Argument papers on animal testing
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Some people think that using animals for experimentation purpose is cruel, but other people think that is necessary for the
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Business Plan: Presenting Your Plan. Now that you've invested dozens of hours doing research, compiling data, organizing your information and writing it down, it's time to consider how to present your plan to prospective lenders or investors. But first, you may want to take some time to clear your mind. Argument Testing. Let the coursework, plan sit for a few days, then review it with fresh eyes. Better yet, hire a business plan consultant to argument on animal give you a different perspective and offer suggestions for improvement. Once you’re confident that your written plan is in coursework, its final form, you’re ready to figure out how to present it. The Written Business Plan Presentation. The importance of your plan's appearance can't be understated: it's your business's first impression. If your plan looks sloppy, readers may assume that the information it contains is argument papers testing, inaccurate and not well-thought-out and that your business is run carelessly. Include a cover letter to introduce yourself and your plan. A title page and table of contents will show that you are professional and organized and will help the nature essay, reader to locate key information within your plan.
Include subsections in your table of papers on animal testing, contents so that, for nature essay thoreau, example, the reader can easily locate your income statement instead of having to thumb through the entire financial plan section to testing find it. Also, each major section (the financial plan, the marketing and sales plan, etc.) may benefit from a brief summary at edipus essay the beginning that ranges in length from one paragraph to one page, depending on papers, how much material it’s summarizing. Nothing says you have to lay out your plan exactly as described in this tutorial. Fads Essay. While it is important to include all the information we've discussed, you may find, for example, that even though marketing and sales are closely intertwined, you have enough to papers on animal say about each subject that you would rather present them in separate sections. Essay. There is also flexibility in papers on animal testing, the order in which you present your plan, outside of putting the title page, table of edipus essay, contents and executive summary at the beginning, in that order, and the appendix at the very end. Present your information in a logical order, but be aware that financiers are likely to argument on animal testing skip around and read the information in the order that best suits their purposes rather than reading the plan from cover to cover.
One professional you should consider hiring to help finalize your plan is an editor, who will see mistakes that you don't, point out sentences that are unclear and notice sections that are disorganized. An editor will make sure that the essay, tone of your business plan is appropriate – formal, but easy to understand. He or she will also make sure there are no spelling or grammar errors. Argument. Overall, a professional editor will make the plan more readable and make sure your message is presented clearly and concisely. Concise doesn't mean that you have to leave out important details to save space, but that you present all the on law, necessary information in the most efficient way possible. Further, while an outside editor won’t be looking at your plan from the same perspective that an investor or lender would, they will be looking at it with the on animal testing, same lack of thoreau, inside information that those readers will have, which means they will notice the parts of your plan that aren’t explained clearly and help you rewrite them in a way that people who don’t work for your company can understand. Complete the professional editing before the design and layout to make sure the designer isn’t wasting time trying to argument figure out nature how to put material you will later change or cut on the page, then do a final round of proofreading after the editing and design are complete.
Your plan must have a formal layout with consistent formatting. It should use visual aids where appropriate, but any graphics you include must be relevant and professional – think charts, graphs and argument on animal testing, tables presenting pertinent data, and design coursework, photos of your actual business, not stock photos. Hire a professional graphic designer to give your plan a polished look. Papers Testing. (For more, see 4 Steps To Creating A Stellar Business Plan .) Including an appendix section in your business plan allows you to edipus essay supplement the information provided in the main sections. Since you don't want your main sections to be too long or too detailed, the argument on animal testing, appendix is where you should include supporting documents that provide additional details that potential lenders and design coursework, investors will want to see if they decide that your plan has merit. For example, while you should have provided descriptions of your professional background and the professional backgrounds of your management team and key employees in the main document, you should save full resumes for the appendix. Your appendix could also include letters of reference from individuals familiar with your business performance, such as former bosses and high-level co-workers; additional details from your market research; legal documents such as your business license, articles of incorporation, and the lease or purchase agreement for the building you will operate out of, and more.
You might also need the argument papers on animal, most recent two to design coursework three years of on animal, tax returns for each owner if your business is new, or the fads essay, returns for argument papers on animal testing, your business if it is already established. Because of the sensitive data that tax returns contain, you should find out if they are required before you include them. If they are, thoroughly block out Social Security and edipus essay, business tax ID numbers. On Animal. Finally, anything else you think is edipus essay, important enough to be part of the business plan but too cumbersome to include in testing, the main document can go in nature essay thoreau, the appendix. The Oral Business Plan Presentation. Argument Papers On Animal. If you have excelled in putting together your written business plan, you will have a chance to make your case on the phone, by videoconference or in person. You must be thoroughly prepared to make a positive and lasting personal impression and a strong argument for your business. How will you accomplish this?
First, practice your pitch. Even though the and society essay, potential backer should have looked at your business plan by this point, you should still prepare a short summary speech that highlights the points you made in your executive summary. Don't memorize an entire speech; just memorize the outline of what you want to on animal testing say. That way, you will hit all of the and artificial, important points but sound sincere in your delivery. Papers. You may even want to visit a public speaking club such as Toastmasters to practice your speaking and presentation skills ahead of time and get constructive feedback.
Even if you don't want to essays on law intelligence present the plan itself to testing a group of strangers since it may contain proprietary business ideas, getting practice speaking on other topics will still help you. (For more, check out What Is An Entrepreneur's Elevator Pitch? ) Brainstorm questions that the fads essay, person or group you are meeting with is likely to ask you, and prepare answers to those questions. It might help to ask trusted, business-savvy friends to review key parts of your plan as devil's advocates so you can practice and argument testing, be prepared to defend everything in your plan. A common mistake business owners make is to get feedback only from friends and essays, relatives. On Animal. The problem with this approach is that, often, the people who care about you will be inclined to coursework support you or tell you that your ideas are good because they believe in you, don't want to hurt your feelings or don’t know enough about the industry to know if your business idea is viable. On Animal. Even if you have less-sympathetic, brutally honest friends and essays grapes, relatives – even ones who are totally skeptical that your idea has any merit – they may not understand your idea from a business or investment perspective, and thus will not be able to provide the kind of feedback you really need. Know Your Financials. Further, to have a successful business plan presentation, you must thoroughly understand the basic financials included in your plan. Plenty of entrepreneurs didn’t major in finance or get an argument papers testing, MBA, and you don’t need to memorize every detail, but, as the owner, you should understand enough to speak about your own business’s finances intelligently. How much money are you contributing to the business? How much financing are you requesting? What do your projected sales, gross margin and net profit look like for each of the next three years?
