [pic] Sanders and Davies (1989) make clear that ‘The Synoptic Gospels ’; The Gospels according to Matthew , Mark, and Luke are so similar to each other that, they view Jesus with the same eye (syn-optic).

I found this chapter to be very interesting. From a very young age, I was thought that Matthew , Mark, Luke and John were the authors of the four gospels , and to be honest with you I never really understood that they some were the same and one was different. Whenever I would hear what we classify “The. Abstract Matthew , Mark, Luke , and John remembered many accounts that were very similar while others were very different. They each had a similar purpose and that was to preach about the essays Gospel of Jesus. Essay. They also wanted people to know what occurred during the life and times of Jesus. Comparison. Adding Peter Gospol to Bible/Outline. The gospel of peter should be canonized because the book dates to at least the same time as the current canon; it correlates much of the gospel of Matthew to a fuller extent; and tells full “resurrection story” filling in hearing cultures missing pieces found in everyday use thesis the other four Gospels . The Gospel of Peter dates to.

to do, but he does have a strong sense of his mission. Sound. Kasper and Shillebeeckx’s arguments complement this idea with the evidence they found in the Gospel . The bulk of chinese their arguments are focused mainly upon the disciples’ renditions of the Last Supper. The “examination of the essays final meal with his disciples. The Gospel of Luke is found in the New Testament of the Holy Bible. It is amongst the of women odyssey major Gospels which depict the life and hearing acts of Jesus that include the Gospel of Matthew , the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of John. Despite its name, the Gospel of Luke is not believed to have been written by Luke , the.

Essays Essay # 1 The three major themes of Mark’s Gospel would be faith, discipleship and the Jesus as a faith healer and login healing by hearing cultures, forgiving of sins. Faith is displayed all throughout Mark’s Gospel . For example in “The Healing of a Paralytic” it says “Unable to get near Jesus because of the essay about creativity crowd. Discuss the Proto- Luke theory. Whilst other scholars had previously thought of Mark’s Gospel as the foundation for Luke , B.H. Streeter refutes these views and suggests the opposite. He named this theory ‘Proto- Luke ’, which suggests that while putting together his gospel , Luke wrote an early draft which. Authoritative Testimony in Matthew's Gospel. AUTHORITATIVE TESTIMONY IN MATTHEW’S GOSPEL BINUYO AKINTOYE JOSEPH JANUARY 20TH, 2010. INTRODUCTION Rounding a corner from the traditions transmitted before the Gospels were written to the Gospels themselves. A rich Gospel like Matthew has multiple purposes working at the same time.

But surely. term “ gospel ” essentially means “good message,” or “good news” Over the past couple of weeks in class we have been spending quite a bit of time on the Gospels of the Bible; the books of Matthew , Mark, Luke , and hearing sound John. I attended a Church of critically discuss Christ high school, and hearing essays I remember discussing the ancient art essay Gospels in my. | Matthew | Mark | Luke | WHO wrote this Gospel ? | Tradition ascribes it to the Apostle Matthew | John Mark, a disciple of St Peter | A Syrian (named Luke ) from Antioch who was a physician and friend of St. Paul | WHEN was it written? | Possibly after the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. impossible to build an entire history of Jesus’ life directly from the Bible nor does the Bible detail very much of Jesus’ early life (Fisher, 2005). The gospels feature a great deal of his life from the time he began his ministry and on but they also leave out giant gaps between the time he was born to the. additions to the Hebrew Bible (i.e. the New Testament) are known as the cultures sound gospels of Matthew , Mark, Luke and John. Only Matthew and Luke tell the art essay story of Jesus’ birth.

Compare and contrast the accounts in Matthew 1:18-2:23 and Luke 2:1-40. • Define the term “Christology” and discuss how the Nicene Creed. ?BSF Matthew Lesson #29 3a) Three days after he was crucified on the Sabbath. Mark 16:1 says when the cultures sound Sabbath was over. Luke and everyday John both say the women arrived early on the first day of the week. b) Mary Magdalene and the other Mary. Mark 16:1 says Mary Magdalene, Mary the hearing cultures sound mother of Jesus and.

? Matthew 6:9-21 I. Jesus teaches us how to pray (9-15) A) Honor God and observe his greatness(9) B) Let Earth become heaven(10) 1. May God’s kingdom be realized on earth(10a) 2. Let your requests coincide with God’s wishes (10b) C) May God give us the food we need for today(11) D) Forgiveness(11) . Symbolic Gospels The purpose of this essay will be to login, focus on what Matthews Gospel is about and hearing cultures essays sound then evaluating the biblical and theological significance of the birth narrative of Matthews Gospel and what it says about the agenda of williams that particular Gospel . The infancy narrative of Matthew begins with.