If you sell more than one thing, what percentage of total sales will come from each product or service? By when will you be able to repay the loan or implement an design coursework, exit strategy for investors? Bring other members of your management team onto argument testing the call or into edipus essay the meeting to strengthen your presentation and compensate for any weaknesses you may have. For in-person meetings, make sure that you present yourself with a professional and argument papers testing, confident appearance and manner, just like you would for a job interview. Whether you're presenting your business plan in states government, writing or in person, remember that the presentation itself must be engaging or your business, not just your presentation, will seem unappealing. Don't assume that your audience is familiar with your industry or line of business, and on animal, avoid using industry jargon or acronyms. Make your case from the potential lender or investor's perspective; offer a realistic risk and return scenario and one that fits the fads essay, profile of their usual investments. Plan to shop around for argument testing, financing: first, because you may be rejected several times, and essay thoreau, second, because one offer may be more favorable than another.
If you are rejected, and there's a very good chance you will be at papers testing first, don’t assume that your business idea isn't viable. It may be that your business opportunity isn't the right match for that particular investor or lender, or that something is lacking from your plan or your presentation. If you are rejected, set aside your pride and get as much information as possible about why that person wasn't interested so you can fix problems and improve your chances of succeeding at your next pitch. If your business plan is rejected repeatedly, there's probably a good reason for essays grapes of wrath, it. Why don't experienced lenders or investors think your business will succeed? How can you change your business model and argument papers testing, reformulate your plan into something that has greater potential? Would the lender or investor be willing to essays on law and artificial consider an improved version of your proposal at a later date, or are they uninterested no matter what?
Finally, sometimes unfavorable economic conditions will prevent a funding request from getting approved. Don’t be too quick to argument papers testing blame the economy – startups can get funded and grapes of wrath, succeed even during a recession – but consider the papers testing, possibility that your idea might look more appealing in a better economic climate, which means you’ll have to work harder if you want to scale it up right now. Also, sometimes you can borrow with a Small Business Administration loan when you can’t borrow from anyone else. United Government And Society Essay. Traditional lenders fund these loans, but the government guarantees partial repayment if you default to entice lenders to argument on animal testing extend funds to businesses they would otherwise consider too risky. That being said, if the only loan you qualify for is a high-risk loan, ask yourself if your business is really ready to borrow capital or if there are problems that need to be worked out first. (For a different point of view, see Lending From A Loan Officer's Perspective .)
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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to on animal testing keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is united states government essay, used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for testing, a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.
When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the grapes, line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Papers On Animal? Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find.
Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the essays on the grapes, 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.
Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of papers testing, Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.
Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and essays, the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
—. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in on animal testing the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by essays of wrath Peter Gay.
(Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol.
3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. Papers? The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol.
5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . On Law Intelligence? 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.
Bolman, Lee G., and argument on animal testing, Terrence E. Fads Essay? Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.
Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and papers on animal, Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998.
Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . On Law And Artificial Intelligence? Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by papers two editors: Shakespeare, William.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. On The Grapes? Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . Papers On Animal Testing? New York: Putnam, 2002.
Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of edipus essay, Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Argument On Animal Testing? Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and coursework, Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.
Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. Argument Testing? The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on essays, the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the argument papers on animal, Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and essays grapes, Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and papers on animal, Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. Fads Essay? The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and argument papers testing, Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.
Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and states government and society, James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . Argument On Animal Testing? 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. And Artificial? Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Argument Papers On Animal? Advanced Level ESL. Fads Essay? Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989.
5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and on animal testing, Wendy L. United Government And Society? Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and argument papers, Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Edipus Essay? Danger: True Stories of papers on animal, Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to essays and artificial Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.
Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Papers On Animal Testing? Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and essays on law and artificial, Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999.
Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by papers another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998.
8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell.
New York: Harper, 2001. States Government Essay? 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.
211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of on animal, People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.
Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and edipus essay, Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct.
2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star.
25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required.
Where a journal or magazine is argument papers on animal testing, a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Essays And Artificial Intelligence? Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London]
Cohen, Stephen S., and papers testing, J. Bradford DeLong. Essay Thoreau? “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Papers Testing? “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News.
Hewitt, Ben. United And Society Essay? “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan.
2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.
2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud,
Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Papers? “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40.
Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Design Coursework? Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5.
Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.
GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).
Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77.
Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. On Animal Testing? “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed.
Harold Bloom. Grapes? New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of argument on animal, Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. Essays On The Grapes? National.
Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. Argument Papers Testing? 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. Government And Society Essay? 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of argument papers on animal, Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18.
CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in edipus essay the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . Papers On Animal Testing? CD-ROM. Design? Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.
DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. Argument Papers On Animal Testing? 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . Fads Essay? CD-ROM.
Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. Papers Testing? BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. Coursework? “Can U.S. Argument Papers On Animal? Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065.
When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the fads essay, number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed.
1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. Papers On Animal Testing? (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). United Government? A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the argument papers, title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.
Based on thoreau, book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by papers testing Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir.
Robert Luketic. Writ. Fads Essay? Anya Kochoff. Argument Papers On Animal Testing? Prod. Essays Of Wrath? Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Papers? Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. Coursework? New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. On Animal? Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. On Law? Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. Argument Papers On Animal? James Cameron. Prod. Essay? Jon Landau. Argument On Animal? Twentieth.
Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Essays On Law? Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is papers on animal testing, stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of fads essay, publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in papers testing Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the and society essay, term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . Argument On Animal? PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an essays on the grapes Internet citation:
2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is argument papers testing, made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. Grapes Of Wrath? if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title.
Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at papers testing the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is government essay, made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and argument testing, be treated differently by some browsers. Edipus Essay? Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for argument testing, readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM.
Advertisement. Edipus Essay? 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for argument papers on animal testing, an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:
Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of essays on law and artificial, Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005.
Machado, Victoria, and argument papers, George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. Thoreau? 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the argument, library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. States? 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. Testing? “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”.
Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Essay Thoreau? Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from argument papers accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. Design Coursework? 2003. eLibrary Canada.
10 Apr. Argument Papers? 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. United States? Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . Argument Papers Testing? 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. United And Society? 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . Argument Testing? 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. Design? 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and argument papers testing, Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/
Lee , Lawrence. Essays Of Wrath? Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. Argument Papers On Animal? 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. Fads Essay? State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. On Animal Testing? 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer.
E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. Essays Grapes? 8 Sept. 2005.
PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is argument testing, Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Essays And Artificial Intelligence? Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Argument Papers Testing? 1998. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and edipus essay, Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. Argument Papers Testing? 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.
2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. Edipus Essay? 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.
j. Argument Papers Testing? Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org.
O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. Essays On The Of Wrath? 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.
13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. Argument On Animal? 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001.
Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. Edipus Essay? The Middle East Media and.
Research Institute. Argument Papers Testing? 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov.
1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct.
2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Fads Essay? Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Testing? Interview. Prime Minister’s Office.
31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. States Government Essay? 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Argument Papers On Animal Testing? Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of essays intelligence, speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of argument papers on animal, Houston. Coursework? 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial.
Maclean’s 26 Aug. Argument Testing? 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Nature? Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter.
New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to argument the author. 15 June 2005.
Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Argument Papers On Animal? Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map.
2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. United? 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and argument papers on animal testing, key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.
Strauss, Richard. Essays On The Grapes? Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.
3) Date composition written. Argument On Animal? 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax.
Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Design Coursework? Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to on animal testing the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. Design Coursework? London: Harris, 1933. 29.
Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. Argument Testing? 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. On Law And Artificial? The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Papers On Animal? Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique.
Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Fads Essay? Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist.
2) Underline title of artwork. Papers? 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. Coursework? 8) Place of on animal testing, publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984.
National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Fads Essay? Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929].
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W.
Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. On Animal? 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Favorite Old Master Paintings from the coursework, Louvre Museum . On Animal Testing? New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. Essays Grapes? David . Papers On Animal Testing? 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere.
New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Essays On The Grapes? Louis, MO. A Basic History of on animal, Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Fads Essay? Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi.
Chapel of St. John the Baptist . Argument Papers? 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Nature Thoreau? Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Papers? Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph.
3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Nature Thoreau? Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Argument Papers On Animal Testing? Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of essays grapes of wrath, patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice.
Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Argument Testing? Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. And Society Essay? Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.
The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and argument papers testing, Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.
Phantom of the Opera . Essays Of Wrath? By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China.
Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network.
5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . On Animal? By Ted Woloshyn. Grapes Of Wrath? CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Argument Papers? Prod. Fads Essay? Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct.
2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . Papers Testing? WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . Intelligence? CBC, Toronto.
16 Oct. 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. Argument On Animal Testing? On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. Essay? 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. Argument On Animal? 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined).
4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of nature essay, publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by.
The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Papers Testing? Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Design Coursework? Don and Catherine Robertson.
Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.
1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. Argument Papers Testing? [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Fads Essay? Prod. Papers On Animal? Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and edipus essay, 770E . Diskette.
Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. On Animal? Living the states essay, 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. On Animal? New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Grapes Of Wrath? Cassette tape recording from papers on animal album Far Out . Vancouver:
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:
New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Essays On Law? Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Papers Testing? Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005.
The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Of Wrath? Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005.
Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Argument? Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS.
Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in united and society essay Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. On Animal? Hampshire College, 1995.
Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of essays on the, Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Resume Aesthetics: Fonts, Margins, and Paper Selection Guidelines. While many of the resources at Resume Genius focus largely around the core principals of resume writing in papers terms of on-page content, this particular guide focuses solely on the visual aesthetics of the resume as a whole, from the best choice for essays on the grapes of wrath, font style and argument testing size to design coursework optimal paper shades and argument papers textures, everything is covered. While generally regarded as supplementary, visual aesthetics have the essays potential to be much more than just a supplement, especially when the difference between standing out amongst other competitive applicants can be by just the smallest of measures. Next, we give a comprehensive look at the three primary areas that comprise a standard resume (both reverse chronological and combination styles) and which deserve the most attention when writing your resume. The shape of a resume refers to the impact its overall look has on on animal the reader without taking into account the meaning or significance of the of wrath text printed on said page. The shape of the resume is the very first thing to make an impact upon testing the reader , as it is the first thing the brain processes before having the time to read the text or recognize the name or appreciate the on law and artificial intelligence paper. Being the first thing the reader subconsciously processes the shape of a resume is quite important. The first aspect to consider when analyzing shape is the proportion of the argument papers on animal testing page margins.
Having standardized margins guarantees a resume that won’t stand out and is the safest choice for 95% of resume writers. 1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for job applicants without much experience. Margins can vary by tenths of fads essay a point and still be acceptable, however it may be difficult for the amateur resume writer to really understand what is “acceptable” in the industry, and thus sticking to a standardized margin is recommended. 1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for job applicants without much experience as 1” margins are the largest allowed on resumes and will help make the testing typed text seem lengthier than it is. Resume Genius’ resume maker actually utilizes precise .63” margins, as Resume Genius experts feel that .63” strikes the perfect harmonious balance between making the text appear broader, and “fuller” than larger margins of 1” which create slightly too much white space. It should be noted that the proportion of “white space” is a constant measurement of a resumes shape, as too much white space (blank space) on the page makes a resume seem lacking and appear barren, while too little white space makes a resume feel cramped and too busy.
Going any lower than .5” margins on your resume is not advisable because it often leaves the hiring manager feeling claustrophobic. As with margins, the length of united and society a resume is on animal testing, a critical formatting factor that has a large impact in the overall aesthetic of the document and thus is consequential enough to give considerable consideration. Also like margins, the perfect resume length is a hotly contested subject within the resume writing community. There are few general rules of thumb however to help you determine what length is most appropriate for you. Alignment of resumes is a pretty straightforward process as they are almost always left alighted , as this is united states government essay, how most in the western world read text.
Headings, experience bullet points, educational information and papers additional skills will all be left aligned. Contact details and applicant names will be center aligned 90% of the time , however some special styles will left alight the contact information. There are special areas of the resume however that can be center aligned under the right circumstances outside of contact information. The resume’s introduction is also sometimes centered. Choosing to do so is a matter of personal taste and both perfectly acceptable. 2. Aesthetics: Fonts Font Size, Lines, Symbols, and Colors. Determining the most appropriate font style for a resume can be a difficult task for the applicant with an untrained eye.
There are thousands of fads essay different styles of papers testing fonts, but only fads essay a few that are appropriate for professional documents such as cover letters, resumes and thank you letters. Before choosing a particular style applicants must first choose between two worlds, that of serif and sans serif fonts. Serif fonts have small lines attached to the ends of the letters. Argument Papers. This is coursework, most commonly used in word processing or other non-traditional forms of typesetting. Sans Serif, “Sans” being French for “without” is lettering that does not include small lines or hooks at the end of each letter. Choosing between one or another is a matter of personal preference and no one font can be said to be definitely better than another. Like colors, personal preference plays a large role, and argument on animal testing since guessing a HR’s personal preference is essays, impossible choosing a personal favorite is argument on animal testing, perfectly acceptable. For a crisper font at smaller sizes it is advisable to browse less stylized Sans Serif fonts. Times Roman fonts have been used the design coursework most, however the smaller the font size the harder these become to read because of their artistic Serif nature. Bookman Old Style Georgia Times Roman Times New Roman. Arial Avenir Calibri Helvetica Veranda.
Styles vary so much that one may look horrible at papers, 10.5 while another font looks best at 10.5 and too bloated at 11.5. Many applicants may be surprised to learn that there is no one single correct resume font size. There are “safe bets” like 11pt font that should look aesthetically pleasing in many different styles, however this is a very one-size-fits all approach to what is design coursework, a very delicate process. Resume writing is not an approximate art but instead a precise operation, and papers testing the more attention given to precision the better the nature thoreau final product. Your resume font size should actually be linked directly to font style. On Animal. Styles vary so much that one style may look horrible and nearly unreadable at 10.5 while another font looks best at 10.5 and too bloated at 11.5. Grapes. To achieve a perfect balance first select a desired font style, then adjust it’s size accordingly, using one –tenth of a decimal place to fine tune the final size. See how the style makes the type look much different even though they are the same size? Do not make the mistake of letting page length dictate font size. If an applicant’s resume is just exceeding one page by on animal, a few words or a sentence try fitting to one page by first choosing synonyms or rewriting sentences to nature essay thoreau make them shorter and more succinct. Only after an applicant has exhausted their ability to shorten their resume with language should they turn to minor margin and font size and style adjustments.
Just remember, don’t sacrifice overall aesthetic quality with the single-minded goal of fitting to one page. A resume is valued for the sum of all parts, not just its length . Beyond just margins and font selection the argument on animal overall shape of a resume can also be greatly influenced by the subtle and essays on law intelligence strategic use of lines and bullet points. These are the only two non-alphanumerical symbols allowed on a professional resume, as elements such as clipart; word art, smiley faces or even diamonds are simply not acceptable. Lines break up a page and stop the eye from argument papers, reading further momentarily , allowing the brain to process the just read information for a fraction of united states government and society essay a second longer should there have never existed a break line in the first place. Such break lines can be inserted into papers, a resume after a career objective or summary of thoreau qualifications for argument papers, example to states and society essay emphasize the statement above.
Break lines can also be used to separate special titles or unique sections like key skills if writing a functional or combination style resume. Only use lines sparingly, as too many will break up the page into argument, too many pieces and obstruct the readers eye from moving fluidly from section to section, ultimately frustrating the reader. Symbols may only be used in fads essay the form of bullet points or spacers. The most common symbol used is the traditional bullet point, which consists of a small black dot. This is the preferred form of papers testing using bullet points, and is the safest choice. Those applicants who are a little more unconventional in their style could perhaps consider an essays on law, alternative bullet shape such as a small black square, but this is about as big of a deviation as is papers on animal, acceptable. Essentially, applicants are to choose between a bowtie or a tie , both communicating a similar message. Only use one style on nature thoreau a resume, never mix and argument papers match circle and square bullet points horribly ugly travesty. Resumes are traditionally written in black, as it is the most widely accepted, safest and and artificial intelligence conservative approach. Resumes can however make use of subtle additions of argument testing color throughout to help them stand out in a stack of nearly identical black and united states and society essay white documents.
Here are a few examples of how you can use color on your resume. If an papers, applicant does choose to use color it should be a primary color and it should be muted, no bright neon or zany variations. Simple and subtle reigns supreme in the resume world. The key with color in resumes is retaining the focus on the experiences, achievements and skills in the words rather than moving focus to colors. Colors on resumes are meant to assist the states and society communication of the information, not detract or take away from its central importance. Resume paper selection is an important aspect of the presentation of a completed resume.
First priorities must always remain focused on the quality of writing, makings sure every sentence, every word is chosen for argument papers on animal, a purpose and grapes is the best possible choice. After the content of a resume, next in papers importance comes the formatting, the margins, the fonts and the spacing. United. Finally, with a completed product in on animal hand, it’s time to print and distribute. Of Wrath. This is where paper comes into papers on animal, play. Not sure which kind of fads essay paper is best for argument papers testing, you? Check out edipus essay our resume paper comparison where we rate the testing top 7 styles that you can buy. White paper is the traditional color choice for resumes written by amateurs and professionals alike. White takes away nothing from the edipus essay words on the page but doesn’t contribute anything either. White is traditional and a safe choice for resumes of all career levels and for papers testing, all different industries. Colored paper has been a quick way to fads essay add style to any resume for testing, years now, as next to a bunch of true white documents a slightly yellowed or “cream” hued resume will instantly stand out without being obnoxious. While this isn’t the design conservative approach, it is by on animal testing, no means “radical” and thus a fair option for anyone who feels their resume may need a boost in standing out amongst others for a highly competitive position.
A common resume paper weight in essays of wrath office and home printers is about 20lbs bond. This is acceptable for a resume however for such an argument papers, important document it may be worth spending a little extra money for of wrath, 24-25lb bond weight paper, as this is just slightly weightier and feels better in the hand. Anything exceeding 25lb bond weight is bordering on excessive. Our experts find that 24-25lbs bond is the sweet spot for resume paper weight. Paper texture is determined by its composition and argument papers on animal testing the press used to manufacture it. Some premium papers are pressed with very subtle crosshatching while others have even less noticeable imperfections pressed upon them to give them a unique feel to the touch. Look for a well-weighted paper, with texture or not, with at least 25% cotton composition. The more cotton the stronger the essay thoreau paper and crisper it feels.
Many colored and textured papers are already manufactured as “premium” and will thus have a cotton fiber percentage of 50-100%, resulting in a very impressive document. All resume paper should be 8.5” X 11”; there are NO EXCEPTIONS to this rule. 8.5” X 11” is the size that filing units are built to contain, the size scanners are by default set to process, and the size common manila envelopes are made to contain, so it is highly inadvisable to print paper any smaller or larger. By taking into consideration all of the papers on animal above guidelines, any job applicant can write a perfect resume sure to be impressive to even the most critical of human resources managers. Don’t want to go through the nature hassle of argument papers on animal testing creating your own resume? We encourage you to essays use our resume builder here, which will format your resume into one of our 8 battle tested templates, which have been proven to argument papers on animal testing land more interviews.
We also invite you to download those resume templates for free, and insert the bullet point yourself. And Artificial. If you’re having trouble coming up with bullet points, take inspiration from our numerous industry resume samples and writing tips. Additional Resume Aesthetic Resources. What a well written comprehensive piece! Thank you so very much! We are glad that you found it helpful! Glad you like it! very informative…. Thanks a lot. You’re Welcome! We like Bookman Old Style the most.
This is very helpful. Thank you. #128578; Share Resume Aesthetics: Fonts, Margins, and Paper Selection Guidelines Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to argument papers on animal testing help you land more interviews in fads essay today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF.
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5 surprising secrets of a killer McKinsey resume. Haven#8217;t you always wondered what a McKinsey resume looks like? Today, we have for you a post on the 5 things you should know about argument papers testing, submitting your resume to and artificial, McKinsey. After the rave reviews we received from our McKinsey firm profile, we decided to give you even more insight on the world#8217;s top consulting firm this time letting you in on the secrets of what it takes to make it past the resume screen at McKinsey. Now, there are the standard set of on animal testing, rules for your consulting resume that apply for any firm a results-oriented resume, formatting consistency, using proactive language, quantifying competitive accomplishments, providing context for key activities, etc. and you can get more on those in our Resume Cover Letter Bible. These 5 tips below, however, are focused specifically on McKinsey . So for edipus essay, all of you McKinseyite wannabes, this one#8217;s for you! June is argument on animal testing resume month at MC, and as such, we focus all of united and society, our posts on that same topic consulting resumes.
This year we also honored resume month with our 2nd annual free resume review giveaway which filled up in less than 9 minutes! 50 lucky MC subscribers received a free resume review , and the 300+ more who didn#8217;t make the 50-person cut-off received a private discount code to use for resume editing services. We#8217;ll be sending out another special this month, so check back often, follow us on Facebook, or subscribe to on animal, our mailing list to stay tuned. Here are the 5 things you should know about submitting your resume to McKinsey. Fads Essay. 1. A Harvard business degree isn#8217;t enough. McKinsey hires the best of Harvard#8217;s best, so just being from Harvard isn#8217;t good enough. We#8217;re talking about the most prestigious consulting firm in the world here so a regular ol#8217; degree from Stanford or INSEAD isn#8217;t sufficient to on animal testing, get you to the interview round. The competition at fads essay, McKinsey is more than stiff it#8217;s almost impossible.
Without prestigious leadership experience on your resume e.g., if your highest achievement is papers on animal Student Body Treasurer or you made the Dean#8217;s list 50% of the time don#8217;t even bother applying. Your family may be gushing with pride over your accomplishments, but you won#8217;t make it past the edipus essay, firm#8217;s resume screen. Significant achievements that will get you considered are things like President of your Consulting Club, Founder of a company, a summer internship at a brand-name firm, inventor of a new surgical technology, or a Ph.D. in some cutting edge and radical new research. A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an influencer the argument papers, next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, or Arianna Huffington with a variety of interests that make you uniquely and nature essay powerfully you. You#8217;re Type A, polished, and a winner when you run, you#8217;re elected; when you compete, you win.
Does this sound like the papers on animal, type of experience you have? If so, you#8217;ve got a good chance. If not, either start obtaining it or consider back-up options. 2. Don#8217;t use the McKinsey buzzwords, DEMONSTRATE them. McKinsey buzzwords include structure , credibility , and edipus essay credentials. Don#8217;t use these terms on your resume a McKinsey recruiter will see right through that. Anyone can say they#8217;re great at using structure to solve problems. You#8217;re much better off giving an example that presents the problem, briefly explains how you approached it, and on animal testing what the results were.
Your resume should give clear, concise examples that demonstrate each of these McKinsey qualities. Structure Weave a story that presents a problem you faced, the structured approach you took to design, solving it including breaking the argument on animal testing, problem into its component parts, and united states the positive results you achieved. Papers On Animal. On the job, you will rely on united and society best practice work (i.e., the same report, but for argument testing, a different company or industry) to fads essay, get the papers, job done so if you can show you#8217;ve done this before, you#8217;re golden. Credibility An internship with McKinsey is going to be the best credibility you can offer , however, internships or work experience at Fortune 500 firms will work in your favor too. Other non-profit experiences can additionally give you an up, like a term with Teach for America, as long as that#8217;s not all you#8217;ve done (otherwise, the sudden interest in business might be suspect). Basically, anything you can include on your resume that shows you went through a rigorous selection process and on the grapes of wrath came out on top is argument going to and artificial, win you points with a McKinsey recruiter. Credentials A McKinsey candidate will have graduated from a top international school with Honors, received a Rhodes or Fulbright Scholarship, won an Olympic gold medal, or wrote speeches for the President. Your credentials must be seriously impressive to be considered McKinsey-worthy, so include the most prestigious scholarships, merit awards, and testing industry accolades that you can on your resume. 3. McKinsey staffs globally, so show them you#8217;re ready to go global.
Under McKinsey#8217;s global staffing model, you’ll work on project engagements with 5-6 member teams pulled from fads essay, locations around the argument papers on animal, world. Essays On The Of Wrath. Even if a client doesn#8217;t demand your presence on-site, you#8217;ll need to fly to on animal testing, connect with your team. On Law. That means you#8217;ll be traveling 100% of the time. What does this mean for your resume? Well, an internship with Deutsche Bank in Germany paired with an economics study abroad program in Argentina is going to convey your ability to get along with multi-national teams, handle living/working in another country, and demonstrate maturity traveling/living on argument papers testing your own. This isn#8217;t necessarily a make or break for nature essay thoreau, your application, but it will definitely have a positive influence on the review team.
I started my first consulting firm while I was living in South Africa, and it was focused on argument papers on animal Corporate Social Responsibility. I worked with international governments, local South African bureaucrats, and multinational company#8217;s business leaders to implement and measure the impact of business-focused programs. Yes, I had top grades from a great school and had won awards while there#8230;but it was my international experience on top of nature, all that that put me on McKinsey#8217;s radar as an experienced hire. A resume that includes language skills and international experience e.g., study/work abroad, international competitions, globetrotting, etc. will get you that much closer to a McKinsey interview slot as long as there is a consistent theme of excellence. 4. A well-structured, black-and-white 1-page resume is argument on animal testing what McKinsey recruiters are looking for. Essay. Don#8217;t get creative on your resume. Stick with a very basic, black-and-white presentation that tells your story with context and impact. Rely on your pedigree, internships, and relevant work experience to provide the impact you want not on too-frequently bolded fonts, excessive titles in italics , or confusing formatting choices. You#8217;re going to be representing a highly-established firm with Fortune 500 C-level executives, the majority of whom are older and probably more conservative than you. Everything from your attire to your resume must reflect that you know and argument papers on animal appreciate what that means.
McKinsey wants you to be highly intelligent, yet predictable. Creativity on your resume is appreciated, but only in of wrath terms of what you#8217;re presenting your experience, etc. not in how you present it. One key exception McKinsey does accept longer resumes/CVs outside the U.S. The absolute maximum, however, is 2 pages, and you should have at least 5 years of professional work experience if you#8217;re going to justify having a longer presentation of your education and argument papers on animal experience. Most that we see in on law and artificial the 3-5 page range are stocked with 50% nonsense and fluff, so we bring out the axe and pare it down to argument papers on animal, essentials. McKinsey has a subject matter expert track and a generalist track , and versus its Bain and BCG counterparts moves consultants into specific practices early on, such as logistics or HR.
Because McKinsey hires candidates into specific areas of coursework, expertise, the firm is more open to considering applications from candidates who#8217;ve chosen not to go the typical MBA route. In fact, more than 50% of McKinsey consultants don#8217;t have a graduate degree in business. If your education and/or work experience is #8220;outside the norm,#8221; don#8217;t be afraid to highlight that on your resume. Here#8217;s another tip if you do have a specialization outside of business, research McKinsey#8217;s Insight weekend a swanky, 2 day informational conference for argument papers on animal testing, hot target prospective consultants, held at a Ritz Carlton near you. Having been accepted to united government and society, one of these events is almost as strong as having a McKinsey internship on your resume . It shows you#8217;ve already been vetted, moving you one step closer to the inner circle. Pretty sure that you don#8217;t have McKinsey credentials yet? Let#8217;s talk about your next steps here. Should you blindly apply and hope for argument papers on animal testing, the best, or send them some tragic sob story explaining why your grades are so terrible?
Should you give up completely? If you#8217;re really serious about consulting, get strategic about your application to McKinsey and take a long-term view. Essays Of Wrath. Don#8217;t have brand-name experience on your resume? Get some. Don#8217;t have a top degree?
Go back to argument testing, school. Coursework. Didn#8217;t win an award? Try harder, build a magical company, or get creative in your free time. Remember, McKinsey consultants aren#8217;t born they are made. So get started on the tasks that will make you an incredible asset to an already incredible firm! We hope you enjoyed these insights into your consulting resume for McKinsey.
Stay tuned for our next post on how MBB recruiters read consulting resumes. Papers On Animal. Best of luck! The arrogance displayed in this article is edipus essay a big reason why people go to work for BCG or Bain instead. Clients hate it too. Seriously, tone it down. You may have a few gold medalists, but most are not. I was a top-tier consultant for 10 years, and this post reminds me why I#8217;m glad I left.
Thinking you are the best and actually being it are two different things. I get the feeling, McK specializes on the thinking part. #8220;A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an argument papers, influencer – the coursework, next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg#8221; WHY WOULD MARK ZUCKERBERG WORK FOR MCKINSEY WHEN HE CAN BUY IT? This translates to, why would the argument papers, next Zuckerburg work for McKinsey when they can open up their own business and make far more money and become far more credible. United Government And Society Essay. Having worked for testing, a big Top 10 firm in the past, the biggest problem I noticed was the sheer arrogance and fads essay sense of entitlement that seemed to permeate virtually everything the organization did and stood for. It didn#8217;t give a rat#8217;s a$$ about its clients. The only thing that seemed to matter was making equity associate or partner and pushing billables past Pluto#8217;s orbit. Yes, we can see why this article is slanted. While the intent of the article seems to help candidates looking at McKinsey.
I doubt it will do that. The article portrays the firms consultants so high that it is difficult for most aspirants to papers on animal testing, reach there, infact it may turn them away from a consulting job. The article creates a sense of government and society essay, dispair #8220;I am not as good as this#8221; feeling. Being a current consultant and one with a Harvard degree, I do not want to argument papers testing, work in a culture like this. But, any aspirant should look at McKinsey#8217;s website and study their resources and employee interviews, which are organized by role and geography. The tone of the essays, website is more #8216;humble#8217; than this article. Argument Papers On Animal. This article is laugh out loud nonsense! I do not see any one taking credit for this #8220;gem#8221; wonder why the author will not share their #8220;credentials#8221; and design #8220;credibility#8221;?!
I agree with the comments below: tone and content of this article is silly posturing and testing offensive drivel. Author sounds like he/she is essay a Gordon Gekko groupie with no practical experience. Big 4/McKinsey/BCG/Bain clients pay a great deal of money for consulting services from the #8220;best of the argument testing, best#8221;. Design Coursework. Clients put their faith in us and papers testing value our experience because we deliver results period. Posturing, arrogance and salivating over nature essay, a conference at the Ritz Carlton are career limiting values, indicative of an amateur who will never be successful as a consultant.
I have won many clients and engagements after a client has fired a consultant/firm. Argument. Their biggest complaint? The consultant was #8220;all talk, full of themselves and never delivered#8221;. This is disgraceful given the edipus essay, amount of papers testing, money and trust clients put into their consulting partners. On Law And Artificial Intelligence. The key to a long, successful career in consulting is argument on animal testing simple: treat your clients with respect, deliver on your promises. As always, consultants glorifying McKinsey.
I know many undergrads who partied their way through college with a liberal arts major, and are still working at edipus essay, McKinsey. Consulting is for people who (a) have no idea what they want to do with their lives or (b) are smart but unskilled laborers. Can#8217;t wait for the Elon#8217;s and Mark#8217;s of the world to aggregate the quants and build the data science teams that put McKinsey out of business. When you#8217;ve been spied on by people who did have this resume, you do tend to suspect that you#8217;ve got things they#8217;ve not got. Papers On Animal Testing. It tells you that McKinsey doesn#8217;t have the fads essay, best inside the firm, so it has to steal it from outside the firm. Testing. You don#8217;t reach that level by essays on law following a production line approach, you do so by going where no-one has gone before. Papers On Animal Testing. And anyone who knows anything about that, knows that sometimes you#8217;ll succeed, and sometimes, you#8217;ll fail. Because Mckinsey is intolerant of any failure, it should have no credibility in edipus essay the fields of entrepreneurship, risk capital, top-down reinvention of testing, a firm or anything which actually involves risk taking.
It should have no credibility in revolutionising anything. Steve Jobs would spit on fads essay what is written here by McKinsey. He won big but he also failed. He was worth more than the entire Senior Partners of Mckinsey. By a long way. What McKinsey wants are what Hollywood calls: #8216;Close, but no cigar#8217; types of people.
Dull worthies who never made a mistake because they never took a risk of any significant magnitude. Argument Papers On Animal Testing. That#8217;s fine but it#8217;s about time that this myth was blown out on law, of the water. Argument Papers On Animal Testing. Rhodes/Fulbright Scholars are spies recruited to spy. They are not revolutionaries. The most important and true thing in that article is that Mckinsey people are OCD. Essays On Law And Artificial. If they haven#8217;t realised that working for testing, an OCD is the most destructive concept for any self-motivated, graduate-level revolutionary thinker, they failed Consulting 101. OCDs should be running surgical theatres, they should be managing mission-critical aspects of space programs, they should be writing computer code. They should coaching sports folks where attention to details and thoreau marginal gains are imperative.
They should not be managing creative people, revolutionary people, emancipated people. They destroy people like that through jealousy, enmity, thuggery, power games and destructive vindictiveness. OCDs are OCDs because they are too scared to face their own inner demons. That#8217;s why they are OCDs. The day they overcome their inner demons is the testing, day that their OCD propensities will disappear.
Now I hope this helps people understand the edipus essay, truth about Mckinsey because you#8217;ll never get it out of argument on animal, them in 100 years. Oh, and remember when you go to interview: they#8217;ll have bugged the room so don#8217;t get up to essay thoreau, anything naughty. Papers. You#8217;re supposed to be a married-for-life monogamous boring stuffed shirt. Unless they are sucking up to President Bill Clinton of on the, course, who can do whatever the heck he wants#8230;#8230;and frequently did. If you fought in argument on animal testing Bosnia and can see through the interview dynamics, go work somewhere else.
Admiring 23 year olds from nature essay thoreau, Oxbridge fit in much better. Argument On Animal Testing. haha. wow you guys are getting totally destroyed in united states and society essay the comments below#8230; not a bad article fwiw but I do agree there#8217;s an arrogance about consulting + the papers on animal, world in general that#8217;s perpetuated by the author#8217;s way of thinking.
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Argumentative Essay: We Must Eliminate Animal Testing
Essay on the Early Warning Scoring System (EWS) The Early Warning Scoring System (EWS) was developed by argument papers on animal Morgan et al in 1997 with the aim of design coursework providing a simple scoring system which could be readily applied by nurses and doctors to help identify patients developing critical illness.’Early warning scores have been developed to facilitate early detection of papers on animal testing deterioration by categorising the patient’s severity of fads essay illness and prompting nursing staff to papers testing, request a medical review at specific trigger points utilising structured communication tools whilst following a definitive escalation plan’.(Mitchell IA, McKay H, Van Leuvan C, et al. 2010). The observations in this scoring system should include six simple physiological factors; heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature, systolic blood pressure, oxygen saturations, level of consciousness. The use of early warning tools has been recommended by the Critical Care Outreach report published in 2003 and essays and artificial, later advocated in the National Institute in Clinical Excellence (NICE)Clinical guidance 50 ‘Acutely ill hospital patient’ suggesting these tools enhance equity in on animal care by ensuring timely recognition of all patients with potential or established critical illness and on law and artificial, their treatment by individuals with appropriate skills, knowledge and experience to treat the patient effectively. The purposes of the EWS are to ensure to assess the on animal testing patients accurately with the clinical parameters which should be followed by calculating accurately and documenting the changes of essays grapes of wrath EWS on the observation chart. Accurate communication is necessary to escalate the patient deterioration.
Timely and appropriate intervention should be carried out following protocol will minimise the risk, improve patient safety and experience, it also important to record the papers testing response to the changes of EWS in patient documents. Aim and Importance of edipus essay monitoring Early Warning Score. ‘The Department of Health (DH) has recommended the use of early warning systems as best practice for clinical observations since the publication of Comprehensive Critical Care'(DH 2000). National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD 2005) further approved this recommendation to testing, emphasise that every inpatient should have an early warning score recorded. NICE (2007) stated: ‘Staff caring for patients in acute hospital settings should have competencies in monitoring, measurement, interpretation and prompt response to essay thoreau, the acutely ill patient and they should be assessed to ensure that they can demonstrate them.’ The EWS should be calculated as part of initial and ongoing vital signs assessment and to be connected with appropriate communication between medical, nursing and other health professional staff. The main aim of argument papers on animal EWS is to achieve appropriate and adequate medical review. ‘A consensus on acceptable physiological parameters for an individual patient and provide a monitoring plan that will prompt medical review where required’ (NICE 2007).’ Early Warning Scores are the grapes signal for acute deterioration in clinical condition'(Gao 2007). Argument Papers? The policy and guidelines are modified to essay thoreau, create a standardized approach to the assessment and recording of vital signs to assure timely and prompt intervention when patients require medical intervention. Early recognition of critically ill patients can improve patient safety and on animal testing, may even lower hospital mortality (Godhill 1999). In order to identify the critically ill, many scoring systems have been developed (Gao 2007). These scores use periodic observation of physical signs, including vital signs, carried out by nursing staff. These parameters are used to essays on the of wrath, calculate score, and a response is papers, required if the predefined threshold is on law intelligence, exceeded.
Catastrophic deterioration of patients is frequently preceded by documented deterioration of physiological parameters (Sax 1987]. Failure of clinical staff to respond to deterioration of physiological function and to increase levels of argument on animal testing medical intervention will put patients at risk of cardio-respiratory arrest. The physiological variables which can be assisted clinically remain the fast and the simplest way for patient evaluation. ‘The modified early warning Score (MEWS) is a physiological scoring system that can be used as a useful screening tool to predict the high risk patients who have high probability to develop cardio respiratory arrest among the critically ill patients”.(Carberry 2002). ‘The National early warning score (NEWS) provides the edipus essay basis for a unified and argument papers, systematic approach to first assessment of acutely ill patients and a simple track and trigger system for fads essay monitoring clinical progress for testing all patients in hospitals’ (RCP 2012). Coursework? Improving patient safety has been in focus in the recent decades, a goal that can only be accomplished through systematic change. One organized approach is the Rapid Response System (RRS), an effort to bring intensive care knowledge outside the argument on animal testing walls of the unit. It bridges across specialties and hierarchies and aims to centre care on the deteriorating patient before irreversible harm occurs. The implementation of an RRS is an evolution that reinforces the importance of paying attention to basic vital signs, a system that empowers the staff with direct access to critical care expertise and reduces the cardiac arrest and edipus essay, hospital mortality. Severe sepsis was the condition more identified by this system It may sound simple but is in fact a complex intervention, acting on many levels in the hospital structure. Normal vital signs change with age, sex, weight, exercise tolerance, and on animal testing, overall health.
Hospital structures need to be developed to provide systematic approaches to find and essays on law and artificial, treat deteriorating ward patients before their condition becomes irreversible. ‘A standardised early warning scoring system(SEWS)improved the documentation of a range of physiological parameters'(RCP 2012). Failure to rescue. ‘Failure to rescue’ is the inadequate or delayed response to clinical deterioration in hospitalized patients. Rapid response systems are a set of hospital-wide interventions that attempt to reduce failure to rescue by improving patient monitoring on general wards and the reliability of the response to deterioration by a dedicated Critical Care Outreach Team, Rapid Response Team or Medical Emergency Team. The reliability of such systems depends on the faultless functioning of a ‘chain of survival'(Smith 2010) consisting of high-quality recording of vital signs, the education and argument papers, mind-set of staff at the bedside to recognize pathological patterns, the reporting of abnormality to the efferent team, a timely and appropriate response by the latter.
Repeated feedback loops are crucial for coursework an effective functioning of the chain (Subbe and Welch 2013).Repeating effective feedback loops can avoid ‘Failure to rescue”. Standardisation is the friend of patient safety. National Early Warning Score does not indicate many of the underlying system failures. It is clearly documented that the argument papers inaccurate assignation of individual vital sign parameters to design coursework, the correct EWS weighing group and the calculation of the total EWS is prone to significant error. Some of the Class room studies showed that EWS models based on five physiological parameters, around 40% of scores were inaccurately calculated which was most commonly underestimating the patient’s risk level. The proposed NEWS scoring system, using all seven parameters, it is likely to be even more calculation errors will happen if it is done manually. Argument Papers On Animal? Accidents and errors happen in all areas of united states essay life. Ann McGinley states that introducing a NEWS system will lead to an increased workload on critical care outreach teams as they one of the argument papers chain of of wrath survivors.
However, using effective early warning systems will help to argument on animal, avoid ‘failure to rescue’ scenarios and also reduce the need for escalation of care into critical care areas. These early interventions have the essays of wrath capability to reduce hospital stay of the patient, reduce morbidity, increase patient survival. The NEWS is based on the VitalPAC Early Warning Score (ViEWS), which is already started using in the UK. The RCP Working Group did not consider the handheld devices such as iPad touches, which may improve the management of this vulnerable group of patients. Argument Testing? These devices can schedule, capture, alert and fads essay, accurately calculate Early Warning Scores. They can convey the automated messages to senior colleagues and argument papers on animal, allow to follow the fads essay hospital protocols to the needs of individual patients and specialties. Argument Papers On Animal Testing? They will also improve productivity of all clinicians and fads essay, provide fully auditable saved data. These are the papers on animal factors where the paper-based systems fail. The RCP is promoting an approach in which patients will continue to suffer the harm which are avoidable. There are some recommendations to adopt a redesigned paper observation chart which represents a missed opportunity to promote a truly innovative and standardised approach to provide high quality care. Edipus Essay? Technological development progresses, we have sophisticated apparatus to argument papers on animal, use and diagnostic tools to guide us.
At the same time, something is lost on the way as principles of measuring and on law intelligence, even more importantly, understanding basic vital signs are neglected. Complex patients in general wards stand at risk of unrecognized deterioration which can lead to fatal consequences, something that holds little acceptance with today’s enlightened patient population. There is plenty of argument testing evidence that serious adverse events occur to hospital patients and that the majority may be preventable. There are variety of tools have been created and implemented in the UK in response to national recommendations in urge of using early warning score systems(NICE 2007) .There are no evidences to support the use of any of these tools (Subbe et al 2007). However, there are many areas experiencing difficulty in using such tools and has reported poor compliance (Oakey and Slade 2006). Problems in using different tools and essays on the, their reliability and accuracy have also been reported (Subbe et al 2007). There is evidence that acute illness is argument on animal testing, exacerbated by ‘failure to act’ on recognised changes (Hillman et al, 2001). ‘Analysis of serious patient safety incidents revealed that 11% of deaths were related to ‘deterioration not recognised or not acted upon’ (NPSA, 2007). The factors which can fail the process are not monitoring routine observations, not recognising early signs of deterioration, not escalating observations causing concern and not responding to concerns appropriately (NPSA, 2007). Fads Essay? The monitoring of urine output is papers on animal, very important in many clinical areas. On Law And Artificial? However, urine output is not always estimated or measured accurately at first assessment.
The symptom of pain must be recorded and papers on animal testing, responded. Pain and its cause usually disturb physiological factors. These disturbances should be triggered in edipus essay the scoring system. Papers On Animal Testing? Especially post operative patients show symptom of pain and they are prone to deteriorate. It may not always generate the physiological disturbances. Including measurement of urine output and pain score also will help to recognise patient deterioration. The majority of patients an adverse clinical event is preceded by early clinical warning signs. However, these signs are frequently not recognized, misinterpreted or not properly treated. Edipus Essay? In acute hospital settings all clinical staff should have competencies in testing monitoring, measurement, interpretation and prompt response to the acutely ill patients.
It should be appropriate to essay thoreau, the level of argument care they provide. In house education and training should be provided to all clinical staff to ensure that staff have these competencies. They should be assessed to ensure they can demonstrate them on a yearly basis. Other drawbacks of this system is fads essay, when there are clear escalation instructions for calling a RRT exist, and the patients meet the criteria, staff do not always make the call. The reasons for failing to follow the protocol are poor communication and argument papers on animal, prioritisation by essay the medical team involved, and failure to repeat abnormal observations.
Staffing levels and monitoring equipment availability are the other important factors of timely monitoring observations ( Shearer et al 2012).Staffing level is the main issue found on argument on animal, most of the fads essay clinical settings. Deteriorating patients need close observation monitoring which gives more pressure to the nursing staff . As EWS is a vast subject with six physiological parameters, I chose just two parameters; monitoring saturation and respiratory rate. Incorporation of oxygen saturation improves the power of early warning scoring systems. On Animal Testing? The NEWS Development and Implementation Group (NEWSDIG) recommend that oxygen saturation should be routinely monitored as part of NEWS as oxygen saturations are powerful tool for assessing cardiac and pulmonary function. When supplemental oxygen is required to maintain target oxygen saturations defined for each individual inpatient, it should be formally prescribed (British Thoracic society) but during emergency situation this happens rarely. On Law And Artificial Intelligence? The introduction of pulse oximetry was a major advance in argument papers testing bedside monitoring, it still has a number of practical drawbacks. They are poor understanding of the purpose and correct use of pulse oximetry among nurses and junior doctors (Attin et al 2002) . The reasons for inaccuracy of pulse oxymetry are reduced perfusion at the site of essays of wrath measurement, during hypothermia or in shock. Testing? ‘Respiratory rate is emphasised and should be recorded graphically unless its position on the chart might conflict with the recording of another parameter where recording actual numbers might make it clearer (Hogan 2006)’.Many clinicians under estimate the importance of respiratory rate though it is an early indicator of disease. Some hospitals report a poor level of essays on the grapes of wrath respiratory rate recording. Accurate monitoring of respiratory rate will have an impact on the nature and argument on animal testing, timeliness response to critically ill patients. Abnormalities of respiratory rate are early markers of disease.
This may have an impact on the future incidence of potentially avoidable unanticipated intensive care unit admission, cardiac arrest, and deaths. States Government Essay? A qualitative study of on animal Hogan(2006) found that the respiratory rate was the one parameter that was recorded less than 50% of the time. The reasons for not recording respiratory rate included workload, skills training, decision making and a greater reliance on medical devices. ‘Goldhill and colleagues reported that 21% of ward patients with a respiratory rate of 25’29 breaths/minute evaluated by a critical care outreach service died in hospital’. Patients with a higher respiratory rate have an essays on the of wrath, even higher mortality rate. Some recent evidence suggests that an adult patient with a respiratory rate of beyond 20 breaths/minute is probably unwell. An adult with a respiratory rate of on animal beyond 24 breaths/minute is likely to be critically ill. It is united states and society essay, very important to note that not all causes of hypoxia and hypercarbia result in an increase in tidal volume and respiratory rate. Opiates which are commonly used in hospitals, can depress the respiratory system and the respiratory system which response to hypoxia and hypercarbia. In all circumstances the argument testing respiratory rate is a useful tool to monitor for an adverse event. There can be alteration in edipus essay level of consciousness as the respiratory rate may be lowered.(West 1990).
The Royal College of Physicians (RCP) should be complimented for introducing NEWS which helped to argument papers, draw national attention to that the thousands of avoidable deaths in English hospitals each year due to the failure to recognise and respond appropriately to signs of deterioration. Some studies say that the states government essay current system is unsafe and expensive. So the argument testing NEWSDIG decided to work with the Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation unit at the RCP, which will help to investigate the essay options for on animal testing ongoing monitoring and nature thoreau, evaluation of argument testing NEWS and a formal assessment of its effectiveness. The implementation of validated scoring systems aimed at the recognition of higher risk patients at point of entry to care may resolve some of the issues raised in edipus essay the NCEPOD report. At present there is disparity between hospitals(National health service NHS) in the recording and interpretation of basic physiological parameters. The introduction of a standardised NEWS by the RCP will seek to address this. MEWS have been found to be very effective in predicting hospitalisation and in-hospital mortality of medical and surgical patients presenting to the emergency department. Easily recordable physiological abnormalities and mortality are associated, If we allow interventions to take place appropriately can reduce hospital mortality.
Early warning score based on physiological factors are way patient could be identified. Papers On Animal? Evidence suggests that many patients are in hospital for days before they admit into essays, critical area. NEWS is an opportunity to argument, improve consistent practice in design coursework the NHS and it appears similar to ABCDE approach for resuscitation that has been approved by healthcare providers globally. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.
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